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America at Odds With Infotrac,9780534575212

America at Odds With Infotrac

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534575212

ISBN10:
0534575218
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/23/2003
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $110.33

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Summary

Known for its provocative and engaging issues approach and topical organization, AMERICA AT ODDS explores the current conflicts that truly define America as a nation while involving students in discussion and debate. The engaging content and pedagogical features throughout AMERICA AT ODDS support two main goals of the text: to encourage students to read about American politics and government and to participate in the political system. In every chapter of the text, the foundations and systems of political history, behavior, institutions, and policy are presented within the framework of issues oriented debate, making AMERICA AT ODDS truly unique as an approach to teaching the Introduction to American Government course.

Table of Contents

PART ONE THE FOUNDATIONS OF OUR AMERICAN SYSTEM
America in the Twenty-First Century
1(18)
America at odds: are we becoming too patriotic?
2(1)
Introduction
3(1)
What Are Politics and Government?
3(2)
What Does Government Do?
4(1)
Different Systems of Government
5(3)
Rule by One: Autocracy
5(1)
Rule by Many: Democracy
6(1)
Comparative Politics Direct Democracy in Switzerland
7(1)
American Democracy
8(2)
Principles of American Democracy
8(1)
Perception Versus Reality Who Rules in Our ``Representative'' Democracy?
8(1)
American Political Values
9(1)
America at odds The Flag as a National Symbol
10(3)
Liberty, Equality, and Property
10(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Total Information Awareness
11(1)
``The American Story''---What Values and Ideals Should Be Included?
12(1)
Political Values in a Multicultural Society
13(1)
America at odds A Nation Divided?
13(1)
American Democracy at Work
14(5)
The Big Picture
14(1)
Who Governs?
14(1)
Why Does it Matter? American Politics and Your Everyday Life
15(1)
Key Terms
15(1)
Chapter Summary
16(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
16(1)
InfoTrac Citations
16(1)
Politics on the Web
17(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
17(2)
The Constitution
19(30)
America at odds: would a direct democracy be better?
20(1)
Introduction
21(1)
The Beginnings of American Government
21(3)
The British Legacy
21(1)
Politics and Practices in the American Colonies
22(2)
The Rebellion of the Colonists
24(3)
``Taxation without Representation''
24(1)
The Continental Congresses
25(1)
Breaking the Ties: Independence
25(1)
The Resolution of Independence
26(1)
The Declaration of Independence
26(1)
The Significance of the Declaration of Independence
26(1)
America at odds What Happened to the Promise of Equality?
27(1)
From Colonies to States
27(1)
The Confederation of States
28(3)
The Government of the Confederation
28(1)
A Time of Crisis---The 1780s
29(2)
Drafting the Constitution
31(2)
Who Were the Delegates?
31(1)
The Virginia Plan
31(1)
The New Jersey Plan
32(1)
The Compromises
32(1)
The Final Draft Is Approved
33(1)
America at odds Should the Government Pay Reparations for Slavery?
33(1)
The Debate over Ratification
34(2)
The Federalists Argue for Ratification
35(1)
The Anti-Federalists' Response
35(1)
Ratification
36(1)
The Constitution's Major Principles of Government
36(6)
Limited Government and Popular Sovereignty
36(1)
The Principle of Federalism
37(1)
Checks and Balances
37(1)
Perception Versus Reality Was the Constitution Favored by a Majority?
37(2)
The Politics of Homeland Security Tampering with the System of Checks and Balances
39(1)
The Bill of Rights
40(2)
The Constitution Compared to the Articles of Confederation
42(1)
The Constitution---A Document for the Ages
42(1)
Amending the Constitution
42(7)
Methods of Proposing an Amendment
43(1)
Methods of Ratifying an Amendment
44(1)
Why Does it Matter? The Constitution and Your Everyday Life
45(1)
Key Terms
46(1)
Chapter Summary
46(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
46(1)
InfoTrac Citations
47(1)
Politics on the Web
47(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
47(2)
Federalism
49(24)
America at odds: should the states take orders from the national government?
50(1)
Introduction
51(1)
Federalism and Its Alternatives
51(4)
What Is Federalism?
