9780190250102

Bioethics Principles, Issues, and Cases

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780190250102

  • ISBN10:

    0190250100

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 7/15/2016
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $59!
    Your order must be $59 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • We Buy This Book Back!
    In-Store Credit: $41.64
    Check/Direct Deposit: $39.66
List Price: $99.14 Save up to $64.44
  • Rent Book $34.70
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE
    HURRY! ONLY 2 COPIES IN STOCK AT THIS PRICE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Used and Rental copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Bioethics: Principles, Issues, and Cases, Third Edition, explores the philosophical, medical, social, and legal aspects of key bioethical issues. Opening with a thorough introduction to ethics, bioethics, and moral reasoning, it then covers influential moral theories and the criteria for evaluating them. Integrating eighty-nine readings--twelve of them new to this edition--numerous classic bioethical cases, and abundant pedagogical tools, this text addresses the most provocative and controversial topics in bioethics.

PEDAGOGICAL FEATURES:

"Classic Case Files" describe landmark cases that shaped the debate, while news-making "Cases for Evaluation" encourage students to form their own opinions

Various text boxes: "In Depth" boxes contain additional material, illustrations, or analyses, much of it "ripped from the headlines"; "Fact File" boxes provide statistics on the social, medical, and scientific facets of a chapter's topic; and "Legal Brief" boxes summarize important court rulings and the status of major legislation

"Key Terms" are boldfaced and boxed off within the text and then defined in a glossary at the back of the book

"Applying Major Theories" sections at the end of each chapter help students relate theories to the issues

Author Biography


Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including The Power of Critical Thinking, Fifth Edition, (2015), Philosophy Here and Now, Second Edition (2015), Living Philosophy: A Historical Introduction to Philosophical Ideas (2014), Philosophy: The Quest for Truth, Ninth Edition (2013), and The Moral Life, Fifth Edition (2013), all published by Oxford University Press.

