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Annual Editions: Drugs, Society, and Behavior 12/13by Maguire, Mary; Garoupa, Clifford
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The Annual Editionsseries is designed to provide convenient, inexpensive access to a wide range of current articles from some of the most respected magazines, newspapers, and journals published today. Annual Editionsare updated on a regular basis through a continuous monitoring of over 300 periodical sources. The articles selected are authored by prominent scholars, researchers, and commentators writing for a general audience. The Annual Editionsvolumes have a number of common organizational features designed to make them particularly useful in the classroom: a general introduction; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; and a brief overview for each section. Each volume also offers an online Instructor's Resource Guidewith testing materials. Using Annual Editions in the Classroomis a general guide that provides a number of interesting and functional ideas for using Annual Editionsreaders in the classroom. Visit www.mhhe.com/annualeditions for more details.
Table of Contents
Annual Edition: Drugs, Society, and Behavior 12/13
Unit 1: Living with Drugs
1. History of Alcohol and Drinking around the World, David J. Hanson, PhD, adapted from David J. Hanson, Preventing Alcohol Abuse: Alcohol, Culture and Control, West-port, CT: Praeger, 1995
Alcohol use by humans, probably tens of thousands of years old, has both comforted and plagued almost every society. In this discussion author David Hanson describes the drug's journey through time.
2. Can Sips at Home Prevent Binges?, Eric Asimov, The New York Times, March 26, 2008
Evidence suggests that requiring total abstinence with regards to alcohol use by mi-nors can result in problematic drinking behavior later in life.
3. Tackling Top Teen Problem-Prescription Drugs, George Lauby and Kamie Wheelock, North Platte Bulletin, April 11, 2009
The illegal use of prescription drugs looms larger than problem drink-ing or marijuana use. This article ex-amines the lives of a group of teens who currently use prescription drugs.
4. When Booze Was Banned but Pot Was Not, Jacob Sullum, Reason Magazine, February 2011
The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution established a legal prohi-bition on alcohol. Was it suc-cessful?
5. . . . Having a Great Detox, Ruth La Ferla, The New York Times, March 29, 2007
Substance abuse treatment has become trendy and fashionable among the elite. It was never to be so.
6. Scientists Are High on Idea That Marijuana Reduces Memory Impairment, Emily Caldwell, Ohio State University Research Publications, November 2008
Certain compounds in marijuana may be beneficial to the aging brain and may delay or prevent Alzheimer's disease.
Unit 2: Understanding How Drugs Work-Use, Dependency, and Addiction
7. Drug Addiction and Its Effects, Drug Abuse and Addiction, Febru-ary 26, 2008
What is drug addiction? This article briefly explains what it is, how it affects the brain, and addresses the question of why some people become addicted and others do not.
8. Family History of Alcohol Abuse Associated with Problematic Drinking among College Students, Joseph W. LaBrie et al., Addictive Behaviors, 35(7), 2010
Studies examining family history of alcohol abuse among college students are con-flicting and suffer from research limita-tions. This report investigates family history of alcohol abuse and its potential for predicting future alcohol-related prob-lems.
9. Adolescent Substance Abuse: America's #1 Public Health Problem, A Report of the National Court Appointed Special Advocate Association, May 2011
Adolescence is a developmental stage marked by significant personal change, a time of transition to greater independence. This report discusses the role of adolescence in addic-tive behavior.
10. Medical Marijuana and the Mind: More Is Known about the Psychiatric Risks than the Benefits, Harvard Mental Health Letter, April 2010
More is known about the risks of medical use of marijuana than the benefits. Most of the research is based on the study of those who have smoked the drug for recreational, not medical, purposes. The movement to legalize marijuana in the United States has renewed the discussion about how this drug affects the brain, and whether it might be useful in treating psychiatric disor-ders.
11. Scripps Research Team Finds Stress Hormone Key to Alcohol Dependence: The Findings Suggest Development of Drug Treatment for Substance Abuse, M. Roberto, The Scripps Research Institute, 2010
Scientists have found that a specific stress hormone may be a key to the development and maintenance of alcohol depend-ence in animals. Chemically blocking this stress hormone also blocked the signs and symptoms of addiction. What are the im-plications for hu-mans?
12. The Genetics of Alcohol and Other Drug Dependence, Danielle M. Dick and Arpana Agrawal, Alcohol Research and Health, 2008
This article explores the hypothesis that certain genetic factors increase a person's risk for both alcohol and drug abuse.
