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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 3/2/2015
  • Publisher: Pearson

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T his inclusive text unites the key elements of residential construction, includes clear, concise, highly illustrated discussions and building plans, and excerpts from the 2015 International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings from the International Code Council.


Written in simple terms with an emphasis on discipline nomenclature, professionalism, and articulation of content, Carpentry is among the first texts to integrate a full set of building plans with 2015 International Code Council building standards, and the latest carpentry text built around the ideals of modern and sustainable construction methods. Fully conceived, designed, and written to help develop the first generation of carpenters and builders of tomorrow’s highly efficient green homes, the book is based on building science and the latest materials and techniques. The mathematics, theory, practice, techniques, and applications of carpentry are interwoven within a larger discussion of sustainability, resource and labor efficiencies, indoor air quality, and environmental impact. The book develops building skills that go beyond technique by explaining purpose, code compliance, structure requirements, and introducing plan reading spatial skills.


0134074289 / 9780134074283 Carpentry Plus MyCarpentryLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card Package

Package consists of: 

  • 0132740648 / 9780132740647 MyCarpentryLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card -- for Fundamentals of Carpentry
  • 0137004176 / 9780137004171 Carpentry

Author Biography

W. Keith Powell has a B.S. in Management, and is a third generation “carpenter’s kid” who spent 15 plus years working for the family construction business. He holds multiple state licenses for residential home building, electrical, plumbing, and mechanical trades. The author has taught all phases of residential home building at the community college level with an emphasis on modern building science and sustainable construction practices. He has designed, written, and taught contractor’s licensing courses for residential builders, electrical, and plumbing contractors. He is currently the AHR Program Chairman within the Construction Technologies Division of Central Piedmont Community College in Charlotte, NC. The author is a certified HERS green rater, LEED GA, and holds several other professional designations.

Table of Contents


Section 1: Construction Careers, Business Associations, and Organizations

Regional Voices

    Chapter 1 Construction Careers and Entrepreneurs

        Careers in Construction

        Careers with Certification, Testing, and Government Agencies

Section 2: The Evolution of Building Methods, Codes, and Green Building

Regional Voices

    Chapter 2 History of Construction Methods

        Residential Materials Evolution

        Post and Beam

        Dimensional Lumber

        Balloon Framing

        Alternative Methods

        Building Science and Green Building

        Green Carpentry

    Chapter 3 The Evolution of Building Codes

        Basic Structural Requirements for Public Safety

        Unification of Codes

        Developing a National Standard, the ICC Model Codes

        The Impact of Codes on Modern Construction

        Home Design as Related to Code

        The Influence of Code on Building Materials

    Chapter 4 Adapting Codes to Regional Conditions

        Codes Designed to Address Regional Construction

    Chapter 5 Efficient and Sustainable Building Practices: A New Paradigm in Residential Construction

        Green Is a New Attitude

        Building Efficiency

        Sustainable Construction Materials and Methods

        Construction Techniques Go Green

        The Building Envelope System

        Materials Conservation and Recycling

        Long-Term Impacts

Section 3: Project Planning and Architectural Plans

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    Chapter 6 Project Planning and Teamwork

        Project Teams and Early Planning

        Project Professionals

    Chapter 7 Contracts, Permits, and Zoning

        Contract Writing Basics

        Parts of a Contract

        Permits and Code Compliance

        Zoning and Land Usage

        Zoning and Code Compliance with Construction Plans

    Chapter 8 Architectural Working Drawings

        Architectural Plans and Plan Sheets

        Working Drawings

        Presentation and Elevation Viewing Style

        Layout and Framing Plan Views

        CAD Programs for Design and Energy Efficiency

    Chapter 9 Reading Plans: Lines, Symbols, Abbreviations, and Notes

        Parts of a Construction Drawing

Section 4: Site Planning with a Green Perspective Section

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    Chapter 10 Building Site Considerations

