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Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft,9780205344215
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Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft

by ;
ISBN13:

9780205344215

ISBN10:
0205344216
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $72.40
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Summary

This concise introductory textbook emphasizes the major concepts of anthropology in general and the anthropology of religion in particular, and is aimed at students encountering anthropology for the first time. Highlights of This Edition: Illustrates concepts with examples drawn from primarily tribal or traditional societies, along with examples from the ";world's great religions,"; exposing students to a wide range of cultures and religious traditions. Draws examples from societies of varying technological complexity, classic ethnographies, and everyday scenarios. Incorporates research from both classic and recent literature. Represents all major geographic regions, giving students a global view of the subject matter. Focuses on the varieties of religious expression cross-culturally, not on theory, although some theory is discussed. Discusses the basic nature and concepts of anthropology and carefully defines basic terms and concepts so that students get a good working knowledge of the discipline. Don't Miss This Special Value Pack Option: Research Navigatortrade; Research Navigatortrade; can be a student's best friend when they're facing a large research project. Especially helpful with the toughest challenge-getting started-Research Navigatortrade; offers a comprehensive, step-by-step walk-through of the research process, along with access to some of the most respected source databases available. Access to Research Navigatortrade;-a $15 value-is FREE when packaged with a new Allyn & Bacon Social Work textbook! If this text did not come packaged with Research Navigatortrade;, look for it in your bookstore or visit http://www.researchnavigator.com today to purchase immediate access. Contact your local Allyn & Bacon representative and request special packaging codes to take advantage of this great offer.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Anthropological Study of Religion
1(30)
The Anthropological Perspective
1(17)
The Holistic Approach
2(2)
The Study of Human Societies
4(4)
The Fore of New Guinea: An Ethnographic Example
8(2)
Two Ways of Viewing Culture
10(1)
Cultural Relativism
11(2)
Karen McCarthy Brown and Vodou
13(1)
The Concept of Culture
14(1)
Viewing the World
15(3)
The Definition of Religion
18(9)
Attempts at Defining Religion
18(2)
The Domain of Religion
20(1)
Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Religion
21(2)
Malinowski and the Trobriand Islands
23(1)
Evans-Pritchard and the Azande
24(2)
The Universality of Religion
26(1)
Conclusion
27(1)
Summary
28(1)
Suggested Readings
29(1)
Suggested Web Sites
29(1)
Study Questions
29(1)
Endnotes
29(2)
Mythology
31(25)
The Nature of Myths
31(12)
Worldview
31(2)
Stories of the Supernatural
33(1)
Myths
34(1)
The Nature of Oral Texts
34(1)
Genesis
35(3)
Wogeo Narratives
38(1)
The Gender-Neutral Christian Bible Controversy
39(1)
The Navaho Creation Story
40(1)
The Navaho Creation Story: Dine Hahane
41(2)
Understanding Myths
43(9)
Approaches to Analysis of Myths
43(2)
The Gururumba Creation Story
45(1)
Common Themes in Myths
46(3)
The Return of Ananse
49(1)
The Raven Steals the Light
50(2)
Conclusion
52(1)
Summary
53(1)
Suggested Readings
54(1)
Suggested Web Sites
55(1)
Study Questions
55(1)
Endnotes
55(1)
Religious Symbols
56(27)
What Is a Symbol?
56(2)
Religious Symbols
58(3)
The Swastika
58(1)
The Pentagram
59(1)
Christian Symbols
60(1)
Sacred Art
61(4)
The Sarcophagus of Lord Pakal
61(2)
The Meaning of Color
63(2)
Sacred Self, Space, and Time
65(8)
Symbolic Alterations to the Human Body
65(3)
The Meaning of Time
68(2)
Sacred Time and Space in Australia
70(3)
The Symbolism of Music and Dance
73(5)
The Symbolism of Music
74(1)
The Symbolism of Dance
75(2)
Symbolism among the Asmat: Art, Music, and Dance
77(1)
Conclusion
78(2)
Summary
80(1)
Suggested Readings
81(1)
Suggested Web Sites
81(1)
Study Questions
81(1)
Endnotes
82(1)
Ritual
83(27)
Ritual and Myth
83(1)
The Basics of Ritual Performance
84(2)
Prescriptive and Situational Rituals
84(1)
Periodic and Occasional Rituals
85(1)
A Classification of Rituals
86(18)
Technological Rituals
86(3)
Therapy Rituals
89(2)
Anti-Therapy Rituals
91(1)
Ideological Rituals
91(1)
Rites of Passage
92(7)
Alterations of the Human Body
99(1)
Revitalization Rituals
100(1)
Pilgrimages
100(3)
The Hajj
103(1)
Religious Obligations
104(3)
Tabu
104(1)
Jewish Food Laws
105(1)
The Amish Way of Life
106(1)
Conclusion
107(1)
Summary
107(1)
