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Classical Myth,9780130884428

Classical Myth

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130884428

ISBN10:
0130884421
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $75.00

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Summary

For courses in Classical Mythology in Classics, English, or other departments.Comprehensive and scholarly, this well-designed and class-tested text presents Greek and Roman myths in a lively and easy-to-read manner. It features fresh translations, numerous illustrations (ancient and modern) of classical myths and legends, and commentary that emphasizes the anthropological, historical, religious, sociological, and economic contexts in which the myths were told.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
PART I Definitions and Background
The Nature of Myth
1(13)
What is a Myth?
2(2)
Types of Myth
4(6)
Divine Myth
4(3)
Legend
7(2)
Folktale
9(1)
The Study of Myth
10(4)
The Cultural Context of Classical Myth
14(33)
Greek Geography
14(4)
Greek History
18(10)
The Early/Middle Bronze Age (3000--1600 B.C.)
19(1)
The Mycenaean Age (1600--1200 B.C.)
20(1)
The Dark Age (1200--800 B.C.)
21(1)
The Archaic Period (800--480 B.C.)
22(2)
The Classical Period (480--323 B.C.)
24(3)
The Hellenistic Period (323--31 B.C.)
27(1)
Greek Society
28(14)
Men
28(5)
Women
33(5)
Slavery
38(1)
Religion
39(1)
Beliefs and Customs
40(2)
Greece and Rome
42(5)
The Development of Classical Myth
47(25)
The Beginnings of Greek Myth
47(4)
The Influence of Near Eastern Myth
51(8)
Sumerian Myth
52(4)
Semitic Myth
56(2)
Other Sources
58(1)
Greek Myth in the Archaic Period
59(3)
Greek Myth in the Classical Period
62(4)
Greek Myth in the Hellenistic Period
66(1)
The Roman Appropriation of Greek Myth
67(5)
PART II Divine Myths
Myths of Creation: The Rise of Zeus
72(34)
The Children of Chaos
72(3)
The Children of Gaea: The Titans and Their Cousins
75(4)
The Titans
75(2)
Cyclopes, Hecatonchires
77(1)
Hyperion's Children: Sun, Moon, Dawn
77(2)
Cronus Against Uranus
79(5)
The Birth of Aphrodite, Monsters, and Sea Deities
80(4)
Zeus Against Cronus: The Battle With the Titans
84(4)
Zeus's Battle With Typhoeus
88(2)
Zeus's Battle With the Giants
90(2)
Prominent Themes in the Greek Creation Story
92(2)
Eastern Creation Stories
94(12)
Observations: The Succession Myth in Hesiod and the Near East
101(5)
Myths of Creation: The Origins of Mortals
106(28)
Prometheus, Maker of Mortals
106(2)
The Sumerian Creation of Man from Mud
107(1)
Prometheus, Protector of Mortals
108(4)
Pandora
112(8)
Observations: Women as Containers
117(3)
The Five Races
120(3)
The Universal Flood
123(6)
Ziusudra, Atrahasis, and Noah
123(2)
Lycaon, Deucalion, and Pyrrha
125(4)
Prominent Themes in Greek Stories of Human Origins
129(5)
Myths of the Olympian Gods: Zeus and Hera
134(17)
Zeus, Lord of the Sky
136(8)
Hera, Queen of Heaven
144(3)
Zeus and Hera at Home on Olympus
147(4)
Observations: Greek Anthropomorphism
149(2)
Myths of the Olympian Gods: The Male Deities
151(41)
Poseidon, Lord of the Deep
152(2)
Hades, King of the Dead
154(1)
Apollo the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy
154(16)
The Birth of Apollo on Delos
157(2)
Apollo at Delphi
159(3)
Observations: The Delphic Oracle
162(2)
Apollo's Unhappy Loves
164(4)
Observations: Apollo, God of Shamans
168(2)
Hephaestus, God of Smiths
170(2)
Ares, Incarnation of Blood Lust
172(3)
Hermes, Trickster God of Way Farers
175(17)
Pan, The Goathered's God
190(2)
Myths of the Olympians: The Female Deities
192(24)
Demeter, Mistress of Wheat
193(1)
Hestia, The Hearth
