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Concise, affordable, and engaging, American Government in Black and White, Second Edition, 2014 Election Update, is a unique introduction to American government that uses racial and ethnic equality as its underlying theme. Authors Paula D. McClain and Steven C. Tauber address issues of inequality in major facets of government, including the U.S. Constitution, key American political institutions and instruments of political behavior, and the making of public policy. Engaging the original voices of racial and ethnic actors in our nation's history, they show students how to measure and evaluate the importance of equality in America, from its founding up to today.
* Three kinds of text boxes that help students develop empirical and qualitative analytical abilities: "Measuring Equality," "Evaluating Equality," and "Our Voices"
* Vignettes, illustrations, and case material that connect America's past and present
* Running glossary definitions, thematic chapter conclusions, probing review questions, and annotated additional readings highlighting writings by and about racial and ethnic minorities
Paula D. McClain is Professor of Political Science, Professor of Public Policy, Dean of the Graduate School, Vice Provost for Graduate Education, and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Social Sciences at Duke University. She is a premier author, scholar, and series editor of numerous works on urban, racial, and ethnic politics.
Steven C. Tauber is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida. He is known for his work on judicial politics, particularly on social movements' use of litigation as a strategy. His work has covered civil rights groups and the animal rights movement.
Table of Contents
Each chapter ends with a Conclusion, Review Questions, Additional Readings, Notes, and Key Terms. Preface 1. American Government and Politics in a Racially Divided World The Nature of Government The Functions of Government The Types of Government Principles of Constitutional Democracies The Rule of Law Natural Law Natural Rights Foundations of American Government Classical Liberalism Classical Republicanism Our Voices: Lemeul Haynes--Republicanism and Slavery Tradition of Exclusion (Inegalitarianism) Evaluating Equality: Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings Jefferson's Views Jefferson's Actions Exclusion and the Founding Measuring Equality: Who Was Eligible to Be Included in "We The People"? 2. The Constitution: Rights and Race Intertwined A Revolution for Independence The Road to Revolution Declaring Independence First Attempt at National Government: The Articles of Confederation A Limited National Government Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation Our Voices: Prince Hall (1748-1807) Second Attempt at National Government: The Constitution The Convention Delegates Measuring Equality: Whom Did the Framers Represent? Forming a New Government The Great Compromise Evaluating Equality: The Effect of the Three-Fifths Compromise on the Political Power of the South Debate over Ratification The Bill of Rights National Government Under the Constitution National Supremacy The Legislative Branch The Executive Branch The Judicial Branch Liberalized Amendment Rules Planning for Potential Pitfalls Separating Powers Varying Terms of Office Selecting National Government Officials Qualifying for National Office Instituting Checks and Balances 3. Federalism: Balancing Power, Balancing Rights Federalism and State and Local Governments State Legislatures Measuring Equality: Black and Latino Representation in State Legislatures Governors State Courts Local Governments Evaluating Equality: Home Rule, Statehood, and the Status of Washington, DC Federalism and the Constitution The Constitution and National Government Power Constitutional Amendments and National Power The Constitution and State Power The Evolution of American Federalism Federalism in the Early Republic and Industrialization Our Voices: John Marshall and the Status of Indian Tribes Dual Federalism and the Ascendency of State Autonomy Cooperative Federalism and the Growth of the National Government The Era of Devolution 4. Civil Liberties: Freedom and Government Authority in Tension The Bill of Rights Origins of the Bill of Rights Incorporation of the Bill of Rights Freedom of Expression Political Dissent Pornography and Offensive Speech Freedom of the Press Freedom of Religion Establishment of Religion Free Exercise