52(1)
Alternatives to Federalism
52(1)
Comparative Politics Life in a Unitary System
53(1)
Federalism---An Optimal Choice for the United States?
53(2)
The Constitutional Division of Powers
55(3)
The Powers of the National Government
55(1)
The Powers of the States
56(1)
Concurrent Powers
57(1)
The Supremacy Clause
57(1)
The Struggle for Supremacy
58(4)
Early Supreme Court Decisions
58(1)
The Ultimate Supremacy Battle---The Civil War
59(1)
Federalism from the Civil War to the 1930s
60(1)
Cooperative Federalism and the Growth of the National Government
60(2)
Federalism Today
62(1)
The New Federalism---More Power to the States
62(1)
Perception Versus Reality Devolution?
62(1)
The Supreme Court and the New Federalism
63(1)
America at odds Should State Employees Have Fewer Rights Than Other Americans?
63(1)
The Shifting Boundary between Federal and State Authority
63(1)
The Fiscal Side of Federalism
64(3)
The Politics of Homeland Security How Much Federal Control over the ``First Responders''?
65(1)
Federal Grants
66(1)
Bridging the Tenth Amendment---Fiscal Federalism
67(1)
The Cost of Federal Mandates
67(1)
America at odds Controversy Over Federal Mandates
67(1)
Competitive Federalism
68(5)
Why Does it Matter? Federalism and Your Everyday Life
69(1)
Key Terms
69(1)
Chapter Summary
70(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
70(1)
InfoTrac Citations
71(1)
Politics on the Web
71(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
71(2)
PART TWO OUR LIBERTIES AND RIGHTS
Civil Liberties
73(26)
America at odds: should hate speech on campus be banned?
74(1)
Introduction
75(1)
The Constitutional Basis for Our Civil Liberties
75(1)
Safeguards in the Original Constitution
75(1)
The Bill of Rights
75(1)
The Incorporation Issue
76(1)
Freedom of Religion
76(6)
The Establishment Clause
77(1)
Comparative Politics Church and State in Other Countries
78(2)
Perception Versus Reality The Supreme Court and Prayer in the Schools
80(2)
America at odds Is America One Nation ``Under God''?
82(2)
The Free Exercise Clause
83(1)
Freedom of Expression
84(3)
The Right to Free Speech Is Not Absolute
84(1)
Early Restrictions on Expression
84(1)
Limited Protection for Commercial Speech
85(1)
Unprotected Speech
85(2)
Freedom of the Press
87(1)
Clear and Present Danger
87(1)
The Preferred-Position Doctrine
87(1)
Prior Restraint
88(1)
Freedom of Assembly
88(1)
The Right to Privacy
89(3)
The Abortion Controversy
89(2)
Do We Have the ``Right to Die''?
91(1)
Privacy Rights in an Information Age
91(1)
Personal Privacy and National Security
92(1)
America at odds Should Americans Be More Concerned About the Erosion of Privacy Rights?
92(2)
The Politics of Homeland Security Should We Carry National Identification Cards?
93(1)
The Rights of the Accused
94(5)
The Rights of Criminal Defendants
94(1)
The Exclusionary Rule
94(1)
The Miranda Warnings
94(1)
The Erosion of Miranda
95(1)
Why Does it Matter? Civil Liberties and Your Everyday Life
96(1)
Key Terms
96(1)
Chapter Summary
97(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
97(1)
InfoTrac Citations
98(1)
Politics on the Web
98(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
98(1)
Civil Rights
99(30)
America at odds: should affirmative action be abolished?
100(1)
Introduction
101(1)
The Equal Protection Clause
101(2)
Strict Scrutiny
102(1)
Intermediate Scrutiny
102(1)
The Rational Basis Test (Ordinary Scrutiny)
102(1)
African Americans
103(6)
Separate but Equal
103(1)
The Brown Decisions and School Integration
103(2)
The Civil Rights Movement
105(1)
Perception Versus Reality Are America's Schools Integrated?
