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Business Ethics

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780130797728

ISBN10:
0130797723
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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This is the 5th edition with a publication date of 1/1/1999.
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Summary

For courses in Business Ethics, Moral Issues in Business, Social Issues in Business, Business and Society, International Business Ethics, Issues in International Business. Comprehensive and systematic, this single-author text provides integrated coverage of the entire field of business ethics. It begins with an overview of today's business scene, then explores the basic tools and techniques of ethical analysis and moral reasoning and shows how they apply to all areas of business.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
INTRODUCTION 3(30)
1 Ethics and Business
3(30)
Johnson & Johnson and the Tylenol Case
3(2)
The Myth of Amoral Business
5(2)
The American Business Value System
7(4)
The Relation of Business and Morality
11(6)
Business Ethics and Ethics
17(9)
The Case of the Collapsed Mine
26(3)
Study Questions
29(4)
MORAL REASONING IN BUSINESS 33(102)
2 Conventional Morality and Ethical Relativism
33(23)
Purchasing Abroad: A Case Study
33(1)
The Levels of Moral Development
34(3)
Subjective and Objective Morality
37(2)
Descriptive Relativism
39(2)
Normative Ethical Relativism
41(5)
Moral Absolutism
46(1)
Moral Pluralism
47(1)
Pluralism and American Business
48(1)
Pluralism and International Business
49(2)
Approaches to Ethical Theory
51(3)
Study Questions
54(2)
3 Utility and Utilitarianism
56(22)
An Airplane Manufacturing Case
56(1)
Utilitarianism
56(5)
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
61(4)
Objections to Utilitarianism
65(2)
Utilitarianism and Justice
67(2)
Applying Utilitarianism
69(4)
Utilitarianism and Bribery
73(3)
Study Questions
76(2)
4 Moral Duty, Rights, and Justice
78(31)
The Johnson Controls Case
78(2)
Deontological Approaches to Ethics
80(1)
Judeo-Christian Morality
80(3)
Reason, Duty and the Moral Law
83(6)
Application of the Moral Law
89(4)
Imperfect Duties, Special Obligations, and Moral Ideas
93(5)
Rights and Justice
98(7)
Study Questions
107(2)
5 Moral Responsibility, Virtue, and Moral Reasoning
109(26)
The Love Canal Case
109(1)
Moral Responsibility
110(2)
Excusing Conditions
112(4)
Liability and Accountability
116(2)
Agent and Role Moral Responsibility
118(3)
Virtue
121(5)
Applying Moral Reasoning
126(4)
Study Questions
130(5)
MORAL ISSUES IN BUSINESS 135(374)
6 Justice and Economic Systems
135(25)
The Case of the Two Slaveholders
135(1)
Moral Evaluation of Economic Systems
136(5)
Moral Evaluation of Contemporary Systems
141(1)
Economic Models and Games
142(2)
A Capitalist Model
144(3)
Capitalism and Government
149(4)
A Socialist Model
153(2)
Comparison of Models and Systems
155(1)
Economic Systems and Justice
156(2)
Study Questions
158(2)
7 American Capitalism: Moral or Immoral?
160(28)
The Case of Bill Gates
160(2)
The American Economic System
162(2)
Relation of the American Government to the American Economic System
164(4)
The Marxist Critique
168(6)
Non-Marxist Moral Critiques of American Capitalism
174(2)
The Moral Defense of the American Free-Enterprise System
176(5)
Nonsocialist Alternatives to Contemporary American Capitalism
181(5)
Study Questions
186(2)
8 Corporations and Morality
188(28)
The Case of Malden Mills
188(3)
The Moral Status of Corporations and Formal Organizations
191(5)
Concept of the Corporation: Shareholder versus Stakeholder
196(3)
Moral Responsibility within the Corporation
199(6)
Morality and the Social Audit
205(5)
Corporate Codes
210(2)
Corporate Culture and Moral Firms
212(2)
Study Questions
214(2)
9 Safety, Risk, and Environmental Protection
216(24)
The McDonald's Polystyrene Case
216(2)
Corporations, Products, and Services
218(1)
Do No Harm
219(1)
Safety and Acceptable Risk
220(3)
Product Safety and Corporate Liability
223(2)
Strict Liability
225(3)
Production Safety
228(1)
Environmental Harm
229(2)
Pollution and Its Control
231(7)
Study Questions
238(2)
10 Whistle Blowing
240(23)
The Ford Pinto Case
240(1)
Blowing the Whistle
241(1)
Kinds of Whistle Blowing
242(4)
Whistle Blowing as Morally Prohibited
246(4)
Whistle Blowing as Morally Permitted
250(4)
Whistle Blowing as Morally Required
254(3)
Internal Whistle Blowing
257(2)
Precluding the Need for Whistle Blowing
259(2)
Study Questions
261(2)
