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American Destiny: Narrative of a Nation, Volume II (since 1865) (Penguin Academics Series)

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780321298577

ISBN10:
0321298578
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Summary

With the political history of the nation as its organizational framework,American Destiny: Narrative of a Nationdescribes the development and growth of the United States as the product of the myriad actions, ideas, and forces of the immense variety of individuals and groups who together comprise the American people.In richly detailed prose, the book examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments that have shaped this country. This elegantly written, high-quality text offers a low-price alternative to traditional U.S. history survey textbooks.

Table of Contents

Maps and Graphs xv
Feature Essays xvii
Re-Viewing the Past
Debating the Past
Preface xix
CHAPTER 16 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE SOUTH 447(25)
Presidential Reconstruction
448(2)
Republican Radicals
450(1)
Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstruction
451(1)
The Fourteenth Amendment
452(1)
The Reconstruction Acts
453(1)
Congress Supreme
454(1)
The Fifteenth Amendment
455(1)
"Black Republican" Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers
456(3)
The Ravaged Land
459(2)
Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System
461(2)
The White Backlash
463(2)
Grant as President
465(1)
The Disputed Election of 1876
466(3)
The Compromise of 1877
469(3)
CHAPTER 17 IN THE WAKE OF WAR 472(30)
Congress Ascendant
473(1)
The Political Aftermath of War
474(2)
Blacks After Reconstruction
476(2)
Booker T. Washington: A "Reasonable" Champion for Blacks
478(2)
White Violence and Vengeance
480(1)
The West After the Civil War
481(1)
The Plains Indians
482(2)
Indian Wars
484(2)
The Destruction of Tribal Life
486(2)
The Lure of Gold and Silver in the West
488(4)
Big Business and the Land Bonanza
492(1)
Western Railroad Building
493(3)
The Cattle Kingdom
496(1)
Open-Range Ranching
497(1)
Barbed-Wire Warfare
498(4)
CHAPTER 18 AN INDUSTRIAL GIANT 502(28)
Essentials of Industrial Growth
502(1)
Railroads: The First Big Business
503(3)
Iron, Oil, and Electricity
506(3)
Competition and Monopoly: The Railroads
509(2)
Competition and Monopoly: Steel
511(1)
Competition and Monopoly: Oil
512(4)
American Ambivalence to Big Business
516(2)
Reformers: George, Bellamy, Lloyd, and the Marxists
518(3)
The Government Reacts to Big Business: Railroad Regulation
521(1)
The Government Reacts to Big Business: The Sherman Antitrust Act
522(1)
The Labor Union Movement
523(1)
The American Federation of Labor
524(2)
Labor Militancy Rebuffed
526(2)
Whither America, Whither Democracy?
528(2)
CHAPTER 19 AMERICAN SOCIETY IN THE INDUSTRIAL AGE 530(26)
Middle-Class Life
530(1)
Skilled and Unskilled Workers
531(1)
Working Women
532(2)
Farmers
534(1)
Working-Class Attitudes
535(1)
Working Your Way Up
536(1)
The "New" Immigration
537(2)
New Immigrants Face New Nativism
539(2)
The Expanding City and Its Problems
541(1)
Teeming Tenements
542(3)
The Cities Modernize
545(2)
Leisure Activities: More Fun and Games
547(3)
Christianity's Conscience and the Social Gospel
550(2)
The Settlement Houses
552(2)
Civilization and Its Discontents
554(2)
CHAPTER 20 INTELLECTUAL AND CULTURAL TRENDS 556(19)
Publishing
556(3)
Colleges and Universities
559(3)
Revolution in the Social Sciences
562(1)
Progressive Education
563(1)
History
564(1)
Realism in Literature
565(2)
Mark Twain
567(1)
William Dean Howells
568(1)
Henry James
569(3)
The Pragmatic Approach
572(3)
CHAPTER 21 POLITICS: LOCAL, STATE, AND NATIONAL 575(23)
Voting Along Ethnic and Religious Lines
575(1)
City Bosses
576(2)
Party Politics: Sidestepping the Issue
578(2)
Lackluster Leaders
580(5)
Crops and Complaints
585(1)
The Populist Movement
586(3)
Showdown on Silver
589(2)
The Depression of 1893
591(2)
The Election of 1896
593(2)
