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American History Vol. 1 : A Survey,9780079121189
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American History Vol. 1 : A Survey

by ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780079121189

ISBN10:
0079121187
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/1/1994
Publisher(s):
McGraw Hill College Div

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Table of Contents

PREFACE xiii
CHAPTER ONE THE MEETING OF CULTURES
1(28)
AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS
1(4)
The Civilizations of the South
1(1)
The Civilizations of the North
2(3)
EUROPE LOOKS WESTWARD
5(12)
Commerce and Nationalism
5(1)
Christopher Columbus
6(3)
The Conquistadores
9(1)
The Spanish Empire
10(2)
Northern Outposts
12(1)
The Empire at High Tide
12(1)
Biological and Cultural Exchanges
13(2)
Africa and America
15(2)
THE ARRIVAL OF THE ENGLISH
17(7)
The Commercial Incentive
17(1)
The Religious Incentive
18(2)
The English in Ireland
20(1)
The French and the Dutch in America
21(1)
The First English Settlements
22(2)
Roanoke
24(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
24(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
25(4)
CHAPTER TWO THE ENGLISH "TRANSPLANTATIONS"
29(34)
THE EARLY CHESAPEAKE
29(7)
The Founding of Jamestown
30(1)
Reorganization
31(1)
Expansion
32(1)
Maryland and the Calverts
33(1)
Turbulent Virginia
34(2)
Bacon's Rebellion
36(1)
CARIBBEAN COLONIZATION
36(1)
The West Indies
36(1)
Masters and Slaves
36(1)
THE GROWTH OF NEW ENGLAND
37(8)
Plymouth Plantation
37(2)
The Massachusetts Bay Experiment
39(2)
The Expansion of New England
41(2)
Settlers and Natives
43(2)
THE RESTORATION COLONIES
45(6)
The English Civil War
45(1)
The Carolinas
46(1)
New Netherland and New York
47(2)
The Quaker Colonies
49(1)
The Founding of Georgia
50(1)
THE DEVELOPMENT OF EMPIRE
51(3)
The Drive for Reorganization
51(2)
The Dominion of New England
53(1)
The "Glorious Revolution"
53(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
54(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
55(8)
CHAPTER THREE LIFE IN PROVINCIAL AMERICA
63(32)
THE COLONIAL POPULATION
63(11)
The Early Population
63(2)
Birth and Death
65(1)
Women and Families in the Chesapeake
66(1)
Women and Families in New England
67(1)
The Beginnings of Slavery in British America
68(2)
Changing Sources of European Immigration
70(4)
THE COLONIAL ECONOMY
74(4)
The Southern Economy
74(1)
The Northern Economy
75(1)
The Rise of Colonial Commerce
76(2)
PATTERNS OF SOCIETY
78(6)
The Plantation
79(1)
The Puritan Community
80(2)
The Witchcraft Phenomenon
82(1)
Cities
83(1)
THE COLONIAL MIND
84(6)
The Pattern of Religions
84(1)
The Decline of Piety
85(1)
The Great Awakening
86(1)
Education
87(1)
The Allure of Science
88(1)
Concepts of Law and Politics
89(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
90(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
91(4)
CHAPTER FOUR THE EMPIRE UNDER STRAIN
95(28)
A LOOSENING OF TIES
95(2)
A Tradition of Neglect
96(1)
The Colonies Divided
97(1)
THE STRUGGLE FOR THE CONTINENT
97(5)
New France and the Iroquois Nation
98(1)
Anglo-French Conflicts
99(1)
The Great War for the Empire
100(2)
THE NEW IMPERIALISM
102(6)
Burdens of Empire
102(3)
The British and the Tribes
105(1)
The Colonial Response
105(3)
STIRRINGS OF REVOLT
108(9)
The Stamp Act Crisis
109(1)
The Townshend Program
110(2)
The Boston Massacre
112(1)
The Philosophy of Revolt
112(2)
The Tea Excitement
114(3)
COOPERATION AND WAR
117(3)
New Sources of Authority
117(1)
Lexington and Concord
118(2)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
120(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
121(2)
CHAPTER FIVE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
123(38)
THE STATES UNITED
123(5)
Defining American War Aims
123(2)
The Decision for Independence
125(1)
Mobilizing for War
126(2)
THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE
128(8)
The First Phase: New England
128(2)
The Second Phase: The Mid-Atlantic Region
130(3)
Securing Aid from Abroad
133(1)
The Final Phase: The South
133(3)
Winning the Peace
136(1)
WAR AND SOCIETY
136(8)
Loyalists and Minorities
137(3)
Native Americans and the Revolution
140(1)
Women's Rights and Women's Roles
141(2)
The War Economy
143(1)
THE CREATION OF STATE GOVERNMENTS
144(2)
The Assumptions of Republicanism
144(1)
The First State Constitutions
145(1)
Revising State Governments
145(1)
Toleration and Slavery
146(1)
THE SEARCH FOR A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
146(6)
The Confederation
147(1)
Diplomatic Failures
147(1)
The Confederation and the Northwest
147(2)
Indians and the Western Lands
149(2)
Debts, Taxes, and Daniel Shays
151(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
152(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
153(8)
CHAPTER SIX THE CONSTITUTION AND THE NEW REPUBLIC
161(22)
FRAMING A NEW GOVERNMENT
161(9)
Advocates of Centralization
162(1)
A Divided Convention
163(1)
Compromise
164(1)
The Constitution of 1787
164(4)
Federalists and Antifederalists
168(1)
Completing the Structure
169(1)
FEDERALISTS AND REPUBLICANS
170(4)
Hamilton and the Federalists
171(1)
Enacting the Federalist Program
171(1)
The Republican Opposition
172(2)
ESTABLISHING NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
174(2)
Securing the Frontier
174(1)
Maintaining Neutrality
175(1)
THE DOWNFALL OF THE FEDERALISTS
176(4)
The Election of 1796
176(1)
The Quasi War with France
177(1)
Repression and Protest
178(1)
The "Revolution" of 1800
179(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
180(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
180(3)
CHAPTER SEVEN THE JEFFERSONIAN ERA
183(36)
THE RISE OF CULTURAL NATIONALISM
183(7)
Education and Professionalism
184(2)
"The Rising Glory of America"
186(1)
The Second Great Awakening
187(3)
STIRRINGS OF INDUSTRIALISM
190(5)
The Industrial Revolution in England
190(1)
Technology in America
191(2)
Trade and Transportation
193(1)
Country and City
194(1)
JEFFERSON THE PRESIDENT
195(5)
The Federal City
196(1)
President and Party Leader
196(1)
Dollars and Ships
197(1)
Conflict with the Courts
198(2)
DOUBLING THE NATIONAL DOMAIN
200(4)
Jefferson and Napoleon
200(2)
The Louisiana Purchase
202(1)
Exploring the West
203(1)
The Burr Conspiracy
204(1)
EXPANSION AND WAR
204(6)
Conflict on the Seas
205(1)
Impressment
205(1)
"Peaceable Coercion"
206(1)
Conflicts in the West
206(2)
Tecumseh and the Prophet
208(1)
The Lure of Florida
209(1)
THE WAR OF 1812
210(4)
Battles with the Tribes
210(2)
Battles with the British
212(2)
The Revolt of New England
214(2)
The Peace Settlement
216
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
214(2)
SUGGESTED READINGS
216(3)
CHAPTER EIGHT VARIETIES OF AMERICAN NATIONALISM
219(22)
STABILIZING ECONOMIC GROWTH
220(4)
Banking, Currency, and Protection
220(2)
Transportation
222(2)
EXPANDING WESTWARD
224(3)
The Great Migration
224(1)
White Settlers in the Old Northwest
224(1)
The Plantation System in the Southwest
225(1)
Trade and Trapping in the Far West
226(1)
Eastern Images of the West
227(1)
THE "ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS"
227(2)
The End of the First Party System
228(1)
John Quincy Adams and Florida
228(1)
The Panic of 1819
229(1)
SECTIONALISM AND NATIONALISM
229(6)
The Missouri Compromise
229(2)
Marshall and the Court
231(2)
The Court and the Tribes
233(1)
The Latin American Revolution and the Monroe Doctrine
234(1)
THE REVIVAL OF OPPOSITION
235(2)
The "Corrupt Bargain"
236(1)
The Second President Adams
237(1)
Jackson Triumphant
238
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
237(2)
SUGGESTED READINGS
239(2)
CHAPTER NINE JACKSONIAN AMERICA
241(28)
THE RISE OF MASS POLITICS
242(3)
The Expanding Electorate
242(2)
The Legitimization of Party
244(1)