193(11)
Aphrodite, Goddess of Sexual Love
193(2)
Hermaphroditus and Priapus
195(1)
Pygmalion
195(3)
Aphrodite and Anchises
198(6)
Artemis, Mistress of Animals
204(6)
Orion, Actaeon, and Callisto
207(3)
Athena, Mistress of the City
210(6)
Arachne
213(3)
Myths of Fertility: Demeter and the Great Goddess
216(32)
Inanna and Dumuzi
217(3)
Observations: The Dying God and the Sacred Marriage
220(1)
Isis and Osiris
220(4)
Cybele and Attis
224(2)
Aphrodite and Adonis
226(3)
Demeter and Persephone
229(15)
Observations: The Myth of Demeter and Persephone
241(3)
The Eleusinian Mysteries
244(4)
Myths of Fertility: Dionysus
248(35)
The Birth and Early Youth of Dionysus
250(1)
The Wanderings of Dionysus
251(3)
Resistance to the God
254(2)
Dionysus and the Pirates
256(1)
Dionysus in Thebes
257(14)
Dionysus' Journey to the Land of the Dead
271(4)
Observations: The Myths of Dionysus
271(4)
The Cult of Dionysus
275(2)
Dionysus, God of the Theater
277(6)
Myths of Death: Encounters with the Underworld
283(30)
The Greek View of Death
283(3)
Odysseus' Journey to Death's Realm
286(9)
Plato's ``Myth'' of Er
295(1)
Aeneas' Descent to the Underworld
296(9)
Orpheus and Eurydice
305(4)
Orphism
309(4)
PART III Legends
Introduction to Heroic Myth
313(9)
Gilgamesh and Enkidu
314(1)
Gilgamesh and Humbaba
315(1)
Gilgamesh and Ishtar
316(4)
The Quest for Eternal Life
318(1)
Observation: The Hero Caught Between Nature and Culture
319(1)
Folktale Motifs in Heroic Myths
320(2)
Perseus and Myths of the Argive Plain
322(23)
Io and Her Descendants
323(6)
The Wanderings of Io
323(4)
The Crimes of the Danaids
327(1)
Observations: Springs and the Dangers of Woman
328(1)
The Legend of Perseus
329(16)
Danae and the Shower of Gold
329(3)
Perseus the Gorgon-slayer
332(3)
Perseus and Andromeda
335(4)
The Death of Acrisius
339(1)
Observations: Perseus and Folktale
339(3)
Medusa's Head
342(3)
Heracles
345(38)
The Birth of Heracles
346(5)
Observations: Twins and Divine Birth
349(2)
Heracles' Youthful Deeds
351(3)
Marriage, Madness, and Murder
354(2)
The Twelve Labors
356(15)
Observations: Heracles' Labors
368(3)
Various Deeds
371(1)
The Death of Heracles
372(7)
The Return of the Heraclids
379(4)
Observations: Heracles Kallinikos, ``Handsome in Victory''
379(4)
Theseus and the Myths of Athens
383(35)
Cecrops, Erichthonius, and the Daughters of Cecrops
383(5)
Observations: The Festival of the Dew Carriers
385(3)
Procris and Cephalus
388(3)
Procne and Tereus
391(6)
Observations: Ovid's Literary Myth
396(1)
Theseus
397(21)
The Begetting of Theseus
397(1)
The Labors of Theseus
398(2)
Arrival at Athens, Bacchylides 18
400(2)
Theseus and Antiope
402(1)
Observations: The Amazons
403(1)
Theseus and Hippolytus
404(7)
Observations: The Folktale of ``Potiphar's Wife''
411(1)
The Exploits of Theseus and Pirithous
412(2)
The Death of Theseus
414(1)
Observations: Myth and Propaganda
414(4)
The Myths of Crete
418(26)
Europa and the Bull
419(2)
Minos and Pasiphae
421(5)
Minos and Scylla
426(1)
Theseus and Amphitrite
426(3)
Theseus and the Minotaur
429(3)
Daedalus and Icarus
432(2)
The Death of Minos
434(2)
Observations: Archaeology and Cretan Myth
436(8)
Oedipus and the Myths of Thebes
444(29)
The Founding of Thebes: Cadmus and the Dragon
444(8)
The Twins Amphion and Zethus
449(1)
Observations: The Two Foundings of Thebes
450(2)
Oedipus the King
452(7)
Observations: Heroic Sufferer for Truth---Or Victim of Curiosity?
458(1)
The Seven Against Thebes
459(8)
Oedipus at Colonus
460(3)
Tydeus at Thebes
463(1)
The Battle before Thebes
463(4)
Sophocles' Antigone
467(3)
Observations: Revenge of the Parthenos
469(1)
The Epigoni
