9780393960587

Candide or Optimism : A Fresh Translation, Backgrounds, Criticism

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780393960587

  • ISBN10:

    0393960587

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Textbook Paperback
  • Copyright: 3/17/1991
  • Publisher: W W NORTON

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Summary

The accompanying apparatus has been revised in accordance with recent biographical and critical materials. The Backgrounds and Criticism sections provide important essays that shed light on major critical issues relevant to Candide and to the intellectual climate of the period. In addition to the reports of five English visitors to Ferney, essays by Haydn Mason, Erich Auerbach, Ernst Cassirer, and Robert M. Adams are included. The final section of the edition, "The Climate of Controversy," summarizes the debate surrounding Voltaire's works and includes essays by Peter Gay, Raymond Naves, Gustave Lanson, and John Morley. Also included are a series of quotations about Voltaire by such prominent figures as Gustave Flaubert, Frederick the Great, and Stendhal, as well as the text of "Pangloss's Song," a ballad from the 1956 Candide -based operetta by Richard Wilbur.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition vii
The Text of Candide, or Optimism ix
``Candide'' and Mademoiselle ``Cunegonde'': A Note on Their Names xi
Candide 1(76)
Backgrounds
77(50)
Summary: The Intellectual Backgrounds
79(5)
Robert M. Adams
Well, Everything Is Well
84(6)
Voltaire at Les Delices and at Ferney
90(9)
Gustave Lanson
[Gestation: Candide Assembling Itself]
99(13)
Haydn Mason
English Visitors to Ferney: A Sampling
112(15)
August 1763
113(1)
Edward Gibbon
December 1764
114(1)
James Boswell
August 1771
115(1)
Rev. Norton Nicholls
July 1770
116(2)
Charles Burney
(Eighth Duke of Hamilton), July 1772
118(9)
John Moore
Douglas Hamilton
Criticism
127(52)
The Conte Defined
129(1)
Robert M. Adams
A Checklist of the Contes of Voltaire, and Related Writings
129(3)
[Tone, Pace, Insinuation]
132(12)
Erich Auerbach
[Voltaire and Candide]
144(9)
I. O. Wade
The Quality of Candide
153(14)
J. G. Weightman
[Voltaire's Escape from Pascal]
167(6)
Ernst Cassirer
Getting the Point
173(6)
Robert M. Adams
The Climate of Controversy
179(30)
Voltaire's Faith
181(4)
Voltaire: Letter on the Subject of Candide
181(2)
[What Did Voltaire Mean by l'Infame?]
183(1)
Peter Gay
Andre Delattre
184(1)
Voltaire's Greatness
185(4)
Joseph de Maistre
186(1)
Victor Hugo
187(1)
Edmond and Jules Goncourt
188(1)
Voltaire's Coherence
189(4)
Emile Faguet
189(1)
Daniel Mornet
190(1)
Raymond Naves
191(2)
Voltaire's Humanity
193(3)
Madame de Stael
193(2)
Gustave Lanson
195(1)
Voltaire's Style
196(7)
Hippolyte Taine
196(2)
John Morley
198(5)
Short Takes
203(4)
Anatole France
203(1)
Gustave Flaubert
203(1)
George Saintsbury
203(1)
Andre Bellessort
203(1)
Emile Faguet
204(1)
Frederick the Great
204(1)
S. G. Tallentyre
204(1)
Peter Gay
204(1)
Stendhal
204(1)
[Pangloss's Song]
205(1)
Richard Wilbur
Thomas Jefferson
206(1)
Jacques Van Den Heuvel
206(1)
Andre Delattre
207(1)
Hugo Friedrich
207(1)
Voltaire's Apotheosis
207(2)
Paul Valery
207(2)
For Further Reading 209

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