9780791446171

Beyond the Science Wars : The Missing Discourse about Science and Society

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780791446171

  • ISBN10:

    0791446174

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-07-01
  • Publisher: State Univ of New York Pr
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Summary

Beyond the Science Wars offers a broad contextualization of the "Science Wars" -- an ongoing debate between scientists and social scientists over the nature and meaning of science -- from interdisciplinary sociological, historical, scientific, political, and cultural perspectives. Beyond providing an understanding of the conflict itself, this book presents the comments of two science and technology studies' (STS) "founding fathers" (Bernard Barber and John Ziman), a scientist's protest that STS has abandoned its original mission, a historian's view of the fluctuating social support for science, and a sociologist's analysis of the motives of "anti-antiscience warriors".

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Science and Science Studies: Enemies or Allies?
1(40)
Ullica Segerstrale
Contextualizing the ``Science Wars''
1(2)
The Constructivist Critique
3(3)
1994-The Annus Horribilis and After
6(1)
Why the Constructivist Position Bothers Scientists
7(5)
Who Has the Right to Criticize Science? A Hidden Issue in the Science Wars
12(2)
The Meaning of Alan Sokal's Hoax
14(4)
Who Owns the History of Science? The Aftermath of the Sokal Hoax
18(3)
The Science Wars Continue: Closing in on Science Studies
21(4)
Plan of the Book
25(3)
Bringing the Scientist Back In
28(13)
Antiscience in Current Science and Technology Studies
41(22)
Henry H. Bauer
Recent Developments
42(1)
Is There Really Antagonism against Science in STS?
42(7)
The Fact of Antiscientific Sentiment
42(2)
Antiscientific Sentiment in Perspective
44(2)
Incomprehension of Science
46(1)
Hypocrisy: Preaching versus Practice
47(2)
The Purpose of STS
49(5)
How Did STS Come into Being?
49(1)
My Intellectual Dissatisfaction with Current STS
50(3)
Disciplinary Dilemmas
53(1)
Under What Circumstances Is STS Likely to Thrive?
54(9)
Some Patterns and Processes in the Development of a Scientific Sociology of Science: Notes from a Sixty-Year Memoir
63(12)
Bernard Barber
Writing the History of Social Studies of Science
64(1)
The Application of General Social System Theory
64(1)
The Political and Ideological Response
65(1)
The Influence of Nonsystematic Theories
66(1)
No Theory at All: The Importance of a Striking Empirical Fact
67(1)
The Importance of New Research Methods
68(1)
The Weakness of ``The Strong Program''
69(1)
The Cross-Fertilization of Sociological Specialties
70(1)
The Cross-Fertilization of Disciplines
71(1)
The Importance of Values and Ideologies
72(1)
In Brief Conclusion
72(3)
Anti-Antiscience: A Phenomenon in Search of an Explanation Part I. Anatomy of Recent ``Antiscience'' Allegations
75(26)
Ullica Segerstrale
Taking the Science Warriors Seriously
76(2)
The Varieties of ``Antiscience''
78(5)
Can Scientists Be Antiscience? The Link between the Science Wars and Recent Nature-Nurture Debates
83(4)
Karl Popper's Adverse Effect on the British Science Budget: A Thesis in 1980s Britain
87(14)
Anti-Antiscience: A Phenomenon in Search of an Explanation Part II. The Conflict about the Social Role of Science
101(22)
Ullica Segerstrale
The Struggle about the Cultural Meaning of Science
101(4)
``Antiscience'' as a Heuristic Device
105(2)
The Political Meaning of Scientific Objectivity
107(5)
The Missing Reason in the Science Wars
112(11)
Visions of Science in the Twentieth Century
123(12)
Valery Cholakov
Changing Views of Science
123(1)
Science: The Endless Frontier
124(1)
Science: A Direct Productive Force
125(1)
The Science of Science
126(1)
Chemistry: The Land of Opportunity
127(2)
Science: A Dangerous Power
129(2)
The End of Big Science
131(1)
Redefining Science
132(3)
Postacademic Science: Constructing Knowledge with Networks and Norms
135(20)
John Ziman
Science as a Cultural Form
135(1)
Academic Science
136(1)
Elements of the Scientific Ethos
136(2)
CUDOS Institutionalized
138(1)
New Modes of Knowledge Production
139(2)
Networking Intellectual Property
141(1)
Problem Solving in Local Contexts
142(1)
Incorporating Interests into Knowledge
143(1)
Who Sets the Problem?
144(1)
What Counts as Excellence?
145(1)
From Specialized Knowledge to Expertise
146(1)
Where Do the Pipers Collect Their Paychecks?
146(1)
Postindustrial Science
147(2)
Postmodern Knowledge
149(1)
Epistemic Features of Mode 2
150(2)
What Price Objectivity?
152(3)
A Social Theory of Objectivity
155(30)
Stephan Fuchs
The Many Meanings of Objectivity
155(3)
Objectivity as Rhetoric
158(1)
Objectivity as Power
159(2)
The Standpoint Paradox
161(2)
Some Empirical Difficulties with the Critical Theory
163(2)
Objectivity and Social Status
165(1)
Some Suggestions for a New Objectivity
166(3)
Objectivity as Medium
169(3)
The Binding Effects of Objectivity
172(2)
Trusting
174(2)
Some Possible Objections
176(1)
Conclusion
177(8)
Science Studies through the Looking Glass: An Intellectual Itinerary
185(34)
Steve Fuller
The Science Wars: A Conflict Waiting to Happen
186(1)
The Prehistory of the Science Wars
186(5)
STS's Induction into the ``Academic Left'' (and My Induction into STS)
191(6)
The Battle of Britain
197(4)
The Sokal Hoax
201(5)
What Should Have Been Done? What Can Be Done?
206(13)
Contributors 219(2)
Index 221

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