of Religion Our Voices: The Right to Practice Nontraditional Religions and Employment Division v. Smith Criminal Justice Investigation Evaluating Equality: Recognizing Values in Political Cartoons on Racial Profiling in Fighting Terrorism Trial Punishment Measuring Equality: Discrimination, Death Row Population, and Executions in States with the Death Penalty Privacy Personal Autonomy Reproductive Freedom 5. Civil Rights: Inequality and Equality Civil Rights Terms and Concepts Forms of Inequality Segregation Race, Ethnicity, and Civil Rights Blacks Measuring Equality: Voter Registration and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Latinos Evaluating Equality: Terminology and Support for Illegal Immigration Reform Asian Americans American Indians Nonracial and Ethnic Struggles for Civil Rights Women Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, and the Transgendered Elderly and Disabled 6. Congress: Representation and Lawmaking The Nature of Congressional Representation The Unrepresented Our Voices: Nonvoting Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton and Representation for Washington, DC Districts Members of Congress Congressional Organization and Leadership Leadership in the House Leadership in the Senate Committees Informal Organizations Evaluating Equality: The Congressional Black Caucus and Black Republican Members of Congress The Lawmaking Process Activity on the House Floor Action on the Senate Floor Reconciling Differences Between House and Senate Bills Nonlawmaking Functions of Congress Influences on Congressional Decisionmaking Constituents Party Leaders Measuring Equality: The Influence of Race and Political Party on Voting Colleagues Interest Groups Staff 7. The Presidency: Conventional Wisdom Redefined Becoming President Diversity Our Voices: Barack Obama's Inaugural Address The Presidential Selection Process Measuring Equality: Scatterplots of Obama Vote and Minority Populations Financing Presidential Campaigns Presidential Power Administrative Powers of the President Foreign Powers of the President Domestic Powers of the President Executive Branch Organization The Vice President The President's Spouse The Cabinet The Executive Office of the President The White House Staff Evaluating Equality: Racial and Ethnic Representation in the Executive Branch Presidents and Congress Negotiating with Congress Presidents and the Public Congressional Investigations of the Executive Branch 8. The Bureaucracy: Career Government Employees, Accountability, and Race Bureaucratic Organization Cabinet Departments Independent Regulatory Commissions Independent Executive Agencies Our Voices: The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and the Controversy over Florida and the 2000 Election Government Corporations Evaluating Equality: Bureaucratic Organization and American Indians The Bureaucrats Politics versus Merit Diversity Measuring Equality: Minority Representation in the Federal Civilian Workforce Bureaucratic Policymaking and Power Implementation Enforcement Rulemaking Administrative Adjudication Sources of Bureaucratic Power Controlling Bureaucracies Executive Control over Bureaucracies Legislative Control over Bureaucracies Judicial Control over Bureaucracies 9. The Judiciary: The Countermajoritarian Institution Law and Courts Dimensions of Law Organization of the Federal Judiciary Judicial Powers and Limitations The Origins and Development of Judicial Review Judicial Review and Constitutional Interpretation Judicial Review and Civil Rights Limitations on the Courts Judicial Selection Nominating Judges Confirming Judges Race and Ethnicity and Judicial Nominations Measuring Equality: Presidents' Records of Minority Judicial Appointments to the Lower Federal Courts Our Voices: Opinions of African American Supreme Court Justices Evaluating Equality: Legal Argumentation, Amicus Curiae Briefs, and Affirmative Action Attorney Influence on Court Decisionmaking 10. Public Opinion: Divided by Race? Public Opinion Overview Our Voices: Transcript of Conversation between Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and Governor Ross Barnett of Mississippi (Sunday, September 20, 1962) Race, Gender, and Public Opinion Race Evaluating Equality: Differences in Perception of Discrimination against Black Americans Gender Political Culture and Public Opinion Measuring Equality: Barack Obama and the "Birthers" Political Socialization Demographic Factors Partisan Identification The Media Expressions of Public Opinion