CART

(0) items

Aspects of Western Civilization Problems and Sources in History, Volume 1,9780205708338
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Aspects of Western Civilization Problems and Sources in History, Volume 1

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780205708338

ISBN10:
0205708331
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/23/2010
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $92.00

Rent Textbook

(Recommended)
 
Term
Due
Price
$32.20

Buy Used Textbook

In Stock Usually Ships in 24 Hours.
U9780205708338
$64.40

Buy New Textbook

Currently Available, Usually Ships in 24-48 Hours
N9780205708338
$89.70

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $39.44
See Prices

Questions About This Book?

Why should I rent this book?
Renting is easy, fast, and cheap! Renting from eCampus.com can save you hundreds of dollars compared to the cost of new or used books each semester. At the end of the semester, simply ship the book back to us with a free UPS shipping label! No need to worry about selling it back.
How do rental returns work?
Returning books is as easy as possible. As your rental due date approaches, we will email you several courtesy reminders. When you are ready to return, you can print a free UPS shipping label from our website at any time. Then, just return the book to your UPS driver or any staffed UPS location. You can even use the same box we shipped it in!
What version or edition is this?
This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 2/23/2010.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to inclue any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.
  • The Rental copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. You may receive a brand new copy, but typically, only the book itself.

Related Products


  • Aspects of Western Civilization : Problems and Sources in History
    Aspects of Western Civilization : Problems and Sources in History
  • Aspects of Western Civilization, Volume I: Problems and Sources in History
    Aspects of Western Civilization, Volume I: Problems and Sources in History
  • Aspects of Western Civilization: Problems and Sources in History, Volume 1
    Aspects of Western Civilization: Problems and Sources in History, Volume 1




Summary

This reader is appropriate as a main text or a supplementary text for introductory-level survey courses in Western Civilization and European History and Civilization. Aspects of Western Civilization:Problems and Sources in History, Volume 1, 7/e, challenges students with basic questions regarding historical development, human nature, moral action, and practical necessity. This collection of diverse primary sources explores a wide variety of issues and is organized around seven major themes: the Power Structure, Social and Spiritual Values, the Institution and the Individual, Imperialism, Revolution and Historical Transition, the Varieties of Truth, and Women in History.

Author Biography

Perry M. Rogers received his B.A. from San Jose State University, his M.A. from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his Ph.D. from the University of Washington where he specialized in ancient history with fields in medieval history, and Early Modern Europe.  He has been a professor of Roman history at the Ohio State University and has held an adjunct position in the Liberal Arts at the Pontifical College Josephinum for several years.  He remains Chair of the History Department at Columbus School for Girls, an independent, college preparatory school in Columbus, Ohio.  Rogers’s two-volume publications for Pearson/Prentice Hall include Aspects of Western Civilization (7th edition), Aspects of World History, and The Human Spirit:  Sources in the Western Humanities.

Table of Contents

PREFACE

 

PART I: THE FOUNDATIONS OF CIVILIZATION

 

Chapter 1: Civilization in the Ancient Near East:  Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Israel

 

Mesopotamian Civilization

 

The Reign of Sargon

The Code of Hammurabi

The Epic of Gilgamesh

The Biblical Flood

 

Egyptian Civilization

 

The Authority of the Pharaohs

 

Building the Pyramids            Herodotus

Mummification                       Herodotus

Ramses the Great

 

The Artistic Vision: The Great Pyramids

 

Egyptian Religion and Values

 

Instructions of Kagemni

The Pyramid Texts

The Book of the Dead: Negative Confession

 

Against the Grain: The Amarna Revolution

          The Hymn to Aten     Akhenaten

           

Hebrew Civilization

 

Origins, Oppression, and the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt

 

The Creation of the World

Paradise and the Fall from Grace

The Hebrew Bondage

The Burning Bush

The Mission of Moses

The Departure of the Israelites

 

Covenant and Commandments

 

The Ten Commandments

The Covenant Code

 

Wisdom and Psalms

 

Job: “Clothed In Fearful Splendor”

Psalm 104: “All Creatures Depend On You”