470(3)
Jason and the Myths of Iolcus and Calydon
473(36)
Prelude to the Argonautica
474(3)
Phrixus, Helle, and the Golden Fleece
474(1)
Pelias and Aeson
475(2)
The Voyage of the Argo
477(12)
Early Adventures
478(2)
Phineus and the Harpies
480(1)
The Symplegades
481(1)
Medea and the Golden Fleece
482(5)
Libya
487(1)
Observations: Jason, the Deflated Hero
487(2)
After the Voyage of the Argo
489(11)
The Death of Pelias
489(1)
Jason and Medea in Corinth
490(9)
Observations: Medea, Sorceress and Wife
499(1)
The Calydonian Boar Hunt
500(9)
Observations: Heroic Myths of the Hunt and the Hunter
506(3)
The Trojan War: The House of Atreus; The Anger of Achilles
509(36)
The House of Atreus
510(3)
Pelops, Oenomaus, and Hippodamia
510(1)
The Banquet of Thyestes
511(2)
The House of Tyndareus
513(3)
Leda and the Swan; The Dioscuri
513(1)
The Oath of Tyndareus
514(2)
The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis
516(2)
The Judgment of Paris
518(2)
The Trojan War
520(11)
The Gathering at Aulis
520(2)
The Journey to Troy
522(3)
Helen on the Wall
525(2)
The Anger of Achilles
527(4)
Hector and Andromache
531(14)
The Embassy to Achilles
534(4)
The Death of Hector
538(4)
Observations: Homer, Inventor of Plot and Character
542(3)
The Trojan War: The Fall of Troy; The Return of Agamemnon
545(21)
The Greeks at Troy
545(1)
The Judgment of the Arms of Achilles
545(10)
The Trojan Horse
548(3)
The Fall of Troy
551(4)
Agamemnon's Return
555(11)
The Murder of Agamemnon
557(3)
Orestes' Revenge
560(2)
The Trial of Orestes
562(1)
Observations: A Parable of Progress
563(3)
The Return of Odysseus
566(29)
Odysseus' Journey from Troy
567(16)
The Cicones and the Lotus Eaters
567(1)
Polyphemus
567(12)
Aeolus, the Laestrygonians, and Circe
579(1)
Sirens, Scylla and Charybdis, The Cattle of Helius, and Calypso
580(2)
Observations: Historical and Mythical Travel
582(1)
Return to Ithaca
583(12)
Phaeacia, Nausicaa
583(2)
Ithaca, Argus, and Euryclea
585(1)
Penelope, Telemachus, and the Suitors
586(5)
Observations: Symbols of Rebirth in the Folktale of the Man Who Came Home, Tested by Woman and the World
591(4)
Roman Myth
595(34)
Roman Religion
596(8)
Numina and Sacrificium
596(3)
Roman Deities Equated with Greek
599(3)
Gods of the Family and the State
602(2)
The Founding of Rome
604(10)
Roman Politics and History
604(1)
The Origins of Rome: Vergil and the Aeneid
605(7)
Observations: An Epic of National Rebirth
612(2)
Legends of the Roman Monarchy
614(11)
Romulus and Remus
614(4)
The Rape of the Sabine Women
618(1)
Titus Tatius, Tarpeia, and the Death of Romulus
618(1)
The Horatii and the Curiatii
619(1)
The Etruscan Dynasty and Tullia
619(3)
Lucretia and the End of Monarchy
622(3)
Heroes of the Early Republic
625(4)
Brutus and His Sons
625(1)
Horatius at the Bridge
625(1)
Mucius Scaevola
625(1)
Other Patriotic Heroes
626(1)
Observations: An Imaginary Past Preserves the Present
626(3)
PART IV Interpretation
Theories of Myth Interpretation
629(30)
Greek Theories
629(8)
Physical Allegory
631(2)
Historical Allegory: Euhemerism
633(1)
Moral Allegory
634(3)
Medieval and Renaissance Theories
637(2)
Theories of the Enlightenment
639(3)
Theories of the Ninnteenth and Twentieth Centuries
642(12)
Romantic Theories
642(1)
Anthropological Theories
643(3)
Linguistic Theories
646(2)
Psychological Theories
648(3)
Structuralist Theories
651(2)
Contextual Approaches
653(1)
Conclusion
654(5)
Appendix Roman and Greek Forms of Classical Names; Spelling and Pronunciation 659(4)
Index 663(18)
Greek and Roman Gods Chart 681(1)
Chronological Chart 682


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