106(2)
Political Participation
108(1)
Equal Treatment for Women
109(3)
The Struggle for Voting Rights
109(1)
Women in American Politics Today
110(1)
Women in the Workplace
111(1)
Hispanics
112(2)
Party Identification and Electoral Significance
112(1)
Political Participation
113(1)
Asian Americans
114(1)
Immigrants' Rights
114(2)
Immigrants' Rights and the War on Terrorism
114(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Racial Profiling in the War on Terrorism
115(1)
America at odds Should Bilingual Education Be Abolished?
116(1)
Native Americans
117(1)
Early Policies toward Native Americans
117(1)
Native Americans Today
117(1)
Compensation for Past Injustices
118(1)
Securing Rights for Other Groups
118(3)
Protecting Older Americans
118(1)
Obtaining Rights for Persons with Disabilities
119(1)
Gay Men and Lesbians
120(1)
America at odds Should Gay and Lesbian Couples Be Allowed to Marry?
121(1)
Beyond Equal Protection---Affirmative Action
121(8)
Affirmative Action Tested
122(1)
Affirmative Action under Attack
122(2)
Why Does it Matter? Civil Rights and Your Everyday Life
124(1)
Key Terms
125(1)
Chapter Summary
125(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
126(1)
InfoTrac Citations
126(1)
Politics on the Web
126(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
127(2)
PART THREE THE POLITICS OF DEMOCRACY
Interest Groups
129(22)
America at odds: gun control: do we need an armed citizenry?
130(1)
Introduction
131(1)
Interest Groups and American Government
131(2)
How Interest Groups Form
132(1)
How Interest Groups Function in American Politics
133(1)
America at odds Can We Control the ``Mischiefs of Factions''?
133(1)
How Do Interest Groups Differ from Political Parties?
134(1)
Different Types of Interest Groups
134(4)
Business Interest Groups
134(2)
Labor Interest Groups
136(1)
Agricultural Interest Groups
137(1)
Consumer Interest Groups
137(1)
Senior Citizen Interest Groups
137(1)
Environmental Interest Groups
137(1)
Professional Interest Groups
138(1)
How Interest Groups Shape Policy
138(5)
Direct Techniques
138(2)
Comparative Politics Gun Control in Britain and the United States---A Tale of Two Lobbies
140(1)
Indirect Techniques
141(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security ``Selling'' Terrorism Insurance
142(1)
America at odds Should Issue Ads Be Regulated?
143(1)
Today's Lobbying Establishment
144(7)
The ``Revolving Door'' between Interest Groups and Government
144(1)
Why Do Interest Groups Get Bad Press?
145(1)
The Regulation of Interest Groups
145(1)
Perception Versus Reality Who's Paying for All Those Issue Ads?
145(1)
The Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995
146(1)
Why Does It Matter? Interest Groups and Your Everyday Life
147(1)
Key Terms
148(1)
Chapter Summary
148(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
148(1)
InfoTrac Citations
149(1)
Politics on the Web
149(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
149(2)
Political Parties
151(24)
America at odds: should we have a system of proportional representation?
152(1)
Introduction
153(1)
America's Two-Party System
153(1)
The Self-Perpetuation of the Two-Party System
153(1)
America at odds Should Third-Party Candidates Debate?
154(4)
Components of the Two Major American Parties
155(1)
Perception Versus Reality Third Parties Have Little Influence on Elections
155(1)
Where the Parties Stand on the Issues
156(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Security versus the Economy in the 2002 Elections
157(1)
Party Affiliation
158(1)
America at odds Do Americans Trust the Major Parties?
158(2)
Why People Join Political Parties
159(1)
Demographic Factors and Party Identification
160(1)
What Do Political Parties Do?
160(2)
Selecting Candidates
160(1)
Informing the Public
160(1)
Coordinating Policymaking
160(1)
Checking the Power of the Party in Government
161(1)
Balancing Competing Interests
161(1)
Running Campaigns
161(1)
A Short History of American Political Parties
162(3)
The First Political Parties
162(1)
From 1796 to 1860
162(2)
From the Civil War to the Great Depression
164(1)
After the Great Depression
164(1)
Third Parties and American Politics
165(3)
The Many Kinds of Third Parties
165(1)
The Effect of Third Parties on American Politics
166(1)
Comparative Politics The German Greens
166(2)
How American Political Parties Are Structured
168(7)
State and Local Party Organizations
169(1)
The National Party Organization
169(2)
Why Does It Matter? Political Parties and Your Everyday Life
171(1)
Key Terms
171(1)
Chapter Summary
172(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
172(1)
InfoTrac Citations
173(1)
Politics on the Web
173(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
173(2)
Public Opinion and Voting
175(26)
America at odds: is political polling good for democracy?