 

Prophets: Amos, Isaiah, and Jeremiah

 

Amos: “Let Justice Flow Like Water”

Yahweh: “There Is No God Except Me”

Isaiah’s Vision of Everlasting Peace

 

The Reflection in the Mirror: The New Covenant of Jeremiah

            “Deep Within Them, I Shall Plant My Law”       

 

   

PART II: THE GREEK WORLD

 

Chapter 2: Legend and History:  The World of Early Greece

 

The Trojan War: Homer’s Iliad

 

The Wrath of Achilles            Homer

The Death of Hector              Homer

 

Homecoming: The Odyssey of Homer

 

The Adventure of the Cyclops          Homer

Odysseus in the Underworld            Homer

The Return of Odysseus                   Homer

 

Early Greek Literature (700-500 B.C.E.)

 

Pandora’s Box of Evil                                    Hesiod

Works and Days: Advice for the Wise         Hesiod

Greek Love Poetry                                         Sappho

The Celebration of Athletic Glory               Pindar

 

 

Chapter 3: Democracy and Empire: The Golden Age of Athens

 

The Greek Polis: Two Ways of Life

 

“Man Is a Political Animal”              Aristotle

The City-State of Sparta: Reforms of Lycurgus      Plutarch

Spartan Discipline      Plutarch

“Happiness Depends on Being Free, and Freedom Depends on Courage”:

            The Funeral Oration of Pericles (430 B.C.E.)          Thucydides

 

The Historian at Work Herodotus

        “As Rich as Croesus”:  The Happiest of Men?

 

The Persian Wars and the Defense of Greece (490–480 B.C.E.)

 

“The Spartans Will Fight”                                             Herodotus

The 300 Spartans at Thermopylae (480 B.C.E.)      Herodotus

 

Greek Tragedy (480-430 B.C.E.)

 

Oedipus the King (430 B.C.E.)          Sophocles

Antigone (441 B.C.E.)                        Sophocles

           

The Athenian Empire, War, and Decline (480–404 B.C.E.)

         

The Historian at Work: Thucydides

                   Bloodbath at Corcyra

 

The Mytilenian Debate (427 B.C.E.)            Thucydides

The Melian Dialogue (416 B.C.E.)   Thucydides

 

The Reflection in the Mirror  Hubris: The Conceit of Power

            The Trojan Women (415 B.C.E.)      Euripides

 

The Sicilian Disaster (413 B.C.E.)                Thucydides

Women and War: Lysistrata (411 B.C.E.)    Aristophanes

 

Against the Grain         The Trial of Socrates

            “You Will Not Easily Find Another Like Me”         Plato

 

 

Chapter 4: The Age of Alexander the Great

          

The Rise of Macedon and the Fall of Greece

 

The First Philippic (351 B.C.E.)                                            Demosthenes

“They Speak of Nothing But Your Power” (346 B.C.E.)     Isocrates

On the Crown (330 B.C.E.)                                                   Demosthenes

 

Alexander the Great?

 

“Carve Out a Kingdom Worthy of Yourself!”          Plutarch

The Destruction of Persepolis                                  Diodorus Siculus

The Character and Leadership of Alexander         Arrian

“Making Humankind a Single People”                       Plutarch

 

The Thought of the Age

 

The Philosophy of Plato

 

The Unenlightened Majority                Plato

Allegory of the Cave                             Plato

The Equality of Women in the State    Plato

 

The Thought of Aristotle

 

Virtue and Moderation: The Doctrine of the Mean            Aristotle

The Status of Women                                                             Aristotle

 

 

PART III: THE ROMAN WORLD

 

Chapter 5: The Roman Republic: Origins, Breakdown, and Rebirth

 

 Roman Virtues in the Early and Middle Republic (753-150 B.C.E.)

 

            The Historian at Work: Titus Livy

                   The Power of the Past

 

The Oath of the Horatii: “One of the Great Stories of Ancient Times”     Livy

The Rape of Lucretia                                        Livy

The Courage of Mucius Scaevola     Livy

“Hannibal at the Gates!”                      Livy

 

“Cracks in the Wall”: The Breakdown Begins (150-100 B.C. E.)

