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This textbook integrates the four disciplines of chemical technology: chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology. It covers not only the design of chemical reactors but also the pre- and post-treatment of feedstock and products and thereby provides a deep insight into industrial relevant problems. The two main parts include: - The fundamentals of chemical technology as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes. - The presentation and analysis of 30 important industrial processes. This book is both chemical engineering for chemists as well as chemistry for chemical engineers.
Andreas Jess studied at the Technical University of Aachen and wrote his thesis on the optimization of isomerization processes. He obtained his PhD from the University of Karlsruhe and in 1998 he became professor for technical chemistry in Aachen. Since 2001 Jess is owner of the chair of Chemical Engineering at the University of Bayreuth. His research interest is the optimization of well established chemical processes and the development and implementation of new methods and techniques.
Peter Wasserscheid studied chemistry at the Technical University of Aachen and obtained his PhD for the work on the use of ionic liquids. After a postdoc at BP Chemicals in Great Britain Wasserscheid returned to Aachen. In 2001 he became Scientific Supervisor of the Solvent Innovation Company and since 2003 he owns the chair of Chemical Reaction Engineering at the University of N?rnberg. At present he researches the development of concepts for highly selective catalytic processes.
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION History and Structure of the Chemical Industry Guideline for the Use of this Book COMPENDIUM OF CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY Objectives and Outline of Chapter 2 Stability and Reactivity of Chemical Bonds Key Reactions Catalysis Analytical Methods (Overview) COMPENDIUM OF THERMAL AND MECHANICAL UNIT OPERATIONS Objectives and Outline of Chapter 3 Properties of Gases, Liquids and Solids Transport Processes Thermal Unit Operations Mechanical Unit Operations COMPENDIUM OF CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING Objectives and Outline of Chapter 4 Chemical Thermodynamics Kinetics of Homogeneous Reactions Kinetics of Gas-Solid Reactions Kinetics of Heterogeneous Catalyzed Reactions Kinetics of Homogeneous Catalyzed Reactions Measurement and Interpretation of Kinetic Data Chemical Reactors COMPENDIUM OF GENERAL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY Objectives and Outline of Chapter 2.4 Raw Materials and Energy Sources Important Inorganic Intermediates and Final Products Important Organic Intermediates and Final Products Important Environmental Aspects of Chemical Technology EXAMPLES OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Ammonia and Fertilisers Syngas Sulphuric Acid Nitric Acid Coke and Steel Basic Chemicals by Steam Cracking Liquid Fuels by Cracking of Heavy Oil Clean Fuels by Hydrotreating High Octane Gasoline by Reforming Refinery Alkylation Fuels and Chemicals by Fischer-Tropsch-Synthesis Dimerisation of Olefins (Dimersol-Process) Methanol Ethylenoxide Propylenoxide Hydroformylation (Oxosynthesis) Catalytic Oxidation of O-Xylene to Phthalic Acid Anhydride Acrylonitrile Synthesis Adipodinitril Synthesis Terephtalic Acid Vinylchloride Aniline Synthesis Detergents from Renewable Resources: Hydrogenation of Fatty Acid Esters Detergents from Ethylene: Shell Higher Olefine-Process Polyethylene Polystyrene Polycarbonate Production of Fine Chemicals in a Batch Reactor: Example Fragrances Electrolytic Chloralkali Production Treatment of Exhaust Gases Water Treatment MISCELLANEOUS AND TRENDS IN CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY Objectives and Outline of Chapter 4 Membrane Reactors Chromatographic Reactors Multifunctional Reactors Microreactors New Solvents: Water, Ionic Liquids, Supercritical Fluids Trends in Modelling of Chemical Reactors