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After thirty years, Medical Ethics has matured to where a collection of core writings in the field is now possible. There is even a danger that some classic articles will cease to be known because they are no longer included in "issue of the moment" anthologies. This book offers classic, well-written articles that have stood the test of time and have something to teach. These are articles with good philosophical analysis dealing with important topics and making significant contributions to understanding of issues. There are no long, boring selections from government commissions or technical pieces from scientific journals. Many selections illustrate how and why philosophers contributed to the progress of medical ethics. The articles cluster around several broad philosophical questions: terminating the lives of dying patients; assisting human life to begin outside the womb; terminating the beginnings of human life; personhood and higher animals, fetuses, impaired newborns, comatose patients; individual rights against the greater social good; and allocating scarce medical resources.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Ethical Theories and Medical Ethics, Gregory Pence
PART I: ALLOWING DEATH TO OCCUR IN INCOMPETENT PATIENTS
Chapter 1. Active and Passive Euthanasia, James Rachels
Chapter 2. On Killing Patients with Kindness: An Appeal for Caution, Alan J. Weisbard and Mark Seigler
Chapter 3. The Cognitive Criterion of Humanhood, Joseph Fletcher
PART II: ALLOWING DEATH BY COMPETENT ADULTS TO OCCUR
Chapter 4. Voluntary Active Euthanasia, Dan Brock
Chapter 5. The Right to Suicide: A Psychiatrist’s View, Jerome Motto
Chapter 6. Physical-Assisted Dying: Self-Determination Run Amok, Daniel Callahan
PART III: ASSISTED REPRODUCTION: EMBRYOS
Chapter 7. The Moral Status of the Embryo, Peter Singer
Chapter 8. "Making Babies" Revisited, Leon Kass
Chapter 9. Ending Reproductive Roulette, Joseph Fletcher
PART IV: ASSISTED REPRODUCTION: SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD
Chapter 10. The Case Against Surrogate Parenting, Herbert Krimmel
Chapter 11. Surrogate Mothers: Not So Novel After All, John Roberston
PART V: ABORTION
Chapter 12. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thomson
Chapter 13. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
Chapter 14. Why Abortion is Immoral, Don Marquis
PART VI: ETHICS AND IMPERILED NEWBORNS
Chapter 15. Abortion and Infanticide, Michael Tooley
Chapter 16. Involuntary Euthanasia of Defective Newborns
PART VII: EXPERIMENTATION ON ANIMALS
Chapter 17. All Animals Are Equal, Peter Singer
PART VIII: JUST ALLOCATION OF SCARCE MEDICAL RESOURCES
Chapter 18. The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy, Nicholas Rescher
Chapter 19. Alcoholics and Liver Transplantation, Carl Cohen, Martin Benjamin et al.
Chapter 20. Rationing Failure: Ethical Lessons of Retransplantation, Peter Ubell, Robert Arnold and Arthur Caplan
PART IX: INVOLUNTARY PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT
Chapter 21. The Case for Involuntary Hospitalization of the Mentally Ill, Paul Chodoff
Chapter 22. Involuntary Mental Hospitalization: A Crime Against Humanity, Thomas Szasz
PART X: GENETIC INFORMATION AND GENETIC THERAPY
Chapter 23. Bad Axioms in Genetic Engineering, C. Keith Boone
Chapter 24. Moral Issues in Human Genetics: Counseling or Control?, Ruth Macklin
Chapter 25. Resisting Reductionism from the Human Genome Project, Robert N. Proctor
PART XI: JUSTICE, FINANCE, AND MEDICAL CARE
Chapter 26. Saint Martin of Tours in a New World of Medical Ethics, Richard D. Lamm
Chapter 27. For and Against Equal Access to Health Care, Amy Gutman
PART XII: ETHICS AND AIDS
Chapter 28. How Society Should Respond to AIDS, Richard Mohr