 

The Destruction of Carthage (146 B.C.E.)                           Appian

The Growth of the Latifundia                                                Appian 

The Murder of Tiberius Gracchus (133 B.C.E.)                  Plutarch

“Vengeance with Excessive Cruelty”                                    Sallust                     

 

 The Fall of the Roman Republic (100–31 B.C.E.)

 

            The Historian at Work: Appian

                   The Revolt of Spartacus

 

The Civil War (49–45 B.C.E.)

 

“The Die Is Cast”: Caesar Crosses the Rubicon    Suetonius

“We Must Trust to the Mercy of the Storm”                      Cicero

 

Julius Caesar: The Colossus That Bestrode the World?

 

Caesar’s Reforms      Suetonius

Abuse of Power          Suetonius

The Assassination of Julius Caesar (44 B.C.E.)      Plutarch

 

The Power Vacuum (44-31 B.C.E.)

 

“A Public Prostitute”:  The Philippic Against Mark Antony                       Cicero

The Murder of Cicero:  “Antony’s Greatest and Bitterest Enemy”          Appian

 

Against the Grain         Cleopatra:   Queen of the Nile

          “The Attraction Was Something Bewitching”        Plutarch

            “She Was No Weak-Kneed Woman”                      Horace

 

The Establishment of the Augustan Principate (31-27 B.C.E.)

 

The Powers and Authority of the Emperor                                       Dio Cassius

The Transition from Republic to Principate                                      Tacitus

Res Gestae: The Accomplishments of Augustus                             Augustus

The Mission:  “To Spare the Conquered and Crush the Proud”      Virgil

 

 

Chapter 6: Caesar and Christ

 

Roman State Religion and the Mystery Cults

 

The Imperial Cult: The Deification of Augustus      Dio Cassius

Invasion of the Eastern Cults                                      Minucius Felix

Orgiastic Frenzy                                                            Apuleius

 

The Message of Jesus

 

The Baptism of Jesus

The Sermon on the Mount

The Good Samaritan

 

The Mission of Jesus

 

Instructions to the Twelve Disciples

Peter: The Rock

Suffering, Persecution, and the Son of Man

The Final Judgment

 

The Work of Paul

 

Paul’s Answer to the Intellectuals

“Neither Jew Nor Greek, Male Nor Female”

The Resurrection of Christ

 

Conflict and the Development of the Christian Church

 

Roman Imperial Policy Regarding Jews and Christians

 

            The Historian at Work: Flavius Josephus

                   Mass Suicide at Masada

 

The Persecution of Christians Under Nero (64 C.E.)          Tacitus

“The Infection of This Superstition Has Spread”                  Pliny the Younger

“A Religion of Lust”:  Anti-Christian Propaganda                Minucius Felix

 

The Reflection in the Mirror  “Christians to the Lions!”

            A Christian Defense              Tertullian

 

The Early Church Fathers

 

First Principles of the Early Church (225 C.E.)        Origen

The City of God                                                            Saint Augustine

 

Against the Grain           Augustine:  From Sinner to Saint

            The Confessions        Saint Augustine

 

The Triumph of Christianity

 

The Petrine Theory           Pope Leo I

Loyalty to the Pope: Oath to Gregory II (723 C.E.)            Bishop Boniface

 

 

Chapter 7:The Pax Romana and the Decline of Rome

           

Strength and Success (14–180 C.E.)