176(1)
Introduction
177(1)
What Is Public Opinion?
177(1)
How Do People Form Political Opinions?
178(4)
The Importance of Family
178(1)
The Schools and Educational Attainment
178(1)
Perception Versus Reality What Do Americans Really Know about the U.S. Constitution?
179(1)
Opinion Leaders
180(1)
Major Life Events
181(1)
Peer Groups
181(1)
Economic Status and Occupation
181(1)
Measuring Public Opinion
182(4)
Early Polling Efforts
182(1)
Polling Today
182(3)
The Politics of Homeland Security The ``Perpetual War Campaign''
185(1)
America at odds Defining a Push Poll
186(1)
Factors Affecting Voter Turnout
186(4)
The Legal Right to Vote
187(2)
Who Actually Votes
189(1)
America at odds Is Low Voter Turnout Really a Problem?
190(1)
Why People Vote as They Do
190(1)
Party Identification
191(1)
Perception of the Candidates
191(1)
Policy Choices
191(1)
Socioeconomic Factors
192(2)
Ideology
194(7)
Why Does It Matter? Voting and Your Everyday Life
197(1)
Key Terms
197(1)
Chapter Summary
198(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
198(1)
InfoTrac Citations
199(1)
Politics on the Web
199(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
199(2)
Campaigns and Elections
201(22)
America at odds: should we eliminate the electoral college?
202(1)
Introduction
203(1)
How We Nominate Candidates
203(5)
Party Control over Nominations
203(1)
The Party Nominating Convention
203(1)
The Direct Primary and Loss of Party Control
204(2)
Nominating Presidential Candidates
206(2)
America at odds Do National Conventions Serve Any Purpose Today?
208(7)
The Modern Political Campaign
209(1)
The Professional Campaign Organization
209(1)
What It Costs to Win
210(1)
The Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA)
211(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Terrorist Attacks and Attack Ads
211(1)
Skirting the Campaign-Financing Rules
212(1)
The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002
213(1)
Campaign Contributions and Policy Decisions
214(1)
America at odds Does Money Buy Votes?
215(1)
How We Elect Candidates
216(7)
Types of Elections
216(1)
Types of Ballots
216(1)
Conducting Elections and Counting the Votes
216(1)
Presidential Elections and the Electoral College
217(1)
Comparative Politics Elections in Great Britain
217(3)
Why Does It Matter? Campaigns and Your Everyday Life
220(1)
Key Terms
220(1)
Chapter Summary
221(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
221(1)
InfoTrac Citations
221(1)
Politics on the Web
222(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
222(1)
Politics and the Media
223(22)
America at odds: what is the media's role in wartime?
224(1)
Introduction
225(1)
The Role of the Media in a Democracy
225(4)
The Agenda-Setting Function of the Media
226(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Saturation News Coverage
227(1)
The Medium Does Affect the Message
228(1)
The Candidates and Television
229(3)
Political Advertising
229(2)
Television Debates
231(1)
News Coverage
231(1)
America at odds Who Are The Real ``Winners'' in Expensive Campaigns?
232(1)
Talk Radio---The Wild West of the Media
233(1)
The Question of Media Bias
234(3)
Studies on Media Bias
234(1)
The Bias against Losers
235(1)
``Selection Bias''
235(1)
Racial Bias in the Media?
236(1)
Political News on the Web
237(2)
Tabloid Journalism on the Internet
237(1)
``Narrowcasting'' the News
238(1)
Perception Versus Reality Does Online Information Mean the Death of Traditional News?
238(1)
Cyberspace and Political Campaigns
239(1)
Online Fund-Raising
239(1)
The Rise of the Internet Campaign Strategist
240(1)
America at odds Will the Internet Change Political Campaigning as We Know It?
