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A Brief History of the Western World, Volume 2,9780155075016

A Brief History of the Western World, Volume 2

by Unknown
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780155075016

ISBN10:
0155075012
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/10/2001
Publisher(s):
Thomson Learning
List Price: $49.95
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Summary

Contains chapters 7-15 of the comprehensive text.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART THREE The Coming of Modern Times: 1300-1650 317(128)
The Transformation and Expansion of Europe
320(51)
Overview
320(1)
Dissolution of the Medieval Synthesis
321(8)
The Clamitous Fourteenth Century
322(3)
Eastern Europe: Western Colonists, Asian Invaders
325(4)
The New Economy
329(6)
The Birth of Modern Capitalism
330(1)
Innovations in Business Organization
330(1)
The Rise of Banking and Bankers
331(2)
The Impact on Social Structure and Values
333(2)
The New Technology
335(4)
The New Politics
339(15)
Absolutism in Practice: Italy
341(3)
The Theory of Absolutism: Machiavelli
344(3)
Building the National Monarchies: France and England
347(5)
The Eclipse of the Universal Empire: Germany
352(2)
The New Geography
354(17)
The Impulse to Overseas Expansion
354(3)
The Voyages of European Discovery: The New World
357(4)
The Colonial Empires
361(4)
Oversea Consequences of Europe's Expansion
365(3)
Consequences for Europe
368(3)
The Renaissance: Upsurge of Humanism
371(34)
Overview
371(2)
The Renaissance View of Human Nature
373(10)
The Revival of Interest in the Classical World
373(1)
The New Scholarship: Petrarch, Boccaccio
374(2)
Humanistic Education and the ``Gentleman''
376(2)
Philosophy: The Appeal of Platonism
378(1)
The Critical Spirit and the Beginnings of Empiricism
379(1)
Christian Humanism: Erasmus
380(3)
The Revolution in Art
383(15)
The Pioneer of Naturalism: Giotto
383(2)
New Artistic Techniques: Brunelleschi, van Eyck
385(4)
The Liberation of Sculpture: Donatello
389(3)
Art Triumphs over Nature: Botticelli, Leonardo
392(3)
The Artistic Climax: Michelangelo
395(3)
Literature and Drama
398(7)
The Libertarian Humorist: Rabelais
398(1)
The Skeptical Essayist: Montaigne
399(2)
The Master Dramatist: Shakespeare
401(4)
The Reformation: Division and Reform in the Church
405(40)
Overview
405(2)
Background of the Reformation
407(6)
Decay of the Church
407(2)
The Awakening Reform Spirit: Wiclif, Hus
409(3)
The Influence of Political and Social Forces
412(1)
The Revolt of Luther: ``Justification by Faith''
413(5)
The Provocation: The Sale of Indulgences
413(1)
Luther's Spiritual Search: His Doctrine of Salvation
414(1)
The Widening Split with Rome
415(1)
Building the Lutheran Church
416(2)
Calvin and the Elect: ``Predestination''
418(7)
Calvin: The International Reformer
418(2)
The Doctrine of God's Omnipotence
420(2)
Calvinist Ethics: The Puritan Discipline
422(1)
Relations of Church and State
423(1)
Calvinist Ministry and Ritual
424(1)
Henry VIII and the Church of England
425(5)
Henry's Desire for Independence
425(1)
Break with Rome: The Act of Supremacy
426(1)
The Struggle over Doctrine: Protestant Advance and Catholic Reaction
427(1)
The Elizabethan Compromise
428(2)
The Roman Catholic Response: Reform and Reaffirmation
430(4)
Relation to Protestant Movements
430(1)
Loyola and the Society of Jesus
431(1)
The Reforming Popes and the Council of Trent
432(2)
Historical Significance of the Reformation
434(1)
Art during the Reformation
435(10)
The Impact of Protestantism: Holbein, Brueghel
435(1)
The Development of the Baroque: Rubens, Rembrandt
436(3)
Baroque Sculpture and Architecture: Bernini
439(6)
PART FOUR The Changing West: 1600-1850 445(148)