"President of the Common Man"
244(1)
"OUR FEDERAL UNION"
245(3)
Calhoun and Nullification
245(1)
The Rise of Van Buren
246(1)
The Webster-Hayne Debate
247(1)
The Nullification Crisis
247(1)
THE REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS
248(5)
White Attitudes Toward the Tribes
249(1)
The Black Hawk War
249(1)
The "Five Civilized Tribes"
250(1)
Trails of Tears
250(2)
The Meaning of Removal
252(1)
JACKSON AND THE BANK WAR
253(3)
Biddle's Institution
253(1)
The "Monster" Destroyed
254(1)
The Taney Court
255(1)
THE EMERGENCE OF THE SECOND PARTY SYSTEM
256(3)
Party Philosophies
256(1)
Party Constituencies
257(1)
Party Leadership
257(2)
POLITICS AFTER JACKSON
259(4)
The Panic of 1837
260(2)
The Log Cabin Campaign
262(1)
The Frustration of the Whigs
262(2)
Whig Diplomacy
264
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
263(2)
SUGGESTED READINGS
265(4)
CHAPTER TEN AMERICA'S ECONOMIC REVOLUTION
269(36)
FOUNDATIONS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
269(5)
The American Population, 1820-1840
270(1)
Immigration and Urban Growth, 1840-1860
271(1)
The Rise of Nativism
272(2)
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS REVOLUTIONS
274(6)
The Canal Age
275(2)
The Early Railroads
277(1)
The Triumph of the Rails
278(1)
Innovations in Communications and Journalism
279(1)
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
280(4)
The Expansion of Business, 1820-1840
281(1)
The Emergence of the Factory
281(1)
The Expansion of Industry, 1840-1860
282(2)
MEN AND WOMEN AT WORK
284(4)
Recruiting a Native Work Force
284(2)
The Immigrant Work Force
286(1)
The Factory System and the Artisan Tradition
287(1)
Fighting for Control
287(1)
PATTERNS OF SOCIETY
288(10)
The Rich and the Poor
288(2)
Social Mobility
290(1)
The Changing Family
290(1)
The "Cult of Domesticity"
291(3)
THE AGRICULTURAL NORTH
294(1)
Northeastern Agriculture
294(1)
The Old Northwest
294(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
295(2)
SUGGESTED READINGS
297(8)
CHAPTER ELEVEN COTTON, SLAVERY, AND THE OLD SOUTH
305(24)
THE COTTON ECONOMY
305(4)
The Rise of King Cotton
305(3)
Southern Trade and Industry
308(1)
Sources of Southern Difference
309(1)
SOUTHERN SOCIETY
309(6)
The Planter Class
310(2)
The "Southern Lady"
312(1)
The Plain Folk
313(2)
THE "PECULIAR INSTITUTION"
315(8)
Varieties of Slavery
315(2)
Life Under Slavery
317(1)
Slavery in the Cities
318(1)
Free Blacks
319(1)
The Slave Trade
319(1)
Slave Resistance
320(3)
THE CULTURE OF SLAVERY
323(2)
Language and Music
324(1)
African-American Religion
324(1)
The Slave Family
325(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
325(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
326(3)
CHAPTER TWELVE AN AGE OF REFORMS
329(22)
THE ROMANTIC IMPULSE
329(5)
Literature and the Quest for Liberation
330(1)
Literature in the Antebellum South
331(1)
The Transcendentalists
331(1)
Visions of Utopia
332(1)
Redefining Gender Roles
333(1)
The Mormons
333(1)
REMAKING SOCIETY
334(8)
Revivalism, Morality, and Order
335(1)
The Temperance Crusade
335(2)
Trends in Health and Science
337(1)
Education
337(2)
Rehabilitation
339(2)
The Rise of Feminism
341(1)
THE CRUSADE AGAINST SLAVERY
342(4)
Early Opposition to Slavery
342(1)
Garrison and Abolitionism
342(1)
Black Abolitionists
343(1)
Anti-Abolitionism
344(1)
Abolitionism Divided
344(2)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
346(2)
SUGGESTED READINGS
348(3)
CHAPTER THIRTEEN THE IMPENDING CRISIS
351(30)
LOOKING WESTWARD
351(7)
Manifest Destiny
351(1)
Texas
352(2)
Oregon
354(3)
The Westward Migration
357(1)
EXPANSION AND WAR
358(5)
The Democrats and Expansion
358(1)
The Southwest and California
359(1)
The Mexican War
360(3)
THE SECTIONAL DEBATE
363(5)
Slavery and the Territories
363(1)
The California Gold Rush
364(2)
Rising Sectional Tensions
366(1)
The Compromise of 1850
366(2)
THE CRISES OF THE 1850s
368(10)
The Uneasy Truce
368(1)
