9780816522057

Chicana/O Identity in A Changing U. S. So : Quien Soy? Quienes Somos?

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780816522057

  • ISBN10:

    0816522057

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 5/1/2004
  • Publisher: Univ of Arizona Pr
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Summary

What does it mean to be Chicana/o?That question might not be answered the same as it was a generation ago. As the United States witnesses a major shift in its population--from a white majority to a country where no single group predominates--the new mix not only affects relations between ethnic groups but also influences how individuals view themselves. This book addresses the development of individual and social identity within the context of these new demographic and cultural shifts. It identifies the contemporary forces that shape group identity in order to show how Chicana/os' sense of personal identity and social identity develops and how these identities are affected by changes in social relations. The authors, both nationally recognized experts in social psychology, are concerned with the subjective definitions individuals have about the social groups with which they identify, as well as with linguistic, cultural, and social contexts. Their analysis reveals what the majority of Chicanas/os experience, using examples from music, movies, and the arts to illustrate complex concepts. In considering ¿Quién Soy? ("Who Am I?"), they discuss how individuals develop a positive sense of who they are as Chicanas/os, with an emphasis on the influence of family, schools, and community. Regarding ¿Quiénes Somos? ("Who Are We?"), they explore Chicanas/os' different group memberships that define who they are as a people, particularly reviewing the colonization history of the American Southwest to show how Chicanas/os' group identity is influenced by this history. A chapter on "Language, Culture, and Community" looks at how Chicanas/os define their social identities inside and outside their communities, whether in the classroom, neighborhood, or region. In a final chapter, the authors speculate how Chicana/o identity will change as Chicanas/os become a significant proportion of the U.S. population and as such factors as immigration, intermarriage, and improvements in social standing influence the process of identification. At the end of each chapter is an engaging exercise that reinforces its main argument and shows how psychological approaches are applicable to real life.Chicana/o Identity in a Changing U.S. Societyis an unprecedented introduction to psychological issues that students can relate to and understand. It complements other titles in the Mexican American Experience series to provide a balanced view of issues that affect Mexican Americans today.

Author Biography

Aida Hurtado is Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz Patricia Gurin is Nancy Cantor Distinguished University Professor, Emerita, of Psychology and Women's Studies at the University of Michigan

Table of Contents

List of Figures
ix
Table
ix
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction xiii
A Word about Our Perspective xviii
¿Quien Soy?: The Development of Self
3(24)
The Development of a Positive Sense of Self: Ethnicity, Race, Class, and Gender
6(16)
Conclusions: Multiple Social Adaptations to Cultural Transformations
22(2)
Summary
24(3)
Discussion Exercises
25(2)
¿Quienes Somos?: The Importance of Social Identity
27(41)
Personal Identity and Social Identity
30(6)
The Creation of Social Identities
36(14)
Identification and Consciousness in Ethnic Identity Formation
50(1)
An Example of Identification and Consciousness
51(13)
Summary
64(4)
Discussion Exercises
66(2)
Language, Culture, and Community: Group Life in Creating and Maintaining Identities
68(41)
Meritocracy
69(1)
Universal Rule
69(4)
Degrouping
73(8)
Regrouping through Empowerment
81(4)
Reclamaciones: Toward a Whole Self
85(20)
Regrouping the Degrouped Group
105(2)
Summary
107(2)
Discussion Exercises
108(1)
Notes
108(1)
Conclusions: The Future of Identity Formations
109(20)
Multiple Social Adaptations to Cultural Transformations
112(2)
New Developments in the Study of Social Identities: Transnationalism and Transculturalism
114(12)
Summary
126(3)
Discussion Exercises
127(1)
Note
128(1)
Glossary 129(6)
Bibliography 135(6)
Source Credits 141(4)
Index 145

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