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The Art of Reasoning

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780393972139

ISBN10:
0393972135
Format:
Textbook Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/17/1998
Publisher(s):
W W NORTON

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This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 1/17/1998.
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Summary

The Third Edition has been meticulously updated and continues the successful pedagogical approach of the two previous editions, guiding students through the fundamental elements of formal deductive logic, classification and definition, fallacies, basic argument analysis, inductive generalization, statistical reasoning, and explanation.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1(10)
Thinking Skills
2(3)
Objectivity
5(6)
PART ONE CONCEPTS AND PROPOSITIONS 11(76)
Chapter 2 Classification
11(22)
Concepts and Referents
12(5)
Rules of Classification
17(6)
Levels of Organization
23(4)
Summary
27(1)
Exercises
28(5)
Chapter 3 Definitions
33(26)
The Functions of a Definition
34(2)
Rules for Definitions
36(9)
Constructing Definitions
45(8)
Summary
53(1)
Exercises
53(6)
Chapter 4 Propositions
59(28)
Propositions and Sentences
60(1)
Propositions and Word Meaning
61(6)
Propositions and Grammar
67(11)
Summary
78(1)
Exercises
79(8)
PART TWO ARGUMENTS 87(108)
Chapter 5 Basic Argument Analysis
87(38)
Elements of Reasoning
88(5)
Diagramming Arguments
93(12)
Logical Strength
105(5)
Implicit Premises
110(6)
Summary
116(1)
Exercises
116(9)
Chapter 6 Fallacies
125(42)
Subjectivist Fallacies
126(8)
Fallacies Involving Credibility
134(7)
Fallacies of Context
141(6)
Fallacies of Logical Structure
147(8)
Summary
155(2)
Exercises
157(10)
Chapter 7 Advanced Argument Analysis
167(28)
Distilling an Argument
167(7)
Diagramming Debates
174(9)
Summary
183(3)
Exercises
186(9)
PART THREE CLASSICAL DEDUCTIVE LOGIC 195(138)
Chapter 8 Categorical Propositions
195(38)
Standard Form
196(6)
The Square of Opposition
202(5)
Existential Import
207(3)
Distribution
210(3)
Immediate Inference
213(8)
Venn Diagrams
221(5)
Summary
226(1)
Exercises
227(6)
Chapter 9 Categorical Syllogisms
233(48)
The Structure of a Syllogism
233(5)
Validity
238(3)
Enthymemes
241(2)
Rules of Validity
243(9)
Venn Diagrams
252(8)
The Cancellation Method
260(11)
Summary
271(1)
Exercises
272(9)
Chapter 10 Disjunctive and Hypothetical Syllogisms
281(20)
Disjunctive Syllogisms
282(4)
Hypothetical Propositions
286(4)
Hypothetical Syllogisms
290(5)
Summary
295(1)
Exercises
295(6)
Chapter 11 Syllogisms in Ordinary Reasoning
301(32)
Distilling Deductive Arguments
302(7)
Extended Arguments
309(14)
Summary
323(1)
Exercises
323(10)
PART FOUR MODERN DEDUCTIVE LOGIC 333(120)
Chapter 12 Propositional Logic--Symbolic Notation
333(28)
Connectives
334(12)
Statement Forms
346(6)
Computing Truth Values
352(3)
Summary
355(1)
Exercises
355(6)
Chapter 13 Propositional Logic--Arguments
361(44)
Truth Table Test of Validity
362(4)
Truth Table Test--Short Form
366(4)
Proof
370(10)
Equivalence
380(8)
Conditional Proof and Reductio ad Absurdum
388(7)
Summary
395(1)
Exercises
396(9)
Chapter 14 Predicate Logic
405(48)
Quantifiers
406(2)
General Statements
408(7)
Relations and Multiple Quantification
415(10)
Proof
425(17)
Summary
442(1)
Exercises
442(11)
PART FIVE INDUCTIVE LOGIC 453
Chapter 15 Inductive Generalizations
453(34)
Generalizing
454(7)
Causality
461(3)
Agreement and Difference
464(8)
Concomitant Variations and Residues
472(6)
Summary
478(1)
Exercises
478(9)
Chapter 16 Argument by Analogy
487(18)
Analogy and Similarity
488(3)
Analysis and Evaluation
491(8)
Summary
499(1)
Exercises
499(6)
Chapter 17 Statistical Reasoning
505(42)
Logic and Statistics
506(3)
Using Statistics in Argument
509(10)
Statistical Generalization
519(6)
Statistical Evidence of Causality
525(12)
Summary
537(1)
Exercises
538(9)
Chapter 18 Explanation
547
Explanation and Argument
548(6)
Adequacy
554(8)
The Truth of Hypotheses
562(11)
Summary
573(1)
Exercises
574
Answers to Practice Quizzes A1(68)
Glossary A69(8)
Index A77


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