9780198235286

Anaphora A Cross-linguistic Study

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780198235286

  • ISBN10:

    0198235283

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-11-09
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Understanding any communication depends on the listener or reader recognizing that some words refer to what has already been said or written (his, its, he, there, etc.). This mode of reference, anaphora, involves complicated cognitive and syntactic processes, which people usually perform unerringly, but which present formidable problems for the linguist and cognitive scientist trying to explain precisely how comprehension is achieved. Yan Huang provides an extensive and accessible overview of the major contemporary issues surrounding anaphora and gives a critical survey of the many and diverse contemporary approaches to it. He provides by far the fullest cross-linguistic account yet published: Dr Huang's survey and analysis are based on a rich collection of data drawn from around 450 of the world's languages.

Author Biography


Yan Huang is Reader in Linguistics, Department of Linguistic Science, University of Reading.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations xiv
Typologies of Anaphora
1(15)
Introduction
1(1)
Typologies of anaphora
2(12)
Anaphora and syntactic categories
2(3)
Anaphora and truth-conditions
5(2)
Anaphora and contexts
7(1)
Anaphora and discourse: reference-tracking systems
8(6)
Organization of the book
14(2)
Syntactic Approaches to Anaphora
16(115)
Classical Chomskyan theory of anaphora
17(33)
Typology of NPs
17(1)
Binding theory
17(21)
Control theory
38(7)
Revisions and alternatives
45(5)
Summary
50(1)
Null subjects and null objects
50(40)
Null subjects
50(28)
Null objects
78(12)
Summary
90(1)
Long-distance reflexivization
90(40)
The phenomenon
90(3)
Properties and theoretical issues
93(8)
Long-distance reflexivization in generative grammar
101(29)
Summary
130(1)
Conclusion
130(1)
Semantic Approaches to Anaphora
131(74)
VP-ellipsis
131(25)
Definition and properties
131(2)
Theoretical issues
133(2)
Two general approaches: syntactically oriented versus semantically oriented
135(19)
Summary
154(2)
Binding and control: some semantic alternatives
156(16)
Binding
156(11)
Control
167(5)
Summary
172(1)
Logophoricity
172(32)
Background
172(4)
Logophoric pronouns in African languages
176(14)
Long-distance reflexives in East Asian languages
190(9)
Discourse representation
199(5)
Summary
204(1)
Conclusion
204(1)
Pragmatic Approaches to Anaphora
205(73)
A neo-Gricean pragmatic theory
205(7)
A revised neo-Gricean pragmatic theory of anaphora
212(35)
The general pattern of anaphora
214(1)
A revised neo-Gricean pragmatic account of anaphora
214(2)
Application
216(30)
Summary
246(1)
Some other pragmatic/cognitive/functional approaches
247(14)
Relevance theory
247(6)
Accessibility theory
253(4)
Prague School functionalism
257(4)
Summary
261(1)
`Syntactic' versus `pragmatic': a new typology of language?
261(16)
The pragmaticness of anaphora in a pragmatic language
261(5)
The prominence of Chinese-style topic constructions in a pragmatic language
266(10)
Explaining the differences: parametric or typological?
276(1)
Summary
277(1)
Conclusion
277(1)
Switch-Reference and Discourse Anaphora
278(52)
Switch-reference
278(24)
The phenomenon
278(17)
Switch-reference and related phenomena
295(2)
Two general approaches and beyond: syntactically oriented versus semantically oriented, and perhaps pragmatically oriented
297(5)
Summary
302(1)
Discourse anaphora
302(27)
The problem of anaphoric distribution in discourse
302(1)
The topic continuity or distance-interference model
303(6)
The hierarchy model
309(5)
The cognitive model
314(4)
The pragmatic model
318(10)
Summary
328(1)
Conclusion
329(1)
Conclusions
330(3)
References 333(38)
Index of Names 371(9)
Index of Languages, Language Families, and Language Areas 380(10)
Index of Subjects 390

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