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Changing American Families,9780205484461
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Changing American Families

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780205484461

ISBN10:
0205484468
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

Focusing on insights from feminist researchers and the role of gender in family life, this text explores both the structural features of society that shape families and the everyday personal experiences of individual family members--as well as the interplay between the two.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
How to Study Families in the Twenty-first Century
1(23)
Analyzing Social Life
2(1)
The Sociological Imagination: Bridging the Gap between Individuals and Society
3(3)
Micro- and Macrolevels of Analysis
4(1)
Society Is a Human Invention
4(2)
Families as a Political Issue
6(4)
Families: Hot Issue in the United States
6(2)
The Personal Is Political
8(2)
Recent History of the Sociology of Family
10(11)
Women's Liberation Movement
11(1)
Revisioning Families
12(1)
Challenging the Myth of the Monolithic Family
13(1)
Appreciating Diversity
14(1)
The Monolithic Family and the Denial of Historical Change
15(1)
Observing That Families Are the Sites of Many Different Social Activities
16(1)
Acknowledging Differences within Families by Gender and Age
17(1)
Asking Whether Families Are Separate from the Rest of Society
18(2)
Creating Families That Provide Both Love and Individual Freedom
20(1)
Asserting the Need to Change Families So They Can Better Serve the Needs of Women, Men, and Children
20(1)
The Question of Theory
21(3)
A History of U.S. Families with a Focus on Euro-Americans
24(28)
Studying the Social History of Families
25(1)
Stages in the History of Euro-American Families
26(22)
The Godly Family
28(3)
Iroquois Families
31(1)
The Modern Family, Stage I: The Democratic Family
32(1)
The Split between Family and Work among Euro-Americans
32(2)
The Cult of True Womanhood
34(1)
The Ideal of Real Womanhood
35(1)
Capitalist Industrialization and the Working-Class Family
35(1)
The Problem of the Family Wage
36(1)
Pioneer Families: Leaving Friends, Facing Hardship
37(1)
The Modern Family, Stage II: The Companionate Family
38(1)
The Twentieth Century and the History of Childhood
39(1)
Families during the Great Depression
40(1)
World War II and Families
40(1)
World War II and Marriage
41(1)
World War II and Divorce
42(2)
Japanese American Families during the War
44(1)
The Fifties
45(3)
Periodicizing
48(1)
The First-Wave Women's Movement
49(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
50(2)
A History of U.S. Families with a Focus on African American
52(28)
Diversity in American Families
53(2)
Four Periods in African American History
55(16)
Slavery
55(2)
Family Life under Slavery
57(2)
Family Organization and Black Women's Role in a Community of Slaves
59(3)
Comparing White Middle-Class Women to African American Women in the Nineteenth Century
62(1)
Reproduction
63(1)
Sharecropping
64(1)
Who Shall Control Women's and Children's Labor?
65(1)
Gender Equality and Changes in Families under Sharecropping
66(3)
Industrialization
69(2)
African American Families in the Struggle for Equality
71(2)
Latino American Family History
73(4)
Split Households among Chicanos and Chinese Americans
73(1)
Chicano Families
74(1)
Chinese American Families
74(2)
Salt of the Earth
76(1)
Structuration Theory and the Importance of Agency
77(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
78(2)
Families and the Economic System
80(25)
The Critical Link between Families and the Economy
81(1)
The Contemporary Economic Scene of the United States: The Great U-turn
82(13)
Unemployment
83(1)
Economic Decline and Poverty
84(2)
More Workers per Family
86(1)
Increased Debt and Decreased Savings
86(1)
Immigration
87(1)
Housing
87(2)
Growing Homelessness
89(1)
The Rich Get Richer
90(1)
Economic Decline and U.S. Families
91(1)
Homelessness
91(1)
Shelters: An Inadequate Solution
91(1)
Blue-Collar Layoffs
92(2)
Downward Mobility in the Middle Class
94(1)
Responding to Economic Crisis
95(3)
Social Victims or Social Critics?
96(1)
Altering the Social Context
97(1)
Campaign for a Living Wage
97(1)
What Is Behind the Great U-turn?
98(4)
The First Revolution
98(1)
The Second Revolution
99(1)
Postindustrial Society: A Third Revolution?
99(3)
The Micro-Macro Connection
102(3)
Families and the Organization of Race, Class, and Gender
105(30)
Systems of Stratification
106(8)
What Is Social Class?