Measuring Public Opinion The Mechanics of Polling How the Sample Is Drawn How a Question Is Worded When a Question Is Asked Within the Survey When Data Are Gathered How Data Are Gathered The Bradley Effect Public Opinion and Politics 11. The Media: Reinforcing Racial Stereotypes? A History of Media and Politics Print Media Our Voices: The Liberator and Abolitionism Broadcast Radio and Television New Media The Media Industry The Media Business Media Personnel Press Coverage of Politics and Government Officials and Institutions Reporting of Elections Measuring Equality: Racial and Ethnic Representation in the Media Coverage of Government Officials and Institutions Government Regulation Evaluating Equality: Racial Bias in the Press Coverage of Hurricane Katrina 12. Social Movements: Civil Rights as a Movement Model A Social Movement Defined Conditions that give Rise to Social Movements Social Movements and Democracy Successful American Social Movements The Civil Rights Movement Our Voices: Excerpt from Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail The Women's Suffrage and Women's Rights Movement Evaluating Equality: What Arguments Did Supporters and Opponents of the ERA Put Forth? The Labor Movement Measuring Equality: Unions and Wages The Environment Movement The Anti-Vietnam War Movement Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Movement Other Important Social Movements The Chicano Civil Rights Movement American Indian Movement Asian American Movement The Antinuclear Movement Religious Fundamentalist Movement Why Some Social Movements Decline and Some Fail Factors that Contribute to Social Movement Decline Factors that Contribute to Social Movement Failure Social Movement or Political Activism 13. Interest Groups: Good Outcomes with Few Resources Interest Groups and Their Functions Our Voices: Ida B. Wells A Group-Based View of American Politics Pluralism Criticisms of Pluralism Interest Group Formation Types of Interest Groups Economic Interest Groups Agriculture Business Labor Professions Evaluating Equality: The AMA Apologizes to Black Physicians Noneconomic Interest Groups Civil Rights Government Ideology Public Interest Single Issue Religion Techniques of Interest Groups Lobbying Electioneering Education Litigation Media Campaigns Factors That Make Interest Groups Effective Political and Financial Inequalities Measuring Equality; Selected Racial and Ethnic Interest Groups and Their Resources 14. Political Parties: Linking Voters and Governing Institutions The Development of the Two-Party System The Early Parties Realignment and Republican Party Dominance The New Deal Coalition and Democratic Party Dominance The End of Party Dominance and the Rise of Party Competition Minor Parties Evaluating Equality: Minor Parties and Racial and Ethnic Minorities Party Organization National Party Conventions Our Voices: Political Party Platforms and Civil Rights National Party Committees State and Local Organization Parties and Voters Party Identification Parties and Group Attachments Measuring Equality: Latinos, Religious Preference, and Party Identification 15. Voting and Elections: Past and Prologue to the Obama Victory The Electoral Process: Nominating a Candidate Caucuses Primary Elections Measuring Equality: Obama's Attention to Caucus States in the 2008 Presidential Election Party Conventions General Elections Electing the President: How the Electoral College Works Campaigning for Elections Developing a Campaign Strategy Financing a Campaign Running a Campaign Winning the Election: How Elections Are Decided Voting Factors That Affect Voter Participation Evaluating Equality: Calculating Voting Turnout Rates Why Americans Do Not Vote Demographics and Voting Race Gender Age Marital Status Socioeconomic Status Region The 2012 Presidential Election Our Voices: Senator Barack Obama's Speech on Race: "A More Perfect Union" 16. The Making of Domestic and Foreign Policy: Summing Up American Government in Black and White Agenda Setting Social Movements, Interest Groups, and Agenda Setting The Media and Agenda Setting Our Voices: President Obama's Cairo Speech Policy Enactment Policy Formulation Policy Adoption Evaluating Equality: Racism and the Public Debate over the Adoption of Health Care Reform Policies Postenactment Stages Policy Implementation Measuring Equality: Racial Disparities in the Punishment of Drug Offenders Policy Evaluation Appendix I: The Declaration of Independence Appendix II: The Constitution Glossary Notes Credits Index