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The purpose of American Penologyis to provide a story of punishments past, present, and likely future. The story begins in the 1600s, in the setting of colonial America, and ends in the present. As the story evolves through various historical and contemporary settings, Americas efforts to understand and control crime unfold. The context, ideas, practices, and consequences of various reforms in the ways crime is punished are described and examined.Though the books broader scope and purpose can be distinguished from prior efforts, it necessarily incorporates many contributions from this rich literature. While this enlarged second edition incorporates select descriptions and contingencies in relation to particular eras and punishment ideas and practices, it does not limit itself to individual "histories" of these eras. Instead, it uses history to frame and help explain particular punishment ideas and practices in relation to the period and context from which they evolved. The authors focus upon selected demographic, economic, political, religious, and intellectual contingencies that are associated with historical and contemporary eras to show how these contingencies shaped Americas punishment ideals and practices.In offering a new understanding of received notions of crime control in this edition, Blomberg and Lucken not only provide insights into the future of punishment, but also show how the larger culture of control extends beyond the field of criminology to have an impact on declining levels of democracy, freedom, and privacy.
Thomas G. Blomberg is dean and Sheldon L. Messinger Professor of Criminology, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University. He is the author, of numerous books and articles, including Punishment and Social Control and Juvenile Court and Community Corrections. Karol Lucken is professor at the Department of Criminal Justice, University of Central Florida, and author of numerous scholarly articles.
Table of Contents
|Conceptual Framework||p. 1|
|Overview of Book||p. 4|
|Public Punishment in Colonial America (1600-1790)||p. 11|
|Life in the Colonies||p. 12|
|Crime as Sin||p. 14|
|Public and Corporal Punishment||p. 16|
|Church, Community, and Punishment||p. 22|
|Penal Code Reform in the Period of Transition (1790-1830)||p. 25|
|Post-Revolutionary America||p. 26|
|Crime as Reasoned Behavior||p. 29|
|Punishment and Deterrence||p. 32|
|Enlightenment, Free Will, and Incarceration||p. 40|
|Age of the Penitentiary in Nineteenth-Century America (1830-1870s)||p. 41|
|Jacksonian America and Beyond||p. 42|
|Crime as Moral Disease||p. 45|
|Promise of the Penitentiary||p. 48|
|The Penitentiary in Practice||p. 53|
|Southern Justice||p. 57|
|Urban Disenchantment, Moral Reform, and the Penitentiary||p. 59|
|Progressivism and Reformatory, Parole, and Probation (1880s-1920s)||p. 61|
|Progressive America||p. 62|
|Crime and Positivism||p. 68|
|Promise of Progressive Penology||p. 70|
|Progressive Penology in Practice||p. 77|
|Progressivism and Individual Treatment||p. 83|
|Progressivism and the Juvenile Court (1900-1960s)||p. 85|
|Juvenile Court as Progressive Ideology||p. 86|
|Promise of Juvenile Courts||p. 88|
|Juvenile Court in Practice||p. 92|
|Juvenile Court: Advancing Individual Treatment||p. 99|
|Twentieth-Century Rehabilitative Ideal and "Correctional" System (1900-1960s)||p. 101|
|Rehabilitative Ideal and Crime Causation||p. 102|
|Growth and Refinement of the Correctional System||p. 110|
|Uneven Progress and Correctional System Failure||p. 118|
|Rehabilitative Ideal: Explain, Treat, and Eliminate||p. 121|
|Prison Subcultures (1950s-l960s)||p. 123|
|Prison Community||p. 124|
|Deprivation Model||p. 126|
|Importation Model||p. 130|
|Female Inmate Subcultures||p. 133|
|Total Power and Institutional Control||p. 135|
|Living in Prison||p. 137|
|Prisoner Rights in the Age of Discontent (1960s-1970s)||p. 141|
|Radicalism and Social Reform||p. 142|
|Prisoner Rights||p. 147|
|Abolishing Capital Punishment||p. 159|
|Discovery of Prisoner Rights||p. 161|
|Decentralizing Corrections (1960s-1970s)||p. 163|
|Labeling Theory: Justifying Decentralization||p. 164|
|Development of the Decentralization Movement||p. 166|
|Goals and Practices of Decentralization Reforms||p. 169|
|Decentralization: Not Less-More||p. 177|
|Conservatism and Law-and-Order Punishment (1980s-1990s)||p. 179|
|Reversing Course||p. 180|
|Neo-Conservative Criminology||p. 184|
|Law-and-Order Punishment||p. 185|
|Consequences of Law-and-Order Punishment||p. 197|
|Punishment Binge||p. 203|
|Penal System as Surrogate Institution for Special Populations||p. 207|
|Women and Mothers||p. 208|
|Mentally Ill||p. 221|
|Inmates with AIDS and Tuberculosis||p. 227|
|Prison as Nursery, Hospital, and Asylum||p. 233|
|Punishment in the Millennial Age||p. 235|
|Postmodern Society||p. 236|
|Integrated Theories of Crime||p. 237|
|"Anything Goes" Penal Strategies||p. 238|
|Blending Soft and Tough Punishment||p. 257|
|Past and Present Penal Practices||p. 259|
|Culture of Control||p. 265|
|Criminology and Public Policy||p. 269|
|Individualism, Rights, and the Culture of Control||p. 271|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|