Science and a New Cosmology
448(46)
Overview
448(3)
National and International Development
451(12)
Foundations of the European State System: The Peace of Westphalia
451(4)
The Absolute Monarch: Louis XIV
455(2)
Eastern Europe: Prussia, Austria, and Russia
457(4)
Justifications for Absolutism: Bossuet, Hobbes
461(2)
The Scientific Revolution of the Seventeenth Century
463(9)
Discoverers of a New Cosmos: Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo
464(4)
Makers of Scientific Method: Bacon, Descartes
468(1)
The Grand Synthesizer: Newton
469(2)
The Organization of Science
471(1)
The Impact of Science on Philosophy: The Enlightenment
472(9)
A Revised Cosmology: The ``World-Machine''
473(1)
The View of God: Deism
474(1)
The View of Human Society
475(1)
Faith in Nature and Reason
476(2)
The Vision of Progress
478(2)
Political Response to the New Philosophy: Enlightened Despotism
480(1)
The Rational Spirit in Literature and Art
481(9)
Classicism: Racine, Pope
482(1)
Satire: Voltaire
483(1)
The Architecture of Reason: Wren, Jefferson
484(3)
Academy Painting: Portraits of Aristocratic Elegance
487(3)
The Classical Age of Music
490(4)
Music in Western Civilization
490(2)
Birth of the ``Modern'' Style: Monteverdi, Handel, Bach
492(1)
The Classical Spirit: Haydn, Mozart
493(1)
The Revolutions of Liberalism and Nationalism
494(57)
Overview
494(4)
The English Revolution: Parliamentary Supremacy and the Bill of Rights
498(6)
Challenge to the Divine Right of Kings: The Civil War and Cromwell
498(3)
The Restoration of the Monarchy and the Glorious Revolution
501(1)
Locke's Justification of Revolution
502(2)
The American Revolution and Constitution
504(6)
The American Colonies and Their Aspirations
504(1)
War and the Declaration of Independence
505(2)
The Constitution of the United States
507(2)
The Growth of American Democracy
509(1)
The French Revolution: ``Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity''
510(11)
The Bourbon Monarchy and the Old Order
510(1)
The Overthrow of the King and the Nobles
511(4)
Foreign War and Internal Disorder
515(2)
Napoleon and the Revolutionary Empire
517(4)
The Conservative Reaction
521(8)
Metternich and the ``Concert of Europe''
521(3)
The Rejection of Revolution and Rationalism: Burke
524(2)
A New Philosophical Synthesis: Kant, Hegel
526(3)
The Romantic Spirit in Literature, Art, and Music
529(10)
Appeal to the Heart: Rousseau
529(1)
Poets of Nature and Humanity: Wordsworth, Goethe
530(4)
Rebellion and Romance in Painting
534(3)
The Gothic Revival in Architecture
537(1)
Romanticism in Music: Beethoven, Wagner
538(1)
The Spread of Liberal Democracy and Nationalism
539(12)
The Revolutions of 1830 and 1848
540(4)
The Liberal Ideal: Mill
544(2)
The Nationalist Ideal: Mazzini
546(1)
The Achievement of National Unification: Bismarck
547(4)
The Impact of the Machine
551(42)
Overview
551(3)
The Industrial Revolution
554(5)
The Agrarian Transformation
555(1)
The Mechanization of Industry and Transportation
555(2)
Development of a ``Permanent'' Industrial Revolution
557(2)
The Business Corporation and Capitalist Expansion
559(3)
The Structure and Control of the Corporation
559(1)
The Global Reach of Capitalism
560(1)
Economic Liberalism: Theory and Practice
561(1)
The Reaction of Labor and Government
562(3)
The Appearance of Trade Unions
562(1)
The Trend toward State Intervention
563(2)
Urbanization and Standardization of Society
565(2)
The Development of Socialist Thought and Action
567(9)
Utopian Socialism
568(1)
Scientific Socialism: The Synthesis of Marx
569(4)
The Interpreters of Marx: Revolutionary and Evolutionary
573(1)
The Christian Response
574(2)
The Accelerating Progress of Science
576(4)
The Challenge of Darwin's Theory of Evolution
580(7)