107(1)
Race Ethnicity
108(4)
Immigration
112(1)
Gender
113(1)
Social Class, Race Ethnicity, and Gender and Family Life
114(5)
Upper-Class Families: Gatekeepers
115(1)
Middle-Class Families
116(1)
Geographic Mobility
117(1)
The Black Middle Class
118(1)
Working-Class White Families
119(1)
Working-Class African American Families: The Moynihan Report and Its Historical Context
120(7)
The Flats
122(1)
Swapping
122(1)
Bloodmothers and Other Mothers
123(1)
Household and Family
123(1)
Extended Network Families in Racial Ethnic Communities
123(1)
Women's Domestic Authority
124(1)
Immigrant Families
124(1)
Mexican Americans
125(2)
Vietnamese Immigrant Families
127(1)
What Is a Family?
127(6)
Renewed Interest in Poor Families
128(2)
The Culture of Poverty
130(1)
Social Structural Model
131(1)
Do Families Contain the Seeds of Resistance?
131(1)
The Mothers of East Los Angeles
132(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
133(2)
Work and Family
135(28)
Myth of Separate Spheres
136(18)
The Study of Work and Family Is Distorted by the Concept of Separate Spheres
137(1)
Young Women Speak of Work and Family in Their Future
138(2)
Women in the Paid Labor Force
140(1)
Why Have Woman Increasingly Entered the Labor Force?
140(1)
How Do Women Choose to Work?
141(1)
Chicanas and a Fifth Way of Choosing to Work for Wages
142(1)
Why Do Men Work?
143(2)
How Does Work Influence Families?
145(1)
Absorption
145(1)
Time and Timing
146(2)
A Special Case of Timing: Working Parents and Their Children
148(1)
Teenage Workers and Their Families
149(1)
Retirement
149(1)
Income
150(1)
Exchange Theory
151(1)
A Feminist Critique of Exchange Theory
151(2)
Worldview
153(1)
Emotional Climate
153(1)
The Influence of Families on Work
154(4)
Bringing the Family to Work
154(1)
Managing the Contradiction
155(3)
Can Families Put Pressure for Change on Employers?
158(3)
Flextime
158(2)
Family Leave
160(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
161(2)
Housework
163(27)
Housework, the Invisible Occupation
164(3)
What Is It Like to Be a Housewife?
165(2)
Who Does the Housework?
167(11)
How Are the Tasks Divided?
168(1)
Social-Class Variation
168(2)
Children's Work in Families
170(2)
Feeding the Family
172(1)
Socialization Goals while Feeding Children
173(1)
The Difference between Full-Time Housewives and Part-Time Housewives
174(2)
High Tech and Housework
176(1)
A Recent Addition to the Tasks of the Housewife
177(1)
Why Is Housework Divided Unequally?
178(5)
Socializing Housewives
179(1)
Making a Rational Choice
180(1)
Unequal Work and the Politics of Gender
181(2)
What Can Be Done about the Inequality in the Division of Housework?
183(5)
Negotiating New Ways to Divide Work
183(1)
Mothers as Gatekeepers
184(1)
Hiring a Maid
185(2)
Solving the Problem of Housework through Policy Change
187(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
188(2)
Love and Sex
190(29)
What Is Love?
192(2)
Historical Development of Love
192(1)
Postmodern Romance
193(1)
Human Sexuality
194(14)
Sexual Standards
195(1)
Sex and the Law
196(1)
Problems in Sex Research
197(1)
Ideas about Sex
198(2)
Premarital Sex
200(2)
Teen Romance
202(3)
The Marriage Bed
205(1)
Nonmonogamous Activity
206(1)
HIV/AIDS
207(1)
Some Theoretical Debates on Sexuality
208(3)
Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, and Lesbianism
208(2)
Explaining the Focus on Sex
210(1)
Abortion
211(7)
Debates about Abortion
215(3)
The Micro-Macro Connection
218(1)
Marriage
219(30)
Characteristics of Marriage
220(12)
Marriage Is a Legal Contract
221(1)
Three Periods of Marriage and Family Law
222(1)
Marriage Is an Economic Arrangement
223(1)
Marriage Is a Sexual Relationship
224(1)
Marriage Means Commitment
225(1)
Marriage Is a Political Arena
226(2)
Power in Communication
228(1)
Religion, Politics, and Marriage
229(3)
Statistics on Marriage
232(11)
Age at First Marriage
233(1)
Racial Ethnic Differences in Age at First Marriage
233(3)
Marrying across Racial Ethnic Lines
236(1)
Long-Term Marriage
237(2)
Widowhood
239(1)
Transition to Marriage
240(1)
Cohabitation and Domestic Partnerships
241(2)
Singles
243(1)
Theoretical Debate on Marriage
243(3)
Families We Choose
246(2)
The Micro-Macro Connection
248(1)
Divorce and Remarriage
249(31)
How to Measure Divorce
251(8)
Rates of Divorce
252(1)
What Are the Correlates of Divorce?