 

Political and Military Control

 

The Imperial Army                            Favius Josephus

A Roman Triumph                             Zonaras

Imperial Patronage                            Pliny the Younger

Techniques of Roman Control        Tacitus

 

The Historian at Work: Tacitus

            The Murder of Agrippina

           

“All Roads Lead to Rome”

 

The Glory of the City             Strabo

 

The Artistic Vision: The Roman Aqueduct:  Pont du Gard

            The Magnificence of the Baths        Lucian

            The Bath House                                 Seneca

 

The Dark Side of Rome        Juvenal

“Bread and Circuses”                    Fronto

“The Give and Take of Death”:  Gladiatorial Combat       Seneca

“Charming Privacy”: The Rural Aristocrat      Pliny the Younger

 

Social and Intellectual Aspects of the Pax Romana   

 

The Roman Woman

 

“Subordinate Beauty”                                                   Valerius Maximus

The Funeral Eulogy of Turia                                       Quintus Lucretius Vespillo

 

Slavery in the Roman Empire

 

A Slave Rebellion                                                                  Pliny the Younger

The Proper Treatment of Slaves                                        Seneca

Social Mobility:  “Once a Mere Worm, Now a King”         Petronius

 

 The Stoic Philosophy

 

“What Is the Principal Thing in Life?”                          Seneca

Meditations                                                                    Marcus Aurelius

 

Failure and Decline (180–500 C.E.)

 

“Empire for Sale” (193 C.E.)                        Dio Cassius

News of the Attacks                                     Jerome

 

The Reflection in the Mirror:  The Decline of the West

            Decline and Christianity                                        Edward Gibbon

  


PART IV        THE MEDIEVAL WORLD

 

Chapter 8: Icon, Scimitar, and Cross: E arly Medieval Civilization (500-1100)          

 

Byzantine Civilization

 

The Emperor Justinian (527–565)

 

The Secret History of Justinian and Theodora        Procopius

The Nika Riot (532)                                                      Procopius

The Wonders of Saint Sophia                                     Paul the Silentiary

 

Byzantine Spiritual Foundations

 

Heresy: The Threat of Arianism      Eusebius

The Nicene Creed (325)                    Eusebius

Iconoclasm and Orthodoxy: The Second Council of Nicaea (787)

A Western Attitude Toward the Byzantine Greeks (1147)      Odo of Deuil

  

Islamic Civilization

 

The Religious Tenets of the Qur’an

 

The Heritage of Islam

The Qur’an on Women

 

The Reflection in the Mirror:  The Love of Allah

            “The Love of Allah Should Conquer a Man’s Heart”         al-ghazzali  

 

Islamic Science and Mathematics

 

On the Separation of Mathematics and Religion     al-Ghazzali

On the Causes of Small-Pox                                       al-Razi

 

The Dawn of the European Middle Ages

 

Beowulf: The Germanic Hero

Charlemagne:  The Moderate and Progressive King                      Einhard

The Missi Dominici (802)

 

Against the Grain: The Carolingian Renaissance

            Education and the Scriptures            Charlemagne

 

1066: The Norman Conquest of England     William of Malmesbury

 

The Artistic Vision: The Bayeux Tapestry

            The Norman Conquest and the Sisters of Bayeux

 

Feudalism

 

The Viking Onslaught (850–1050)

 

The Annals of Xanten (845–854)

The Siege of Paris (806)                         Abbo

 

The Feudal Relationship

 

Legal Rules for Military Service      King Louis IX

Liege Homage

Restraint of Feudal Violence: The Truce of God (1063)

Ordeal of Hot Iron

 

 

Chapter 9: The Sword of Faith: The High Middle Ages (1100-1300)

            

The Medieval Church in Ascendency

 

The Crusading Movement

 

Launching the Crusades: “It Is the Will of God!” (1095)    Robert the Monk

Out of Control:  The Fall of Jerusalem (1099)

The Protection of Allah                                                          Usamah ibn-Munqidh

 

          The Historian at Work: Usamah ibn-Munqidh

                   The Infidel: “Superior in Courage, But Nothing Else”        

 

The Investiture Controversy (1075-1122)

 

The Excommunication of Emperor Henry IV (February 1076)       Pope Gregory VII

“Go To Canossa!”: Henry’s Penance (January 28, 1077)                   Pope Gregory VII

Oath at Canossa (January 1077)      Emperor Henry IV

 

The Artistic Vision: The Art of Stained Glass

            A Martyrdom in Glass:  The Murder of Saint Thomas Becket

 

Medieval Monasticism

 