"Young America"
369(1)
Slavery, Railroads, and the West
369(1)
The Kansas-Nebraska Controversy
370(1)
"Bleeding Kansas"
370(1)
The Free-Soil Ideology
371(1)
The Pro-Slavery Argument
372(1)
Buchanan and Depression
373(1)
The Dred Scott Decision
374(1)
Deadlock over Kansas
375(1)
The Emergence of Lincoln
375(1)
John Brown's Raid
376(1)
The Election of Lincoln
377(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
378(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
379(2)
CHAPTER FOURTEEN THE CIVIL WAR
381(32)
THE SECESSION CRISIS
381(5)
The Withdrawal of the South
381(1)
The Failure of Compromise
382(1)
The Opposing Sides
383(3)
THE MOBILIZATION OF THE NORTH
386(6)
Economic Measures
386(1)
Raising the Union Armies
387(1)
Wartime Politics
388(1)
The Politics of Emancipation
389(1)
The War and Economic Development
390(1)
Women, Nursing, and the War
390(2)
THE MOBILIZATION OF THE SOUTH
392(3)
The Confederate Government
392(1)
Money and Manpower
392(1)
States' Rights Versus Centralization
393(1)
Economic and Social Effects of the War
394(1)
STRATEGY AND DIPLOMACY
395(3)
The Commanders
395(1)
The Role of Sea Power
396(1)
Europe and the Disunited States
396(2)
The American West and the War
398(1)
CAMPAIGNS AND BATTLES
398(8)
The Opening Clashes, 1861
399(1)
The Western Theater
400(2)
The Virginia Front, 1862
402(1)
1863: Year of Decision
403(2)
The Last Stage, 1864-1865
405(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
406(3)
SUGGESTED READINGS
409(4)
CHAPTER FIFTEEN RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH
413
THE PROBLEMS OF PEACEMAKING
413(4)
The Aftermath of War and Emancipation
413(2)
Issues of Reconstruction
415(1)
Plans for Reconstruction
415(1)
The Death of Lincoln
416(1)
Johnson and "Restoration"
417(1)
RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION
417(4)
The Black Codes
417(1)
The Fourteenth Amendment
418(1)
The Congressional Plan
419(1)
The Fifteenth Amendment
420(1)
Impeaching the President, Assaulting the Courts
420(1)
THE SOUTH IN RECONSTRUCTION
421(5)
The Reconstruction Governments
421(2)
Education
423(1)
Landownership and Tenancy
423(2)
Incomes and Credit
425(1)
The African-American Family in Freedom
425(1)
THE GRANT ADMINISTRATION
426(3)
The Soldier President
426(1)
The Liberal Republicans
427(1)
The Grant Scandals
428(1)
The Greenback Question
428(1)
Republican Diplomacy
429(1)
THE ABANDONMENT OF RECONSTRUCTION
429(5)
The Southern States "Redeemed"
429(1)
The Compromise of 1877
430(1)
The Legacy of Reconstruction
431(3)
THE NEW SOUTH
434(10)
The "Redeemers"
434(1)
Industrialization and the "New South"
435(2)
Tenants and Sharecroppers
437(3)
African Americans and the New South
440(1)
The Birth of Jim Crow
441(1)
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
444(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
444
THE AMERICAN ENVIRONMENT
57(15)
THE OTHER PILGRIMS
57
THE GRID
155
THE FLOW OF WATER
299
WHERE HISTORIANS DISAGREE
72
THE ORIGINS OF SLAVERY
72
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
138
THE BACKGROUND OF THE CONSTITUTION
166
THE AGE OF JACKSON
258
THE CHARACTER OF PLANTATION SLAVERY
322
THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR
384
RECONSTRUCTION
432
THE ORIGINS OF SEGREGATION
438
APPENDICES A-1
MAPS A-2(7)
The United States A-2(2)
Topographical Map of the United States A-4(2)
The World A-6(2)
United States Territorial Expansion, 1783-1898 A-8(1)
DOCUMENTS AND TABLES A-9
The Declaration of Independence A-9(3)
The Constitution of the United States of America A-12(12)
Presidential Elections A-24(4)
Vice Presidents and Cabinet Members A-28(11)
Population of the United States, 1790-1993 A-39(1)
Employment, 1870-1992 A-39(1)
Production, Trade, and Federal Spending/Debt, 1790-1992 A-40
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
ILL-1
LIST OF MAPS
MC-1
LIST OF CHARTS
MC-1
INDEX I-1


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