253(1)
Historical Changes in Divorce
254(2)
Another American History of Divorce
256(2)
Why Do Women Choose Divorce?
258(1)
Divorce Transitions
259(10)
Social Stigmatization
259(2)
Economic Difficulties for Women
261(3)
Divorce as an Opportunity
264(2)
Remarriage
266(3)
Children and Divorce
269(8)
Child Custody
271(2)
Child Support
273(2)
Why Don't Men Pay?
275(1)
Divorced Fathers
276(1)
Finding Solutions: Where Were the Feminists?
277(2)
The Micro-Macro Connection
279(1)
Battering and Marital Rape
280(28)
Prevalence of Violence in Families
282(7)
Woman Battering
283(3)
Murder by Intimates
286(2)
Marital Rape
288(1)
Measuring the Social Costs of Domestic Violence
289(1)
Theories about Violence in Families
289(11)
Why Does Violence Occur?
290(1)
Explaining Woman Battering as a Result of Individual Characteristics
291(1)
Violence-Prone Family Structure in Our Society
291(3)
A Feminist Social-Structural View on Battering and Marital Rape
294(3)
The Controversy over the Battered Husband Syndrome
297(1)
Three Points of View, Three Strategies for Policy
298(1)
The Discovery of Violence in Families
299(1)
Finding Solutions
300(7)
The Get-Tough-with-Abusers Campaign
302(2)
The Battered Women's Movement
304(2)
Violence against Women Act
306(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
307(1)
Parents
308(36)
Parents and Parenting
309(3)
Parenting Role
310(1)
Transition to Parenting
311(1)
Mothering
312(13)
Choosing Single Motherhood
313(2)
Lesbigay Parents
315(3)
Teenage Mothers
318(4)
What Do Teen Mothers Have to Say about Motherhood?
322(1)
Delaying Childbirth
322(1)
High Technology and Mothering
323(2)
What about Fathers?
325(4)
Bringing Fathers into Parenting
326(1)
New Fathers in Word and Deed
327(1)
Single Fathers
328(1)
Other Fathers
329(1)
Coparenting
329(5)
Childless by Choice
330(2)
Grandparents
332(2)
Is Biology Destiny?
334(4)
What Is Wrong with the Sociobiological Model?
336(1)
If Biology Is Not Destiny, Are Men and Women Identical as Parents?
337(1)
Child Care
338(5)
Lessons from History
342(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
343(1)
Children
344(35)
Postmodern American Children
346(26)
Children as Learners of Adult Culture
346(1)
Gender Socialization in Families
347(3)
Social Interactionist Theory
350(1)
Racial Socialization
351(2)
Television Socializes Children
353(3)
Children as Threats
356(2)
The Positive Effects of Children on Parents
358(3)
Children as Victims: Child Abuse
361(1)
Mothers, Fathers, and Child Abuse
362(2)
Incest
364(2)
Radical Feminist Theory on Incest
366(2)
Children as Victims: Poverty
368(2)
Sisters and Brothers
370(2)
Theoretical Problems in the Study of Children
372(3)
How Do We Think of Children and Childhood?
372(2)
How Accurate Is Our Image of Children?
374(1)
Resistance against Child Abuse and Incest
375(1)
PFLAG Does Real Family Values
376(1)
The Micro-Macro Connection
377(2)
Families, Family Policy, and the State
379(26)
The Welfare State and Family Policy
381(1)
Social Policy and Families: The Case of the Welfare System
382(12)
Persistent Myths about Welfare Mothers
384(2)
Welfare and Gender and Race
386(1)
History and Trends for the Future in Welfare
387(3)
Family Support Act
390(1)
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
391(3)
Why Is There No Explicit Family Policy in the United States?
394(6)
What Is a State?
396(1)
The State and Inequality
397(3)
Resistance to the Welfare System
400(4)
The Micro-Macro Connection
404(1)
References 405(44)
Index 449


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