        Local Soil Conditions

        Utilities and Easements

        Building Lot Setbacks and Clearances

        Building Lot Preparation

    Chapter 11 Green Aspects of Building Sites

        Passive Solar Design and Building Orientation

        Wind Orientation

        Rainwater Collection, Solar Panels, and Wind Turbines

Section 5: Safety, Tools, Math, and Estimating

Regional Voices

    Chapter 12 OSHA, Personal Protective Equipment, and Job-Site Safety

        OSHA and Residential Compliance

        Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

        Lifting Safety and Repetitive Tasks

        General Site Safety

    Chapter 13 Hand Tools and Tool Safety

        OSHA and Tools

        Quality Tools Are Safe Tools

        Tool Management and Organization

        Hammers, Prying Tools, and Powder-Actuated Drivers

        Measuring and Layout Tools

        Handsaws, Planes, and Other Handy Hand Tools

    Chapter 14 Power Tools and Extension Cords

        Selecting Power Tools

        Electrical Safety and Power Tools

        Power Tools for Construction

        Sanders and Planers

        Stationary or Table-Mounted Power Tools

        Pneumatic and Gas Nailers

    Chapter 15 Working off the Ground: Ladders, Scaffolds, and Lifts

        Working off the Ground

        Fall Arrest Systems

        Ladder Safety

        Ladder Types

        Ladder Accessories

        Pump Jacks


        Aerial Lifts

    Chapter 16 Construction Math and Estimating

        Basic Mathematics: Your Best Tool

        Fractions and Decimals

        Linear Measurements and Perimeters

        Geometric Shapes: Calculating Volumes and Areas

        Working with the Triangle

        Construction Math for Estimating

        Foundation Systems

        Foundation Systems

        Estimating the Floor System

        Wall Material Estimating

        Estimating Roof Components

Section 6: Building Materials

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    Chapter 17 Dimensional Lumber Products

    Chapter 19 Hangers and Fasteners

        Modern Nails

        Nails: Size, Type, and Purpose

        Screws: Design and Function

        Bolts for Construction

        Anchoring Systems

        Framing Hangers and Structural Strapping (Ties)