240(5)
Comparative Politics Cyber Activism in South Korea
241(1)
Why Does It Matter? Politics, the Media, and Your Everyday Life
242(1)
Key Terms
242(1)
Chapter Summary
242(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
243(1)
InfoTrac Citations
243(1)
Politics on the Web
244(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
244(1)
PART FOUR INSTITUTIONS
Congress
245(26)
America at odds: does congress have to look like america to represent it?
246(1)
Introduction
247(1)
The Structure and Make-Up of Congress
247(3)
Comparative Politics How the British Parliament Differs from the U.S. Congress
247(1)
Apportionment of House Seats
248(1)
Congressional Districts
249(1)
America at odds Racial Gerrymandering
250(1)
Congressional Elections
251(2)
Who Can Be a Member of Congress?
251(1)
The Power of Incumbency
251(1)
Congressional Terms and Term Limits
252(1)
America at odds Are Term Limits the Cure for Congressional Careerism?
253(1)
Congressional Leadership
254(5)
House Leadership
254(2)
Senate Leadership
256(1)
Congressional Committees
257(1)
A Congress Divided
258(1)
The Differences between the House and the Senate
259(1)
Size Matters
259(1)
In the Senate, Debate Can Just Keep Going and Going
259(1)
The Senate Wins the Prestige Race, Hands Down
260(1)
The Legislative Process
260(3)
Investigation and Oversight
263(1)
The Investigative Function
263(1)
Impeachment Power
263(1)
Senate Confirmation
264(1)
The Budgeting Process
264(7)
Authorization and Appropriation
265(1)
Perception Versus Reality Accounting Standards at the U.S. Congress
265(1)
The Actual Budgeting Process
266(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Is the Big Spending Really to Fight Terrorists?
267(1)
Why Does It Matter? Congress and Your Everyday Life
268(1)
Key Terms
268(1)
Chapter Summary
268(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
269(1)
InfoTrac Citations
270(1)
Politics on the Web
270(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
270(1)
The Presidency
271(28)
America at odds: should presidents be able to go to war on their own?
272(1)
Introduction
273(1)
Who Can Become President?
273(1)
America at odds Presidential Character---Does It Matter?
274(1)
The President's Many Roles
275(4)
Chief Executive
276(1)
Commander in Chief
276(1)
Chief of State
277(1)
Chief Diplomat
278(1)
Chief Legislator
278(1)
Party Leader
278(1)
Comparative Politics Having a Separate Chief of State
278(1)
The President's Constitutional Powers
279(2)
Proposal and Ratification of Treaties
279(1)
The Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons
280(1)
The President's Veto Power
281(1)
The President's Inherent Powers
281(1)
The Expansion of Presidential Powers
282(5)
The Expansion of the President's Legislative Powers
283(1)
The Increasing Use of Executive Orders
284(1)
Evolving Presidential Power in Foreign Affairs
284(1)
Perception Versus Reality Presidents and the ``Popular Vote''
284(3)
Congressional and Presidential Relations
287(3)
Advantage: Congress
287(1)
Advantage: The President
288(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Presidential Power in a Time of Crisis
289(1)
America at odds Executive Privilege
290(1)
The Organization of the Executive Branch
290(9)
The President's Cabinet
290(1)
The Executive Office of the President
291(3)
The Vice Presidency and Presidential Succession
294(2)
Why Does It Matter? The Presidency and Your Everyday Life
296(1)
Key Terms
296(1)
Chapter Summary
297(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
297(1)
InfoTrac Citations
298(1)
Politics on the Web
298(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
298(1)
The Bureaucracy
299(24)
America at odds: should the federal bureaucracy be privatized?
300(1)
Introduction
301(1)
The Nature and Size of the Bureaucracy
301(2)
The Growth of Bureaucracy
302(1)
The Costs of Maintaining the Government
303(1)
How the Federal Bureaucracy Is Organized
303(7)
Comparative Politics The U.S. Bureaucracy Really Is Special
304(1)
The Executive Departments
305(1)
A Typical Departmental Structure
305(4)
Independent Executive Agencies
309(1)
Independent Regulatory Agencies
309(1)
Government Corporations
310(1)
How Bureaucrats Get Their Jobs
310(1)
Regulatory Agencies: Are They the Fourth Branch of Government?