Marketing, Truth and Advertising
263(30)
The May D&F Case
263(1)
The Nestle Infant Milk Formula Case
264(2)
Marketing
266(8)
Advertising
274(2)
Truth and Advertising
276(5)
Manipulation and Coercion
281(3)
Paternalism and Advertising
284(2)
Prevention of Advertising
286(2)
Allocation of Moral Responsibility in Advertising
288(3)
Study Questions
291(2)
12 Protecting Intellectual Property, Corporate Disclosure, and Insider Trading
293(32)
Boesky, Milken, and an Insider Trading Case
293(3)
Intellectual Property
296(10)
Industrial Espionage
306(1)
Corporate Disclosure
307(9)
Insider Trading
316(7)
Study Questions
323(2)
13 Information Technology, Ethics, and Business
325(30)
The Apple versus Microsoft Case
325(1)
The Electronic Privacy at ABC Control Case
326(2)
Business and Computers
328(1)
Computer Crime
329(5)
Computers and Corporate Responsibility
334(4)
Property: Information and Software
338(8)
Computers and Privacy
346(7)
Study Questions
353(2)
14 Workers' Rights: Employment, Wages, and Unions
355(32)
The Air Traffic Controllers Case
355(2)
Employment-at-Will
357(2)
The Right to Employment
359(7)
The Right to a Just Wage
366(5)
Comparable Worth
371(2)
Executive Compensation
373(2)
The Right to Organize: Unions
375(4)
The Right to Strike
379(6)
Study Questions
385(2)
15 Workers' Rights and Duties Within a Firm
387(31)
Case Studies: Drug Testing and the Right to Privacy
387(4)
The Rights of Employees Within a Firm
391(1)
Rights in Hiring, Promotion, and Firing
392(4)
Employee Civil Rights and Equal Treatment
396(4)
Privacy, Polygraphs, and Drugs
400(6)
Quality of Work Life
406(5)
Employee Duties
411(1)
Worker Loyalty and Obedience
412(4)
Study Questions
416(2)
16 Discrimination, Affirmative Action, and Reverse Discrimination
418(30)
The Weber Case
418(2)
Discrimination
420(6)
Changing Social Structures
426(3)
Equal Employment Opportunity
429(2)
Affirmative Action
431(4)
Reverse Discrimination
435(1)
Balanced or Preferential Hiring
436(6)
Two Cases: Bakke and Stotts
442(4)
Study Questions
446(2)
17 Accounting, Finance, Corporate Restructuring, and Ethical Investing
448(36)
Savings and Loans: A Case Study
448(2)
Accounting
450(5)
Finance and Banking
455(6)
Corporate Takeovers and Restructuring
461(14)
Ethical Investing
475(7)
Study Questions
482(2)
18 Professions in Business and Professions as Business
484(25)
The Manville Case
484(3)
The Professions and Business
487(1)
Professionalism and the Professions
488(2)
Professional Ethical Codes
490(6)
Professional Ethics
496(1)
Professional Organizations
497(2)
The Professions in Businesses
499(2)
The Professions as Business
501(3)
Study Questions
504(5)
MORAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 509(94)
19 The International Business System, Multinationals, and Morality
509(33)
The Bhopal Case
509(2)
Morality and the International Economic System
511(3)
Multinational Corporations and Ethics
514(7)
Ethical Guidelines for Multinational Operations
521(2)
Multinationals and Human Rights
523(2)
International Codes
525(4)
Multinational Drug Companies
529(4)
The Transfer of Dangerous Industries to Underdeveloped Countries
533(5)
The Interconnection of American and International Business
538(1)
Study Questions
539(3)
20 Corrupt Contexts, Cultural Diversity, and International Business
542(30)
The Case of General Motors and Apartheid
542(2)
U.S. Multinationals in South Africa
544(3)
The Lessons of Business in South Africa
547(1)
Bribery and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
548(2)
International Business in Unsettled Contexts
550(5)
International Industrial Espionage, Discrimination, and Questionable Products
555(5)
Operating in Destabilized Environments
560(3)
Out-sourcing, Slavery and Child Labor
563(1)
International Business in Different Cultures: Japan
564(2)
Cross-cultural Judgments, Negotiation, and International Justice
566(4)
Study Questions
570(2)
21 Famine, Natural Resources, and International Obligations
572(31)
The Case of Merck and Costa Rica
572(2)
Global Issues
574(1)
Famine, Malnutrition, and Moral Obligation
575(7)
Property and Allocation of the World's Resources
582(9)
Global Common Goods
591(1)
Oil and the Depletion of Natural Resources
592(7)
Study Questions
599(4)
CONCLUSION 603(14)
22 The New Moral Imperative for Business
603(14)
IBM: A Case Study
603(2)
The Changing Business Mandate
605(5)
The Role of Government
610(2)
Corporate Democracy
612(1)
Building a Good Society
613(2)
Study Questions
615(2)
Index 617


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