New Perspectives in Human Biology
580(1)
Darwinism in Philosophy and Social Thought
581(3)
Development of the Social Sciences
584(3)
Literature and Art in the Machine Age
587(6)
Expressions of Social Change: Dickens, Ibsen, Shaw
587(1)
The Response of the Artist: Monet, Cezanne, van Gogh
588(5)
PART FIVE The West in the Contemporary World: 1850-2000 593
Imperialism, World War, and the Rise of Collectivism
597(49)
Overview
597(4)
Imperialism and Europe's World Dominion
601(10)
Motives for Nineteenth-Century Expansionism
602(2)
Methods of Penetration and Exploitation
604(5)
The Partitions of Asia and Africa
609(2)
The First World War and the Decline of Europe
611(13)
Nationalism, Militarism, and the Alliance System
612(2)
The Road to War
614(5)
The Course and Consequences of the War
619(5)
Communist Collectivism: The Russian Revolution
624(10)
Russia before the Revolution
625(1)
The Collapse of the Tsarist Regime and the Triumph of Lenin
626(3)
Building a Socialist Society
629(4)
International Communism
633(1)
Fascist Collectivism: The Revolutions in Italy and Germany
634(8)
Fascism in Italy: Mussolini
635(4)
The Nazi Compound of Fascism and Racism: Hitler
639(3)
Democratic Collectivism: Evolution of the Welfare States
642(4)
A European Example: Britain
642(2)
The American Experience: Roosevelt
644(2)
Global Transformation: Dawn of a New Age
646(65)
Overview
646(6)
The Second World War and Its Consequences
652(13)
The Failure of the League of Nations
652(2)
Fascist Conquests and Defeat
654(4)
The Emergence of New Power Balances and the Cold War
658(3)
Return to International Anarchy
661(4)
The Sweep of Nationalism and Modernization
665(21)
The Resurgence of Japanese Power
665(2)
The Liquidation of Colonialism
667(7)
Rising Material Expectations and the ``Liberation'' Movements
674(2)
Vietnam
676(4)
Iran
680(2)
The Struggle against Racism
682(4)
Economic Reassessment and The ``Three Worlds''
686(7)
The Interlocking Crises of Population, Resources, and Pollution
686(3)
Economic and Political Divisions
689(2)
The Nuclear Arms Race and Terrorism
691(2)
End of the Postwar (Cold War) Era
693(18)
Political and Economic Changes in the West: Thatcher, Reagan, Clinton
693(9)
The Revolutions in Eastern Europe: Gorbachev, Yeltsin
702(5)
New Dangers and New Opportunities of the 1990s
707(4)
The Revolution in Western Culture
711
Overview
711(4)
The Onrush of Science and Technology
715(10)
Penetrating the Secrets of the Physical Universe
716(4)
Discovering the Makeup of Living Organisms
720(1)
The Advent of High Technology
721(2)
The Challenge to Contemporary Culture and Beliefs
723(2)
Reconstruction in Western Philosophy and Religion
725(1)
The Implications of Depth Psychology: Freud
725(1)
Rejection of Traditional Systems and Values: Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Sartre
726(2)
Revision of Christian Theology: Barth, Tillich
728(1)
The Movement toward Unity: Pope John XXIII
729(1)
Pope John Paul II: Renewal of Catholic Traditionalism
730(1)
The Shifting Ways of Society
731(8)
The New Sexuality
731(1)
The Youth Culture
732(3)
The Women's Movement
735(3)
Beliefs in Violence and Nonviolence
738(1)
Fresh Directions in Literature and the Arts
739(16)
The Search for a New Language of Expression: Joyce, Eliot
739(4)
The Private World of Painters and Sculptors: Picasso, Moore
743(6)
Technology in Architecture: Wright, Gropius
749(5)
Novel Patterns of Tonality and Rhythm: Schonberg, Stravinsky
754(1)
The End of the Beginning: A New Age of Humanity
755
The Radical Mutation in Human Culture
755(1)
The Challenge of Survival and Mastery: A Summary
756
Recommended Further Reading 1(20)
Recommended Videocassettes 21(2)
Credits 23(2)
Index 25


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