The Rule of Saint Benedict

The Vow of a Monk

Visions of Ecstasy                                            Hildegard of Bingen

The Canticle of Brother Sun (1225)              Saint Francis of Assisi

 

Against the Grain         Papal Supremacy and Magna Carta

            “The Rights of Englishmen”:  Magna Carta (1215)

            Innocent Protects His Investment (1216)     Pope Innocent iii

 

Mind and Society in the High Middle Ages

 

The World of Thought

 

Political Theory: The Responsibilities of Kingship (1159)         John of Salisbury

The Existence of God                                                                      Saint Thomas Aquinas

The Love of God                                                                               Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

The Dialectical Method: Sic et Non                                                Peter Abelard

 

The Reflection in the Mirror:  The Tragedy of Abelard and Heloise

            A Story of Calamities                        Peter Abelard

 

The Medieval Woman

 

Whether Woman Was Fittingly Made from the Rib of Man?        Saint Thomas Aquinas

Whether a Woman Can Baptize?                                 Saint Thomas Aquinas

Chivalric Ideals: The Function of Knighthood         John of Salisbury

The Minds of Women: “Freer and Sharper”                           Christine de Pizan

 

 

Chapter 10: The Waning of the Middle Ages (1300-1450)

 

The Crisis of the Medieval Church

 

The Papacy Under Siege

 

Clericis Laicos (1298)             Pope Boniface VIII

Unam Sanctam (1302)            Pope Boniface VIII

The Argument Against Papal Supremacy:  Defensor Pacis (1324)        Marsilius of Padua

 

The Artistic Vision: Giotto at the Creative Edge

            “The Student of Nature Herself”        Vasari

            Lamentation for the Dead Christ      Giotto

           

The Babylonian Captivity and the Conciliar Movement

 

On the Abuses of Avignon     Petrarch

“The Wolf Is Carrying Away Your Sheep”              Saint Catherine of Siena

The Great Schism: The Cardinals Revolt (1378)

The Council of Pisa (1409)

The Council of Constance (1417)

                                                           

The Reflection in the Mirror: The Vices of the Church

            “Luxury Demands Gratifications”    Nicholas Clamanges

            The Wealth of the Church (1480)

 

Disease and History:  The Black Death (1347-1351)

 

“A Most Terrible Plague”     Giovanni Boccaccio

“God’s Hand Was Unstrung”           Matteo Villani

 

  

PART V          TRANSITIONS TO THE MODERN WORLD

 

Chapter 11: The Age of the Renaissance

 

The Humanist Movement

 

A Humanist Education                                   Leonardo Bruni

Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)         Pico della Mirandola

The Soul of Man (1474)                                 Marsilio Ficino

 

Against the Grain: I, Leonardo

            The Notebooks of a Universal Man             Leonardo da Vinci

                       

The Life of Florence

 

The Rule of Cosimo de’ Medici                                Vespasiano

“This Will Be Your Final Destruction” (1494)         Girolamo Savonarola

The Prince: “Everyone Sees What You Appear to Be, Few Perceive What You Are”

            Niccolò Machiavelli

 

The Artistic Vision        The Dome of Brunelleschi

The Artistic Competition (1420)        Giorgio Vasari

 

Mind and Society in the Renaissance

 

Renaissance Manners

 

Book of the Courtier (1518)                                       Baldassare Castiglione

On the Nature and Purpose of Women and Men     Baldassare Castiglione

 

The Reflection in the Mirror: The Hammer of Witches

             “All Wickedness Is But Little to the Wickedness of a Woman”

 

 

Chapter 12: The Reformation Era

 

The Lutheran Reformation (1517-1546)

 

The Indulgence Controversy (1517)

 

“The Cheat of Pardons and Indulgences”:  The Praise of Folly (1509)      Desiderius Erasmus

Instructions for the Sale of Indulgences (1517)                                           Archbishop Albert of Mainz

“How Many Sins Are Committed in a Single Day?” (1517)                           Johann Tetzel

 

The Artistic Vision: Saint Peter’s Basilica

 

