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America's Democratic Republic (Penguin Academics Series),9780321198211

America's Democratic Republic (Penguin Academics Series)

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780321198211

ISBN10:
0321198212
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $46.67
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Summary

Written in a lively, narrative style and presenting a provacative point-of-view, this book gets to the heart of Americans' frustrations with our government. Acknowledging that cynicism tends to make people withdraw from civic life, this book examines why our government can seem so unsatisfactory, identifying the heart of the American political system: strong democratic aspirations among our citizens conflicting with the republican constitutional foundations on which the country is based. DEMOCRATIC ASPIRATIONS, REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATIONS; POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS: A HELP OR HINDRANCE TO DEMOCRACY?; GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS; WHAT GOVERNMENT DOES: PUBLIC POLICIES. Anyone interested in understanding our government and why Americans are cynical about government.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Part One Democratic Aspirations, Republican Constitutional Foundations
1(140)
The American Democratic Republic
3(22)
Eighteenth-Century Republicanism
6(6)
Democracy
12(8)
The American Democratic Republic
20(3)
Key Terms
23(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
23(1)
Internet Sources
24(1)
The Constitution
25(25)
The Articles of Confederation: The First Constitution
27(3)
The Democratic Challenge
30(2)
The Constitutional Convention
32(5)
What the Framers Created
37(6)
The Struggle to Ratify the Constitution
43(2)
The Changing Constitution and the American Democratic Republic
45(3)
Key Terms
48(1)
Internet Sources
48(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
48(2)
Federalism
50(31)
Federalism as a System of Government
52(3)
Federalism in the Constitution
55(3)
The Evolution of American Federalism
58(11)
National Grants-in-Aid to the States
69(5)
U.S. Federalism: Pro and Con
74(3)
Federalism and the Democratic Republic
77(1)
Key Terms
78(1)
Internet Sources
79(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
79(2)
Civil Liberties
81(31)
Civil Liberties in the Constitution
84(2)
Rights and Liberties in the Nineteenth Century
86(2)
Nationalization of the Bill of Rights
88(19)
Civil Liberties and the War on Terrorism
107(2)
Civil Liberties and the Democratic Republic
109(1)
Key Terms
110(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
110(1)
Internet Sources
111(1)
Civil Rights
112(29)
Civil Rights Before the Twentieth Century
115(5)
The Contemporary Status of Civil Rights for Racial Minorities
120(9)
The Contemporary Status of Civil Rights for Women
129(4)
Broadening the Civil Rights Umbrella
133(4)
Civil Rights in the Democratic Republic
137(2)
Key Terms
139(1)
Internet Sources
139(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
139(2)
Part Two Political Institutions
141(172)
Public Opinion and Political Learning
143(37)
Democracy and Public Opinion
146(1)
Finding Out What People Think
147(3)
Learning Political Beliefs and Attitudes
150(13)
Are the People Fit to Rule?
163(12)
Is Government Responsive to Public Opinion?
175(2)
Public Opinion and the Democratic Republic
177(1)
Key Terms
178(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
179(1)
Internet Sources
179(1)
The News Media
180(35)
Roles of the News Media in a Democracy
182(3)
The Media Landscape
185(5)
How the News Media Work
190(7)
Interpreting the News
197(6)
Effects of the News Media on Politics
203(3)
Government Regulation of the Media
206(6)
Democratic and Republican Encounters
212(1)
Key Terms
213(1)
Suggestions for Further
213(1)
Internet Sources
214(1)
Interest Groups
215(31)
The Role of Interest Groups: Contrasting Views
217(3)
Factors in the Formation of Interest Groups
220(3)
Interests Represented by Groups
223(4)
What Interest Groups Do
227(6)
Political Inequality: Flaws in the Pluralist Heaven
233(5)
The Special Place of Business Corporations
238(3)
Curing the Mischief of Factions
241(1)
Interest Groups and the Democratic Republic
242(2)
Key Terms
244(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
244(1)
Internet Sources
245(1)
Political Parties
246(27)
The Role of Political Parties in a Democratic Republic
249(3)
History of the Two-Party System
252(4)
Why a Two-Party System?
256(4)
The Parties as Organizations
260(8)
The Parties in Government and the Electorate
268(2)
Political Parties and the Democratic Republic
270(1)
Key Terms
271(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
272(1)
Internet Sources
272(1)
Elections and Citizen Participation
273(40)
The Place of Elections in Democratic and Republican Theories
277(5)
Political Participation
282(7)
Patterns of Participation
289(3)
Campaigning for Office
292(12)
Election Outcomes
304(6)
Elections and Participation in the Democratic Republic
310(1)
Key Terms
311(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
311(1)
Internet Sources
312(1)
Part Three Government Institutions
313(136)
Congress
315(41)
The Republican Constitutional Foundations of Congress
319(3)
Representation and Democracy
322(11)
How Congress Works
333(18)
How Effective Is Congress?
351(1)
Congress and the Democratic Republic
352(2)
Key Terms
354(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
354(1)
Internet Sources
355(1)
The Presidency
356(34)
The Expanding Presidency
360(5)
The Powers and Roles of the President
365(6)
The President's Staff and Cabinet
371(5)
The President and the Bureaucracy
376(2)
The President and Congress: Perpetual Tug of War
378(4)
The President and the People: An Evolving Relationship
382(4)
The Presidency and the Democratic Republic
386(2)
Key Terms
388(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
388(1)
Internet Sources
389(1)
The Federal Bureaucracy
390(27)
The Bureaucracy in Democratic and Eighteenth-Century Republican Doctrines
393(1)
Transformation of the Bureaucracy
394(4)
How the Executive Branch Is Organized
398(2)
What Do Bureaucrats Do?
400(2)
Who Are the Bureaucrats?
402(4)
Political and Governmental Influences on Bureaucratic Behavior
406(5)
Reforming the Federal Bureaucracy
411(3)
The Federal Bureaucracy and the Democratic Republic
414(1)
Key Terms
415(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
415(1)
Internet Sources
416(1)
The Courts
417(32)
Constitutional Powers
421(3)
The Federal Court System: Organization and Jurisdiction
424(5)
Appointment to the Federal Bench
429(2)
The Supreme Court in Action
431(5)
The Supreme Court as a National Policy Maker
436(6)
Outside Influences on the Court
442(3)
The Supreme Court and the Democratic Republic
445(1)
Key Terms
445(1)
Internet Sources
446(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
446(3)
Part Four What Government Does
449
Domestic Policy
451(29)
Why Government Is Involved in the Economy and Social Welfare
451(4)
Economic Policy
455(4)
The Federal Budget and Fiscal Policy
459(5)
Regulation
464(3)
Social Welfare
467(9)
Domestic Policies in the Democratic Republic
476(2)
Key Terms
478(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
478(1)
Internet Sources
479(1)
Foreign Policy and National Defense
480
Foreign Policy and Democracy: A Contradiction in Terms?
483(1)
The Superpower Status of the United States
484(7)
Problems of the Post-Cold War World
491(10)
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
501(7)
Foreign and Defense Policies and the Democratic Republic
508(2)
Key Terms
510(1)
Suggestions for Further Reading
510(1)
Internet Sources
511
Appendix
1(1)
The Declaration of Independence
1(3)
The Constitution of the United States
4(16)
The Federalist Papers, Nos. 10, 51, and 78
20(11)
Presidents and Congresses, 1789-2009
31(7)
Chief Justices of the Supreme Court, 1789-2005
38
Glossary 1(1)
Endnotes 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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