    Chapter 20 Construction Glues, Caulks, and Coatings

        Construction Chemicals and Compounds

        Construction Glues

        Construction Caulks

        Interior and Exterior Surface Coatings

        Construction Coatings and the Environment

Section 7: Levels, Transits, and Building Layout Procedures

Regional Voices

    Chapter 21 Leveling, Layout, and Surveying Equipment

        Leveling and Layout Tool Options

        Finding Level with Basic Tools

        Builder’s Levels and Transit-Levels

        Establishing Elevations and Levels

        Total Station Instruments

        Laser Leveling and Plumbing Equipment

        Step by Step 1

        Setting the Tripod Working Height

        Step by Step 2

        Using a Horizontal Circle Scale to Set Square Wall Lines

        Step by Step 3

        Plumbing a Wall, Column, Post, or Concrete Form Using the Transit-Level

        Step by Step 4

        Calculating Elevations Using Multiple Setup Points

    Chapter 22 Building Layout Procedures

        Building Layout Procedures

        Excavations and Footings

        Step by Step 1

        Finding the First House Corner

        Step by Step 2

        Line Squaring Procedure

Section 8: Concrete, Foundations, Footings, and Form Work

Regional Voices

    Chapter 23 Concrete Basics: Greener Than You Think

        History of Concrete

        Modern Concrete Basics

        Concrete Sustainability

        Future Concrete Development

        Thermal Mass

        Concrete in the Home

Chapter 24 Slab Work

        Concrete Slab Construction

        Slab-on-Grade Design Considerations

        Monolithic Slabs

        Independent or Floating Slabs

        Forms for Slab Construction

        Finishing Exterior Slab Work

        Step by Step 1

        Creating a Slab Form

        Step by Step 2

        Determining Form Length to Cut Kerf Lines

        Step by Step 3

        Spacing for Kerf Lines

    Chapter 25 Foundations, Footings, and Piers

        Foundation Designs and Spread Footings

        Stepped Footings

        Foundation Types and Design

        Frost-Protected Shallow Foundations

        Foundations and Sustainability

        Support Piers, Columns, and Pilasters

        Foundation Drainage

    Chapter 26 Form Construction

        Form Construction

        Concrete Form Components

        Types of Concrete Forms

        Insulated Concrete Forms

        Step by Step 1

        Setting Wall Forms with Preconstructed Wood Panels

        Step by Step 2

        Setting Column Forms

        Step by Step 3

        Basic Setup and Installation of ICF Wall Forms

Section 9: Rough Framing: Floors, Walls, and Ceilings

Regional Voices

    Chapter 27 Supporting the Floor: Posts, Girders, and Beams

        Supporting the Floor: Posts, Beams, and Floor Trusses

        Support Posts

        Beams and Girders

        Installing Beams and Girders

        Floor Trusses

   Chapter 28 Floor System Design, Layout, and Framing

        Design Basics

        Sill Plates

        Floor Joists

        Joist Layout Procedures

        Lateral Floor Stability


        Altering Dimensional Joists and I-Joists

        Floor Openings

        Doubling Floor Joists

        Step by Step 1

        Air-Tight Sealing Points

        Step by Step 2

        Sill Plate Bolt Hole Alignment Procedure

        Step by Step 3

        Squaring Calculation Procedure

        Step by Step 4

        Rim Board or Band Joist Placement Procedure

        Step by Step 5

        Floor Joist Layout: Dimensional Lumber and I-Joists

        Step by Step 6

        Joist Lapping: Layout from Opposite Sides

        Step by Step 7

        Blocking and Bridging Dimensional Joists

        Step by Step 8

        Metal Bridging

        Step by Step 9

        Framing Floor Openings

        Step by Step 10

        Special Considerations for I-Joists

        Step by Step 11

        Techniques for Temporary Bracing

     Chapter 29 Subflooring and Special Floor FramingSubflooring

        Modern Subfloor Materials

        Attachment Methods for Sheet Materials

        Constructing the Subfloor

        Floor Systems (Beyond the Code)