The Colonnade of St. Peter’s Basilica          Gian Lorrenzo Bernini

 Salvation Through Faith Alone                   Martin Luther

The Ninety-five Theses (1517)                    Martin Luther

 

Breaking with Rome (1517-1525)

 

Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation (1520)     Martin Luther

On Christian Liberty (1520)                                                                  Martin Luther

“Here I Stand”:  Address at the Diet of Worms (1521)                       Martin Luther

The Edict of Worms (1521)                                                                    Emperor Charles V

 

Social and Political Aspects of the Reformation

 

On Celibacy and Marriage                                             Martin Luther

Condemnation of the Peasant Revolt (1524)             Martin Luther

 

In the Wake of Luther

 

John Calvin and the Genevan Reformation (1536-1564)

 

On the Necessity of Reforming the Church (1544)                          John Calvin

Predestination: Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)             John Calvin

Genevan Catechism: Concerning the Lord’s Supper (1541)           John Calvin

Ordinances for the Regulation of Churches (1547)                         John Calvin

The Spread of Calvinism (1561)                                                          Giovanni Michiel


The Reflection in the Mirror:  “Beware of Infection”:  The Abdication of Charles V

“The Wretched Condition of the Christian State” (1556)   Emperor Charles V

 

The Anabaptist Radical Reformation (1525-1535)

 

On the Mystery of Baptism (1526)                                       Hans Hut

“They Should Be Drowned Without Mercy”: Measures Against Anabaptists

 

The English Reformation (1534-1603)

 

The Supremacy Act (1534): “The Only Supreme Head of the Church of England”

The Act of Succession (1534)

Good Queen Mary (1553): “Loving Subjects and Christian Charity”

Bloody Mary: “To Be Burned According to the Wholesome Laws of Our Realm”

The Enforcement of the Elizabethan Settlement (1593): “Divine Service According to Her Majesty’s Laws”

 

The Catholic Reformation (1540-1565)

 

The Society of Jesus

 

Constitution of the Society of Jesus (1540)

Spiritual Exercises (1548)                                    Ignatius Loyola

The Way of Perfection:  “Prayer Is the Mortar Which Keeps Our House Together”            Saint Teresa of Avila

 

The Council of Trent (1545–1563)

 

The Profession of Faith

The Closing Oration at Trent (1563)            Bishop Jerome Ragozonus

The Tridentine Index of Books (1564)

 

The Bloody Wars of Religion (1562-1648)

 

The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (1572):  “A Thousand Times More Terrible Than Death Itself”     The Duke of Sully

The Edict of Nantes (1598)

 


Chapter 13: “An Embarrassment of Riches”:  The Interaction of New Worlds

 

Domination and Destruction

 

The Ottoman Empire of Turkey

 

Süleyman “The Lawgiver” and the Advantages of Islam    Ogier de Busbecq

Women In Ottoman Society                                                    Ogier de Busbecq

 

The Spanish Conquest of Mexico

 

The Aztec Encounter: “This Was Quetzalcoatl Who Had Come to Land”            Bernardino de Sahagún

Montezuma: “We Shall Obey You and Hold You As Our God”       Hernando Cortés

Human Sacrifice: “A Most Horrid and Abominable Custom”        Hernando Cortés

The Destruction of Tenochtitlán: “And Their Mothers Raised a Cry of Weeping”            Bernardino de Sahagún

“We Could No Longer Endure the Stench of Dead Bodies”                      Hernando Cortés

The Devastation of Smallpox                        Bernardino de Sahagún

 

 The Advantages of Empire

 

The Spanish Empire in America

 

The Extraction of Mercury               Antonio Vasquez de Espinosa

The Silver Mines of Potosí                Antonio Vasquez de Espinosa

The Barbarians of the New World: “They Are Slaves by Nature”            Juan Gines de Sepulveda

 

The Reflection in the Mirror: The “Black Legend” of Spain

            “They Slaughtered Anyone and Everyone”             Bartholomé de Las Casas

 

Visions of the New World

            Utopia                                       Thomas More

            On Cannibals                           Michel de Montaigne



Please wait while the item is added to your cart...