The Meaning of the Election
595(3)
CHAPTER 22 THE AGE OF REFORM 598(32)
Roots of Progressivism
598(3)
The Progressive Mind
601(1)
"Radical" Progressives: The Wave of the Future
602(1)
Political Reform: Cities First
603(1)
Political Reform: The States
604(1)
State Social Legislation
604(3)
Political Reform: The Woman Suffrage Movement
607(2)
Political Reform: Income Taxes and Popular Election of Senators
609(2)
Theodore Roosevelt: Cowboy in the White House
611(1)
Roosevelt and Big Business
612(1)
Roosevelt and the Coal Strike
613(2)
TR's Triumphs
615(1)
Roosevelt Tilts Left
616(1)
William Howard Taft: The Listless Progressive, or More Is Less
617(1)
Breakup of the Republican Party
618(2)
The Election of 1912
620(1)
Wilson: The New Freedom
621(3)
The Progressives and Minority Rights
624(2)
Black Militancy
626(4)
CHAPTER 23 FROM ISOLATION TO EMPIRE 630(28)
Origins of the Large Policy: Coveting Colonies
630(3)
Toward an Empire in the Pacific
633(3)
Toward an Empire in Latin America
636(2)
The Cuban Revolution
638(3)
The "Splendid Little" Spanish-American War
641(2)
Developing a Colonial Policy
643(2)
The Anti-Imperialists
645(1)
The Philippine Insurrection
646(1)
Cuba and the United States
647(2)
The United States in the Caribbean and Central America
649(1)
The Open Door Policy
650(2)
The Panama Canal
652(3)
Imperialism Without Colonies
655(3)
CHAPTER 24 WOODROW WILSON AND THE GREAT WAR 658(31)
Wilson's "Moral" Diplomacy
658(2)
Europe Explodes in War
660(1)
Freedom of the Seas
661(3)
The Election of 1916
664(1)
The Road to War
665(1)
Mobilizing the Economy
666(2)
Workers in Wartime
668(1)
Paying for the War
668(1)
Propaganda and Civil Liberties
669(1)
Wartime Reforms
670(1)
Women and Blacks in Wartime
671(3)
Americans: To the Trenches and Over the Top
674(2)
Preparing for Peace
676(3)
The Paris Peace Conference and the Versailles Treaty
679(2)
The Senate Rejects the League of Nations
681(2)
The Red Scare
683(3)
The Election of 1920
686(3)
CHAPTER 25 POSTWAR SOCIETY AND CULTURE: CHANGE AND ADJUSTMENT 689(28)
Closing the Gates to New Immigrants
689(2)
New Urban Social Patterns
691(1)
The Younger Generation
692(1)
The "New" Woman
693(5)
Popular Culture: Movies and Radio
698(2)
The Golden Age of Sports
700(2)
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Fundamentalism
702(2)
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Prohibition
704(2)
The Ku Klux Klan
706(1)
Sacco and Vanzetti
707(1)
Literary Trends
707(2)
The "New Negro"
709(2)
Economic Expansion
711(1)
The Age of the Consumer
712(1)
Henry Ford
713(1)
The Airplane
714(3)
CHAPTER 26 THE NEW ERA: 1921-1933 717(24)
Harding and "Normalcy"
718(1)
"The Business of the United States Is Business"
719(1)
The Harding Scandals
720(1)
Coolidge Prosperity
721(1)
Peace Without a Sword
722(1)
The Peace Movement
723(1)
The Good Neighbor Policy
724(1)
The Totalitarian Challenge
724(1)
War Debts and Reparations
725(2)
The Election of 1928
727(2)
Economic Problems
729(1)
The Stock Market Crash of 1929
730(1)
Hoover and the Depression
731(2)
The Economy Hits Bottom
733(3)
The Depression and Its Victims
736(1)
The Election of 1932
736(5)
CHAPTER 27 THE NEW DEAL: 1933-1941 741(31)
The Hundred Days
741(2)
The National Recovery Administration (NRA)
743(1)
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
744(1)
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
745(1)
The, Unemployed
745(2)
Literature in the Depression
747(1)
Three Extremists: Long, Coughlin, and Townsend
748(3)
The Second New Deal
751(2)
The Election of 1936
753(1)
Roosevelt Tries to Undermine the Supreme Court
754(1)
The New Deal Winds Down
755(3)
Significance of the New Deal
758(1)
Women as New Dealers: The Network
759(1)
Blacks During the New Deal
760(2)
A New Deal for Indians
762(1)
The Role of Roosevelt
762(1)
The Triumph of Isolationism
763(1)
War Again in Europe
764(3)
A Third Term for FDR
767(1)
The Undeclared War
768(4)
CHAPTER 28 WAR AND PEACE 772(27)
The Road to Pearl Harbor
772(1)
Mobilizing the Home Front
