Click here to find out about the 2009 MLA Updates and the 2010 APA Updates . Built on Diana Hacker's vision and developed with the help of expert composition teachers, the seventh edition ofThe Bedford Handbookis the indispensable classroom and reference tool it always was only better. Now with the strongest coverage of research writing in a full-sized handbook, the seventh edition helps students meet one of the core challenges of academic writing: maintaining their own voice while writing from sources. This edition also adds innovative tips from writing center tutors, sound advice for writing across the curriculum, and substantially more help for writing with and writing about visuals.
DIANA HACKER's handbooks, used at almost half of the colleges and universities in the country, are the most widely adopted in America. A member of the English faculty at Prince George's Community College in Maryland for almost 35 years, Diana Hacker personally class-tested her handbooks with nearly four thousand students. Diana Hacker's other handbooks, all published by Bedford/St. Martin's, include A Writer's Reference, Fifth Edition (2003); Rules for Writers, Fifth Edition (2004); and A Pocket Style Manual, Fourth Edition (2004).
Table of Contents
Preface for Instructors How to Use this Book and Its Web Site
PART I. THE WRITING PROCESS 1. Generate ideas and sketch a plan. 2. Rough out an initial draft. 3. Make global revisions; then revise sentences. SAMPLE ESSAY 4. Build effective paragraphs.
PART II. DOCUMENT DESIGN 5. Become familiar with the principles of document design. 6. Use standard academic and business formats. 7. Create effective electronic documents.
PART III. CLEAR SENTENCES 8. Prefer active verbs. 9. Balance parallel ideas. 10. Add needed words. 11. Untangle mixed constructions. 12. Repair misplaced and dangling modifiers. 13. Eliminate distracting shifts. 14. Emphasize key ideas. 15. Provide some variety.
PART IV. WORD CHOICE 16. Tighten wordy sentences. 17. Choose appropriate language. 18. Find the exact words.
PART V. GRAMMATICAL SENTENCES 19. Repair sentence fragments. 20. Revise run-on sentences. 21. Make subjects and verbs agree. 22. Make pronouns and antecedents agree. 23. Make pronoun references clear. 24. Distinguish between pronouns such as I and me. 25. Distinguish between who and whom. 26. Choose adjectives and adverbs with care. 27. Choose standard English verb forms. 28. Use verbs in the appropriate tense and mood.
PART VI. ESL TROUBLE SPOTS 29. Be alert to special problems with verbs. 30. Use the articles a, an, and the appropriately. 31. Be aware of other potential trouble spots.
PART VII. PUNCTUATION 32. The comma 33. Unnecessary commas 34. The semicolon 35. The colon 36. The apostrophe 37. Quotation marks 38. End punctuation 39. Other punctuation marks
PART VIII. MECHANICS 40. Abbreviations 41. Numbers 42. Italics (underlining) 43. Spelling 44. The hyphen 45. Capital letters
PART IX. CRITICAL THINKING 46. Writing about texts *SAMPLE ESSAY 47. Constructing reasonable arguments SAMPLE ESSAY 48. Evaluating arguments 49. Writing in the disciplines
PART X. RESEARCHED WRITING 50. Conducting research 51. Evaluating sources 52. Managing information; avoiding plagiarism 53. Choosing a documentation style
Writing MLA Papers 54. Supporting a thesis 55. Citing sources; avoiding plagiarism 56. Integrating sources 57. MLA documentation style 58. MLA manuscript format SAMPLE ESSAY 59. Writing about literature Writing APA Papers 59. APA papers *SAMPLE ESSAY
Writing Chicago Papers 60. Chicago papers SAMPLE ESSAY
PART XI. GRAMMAR BASICS 62. Parts of speech 63. Sentence patterns 64. Subordinate word groups 65. Sentence types
Glossary of Usage Answers to Tutorials and Lettered Exercises Index