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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory An Introduction



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Oxford University Press
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This clear and accessible textbook introduces students to the brain's remarkable capacity for memory. It begins with a history of thinking and research on the biological bases of memory, highlighting discoveries about the brain made in a "Golden Era" of neuroscience around the turn of the20th century. This is followed by presentation of our current understanding of the neurobiology of memory, organized into sections corresponding to the book's four major themes. The first is Connection, and it considers how memory is based on alterations in the communication between nerve cells.Research on the physiology and biochemistry of neurons has revealed a cascade of molecular events and structural changes that enhance or weaken the connectivity of nerve cells in support of memory. The second theme is Cognition, which considers the psychological structure of memory. Early work onthis topic involved controversy over the basic cognitive processes that underlie memory, and modern research has shown that these characterizations reflect distinctions among qualitatively different forms of memory. The third theme is Compartmentalization, the notion that the different forms ofmemory are accomplished by distinct brain systems. Recent research has revealed parallel memory systems that separately mediate our ability for conscious recollection, our capacity to acquire skills and habits, and our acquisition of emotional attachments and aversions. The fourth theme isConsolidation, the process by which memories are transformed from a labile trace into a permanent store. Scientists have shown that there are two distinct stages in memory consolidation, one involving cellular mechanisms that underlie a fixation of changes in the neuronal connection strengths andthe other involving a reorganization and restruction of the circuits that store and retrieve memories. The book assumes little background knowledge from biology or psychology, and is intended as a text for use in undergraduate courses on memory and cognitive science, and for early graduate students in neuroscience, cognitive science, or biology. It encapsulates the major concepts in the field, andmakes this area of research accessible to students who pursue a variety of related disciplines.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Four Themes in Research on the Neurobiology of Memory
Part I Connection: The Cellular and Molecular Bases of Memory 27(52)
Neurons and Simple Memory Circuits
Cellular Mechanisms of Memory: Complex Circuits
Part II Cognition: Is There a ``Cognitive'' Basis for Memory? 79(92)
Amnesia---Learning about Memory from Memory Loss
Exploring Declarative Memory Using Animal Models
Windows into the Workings of Memory
Part III Compartmentalization: Cortical Modules and Multiple Memory Systems 171(112)
The Cerebral Cortex and Memory
Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain
A Brain System for Declarative Memory
A Brain System for Procedural Memory
A Brain System for Emotional Memory
Part IV Consolidation: The Fixation and Reorganization of Memories 283(56)
Two Distinct Stages of Memory Consolidation
Working with Memory
Final Thoughts 339(2)
Glossary 341(12)
References in Figure Captions 353(4)
Index 357

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