Table of Contents


*=New to this Edition
Chapters 3-10 include an "Applying Major Theories" section.
Chapters 3-11 include Cases for Evaluation.
Each chapter includes Key Terms, a Summary, Further Reading, and Notes.
Preface
PART 1. PRINCIPLES AND THEORIES
CHAPTER 1. MORAL REASONING IN BIOETHICS
Ethics and Bioethics
Ethics and the Moral Life
In Depth: Morality and the Law
Moral Principles in Bioethics
Autonomy
* Nonmaleficence
Beneficence
Utility
Justice
Ethical Relativism
In Depth: Anthropology and Moral Diversity
Ethics and Religion
Moral Arguments
Argument Fundamentals
Patterns of Moral Arguments
Review: Valid and Invalid Argument Forms
In Depth: Fallacies in Moral Reasoning
Evaluating Premises
Assessing Whole Arguments
CHAPTER 2. BIOETHICS AND MORAL THEORIES
The Nature of Moral Theories
Influential Moral Theories
Utilitarianism
In Depth: Utilitarianism and the Golden Rule
Kantian Ethics
Natural Law Theory
Rawls' Contract Theory
Virtue Ethics
The Ethics of Care
In Depth: Can Virtue Be Taught?
Feminist Ethics
Criteria for Judging Moral Theories
Review: Evaluating Moral Theories: Criteria of Adequacy
Applying the Criteria
Utilitarianism
Kant's Theory
READINGS:
"Utilitarianism," John Stuart Mill
"The Moral Law," Immanuel Kant
"Virtue and the Moral Life," Bernard Mayo
"The Ethics of Care," Virginia Held
* "Moral Saints," Susan Wolf
PART 2. MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL AND PATIENT
CHAPTER 3. PATERNALISM AND PATIENT AUTONOMY
Shades of Autonomy and Paternalism
Refusing Treatment
In Depth: The Hippocratic Oath
* In Depth: Physician Autonomy
Futile Treatment
Legal Brief: Refusing Treatment for Children on Religious Grounds
In Depth: CPR and DNR
In Depth: Moral Conflicts in Nursing
Classic Case File: Elizabeth Bouvia
READINGS:
"Paternalism," Gerald Dworkin
"The Refutation of Medical Paternalism," Alan Goldman
"Why Doctors Should Intervene," Terrence F. Ackerman
"Autonomy, Futility, and the Limits of Medicine," Robert L. Schwartz
* "Patient Autonomy and Physician Responsibility," AMA Journal of Ethics
Bouvia v. Superior Court, California Court of Appeals
"Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship," AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
"Code of Ethics for Nurses," American Nurses Association
"In Defense of the Traditional Nurse," Lisa H. Newton
"Advocacy or Subservience for the Sake of Patients?" Helga Kuhse
CHAPTER 4. TRUTH-TELLING AND CONFIDENTIALITY
Paternalism and Deception
In Depth: Do Patients Want the Truth? Do Physicians Tell It?
Confidential Truths
Legal Brief: Confidentiality and a Duty to Warn
* In Depth: Truth-Telling and Cultural Diversity
Classic Case File: Carlos R.
READINGS:
"Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration," David C. Thomasma
"On Telling Patients the Truth," Mack Lipkin
* "Is It Ever Okay to Lie to Patients?" Shelly K. Schwartz
"Respect for Patients, Physicians, and the Truth," Susan Cullen and Margaret Klein
"Why Privacy Is Important," James Rachels
"Confidentiality in Medicine--A Decrepit Concept," Mark Siegler
"Ethical Relativism in a Multicultural Society," Ruth Macklin
Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California, Supreme Court of California
CHAPTER 5. INFORMED CONSENT
Autonomy and Consent
Conditions of Informed Consent
* In Depth: Decision-Making Capacity
In Depth: Two Views of Informed Consent
Legal Brief: Important Informed Consent Cases
Classic Case File: Jerry Canterbury
READINGS:
"The Concept of Informed Consent," Ruth R. Faden and Tom L. Beauchamp
"Informed Consent--Must It Remain a Fairy Tale?" Jay Katz
"Transparency: Informed Consent in Primary Care," Howard Brody
"Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model," Robert J. Levine
Canterbury v. Spence, United States Court of Appeals
CHAPTER 6. HUMAN RESEARCH
The Science of Clinical Trials
In Depth: The Tuskegee Tragedy
Beneficence, Science, and Placebos
Science and Informed Consent
In Depth: Women in Clinical Trials
Research on the Vulnerable
In Depth: Why Enter a Clinical Trial?
Classic Case File: The UCLA Schizophrenia Study
READINGS:
The Nuremberg Code
Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects, World Medical Association
"The Belmont Report," The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research
"Final Report: Human Radiation Experiments," Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments
"Of Mice but Not Men: Problems of the Randomized Clinical Trial," Samuel Hellman and Deborah S. Hellman
"A Response to a Purported Ethical Difficulty with Randomized Clinical Trials Involving Cancer Patients," Benjamin Freedman
"How to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma Concerning Randomized Clinical Trials," Don Marquis
"Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study," Allan M. Brandt
"The Ethics of Clinical Research in the Third World," Marcia Angell
"Ethical Issues in Clinical Trials in Developing Countries," Baruch Brody
PART 3. LIFE AND DEATH
CHAPTER 7. ABORTION
Starting Point: The Basics
Fact File: U.S. Abortions [New]
In Depth: Abortion and Public Opinion [New]
The Legal Struggle
In Depth: Late-Term Abortion
Persons and Rights
