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Champion : The Making and Unmaking of the English Midland Landscape,9780859898683
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Champion : The Making and Unmaking of the English Midland Landscape

by
ISBN13:

9780859898683

ISBN10:
0859898687
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
6/15/2013
Publisher(s):
Liverpool University Press
List Price: $117.33
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Summary

Focusing on Northampton, Championoffers a radical reinterpretation of the origins of villages and open fields, and their development in the late medieval and post-medieval periods in the Midlands. Instead of the commonly accepted belief that villages and open fields were created in the middle or later Saxon period through a process of "nucleation," or village planning, the authors of this volume suggest that these settlements only emerged in their classic, regular forms in the eleventh or twelfth centuries. Their findings are based on an innovative use of digital mapping and geographical information systems, and they cast new light on the agricultural practices in the post-medieval period.

Author Biography


Tom Williamson is Professor in Landscape History at UEA and published 'The Transformation of Rural England: Farming and the Landscape 1700-1870' (University of Exeter Press, 2002). Robert Liddiard completed a PhD at UEA in 2000 and has published on high-status landscapes in the Middle Ages. Tracey Partida is a consultant specializing in geographical information systems (GIS) and her PhD is in progress at University of Huddersfield.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Introduction
Why Northamptonshire?

Debating the Medieval Landscape

The Post-Medieval Landscape

Methodology
Chapter 2: Structures of Landscape
Geology and Topography

Climate and Soils

Territory and Topography

Late Prehistoric and Roman
Settlement

Early and Middle Saxon Settlement

Territorial Organisation

Demographic and Agricultural
Expansion

Conclusion
Chapter 3: Medieval Settlement
Introduction

Dispersion and Nucleation

Villages: Geology, 'Cores' and Expansion

Village Plans: Patterns of
Earlier Land Use

Geology, Land Use and Plan Form

Regular Tofts and 'Planning'

Dispersed Settlements


Conclusion
Chapter 4: Medieval Land Use: Field and Forest
Introduction

Arable

Pasture

Meadow

Woodland and Forest

Heaths

The Antiquity of the Open Fields


Conclusion
Chapter 5: The Post-Medieval Landscape
Introduction

Tenure and Ownership

Enclosure

Modifying the Open Fields

The Chronology of
Northamptonshire Enclosure

Enclosing the Forests

Enclosure and Land Use Change

The Impact of
Enclosure

The Development of Rural Settlement

Conclusion
Chapter 6: Northamptonshire in Context
Woodland and Champion

The Characteristics of 'Woodland' Landscapes

Variations in the Medieval
Landscapes of the Midlands

Variations in Post-Medieval Landscape and Agriculture

Woodland and
Pasture

The Origins of Regional Variation

Explaining Regional Variation

The Implications of Post-Medieval
Developments
Chapter 7: Landscape: Time, Agency and Character
Historic Landscape Character

Northamptonshire Field Patterns

Landscape and Agency


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