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Chinese Civilization A Sourcebook, 2nd Ed

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780029087527

ISBN10:
002908752X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/10/1993
Publisher(s):
Free Press
List Price: $21.95

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This is the 2nd edition with a publication date of 5/10/1993.
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Summary

Chinese Civilization sets the standard for supplementary texts in Chinese history courses. With newly expanded material, personal documents, social records, laws, and documents that historians mistakenly ignore, the sixth edition is even more useful than its classic predecessor. A complete and thorough introduction to Chinese history and culture.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition xi(2)
Preface to the First Edition xiii(2)
Contents According to Topics xv(4)
A Note on the Selection and Translation of Sources xix(1)
Map of China
xx
I. THE CLASSICAL PERIOD 1(46)
1. Late Shang Divination Records. The questions and answers inscribed on oracle bones used to communicate with divine powers
3(3)
2. The Metal Bound Box. A scene in which the Duke of Zhou offers his life to the ancestors in place of his nephew the king, from the Book of Documents
6(2)
3. Hexagrams in the Book of Changes. Two passages from an ancient diviners' manual
8(3)
4. Songs and Poems. Songs of courtship, feasting, and war, from the Book of Songs
11(3)
5. The Battle Between Jin and Chu. Description of the strategies, jockeying for position, and boasting of a major battle, from the Zuo zhuan
14(3)
6. Confucian Teachings. Passages from the Analects, Mencius, and Xunzi
17(10)
7. Daoist Teachings. Passages from the Laozi and Zhuangzi
27(5)
8. Legalist Teachings. Passages from the Book of Lord Shang and Han Feizi
32(6)
9. Two Avengers. From the Intrigues of the Warring States
38(4)
10. Social Rituals. The procedures to be followed when an inferior visits a superior and vice-versa, from the Book of Etiquette and Ritual
42(5)
II. THE QIN AND HAN DYNASTIES 47(40)
11. Penal Servitude in Qin Law. From excavated wooden-strip documents
51(3)
12. The World Beyond China. From Sima Qian's Historical Records
54(3)
13. Heaven, Earth, and Man. From the writings of Dong Zhongshu
57(3)
14. The Debate on Salt and Iron. A court debate between the Legalist prime minister and the Confucian scholars about the role of the government in economic matters
60(4)
15. The Classic of Filial Piety. A popular primer that glorifies the virtue of filial devotion
64(5)
16. Wang Fu on Friendship and Getting Ahead. A second-century man's cynical view of how men get ahead
69(3)
17. Women's Virtues and Vices. An exemplary biography of a model woman, the lament of a man whose wife was far from model, and a woman's admonitions to girls on how to behave
72(5)
18. Yin and Yang in Medical Theory. The theory behind traditional medicine, from the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine
77(3)
19. Local Cults. Three stone inscriptions describing shrines erected to honor various deities
80(3)
20. Uprisings. Accounts of two religious leaders and the uprisings they staged
83(4)
III. THE ERA OF DIVISION AND THE TANG DYNASTY 87(50)
21. Ge Hong's Autobiography. By a fourth-century scholar and reluctant official
91(6)
22. Buddhist Doctrines and Practices. Wei Shou's summary of Buddhist doctrines, hagiographic accounts of two monks, and documents found at Dunhuang showing Buddhist belief in practice
97(8)
23. Tales of Ghosts and Demons. Three tales from a fourth-century collection
105(4)
24. Cultural Differences Between the North and the South. Two views of the distinctions that developed during a period of political separation and non-Han domination in the North
109(3)
25. Emperor Taizong on Effective Government. A summary of political theory, written by the second Tang emperor for his sons
112(4)
26. The Tang Legal Code. Sections from the laws on theft and robbery and those on land and taxes
116(4)
27. The Errors of Geomancy. An official's complaints about the profusion of theories
120(3)
28. The Dancing Horses of Xuanzong's Court. Unusual and exotic entertainment
123(2)
29. Family Business. Documents from Dunhuang on the sale of slaves, division of property, and household registration
125(3)
30. The Examination System. Humorous and semihumorous anecodotes about men's efforts to pass the civil service examinations