13. Understanding Recreational Ecstasy Use in the United States: A Qualitative Inquiry, Masuma Bahora, Claire Sterk, and Kirk Elifson, International Journal of Drug Pol-icy, January 2009
This study explores the perceptions of ecstasy by its users. In particular, it examines the role of normalization of ec-stasy in its increased use.
14. Examination of Over-the-Counter Drug Misuse among Youth, Erin J. Far-ley and Daniel J. O'Connell, Sociation Today, Winter 2010
Over-the-counter drug misuse by adolescents is on the rise. This article examines the prevalence of over-the-counter drug misuse by adolescents and the relationship between OTC drug misuse and misuse of other substances.
15. A Framework to Examine Gateway Relations in Drug Use: An Application of Latent Transition Analysis, Mildred M. Maldonado-Molina and Stephanie T. Lanza, Journal of Drug Issues, October 2010
Alcohol and cigarette smoking are a public health concern for adolescents. This study uses data from the National Longitu-dinal Study for Adolescent Health to describe the patterns of se-quential drug use among adolescents. Debate remains on whether alcohol and to-bacco are a gateway to more serious substance use. What do you think?
16. Social Estrangement: Factors Associated with Alcohol or Drug Dependency among Homeless, Street-Involved Young Adults, Sanna J. Thompson et al., The Journal of Drug Issues, Fall 2009
Homelessness offers multiple opportunities for alcohol and drug use and reinforce-ments for addictive behavior. This study explores the characteristics of the social estrangement inher-ent in homelessness and their relationship to alcohol and drug depend-ence.
Unit 3: The Major Drugs of Use and Abuse
17. Marijuana and Medical Marijuana, John Birchard, The New York Times, February 11, 2011
This article provides a thorough discussion of the ongoing debate of legalizing marijuana and the benefits of medical mari-juana. It highlights the complexity of the debate when federal drug laws do not mirror state drug laws.
18. Officials Fear Bath Salts Becoming the Next Big Drug Menace, Sheila Byrd, The Washington Post, January 23, 2011
Sold under the names Ivory Wave, Bliss, Hurricane Charlie, and White Lightning, these drugs are not yet regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration, but they are coming to the attention of federal authorities as calls to emergency rooms and law enforcement increase. This article discusses the chemical compound and patterns of use of this drug fast becoming a community prob-lem.
19. Binge Drinking and Its Consequences Up Among American College Stu-dents, Madeline Ellis, Health News, June 16, 2009
Binge drinking among college students is on the rise, and so are the consequences. It is estimated that as many as 300,000 of today's college students will eventually die of alcohol-related causes. What is behind this disturbing trend?
20. Public Lands: Cartels Turn U.S. Forests into Marijuana Plantations Creating Toxic Mess, Phil Taylor, Land Letter, E&E Publishing, LLC, July 30, 2009
Mexican cartels are crossing the border and setting up pot farms on public lands, creating not only a pub-lic menace, but an environmental one as well.
21. Pseudoephedrine Smurfing Fuels Surge in Large-Scale Methamphetamine Production in California, Situation Report, U.S. Department of Justice National Drug Intelli-gence Center, June 2009
This report presents information regarding pseudoephedrine smurfing in California. The NDIC discusses data related to the use of OTC ephedrine to produce meth.
Unit 4: Other Trends in Drug Use
22. Adolescent Painkiller Use May Increase Risk of Addiction, Heroin Use, Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly, September 22, 2008
A recent study found that oxycodone produced different effects in adolescents than in adults. Adolescents who use opiates may be more likely to become addicts as adults. This article suggests that prescription opiates are gateway drugs to her-oin.
23. Extreme Barbarism, a Death Cult, and Holy Warriors in Mexico: Societal War-fare South of the Border? Robert J. Bunker and John P. Sullivan, Small Wars Journal, May 27, 2011
24. College Students' Cheap Fix: Increasing Number Using ADHD Drug to Stay Alert, Trina Jones, Katie Berger, and Alexandra Schwappach, The Spokesman Review, No-vember 15, 2009
An increasing number of students are using ADHD drugs to stay alert. They are cheap and available, pro-viding a quick and focused high. The increasing rate of abuse is alarming.
25. Methadone Rises as a Painkiller with Big Risks, Erik Eckholm and Olga Pierce, The New York Times, August 17, 2008
Physicians are increasingly utilizing methadone to manage pain, with serious results.