773(2)
The War Economy
775(1)
War and Social Change
776(1)
African Americans in Time of War
776(2)
Internment of the Japanese
778(2)
Women's Contribution to the War Effort
780(2)
Allied Strategy: Europe First
782(1)
Germany Overwhelmed
783(2)
The Naval War in the Pacific
785(1)
Island Hopping
785(6)
Building the Atom Bomb
791(3)
Wartime Diplomacy
794(1)
Allied Suspicion of Stalin
795(1)
Yalta and Potsdam
796(3)
CHAPTER 29 THE AMERICAN CENTURY 799(28)
The Postwar Economy
800(1)
The Containment Policy
801(1)
A Turning Point in Greece
801(1)
The Marshall Plan and the Lesson of History
802(2)
The Election of 1948
804(3)
Containing Communism Abroad
807(1)
Hot War in Korea
808(5)
The Communist Issue at Home
813(1)
McCarthyism
814(1)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
814(2)
The Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policy
816(1)
McCarthy Self-Destructs
817(1)
Asian Policy After Korea
817(1)
Israel and the Middle East
818(1)
Eisenhower and Khrushchev
819(1)
Latin America Aroused
820(1)
The Politics of Civil Rights
821(3)
The Election of 1960
824(3)
CHAPTER 30 FROM CAMELOT TO WATERGATE 827(30)
The Cuban Crises
827(3)
The Vietnam War
830(1)
"We Shall Overcome": The Civil Rights Movement
831(3)
Tragedy in Dallas: JFK Assassinated
834(2)
Lyndon Baines Johnson
836(1)
The Great Society
836(2)
Johnson Escalates the War
838(1)
Opposition to the War
839(1)
The Election of 1968
839(5)
Nixon as President: "Vietnamizing" the War
844(1)
The Cambodian "Incursion"
845(1)
Detente with Communism
846(2)
Nixon in Triumph
848(1)
Domestic Policy Under Nixon
849(1)
The Watergate Break-in
850(2)
More Troubles for Nixon
852(1)
The Judgment on Watergate: "Expletive Deleted"
853(4)
CHAPTER 31 SOCIETY IN FLUX 857(25)
A Society on the Move
858(1)
The Advent of Television
858(1)
At Home and Work
859(2)
The Growing Middle Class
861(1)
Religion in Changing Times
862(2)
The Perils of Progress
864(1)
The Costs of Prosperity
865(1)
New Racial Turmoil
866(2)
Native-Born Ethnics
868(2)
Rethinking Public Education
870(2)
Students in Revolt
872(2)
The Counterculture
874(1)
The Sexual Revolution
875(3)
Women's Liberation
878(4)
CHAPTER 32 RUNNING ON EMPTY: THE NATION TRANSFORMED 882(26)
The Oil Crisis
882(2)
Ford as President
884(1)
The Fall of South Vietnam
885(1)
Ford Versus Carter
885(1)
The Carter Presidency
886(1)
A National Malaise
887(1)
Stagflation: The Weird Economy
887(1)
Families Under Stress
888(2)
Cold War or Detente?
890(1)
The Iran Crisis: Origins
891(1)
The Iran Crisis: Carter's Dilemma
892(1)
The Election of 1980
892(3)
Reagan as President
895(1)
Four More Years
896(1)
"The Reagan Revolution"
897(1)
Change and Uncertainty
898(2)
AIDS
900(1)
The New Merger Movement
901(1)
"A Job for Life": Layoffs Hit Home
902(1)
A "Bipolar" Economy, a Fractured Society
903(1)
The Iran-Contra Arms Deal
904(4)
CHAPTER 33 MISDEMEANORS AND HIGH CRIMES 908
The Election of 1988
908(1)
Crime and Punishment
909(1)
"Crack" and Urban Gangs
910(1)
George H.W. Bush as President
911(1)
The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe
912(1)
The War in the Persian Gulf
913(3)
The Deficit Worsens
916(1)
Enter Bill Clinton
916(1)
The Election of 1992
917(1)
A New Start: Clinton
917(2)
Emergence of the Republican Majority
919(1)
The Election of 1996
919(1)
A Racial Divide
920(1)
Violence and Popular Culture
921(2)
Clinton Impeached
923(1)
Clinton's Legacy
924(2)
The Economic Boo and the Internet
926(1)
The 2000 Election: George W. Bush Wins by One Vote
927(1)
Terrorism Intensifies
928(1)
September 11, 2001
929(2)
America Fight Back: War in Afghanistan
931(1)
The Second Iraq War
932(2)
The Election 2004
934(2)
The Imponderable Future
936
APPENDIX A-1
The Declaration of Independence
A-3
The Constitution of the United States of America
A-6
Amendments to the Constitution
A-14
Supplementary Reading
A-21
Suggested Web Sites
A-47
Present-day United States
A-68
Present-day World
A-70
CREDITS C-1
INDEX I-1


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