* In Depth: Does a Fetus Feel Pain?
Classic Case File: Nancy Klein
READINGS:
"A Defense of Abortion," Judith Jarvis Thomson
"Why Abortion Is Immoral," Don Marquis
"An Almost Absolute Value in History," John T. Noonan, Jr.
"On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion," Mary Anne Warren
* "Virtue Theory and Abortion," Rosalind Hursthouse
"Abortion and the Concept of a Person," Jane English
* "Abortion," Margaret Olivia Little
"Abortion Through a Feminist Ethics Lens," Susan Sherwin
Roe v. Wade, U.S. Supreme Court
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, U.S. Supreme Court
CHAPTER 8. REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY
In Vitro Fertilization
Fact File: Assisted Reproduction
Surrogacy
In Depth: IVF and Children's Future Children
Cloning
In Depth: Cloning Time Line
* In Depth: Sherri Shepherd: How Surrogacy Can Go Wrong
Classic Case File: Baby M
READINGS:
"IVF: The Simple Case," Peter Singer
"IVF and Women's Interests: An Analysis of Feminist Concerns," Mary Anne Warren
"'Give Me Children or I Shall Die!' New Reproductive Technologies and Harm to Children," Cynthia B. Cohen
"Instruction on Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and on the Dignity of Procreation," Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
"The Presumptive Primacy of Procreative Liberty," John A. Robertson
"Surrogate Mothering: Exploitation or Empowerment?" Laura M. Purdy
Is Women's Labor a Commodity?" Elizabeth S. Anderson
* "Egg Donation and Commodification," Bonnie Steinbock
"The Wisdom of Repugnance," Leon R. Kass
"Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con," Dan W. Brock
Opinion in the Matter of Baby M, New Jersey Supreme Court
CHAPTER 9. GENETIC CHOICES
Genes and Genomes
Genetic Testing
In Depth: Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Tests
Gene Therapy
Fact File: Available Genetic Tests for Cancer Risk
Stem Cells
In Depth: Recent Research in Gene Therapy
Classic Case File: The Kingsburys
READINGS:
"Implications of Prenatal Diagnosis for the Human Right to Life," Leon R. Kass
"Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children Be Immoral?" Laura M. Purdy
"The Morality of Screening for Disability," Jeff McMahan
Genetic Dilemmas and the Child's Right to an Open Future," Dena S. Davis
"Disowning Knowledge: Issues in Genetic Testing," Robert Wachbroit
"The Non-Identity Problem and Genetic Harms--The Case of Wrongful Handicaps," Dan W. Brock
"Is Gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics?," John Harris
"Genetic Enhancement," Walter Glannon
* "Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings," Julian Savulescu
"Germ-Line Gene Therapy," LeRoy Walters and Julie Gage Palmer
"What Does 'Respect for Embryos' Mean in the Context of Stem Cell Research?," Bonnie Steinbock
"Declaration on the Production and the Scientific and Therapeutic Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells," Pontifical Academy for Life
CHAPTER 10. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
Deciding Life and Death
Legal Brief: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Major Developments
In Depth: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: What Do Doctors Think?
Autonomy, Mercy, and Harm
In Depth: Oregon's Death With Dignity Act
In Depth: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Public Opinion
Classic Case File: Nancy Cruzan
READINGS:
"Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making," Timothy E. Quill
"Voluntary Active Euthanasia," Dan W. Brock
"When Self-Determination Runs Amok," Daniel Callahan
"Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View," John D. Arras
"Active and Passive Euthanasia," James Rachels
* "Dying at the Right Time: Reflections on (Un)Assisted Suicide," John Hardwig
"The Philosophers' Brief," Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Thomas Scanlon, and Judith Jarvis Thomson
* "An Alternative to Brain Death," Jeff McMahan
Vacco v. Quill, U.S. Supreme Court
Washington v. Glucksberg, U.S. Supreme Court
PART 4. JUSTICE AND HEALTH CARE
CHAPTER 11. DIVIDING UP HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Health Care in Trouble
In Depth: Unequal Health Care for Minorities
Fact File: U.S. Health Care [New]
Theories of Justice
In Depth: Public Opinion: Obtaining Adequate Heath Care
A Right to Health Care
* In Depth: Public Health and Bioethics
The Ethics of Rationing
Classic Case File: Christine deMeurers
READINGS:
"Is There a Right to Health Care and, if So, What Does It Encompass?," Norman Daniels
"The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care," Allen E. Buchanan
"Rights to Health Care, Social Justice, and Fairness in Health Care Allocations: Frustrations in the Face of Finitude," H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
Health Care Reform: Lessons from Canada," Raisa Berlin Deber
"The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy," Nicholas Rescher
"QALYfying the Value of Life," John Harris
* "Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrian," James F. Childress et al.
* "Human Rights Approach to Public Health Policy," D. Tarantola and S. Gruskin
Appendix
Glossary
Index

Rewards Program

Write a Review