Unit 5: Measuring the Social Costs of Drugs
26. The Problem with Drinking, Cheryl Harris Sharman, Perspectives in Health, 2005
The abuse of alcohol is an international issue. The wider problem of alcohol in the Americas is discussed in this article. Is this a good example of a worldwide epidemic of alcohol abuse?
27. Newly Born, and Withdrawing from Painkillers, Abby Goodnough and Katie Zezima, The New York Times, April 9, 2011
Because of prescription painkiller abuse, a new problem is emerging: newborns who are addicted to painkill-ers.
28. OxyContin Abuse Spreads from Appalachia across United States. Bill Estep, Dori Hjalmarson, and Halimah Abdullah, McClatchy Tribune Information Services, March 13, 2011
The abuse of OxyContin, which initially hit the Appalachian region of the United States hard, is now spreading across the country.
29. Route of Administration for Illicit Prescription Opioids: A Comparison of Ru-ral and Urban Drug Users, April M. Young, Jennifer R. Havens, and Carl G. Leukefeld, Harm Re-duction Journal, 2010
Unit 6: Creating and Sustaining Effective Drug Control Policy
30. Catch and Release, Janelle Weiner, Sacramento News & Re-view, April 2, 2009
California's prisons are packed with repeat nonviolent drug offenders. Folsom State Prison's Parolee Substance Abuse Program seeks to rehabilitate, not incarcer-ate.
31. Drugs: To Legalize or Not, Steven B. Duke, The Wall Street Journal, April 25, 2009
Supporters argue that decriminalizing the possession and use of marijuana would raise billions in taxes and eliminate much of the profits that fuel bloodshed and violence in Mexico. Do you agree?
32. Do No Harm: Sensible Goals for International Drug Policy, Peter Reuter, The American Interest, March/April 2011
This article discusses the problems nations-specifically the United States-encounter in the pursuit of a sensible and dip-lomatic drug policy.
33. New Drug Control Strategy Signals Policy Shift, Sam Hananel, The As-sociated Press, May 11, 2010
The White House is putting more resources toward drug prevention and treatment as part of the President's, pledge to treat illegal drug use more as a public health issue than a criminal justice problem. In spite of this, is the administration's focus on treatment and preven-tion more rhetoric than reality?
34. Beyond Supply and Demand: Obama's Drug Wars in Latin America, Suz-anna Reiss, NACLA Report on the Americas, January/February 2010
The article focuses on President Obama's drug policy in Latin America. The author stresses the need to understand and question the international political and eco-nomic foundations of drug policy in the United States.
35. Drug Courts: Conceptual Foundation, Empirical Findings, and Policy Implica-tions, Jeanne B. Stinchcomb, Drugs, Education, Prevention, and Policy, April 2010
The author provides a thorough review of the literature related to drug courts. She argues that for drug courts to re-main a prominent part of the United States criminal jus-tice system, they need to be closely tied to theory and best practices tied to evidence-based re-search. Do you agree?
Unit 7: Prevention, Treatment, and Education
36. Crime and Treatment: Overcrowded Prisons and Addicted Inmates Are a Tough Challenge for Lawmakers, Donna Lyons, State Legislatures, March 2010
With a prison population that surged 12 percent from 2007 to 2008, Kentucky lawmakers are looking for a solu-tion. Have they found one in a measure that passed last year that offers some felony offenders the option of treatment in lieu of criminal charges?
37. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: When Science, Medicine, Public Policy, and Laws Collide, Kenneth R. Warren and Brenda G. Hewitt, Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 2009
This article provides an overview of the inherent confusion that happens when new scientific findings confront pre-vailing medical practice.
38. U.S. and Europe Split Over Drugs Policy, Luke Baker, The Associated Press, January 30, 2009
The U.S. and Europe fundamentally disagree over how drug abuse and addic-tion should be treated.
39. Portugal's Drug Policy Pays off; U.S. Eyes Lessons, Barry Hatton and Mar-tha Mendoza, The Seattle Times, May 14, 2011
Ten years ago, Portugal had the worst injection drug use rate in Europe. Then they decriminalized drug use.
40. Transcending the Medical Frontiers: Exploring the Future of Psychedelic Drug Research, David Jay Brown, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, June 2011
There has been a renewed scientific interest in the pharmacology of psychedelics. This article points to the recent research and discusses the benefits of psychedelics as a class of drugs.