128(4)
31. A Pilgrim's Visit to the Five Terraces Mountains. From the diary of a Japanese monk who made a pilgrimage to one of the sacred sites of Buddhism
132(5)
IV. THE SONG AND YUAN DYNASTIES 137(66)
32. The Tanguts and Their Relations with the Han Chinese. Some Tangut maxims, a Tangut ruler's letter to the Song emperor, and the preface to a Chinese-Tangut glossary
139(3)
33. Book of Rewards and Punishments. A moral tract associated with popular Daoism
142(4)
34. Precepts of the Perfect Truth Daoist Sect. Principles of a Daoist monastic sect
146(5)
35. Wang Anshi, Sima Guang, and Emperor Shenzong. A court debate between the leading activist and his conservative opponent and letters they wrote each other outlining their differences
151(4)
36. Rules for the Fan Lineage's Charitable Estate. The rules by which a charitable trust was to be run for the benefit of the members of the lineage
155(2)
37. Ancestral Rites. From a ritual manual giving the procedures to be followed
157(7)
38. Women and the Problems They Create. Three folktale-like stories of unusual women and a sympathetic view of women's problems
164(5)
39. Longing to Recover the North. Poems by six twelfth-century writers expressing their anguish at the loss of China's heartland
169(3)
40. Zhu Xi's Conversations with His Disciples. Conversations between a leading neo-Confucian philosopher and his students
172(6)
41. The Attractions of the Capital. A description of economic activity, entertainment, and amenities in the city of Hangzhou
178(8)
42. The Mutual Responsibility System. One magistrate's instructions on how these units were to operate
186(2)
43. On Farming. How to plant, weed, care for tools, budget time, and so on
188(4)
44. A Mongol Governor. The biography of a Mongol who spent decades putting down rebellions and securing Mongol rule
192(3)
45. A Schedule for Learning. Neo-Confucian rules and advice for teachers and students
195(4)
46. A Scholar-Painter's Diary. Two weeks of social and intellectual activity
199(4)
V. THE MING DYNASTY 203(64)
47. Proclamations of the Hongwu Emperor. A despot's complaints about how difficult it was to get his subjects to act properly
205(3)
48. The Dragon Boat Race. A description of the festival as performed in one place in Hunan
208(3)
49. Village Ordinances. Sample ordinances a village could adopt
211(2)
50. Commercial Activities. Sample contracts, an essay on merchants, and a biography of an admired one
213(8)
51. What the Weaver Said. An artisan's view of his work
221(2)
52. Tenants. Two contracts specifying the responsibilities of quasi-hereditary tenant-servants on one estate and reports of riots by tenants
223(3)
53. Shi Jin the Nine-Dragoned. Episode from a novel describing the background of one outlaw
226(12)
54. Family Instructions. Advice and rules found in a lineage genealogy
238(7)
55. Concubines. How concubines were bought, the reminiscences of a man for a beloved concubine, and an episode from a novel depicting the ploys of a malicious concubine
245(8)
56. Widows Loyal Unto Death. Accounts from a local history glorifying women who showed loyalty to their dead husbands by killing themselves
253(3)
57. Two Philosophers. Letters and conversations of two important thinkers, Wang Yangming and Li Zhi
256(7)
58. A Censor Accuses a Eunuch. A memorial to the emperor accusing the eunuch Wei Zhongxian of usurping his authority and acting tyrannically
263(4)
VI. THE QING DYNASTY 267(64)
59. The Yangzhou Massacre. One family's experiences, recounted in a diary
271(9)
60. Proverbs About Heaven. Standard sayings
280(2)
61. Taxes and Labor Service. A description of the forms in which taxes and service were assessed in one country
282(5)
62. Permanent Property. The advice a man gave his sons concerning the importance of owning land and how to manage it
287(5)
63. Lan Dingyuan's Casebook. Two examples of how an energetic Magistrate solved administrative and legal cases
292(5)
64. Exhortations on Ceremony and Deference. A lecture delivered by an official in the hope of teaching villagers good behavior
297(4)
65. Village Organization. Two records of village affairs, one about a water-use agreement, the other the creation of a fair
301(3)
66. The Village Headman and the New Teacher. Episode from a novel about how a teacher was hired
304(5)
67. Boat People. A local history's account of a minority group
309(2)