        Step by Step 1

        Guidelines for Subfloor Gluing

        Step by Step 2

        Setting and Securing the Subflooring

    Chapter 30 SIPs and Optimum Value Engineered Wall Framing

        SIPs: Structural Insulated Panel Systems

        Construction Basics for SIPs

        Step by Step 1

        Installing SIPs

        Step by Step 2

        Setting Bottom Plates and Installing SIPs

        Step by Step 3

        Bottom Plate Installation

        Step by Step 4

        OSB Surface Spline Technique for Joining Panels

        Step by Step 5

        Joining Technique Using Dimensional Lumber

        Step by Step 6

        Field Cutting a SIP Opening

        Optimum Value Engineered (OVE) Framing

Chapter 31 Conventional Wall Framing with Dimensional Lumber

        Dimensional Lumber Wall Framing Components

        Layout Procedures for Walls

        Constructing and Raising Walls

        Special Wall Techniques and Assemblies

        Raising and Bracing Wall Sections

        Exterior Wall Sheathing

        Step by Step 1

        Setting Exterior Wall Lines

        Step by Step 2

        Wall Plate Layout Procedure

        Step by Step 3

        Wall Layout Procedure: Step by Step Practice Problem

        Step by Step 4

        Header Selection

        Step by Step 5

        How to Build and Nail a Built-up Header

        Step by Step 6

        Installing 1 ×4 Let-in Braces

        Step by Step 7

        Installing Metal Cut-in Braces

    Chapter 32 Ceiling Framing

        Ceiling Joists

        Ceiling Joist Installation

        Step by Step 1

        Cutting Ceiling Joist Ends Below the Rafter’s Top Edge

        Step by Step 2

        Installing Ceiling Joists

Section 10: Special Framing: Stairs and Light-Gauge Steel

Regional Voices

    Chapter 33 Stair Framing

        Stair Construction

        Staircase Components

        Staircases and the International Residential Code

        Staircase Design: Ergonomics for Safety and Comfort

        Staircase Layout and Design

        Balustrades and Handrails

        Step by Step 1

        Math Calculations: Total Rise

        Step by Step 2

        Math Calculations: Treads and Risers

        Step by Step 3

        Math Calculations: Headroom and Stairwell Length

        Step by Step 4

        Use the Pythagorean Theorem to Calculate Stringer Stock Length

        Step by Step 5

        Construction Techniques: Laying Out the Stringer

        Step by Step 6

        Construction Techniques: Dropping the Stringer

        Step by Step 7

        Setting the Top of the Stringer Based on Attachment Method

        Step by Step 8

        Making a Cleat Stringer

        Step by Step 9

        Leveling and Squaring the Stringers

        Step by Step 10

        Installing a Kickboard

        Step by Step 11

        Hangerboard Design and Installation

        Step by Step 12

        Building a Landing Platform

        Step by Step 13

        Designing a Common Three-Step Winder for a 90° Turn without a Landing

        Step by Step 14

        Setting the Angle of Cut and Length for Handrails

        Step by Step 15

        Making a Tread-Riser Jig

    Chapter 34 Light-Gauge Steel Framing

        Light-Gauge Steel Framing

        Light Steel Framing Components

        Framing Techniques with Cold-Formed Steel Components

Section 11: Roof Components, Framing, and Assembly

Regional Voices

Chapter 35 Basic Roof Design, Framing Components, and the Ridge Board

        Roof Designs

        Roof Terminology

        Roof Components

        Laying Out and Erecting Ridge Boards

        Ridge Boards and Intersecting Roof Designs

        Ridge Board Actual Length for Different Intersecting Roof Types

        Setting Ridge Boards for Intersecting Roofs

        Step by Step 1

      Setting a Ridge Board

        Step by Step 2

      Drawing a Framing Diagram for Intersecting Gable Roofs

        Step by Step 3

      Drawing a Framing Diagram for a Hip Roof

        Step by Step 4

        Drawing a Framing Diagram for a Combination Hip and Valley Intersecting Roof

    Chapter 36 Common, Hip, and Valley Rafters

        The Common Rafter

        Beyond the Wall Plane: Rafter Tails

        Rake Overhangs

        Gable End Studs

        Hip Rafters

        Valley Rafters

        Step by Step 1

        Common Rafter and Hip Rafter Theoretical Line Lengths

        Step by Step 2

        Common Rafter Layout Using a Framing Square

        Step by Step 3

        Using a Speed Square (Rafter Square) to Lay Out a Common Rafter

        Step by Step 4

        Calculating and Marking the Common Rafter Tail Section

        Step by Step 5

        Making a Plumb Cut on Common Rafter Tails

        Step by Step 6

        Measuring and Marking Single Cheek Cuts for a Hip Rafter

        Step by Step 7

        Measuring and Marking Double Cheek Cuts for a Hip Rafter

        Step by Step 8

        Calculating and Marking the Tail of a Hip Rafter

        Step by Step 9

        Assembling the Hip Roof

        Step by Step 10

        Supporting Valley Rafter Layout Procedure

        Step by Step 11

        Valley Rafter Tail Reverse Cheek Cut

    Chapter 37 Jack Rafters: Completing the Roof Frame

        Jack Rafters

        Hip Jack Rafters

        Valley Jack Rafters

        Valley Cripple Jack Rafters

        Hip-Valley Cripple Jack Rafters

        Step by Step 1

        Hip Jack Rafter Layout

        Step by Step 2

        Valley Jack Rafter Layout

        Step by Step 3

        Valley Cripple Jack Rafter Layout

        Step by Step 4

        Hip-Valley Cripple Jack Rafter Layout

    Chapter 38 Engineered Trusses and I-Joists for Roof Construction

        Roof Trusses

        Site Storage, Handling, and Safety with Roof Trusses

        Walls up to 8 Feet

        Walls over 8 Feet

        Installation and Bracing of Roof Trusses

        I-Joist Roof Construction

Section 12: Closing the Roof Framing: Cornices, Sheathing, and Flashing

Regional Voices

    Chapter 39 Cornice Construction and Stormwater Removal (Gutter Systems)

        Closing in the Roof Framing

        Cornice Designs

        Rake Ends and Cornice Return Methods

        Material Options for Closing the Roof System

        Cornice Soffit Design and Attic Ventilation

        Gutter Systems

        Step by Step 1

        Building a Solid Wood Boxed Cornice

        Step by Step 2

        Building the Boxed Cornice with Vinyl or Aluminum

        Step by Step 3

        Turning Corners when Building the Boxed Cornice

        Step by Step 4

        Closing a Rake End with Minimal Overhang

        Step by Step 5

        Calculating Gutter and Downspout Sizes

        Step by Step 6

        Installing the Gutter and Downspout System

    Chapter 40 Roof Sheathing, Underlayment, and Flashing Protection

        Roof Sheathing


        Roof Flashing Techniques and Locations

Section 13: Roof Finish Materials and Vegetated Roofs

Regional Voices

    Chapter 41 Options for Finished Roof Materials

        Choosing the Finished Roofing Material

        Asphalt Shingles

        Installing Asphalt Shingles

        Wood Shakes and Shingles

        Tile Roofs

        Step by Step 1

        Installing Three-Tab Shingles

        Step by Step 2

        Installing Architectural Shingles

        Step by Step 3

        Forming a Shake or Shingle Open Valley

Chapter 42 Metal Roofs and Vegetated Roofs

        Metal Roof Systems

        Installing Metal Roof Systems

        Vegetated Roofs

Section 14: Windows, Doors, and Day-Lighting

Regional Voices

    Chapter 43 Windows, Skylights, and Tubular Day-Lighting Devices

        The Importance of Windows

        Window Materials Options

        Parts of a Window 

        Types of Windows

        Skylights and Tubular Day-Lighting Devices (TDD)