311(2)
Agency Creation
312(1)
Perception Versus Reality Who Makes the Law?
312(1)
Rulemaking
313(1)
America at odds Should Agencies Give More Weight to Compliance Costs?
313(1)
Policymaking and the Iron Triangle
314(1)
Agriculture as an Example
314(1)
Congress's Role
314(1)
The Influence of Interest Groups
315(1)
The Success of the Iron Triangle in Agriculture
315(1)
America at odds Why Did Congress Pass the 2002 Farm Legislation?
315(1)
Curbing Waste and Improving Efficiency
316(7)
Helping Out the Whistleblowers
317(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Security versus Government in the Sunshine
317(1)
Improving Efficiency and Getting Results
318(1)
Another Approach---Pay-for-Performance Plans
318(1)
Privatization
319(1)
Is It Possible to Reform the Bureaucracy?
320(1)
Why Does It Matter? The Federal Bureaucracy and Your Everyday Life
320(1)
Key Terms
321(1)
Chapter Summary
321(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
321(1)
InfoTrac Citations
322(1)
Politics on the Web
322(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
322(1)
The Judiciary
323(26)
America at odds: supreme court appointees: does partisanship matter?
324(1)
Introduction
325(1)
The Origins and Sources of American Law
325(4)
The Common Law Tradition
325(1)
Sources of American Law
326(1)
Civil Law and Criminal Law
327(1)
Basic Judicial Requirements
327(1)
Comparative Politics Legal Systems of the World
327(2)
The Federal Court System
329(5)
U.S. District Courts
330(1)
U.S. Courts of Appeals
330(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Expanding the Secret Spy Court
331(1)
The United States Supreme Court
332(2)
Federal Judicial Appointments
334(3)
The Nomination Process
334(1)
Confirmation or Rejection by the Senate
334(1)
Perception Versus Reality Judicial Appointments and Presidential Legacies
335(1)
Judicial Appointments and the Bush Administration
336(1)
The Courts as Policymakers
337(1)
The Impact of Court Decisions
337(1)
The Power of Judicial Review
337(1)
America at odds Should the Federal Courts Second-Guess Congress?
338(1)
Judicial Activism versus Judicial Restraint
339(1)
Ideology and the Courts
339(1)
Ideology and Supreme Court Decisions
340(1)
America at odds Should the Supreme Court Look to Public Opinion?
340(3)
The Ideological Complexion of the Rehnquist Court
341(1)
The Supreme Court and States' Rights
342(1)
The Case for the Courts
343(6)
Judicial Traditions and Doctrines
344(1)
Other Checks
344(1)
The Public's Regard for the Supreme Court
344(1)
Why Does It Matter? The Judiciary and Your Everyday Life
345(1)
Key Terms
345(1)
Chapter Summary
346(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
346(1)
InfoTrac Citations
347(1)
Politics on the Web
347(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
347(2)
PART FIVE PUBLIC POLICY
Domestic Policy
349(22)
America at odds: is capital punishment cruel and unusual?
350(1)
Introduction
351(1)
The Policymaking Process
351(3)
Agenda Setting
352(1)
Policy Formulation and Adoption
352(1)
Policy Implementation
352(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Policymaking in a Time of Crisis
353(1)
Policy Evaluation
354(1)
Social Welfare Policy
354(6)
Social Security and Medicare
355(1)
Comparative Politics If You Think We Have a Social Security Problem, Consider Europe
356(1)
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
357(1)
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
358(1)
Food Stamps
359(1)
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Program
360(1)
America at odds What Should Be Done About the Homeless Population?
360(1)
Policies on Crime and Drugs
361(3)
What Does Crime Cost Us?
361(1)
The War on Drugs
361(1)
Perception Versus Reality Crime in the Schools
362(2)
Economic Policy
364(3)
Monetary Policy
364(1)
Fiscal Policy
365(2)
America at odds Do All Americans Pay Their Fair Share in Taxes?