68. Placards Posted in Guangzhou. Official orders to admit foreigners to the city after the Opium War and protests from local residents
311(2)
69. Infant Protection Society. An account of one man's efforts to stem infanticide
313(5)
70. Mid-Century Rebels. Confessions, proclamations, petitions, and descriptions of a number of different rebel groups
318(5)
71. The Conditions and Activities of Workers. A stone inscription recording official disapproval of organizing by workers and an official report of working conditions in a water-logged mine
323(3)
72. Genealogy Rules. The rules one lineage used in compiling its genealogy
326(5)
VII. THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY 331(76)
73. Liang Qichao on His Trip to America. Comments on the amazing sights in New York, and reflections on Chinese social organization
335(6)
74. Ridding China of Bad Customs. Proposals for ways to end footbinding, suppress opium addiction, and free young girl bondservants
341(7)
75. Rural Education. Recollections of a teacher introducing science to a rural school
348(6)
76. My Old Home. A story showing problems of communication between upper and lower class men
354(6)
77. The Spirit of the May Fourth Movement. Recollections of a woman who had been in middle school at the time
360(4)
78. The Haifeng Peasant Association. How one man tried to organize peasants
364(9)
79. The Dog-Meat General. An account of one of the more incompetent and brutal warlords
373(5)
80. The General Strike. A magazine account of a strike in Shanghai in 1928
378(7)
81. Funeral Processions. A description of two funeral processions with a list of the equipment used and the cost
385(6)
82. My Children. An essay by a man with five children
391(5)
83. The Life of Beggars. An account of the Social organization of beggars and their various techniques of earning a living
396(5)
84. Generalissimo Jiang on National Identity. Two speeches, early and late in the War Against Japan, on China's relations with other countries and the relations of the various nationalities within China
401(6)
VIII. THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC 407(98)
85. The Communist Party. A speech by Liu Shaoqi on party organization and discipline
411(5)
86. Land Reform. An episode from a novel showing peasants learning "to stand up"
416(6)
87. Hu Feng and Mao Zedong. Letters of a leading intellectual which Mao published with his own commentary on how they demonstrated his counterrevolutionary tendencies
422(7)
88. A New Young Man Arrives at the Organization Department. An episode from a story of the conflict between an idealistic young party member and the entrenched power structure
429(6)
89. Peng Dehuai's Critique of the Great Leap Forward. Peng's letter to Mao offering measured criticism of his policies
435(5)
90. Developing Agricultural Production. A newspaper account of efforts to inspire members of a production brigade to work harder
440(2)
91. Lei Feng, Chairman Mao's Good Fighter. Inspirational anecdotes about a model worker and soldier, devoted to aiding the people
442(5)
92. Housing in Shanghai. A newspaper article describing the effects of state control of housing
447(2)
93. Red Guards. Red Guards' accounts of their activities during the Cultural Revolution
449(9)
94. Victims. A short story written after the fall of the "Gang of Four," showing some of the negative effects on both the older and younger generations of the Cultural Revolution
458(12)
95. The Changing Course of Courtship. Four documents that show the changing circumstances in which young people have looked for spouses
470(8)
96. The One-Child Family. One province' regulations for fostering the one-child family and a magazine article on the pressure young mothers have experienced because of this policy
478(4)
97. Economic Liberalization and New Problems for Women. Newspaper and magazine articles protesting some of the ways new policies have had adverse effects on women's employment or welfare
482(6)
98. Peasants in the Cities. An interview and a newspaper article concerning the rural residents who flocked to the cities in the 1980s
488(8)
99. Posters Calling for Democracy. Posters from the 1989 Democracy Protests
496(5)
100. Defending China's Socialist Democracy. A newspaper article refuting the views of those who believe that the West is more democratic than China
501(4)
Glossary 505(4)
Suggestions for Further Reading 509(6)
Original Sources 515(5)
Index 520


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