Suggested Readings
108(1)
Suggested Web Sites
108(1)
Study Questions
108(1)
Endnotes
109(1)
Altered States of Consciousness and Religious Specialists
110(26)
Altered States of Consciousness
110(13)
Entering an Altered State of Consciousness
111(2)
The Native American Church
113(2)
The Role of Altered States in Religious Practices
115(2)
The Biological Basis of Altered States of Consciousness
117(1)
Ethnographic Examples of Altered States of Consciousness
118(1)
Drug-Induced Altered States
119(4)
Religious Specialists
123(9)
Priests
124(1)
Ethnographic Examples of Priests
125(2)
Shamans
127(1)
Ethnographic Examples of Shamanism
128(2)
Healers and Diviners
130(1)
Prophets
131(1)
Conclusion
132(1)
Summary
132(1)
Suggested Readings
133(1)
Suggested Web Sites
134(1)
Study Questions
134(1)
Endnotes
135(1)
Magic and Divination
136(28)
Magic and Religion
136(1)
Magic and Science
137(1)
Magic in the Trobriand Islands
138(5)
Magical Knowledge
138(1)
Learning Magic
139(1)
Magical Ritual
140(1)
The Function of Magic
141(1)
Trobriand Island Magic
142(1)
Rules of Magic
143(8)
Homeopathic Magic
144(1)
Contagious Magic
145(1)
Magic and the Determination of Longitude
145(1)
Why Magic Works
146(2)
Magic among the Azande
148(1)
Sorcery among the Fore
149(1)
Wiccan Magic
150(1)
Divination
151(10)
Forms of Divination
151(2)
Divination Techniques
153(2)
I Ching: The Book of Changes
155(2)
Fore Divination
157(1)
Oracles of the Azande
158(1)
Bunyoro Divination
159(1)
Astrology
160(1)
Conclusion
161(1)
Summary
161(1)
Suggested Readings
162(1)
Suggested Web Sites
162(1)
Study Questions
163(1)
Endnotes
163(1)
Souls, Ghosts, and Death
164(30)
Souls and Ghosts
164(7)
The Soul
164(3)
Examples of Concepts of the Soul
167(4)
Ancestors
171(3)
Yoruba Ancestors
171(1)
Tana Toraja Ancestors
172(1)
Determining Death
173(1)
Ancestors in China
174(1)
Bodies and Souls
174(5)
Souls without Bodies: Ghosts
175(2)
Bodies without Souls: Vampires
177(1)
Bodies without Souls: Zombies
178(1)
Death Rituals
179(9)
Funeral Rituals
179(1)
Disposal of the Body
180(1)
The African Burial Ground
181(2)
Secondary Burials
183(1)
Cremation
184(1)
Mummification
185(1)
Exposure
185(1)
American Death Rituals in the Nineteenth Century
185(2)
American Funeral Rituals Today
187(1)
Days of Death
188(3)
Roadside Memorials
188(1)
Halloween
189(1)
Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos)
189(1)
Tomb Sweeping Day (Qing Ming Jie)
190(1)
Conclusion
191(1)
Summary
191(1)
Suggested Readings
192(1)
Suggested Web Sites
193(1)
Study Questions
193(1)
Endnotes
193(1)
Gods and Spirits
194(30)
Spirits
194(7)
The Dani View of the Supernatural
195(1)
Guardian Spirits and the Native American Vision Quest
196(1)
Jinn
197(2)
Christian Angels and Demons
199(1)
Christian Demonic Exorcism in the United States
200(1)
Gods
201(19)
Types of Gods
203(1)
Gods and Society
204(1)
Games and Gods
205(2)
Cultural Examples of Gods
207(2)
Goddnesses
209(6)
Monotheism: Conceptions of God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
215(4)
Atheism
219(1)
Conclusion
220(1)
Summary
221(1)
Suggested Readings
222(1)
Suggested Web Sites
222(1)
Study Questions
222(1)
Endnotes
223(1)
Witchcraft
224(23)
The Concept of Witchcraft in Small-Scale Societies
225(7)
Witchcraft among the Azande
225(3)
Witchcraft among the Navaho
228(1)
Witchcraft and AIDS in Africa
229(2)
Witchcraft Reflects Human Culture
231(1)
Euro-American Witchcraft Beliefs
232(7)
The Connection with Pagan Religions
232(2)
The Witchcraze in Europe
234(2)
The Witchcraze in England and the United States
236(1)
Functions of Euro-American Witchcraft Beliefs
237(1)
Witches as Women
237(1)
The Evil Eye
238(1)
Wicca
239(5)
Roots of the Wiccan Movement
239(1)
Wiccan Beliefs and Rituals
240(1)
The Growing Popularity---and Persecution---of Wicca
241(1)
Other Neo-Pagan Religions
242(1)
Satanism
243(1)
Conclusion
244(1)
Summary
244(1)
Suggested Readings
245(1)
Suggested Web Sites
245(1)
Study Questions
246(1)
Endnotes
246(1)
Syncretism and Religious Movements
247(32)
Adaptation and Change
247(10)
Mechanisms of Culture Change
248(1)
Acculturation
249(2)
Syncretism
251(1)
Trobriand Cricket
252(1)
Haitian Vodou
252(4)
Santeria
256(1)
Revitalization Movements
257(7)
Types of Revitalization Movements
259(1)
Cargo Cults
259(2)
The Ghost Dance of 1890
261(1)
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormonism)
262(2)
New Religious Movements
264(11)
The ``Cult'' Question
264(1)
Characteristics of High Demand Religions
265(2)
Religion and the Law
267(1)
Examples of New Religious Movements
268(3)
UFO Religions
271(2)
Fundamentalism
273(1)
Religious Violence and Terrorism
274(1)
Conclusion
275(1)
Summary
276(1)
Suggested Readings
277(1)
Suggested Web Sites
277(1)
Study Questions
277(1)
Endnotes
278(1)
Glossary 279(6)
Index 285


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