367(4)
The Public Debt
367(1)
Why Does It Matter? Domestic Policy and Your Everyday Life
368(1)
Key Terms
369(1)
Chapter Summary
369(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
369(1)
InfoTrac Citations
370(1)
Politics on the Web
370(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
370(1)
Foreign Policy
371(26)
America at odds: should the united states be the global cop?
372(1)
Introduction
373(1)
Who Makes U.S. Foreign Policy?
373(3)
The President's Role
373(1)
The Cabinet
374(1)
Other Agencies
375(1)
Congress's Powers
376(1)
A Short History of American Foreign Policy
376(4)
Isolationism
376(1)
The Beginning of Interventionism
377(1)
The World Wars
377(1)
The Cold War
378(1)
The End of the Cold War
379(1)
Post--Cold War Foreign Policy
380(1)
The War on Terrorism
380(3)
Local or Regional Terrorism
381(1)
State-Sponsored Terrorism
382(1)
Foreign Terrorist Networks
382(1)
Unilateralism and Multilateralism in the War on Terrorism
383(1)
America at odds Can America Go it Alone in the War on Terrorism?
383(1)
Weapons Proliferation in an Unstable World
384(5)
Russia's Current Nuclear Arsenal
385(1)
North Korea's Nuclear Program
385(1)
Iraq: A Crisis for the Global Community
386(1)
Arms Control Treaties: Do They Work?
387(2)
China---The Next Superpower?
389(1)
Freer World Trade and the WTO
389(2)
Human Rights and the WTO
390(1)
The Politics of Homeland Security Does the Threat of Terrorism Justify Preemptive War?
390(1)
America at odds Globalization---Good, Bad, or Indifferent?
391(1)
Should We Keep Supporting the United Nations?
392(5)
Criticisms of the UN
392(1)
UN Successes
393(1)
Why Does It Matter? Foreign Policy and Your Everyday Life
394(1)
Key Terms
394(1)
Chapter Summary
395(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
395(1)
InfoTrac Citations
396(1)
Politics on the Web
396(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
396(1)
PART SIX STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS
State and Local Politics
397(22)
America at odds: are ballot initiatives good for our democracy?
398(1)
Introduction
399(1)
The U.S. Constitution and the State Constitutions
399(2)
State Constitutions Are Long
399(1)
Amending State Constitutions
400(1)
Legislatures and Legislators
401(2)
Elements of a Typical State Legislature
401(1)
Characteristics of State Legislators
401(2)
Terms of State Legislators and Term Limits
403(1)
Direct Democracy
403(3)
The Initiative
403(1)
The Referendum
404(1)
Perception versus Reality Direct Democracy in Early American New England Towns
404(1)
The Recall
405(1)
The State Executive Branch
406(2)
Length of Service
406(1)
Impeachment and Recall
406(1)
The Powers of the Governor
407(1)
A Typical State Court System
408(2)
Limited-Jurisdiction Trial Courts
408(1)
General-Jurisdiction Trial Courts
409(1)
Appellate Review
409(1)
State Court Judges
409(1)
America at odds Should All State Court Judges Be Appointed?
410(1)
Local Governments
410(1)
The Legal Status of Local Governments
410(1)
America at odds Are School Vouchers the Solution?
411(1)
State and Local Government Revenues
412(1)
Sources of State and Local Revenues
412(1)
Dwindling State Revenues
413(1)
Devolution: Returning Responsibility to the States
413(6)
The Politics of Homeland Security Can the States Afford to Defend the Homeland?
414(1)
Why Does It Matter? Local Government and Your Everyday Life
415(1)
Key Terms
416(1)
Chapter Summary
416(1)
Resources for Further Study
Selected Readings
416(1)
InfoTrac Citations
417(1)
Politics on the Web
417(1)
Web Resources on Your CD-ROM
417(2)
Appendix A The Constitution of the United States 419(8)
Appendix B The Declaration of Independence 427(2)
Appendix C Supreme Court Justices since 1900 429(4)
Appendix D Party Control of Congress since 1900 433(1)
Appendix E Information on U.S. Presidents 434(3)
Appendix F Federalist Papers No. 10 and No. 51 437(6)
Appendix G Spanish Equivalents for Important Political Terms 443(6)
Notes 449(8)
Glossary 457(14)
Index 471


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