        Window Installation

        Skylight and Tubular Day-Lighting Device Installation

    Chapter 44 Interior Doors

        Interior Doors

        Types of Interior Doors

        Traditional Door Installations

        Prehung Door Assemblies

        Step by Step 1

        Building a Field-Constructed Door Jamb Assembly

        Step by Step 2

        Assemble and Square Jamb Components in the Rough Opening

        Step by Step 3

        Installing a Prehung Door Assembly

        Step by Step 4

        Cutting In and Installing a Lockset

        Step by Step 5

        Installing Bifold Doors

        Step by Step 6

        Installing Pocket Doors

        Chapter 45 Exterior Doors

        Exterior Doors

        Entrance and Service Door Component Details

        Installing Exterior Doors

Section 15: Interior Finish Stages

Regional Voices

    Chapter 46 Gypsum Board, Plaster, and Paneling

        Gypsum Board

        Fasteners for Gypsum Products

        Installation of Gypsum Board

        Drywall Finishing Materials

        Finishing Drywall Systems

        Veneer Plaster Finishes

        Sheet Paneling

        Installing Sheet Paneling

        Solid Wood Paneling Boards

    Chapter 47 Molding and Interior Trim

        Wood and Composite Moldings

        Cutting and Joining Moldings

        Installation Techniques for Molding

        Step by Step 1

        Trimming Window Interiors

        Step by Step 2

        Installing Jamb Extensions

        Step by Step 3

        Trimming Interior Doors

        Step by Step 4

        Installing Baseboards

        Step by Step 5

        Trim Carpentry Techniques

Chapter 48 Paints, Stains, and Natural Plaster Wall Finishes

        Interior Paints, Stains, and Clay Plaster Wall Finishes

        Brushes and Rollers


        Latex, Alkyd, and Oil-Based Paints

       The Painting Process

        Interior Wood Stains and Finishes

        Natural Clay Plasters

    Chapter 49 Suspended Ceilings and Ceiling Tiles

        Suspended Ceilings

        System Components

        Layout Technique for Suspended Ceilings

        Installing the Grid System

        Glued and Stapled Ceiling Panels

        Installing Tiles with Adhesives

        Metal Ceiling and Cornice Trim Options

Section 16: Cabinets, Countertops, and Floor Coverings

Regional Voices

    Chapter 50 Cabinets and Countertops


        Kitchen Design and Layout Basics

        Cabinet Construction

        Alternative Materials for Cabinet Construction


        Plastic Laminate and Postformed Countertops

        Optional Countertop Materials

        Step by Step 1

        Finding the High Point of a Floor

        Step by Step 2

        Marking the Walls for Cabinet Installation

        Step by Step 3

        Installing Base Units

        Step by Step 4

        Installing Filler Strips and Backer Boards

        Step by Step 5

        Installing Wall Units

        Step by Step 6

        Installing Laminate to a Countertop Substrate

        Step by Step 7

        Postformed Countertop Installation

    Chapter 51 Finish Flooring Materials

        Traditional and Modern Flooring Options

        Wood Flooring Products

        Resilient Flooring

        Concrete Floors

    Chapter 52 Flooring Installation: Hardwoods, Planks, Parquet, and Laminates

        Hardwood Strip Flooring Preparation Steps

        Installing Plank Flooring

        Parquet or Parquet Block Installation

        Laminate Flooring Installation

Section 17: The Building Envelope and Exterior Siding Materials

Regional Voices

    Chapter 53 Insulation, Ventilation, and the Building Envelope

        Planning for Energy Efficiency

        Insulation and the International Energy Conservation Code

        Ventilation Systems and Heat (Energy) Recovery

        The Building Envelope

        Home Performance Testing

    Chapter 54 Exterior Siding: Wood and Vinyl

        Exterior Siding Materials

        Wood Siding

        Preparation for Siding Installation

        Installing Bevel Siding Horizontally (Vertical Not Allowed)

        Vertical Wood Siding Installation

        Full Sheet Panel Siding

        Cedar Shingles, Shakes, and Fiber Cement Siding

        Individual Wood Shingles or Shakes

        Vinyl Siding

        Horizontal Installation for Vinyl Siding

        Vertical Installation for Vinyl Siding

Section 18: Decks, Exterior Living Spaces, and Green Remodeling

Regional Voices

    Chapter 55 Exterior Living Spaces: Decks, Porches, and Patios

        Exterior Living Spaces

        Layout and Construction for Decks

        Deck Railing Systems

        Freestanding Decks



    Chapter 56 Green Remodeling

        Green Remodeling: A Whole-House Systems Approach

        Seven Tenets of Green Remodeling and Additions

        The REGREEN Guidelines

        The ICC 700 National Green Building Standard and Remodeling

        Deconstruction and Remodeling

Section 19: Solar and Wind: Renewable Energies

Regional Voices

    Chapter 57 Renewable Energies: Solar and Wind

        Solar and Wind: Renewable Power Sources

        Residential Solar Power Systems for Electricity Generation

        Location and Cost Factors in Solar Design

        Residential Solar Systems for Passive Water Heating

        Passive Solar Water Heating Economics

        Residential Wind Power Systems

        The Physics of Wind Power

        Calculating the Feasibility of Wind Power for Given Areas

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