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College Physics

by ; ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780201172850

ISBN10:
0201172852
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/1991
Publisher(s):
Addison Wesley

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Summary

Since its first printing in 1947, College Physics has conveyed the beauty and breadth of physics. This new edition represents the most comprehensive revision in the long, successful history of the book. It perpetuates those qualities and features that users of previous editions have found so desirable: comprehensive subject coverage, meticulous accuracy, complete explanations, extensive examples. The seventh edition uses a more relaxed and informal prose style making it more "user-friendly." The end-of-chapter problems have been extensively revised and grouped in three categories by difficulty. Problem-Solving Strategy sections list specific suggestions for developing a methodical and systematic approach to solving problems. Each chapter now begins with an introductory paragraph that summarizes the content of the chapter and relates it to what has gone before and what will come later. This encourages readers to look both backward and forward in order to see clearly the interrelations of various areas of physics and the beauty and fundamental unity of the subject. The goal of this text is to provide a broad, rigorous introduction to physics at the beginning college level. The primary emphasis is on physical principles and the development of problem-solving ability, rather than on historical background or specialized applications.

Table of Contents

Models, Measurements, and Vectors
1(22)
Introduction
2(1)
Idealized Models
3(1)
Standards and Units
4(3)
Unit Consistency and Conversions
7(2)
Precision and Significant Figures
9(2)
Estimates and Orders of Magnitude
11(1)
Vectors and Vector Addition
12(3)
Components of Vectors
15(8)
Motion along a Straight Line
23(26)
Average Velocity
24(1)
Instantaneous Velocity
25(3)
Average and Instantaneous Acceleration
28(3)
Motion with Constant Acceleration
31(5)
Freely Falling Bodies
36(4)
Relative Velocity
40(9)
Motion in a Plane
49(24)
Average and Instantaneous Velocity
50(2)
Average and Instantaneous Acceleration
52(1)
Components of Acceleration
52(2)
Projectile Motion
54(8)
Circular Motion
62(3)
Relative Velocity
65(8)
Newton's Laws of Motion
73(21)
Force
74(3)
Equilibrium and Newton's First Law
77(1)
Mass and Newton's Second Law
78(3)
Systems of Units
81(1)
Mass and Weight
82(2)
Newton's Third Law
84(2)
Examples
86(3)
Inertial Frames of Reference
89(5)
Applications of Newton's Laws
94(30)
Forces in Nature
95(1)
Contact Forces and Friction
96(4)
Equilibrium of a Particle
100(6)
Applications of Newton's Second Law
106(18)
Circular Motion and Gravitation
124(22)
Force in Circular Motion
125(4)
Motion in a Vertical Circle
129(1)
Newton's Law of Gravitation
130(4)
Gravitational Field
134(2)
Satellite Motion
136(4)
The Centrifuge
140(6)
Work and Energy
146(35)
Conservation of Energy
147(1)
Work
148(2)
Work Done by a Varying Force
150(2)
Work and Kinetic Energy
152(3)
Gravitational Potential Energy
155(7)
Elastic Potential Energy
162(5)
Conservative and Dissipative Forces
167(1)
Power
168(2)
Automotive Power
170(11)
Impulse and Momentum
181(26)
Impulse and Momentum
182(4)
Conservation of Momentum
186(3)
Inelastic Collisions
189(3)
Elastic Collisions
192(3)
Center of Mass
195(2)
Rocket Propulsion
197(10)
Rotational Motion
207(38)
Angular Velocity and Acceleration
208(1)
Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration
209(3)
Relation between Angular and Linear Velocity and Acceleration
212(1)
Kinetic Energy and Moment of Inertia
213(4)
Torque
217(1)
Torque and Angular Acceleration
218(4)
Rotation about a Moving Axis
222(3)
Work and Power in Rotational Motion
225(2)
Angular Momentum and Angular Impulse
227(1)
Conservation of Angular Momentum
228(4)
Vector Representation of Angular Quantities
232(13)
Equilibrium of a Rigid Body
245(16)
The Second Condition for Equilibrium
246(1)
Center of Gravity
246(3)
Examples
249(4)
Couples
253(8)
Periodic Motion
261(25)
Basic Concepts
262(1)
Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
263(2)
Equations of Simple Harmonic Motion
265(8)
Angular Simple Harmonic Motion
273(1)
The Simple Pendulum
274(2)
The Physical Pendulum
276(2)
Damped and Forced Oscillations
278(8)
Elasticity
286(15)
Tensile Stress and Strain
287(3)
Bulk Stress and Strain
290(3)
Shear Stress and Strain
293(3)
Elasticity and Plasticity
296(5)
Fluid Mechanics
301(33)
Density
302(1)
Pressure in a Fluid
303(4)
Buoyancy
307(3)
Surface Tension
310(4)
Fluid Flow
314(2)
Bernoulli's Equation
316(2)
Applications of Bernoulli's Equation
318(2)
Viscosity
320(4)
Turbulence
324(10)
Temperature and Expansion
334(17)
Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium
335(2)
Thermometers
337(1)
The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales
338(2)
The Kelvin Scale
340(2)
Thermal Expansion
342(4)
Thermal Stresses
346(5)
Quantity of Heat
351(19)
Heat Transfer
352(1)
Quantity of Heat
353(1)
Heat Capacity
354(2)
Measurement of Heat Capacity
356(2)
Phase Changes
358(4)
Examples
362(8)
Heat Transfer
370(17)
Conduction
371(5)
Convection
376(2)
Radiation
378(3)
Solar Energy and Resource Conservation
381(6)
Thermal Properties of Matter
387(19)
Equations of State
388(1)
Ideal Gases
389(4)
pV-Diagrams
393(1)
Phase Diagrams, Triple Point, Critical Point
394(5)
Vapor Pressure and Humidity
399(7)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
406(22)
Energy, Heat, and Work
407(1)
Work Done during Volume Changes
408(2)
Heat Transfer during Volume Changes
410(1)
Internal Energy and the First Law
411(4)
Thermodynamic Processes
415(2)
Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas
417(1)
Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas
417(4)
Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas
421(7)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
428(26)
Directions of Thermodynamic Processes
429(1)
Heat Engines
430(3)
Internal-Combustion Engines
433(3)
Refrigerators
436(2)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
438(2)
The Carnot Cycle
440(3)
Entropy
443(4)
The Kelvin Temperature Scale
447(1)
Energy Conversion
448(6)
Molecular Properties of Matter
454(23)
Molecular Structure of Matter
455(1)
Avogadro's Number
456(1)
Kinetic-Molecular Theory of an Ideal Gas
457(6)
Molar Heat Capacity of a Gas
463(2)
Distribution of Molecular Speeds
465(2)
Heat Capacity of Crystals
467(1)
Diffusion and Osmosis
468(9)
Mechanical Waves
477(20)
Mechanical Wave Phenomena
478(1)
Periodic Waves
479(2)
Speed of a Transverse Wave
481(4)
Speed of a Longitudinal Wave
485(2)
Sound Waves in Gases
487(2)
Mathematical Description of a Wave
489(8)
Reflections and Normal Modes
497(17)
Boundary Conditions for a String
498(2)
Superposition and Standing Waves
500(2)
Normal Modes of a String
502(2)
Longitudinal Standing Waves
504(2)
Normal Modes of Organ Pipes
506(2)
Interference of Waves
508(1)
Resonance
508(6)
Sound
514(21)
Sound Waves
515(3)
Hearing and Musical Tones
518(3)
Beats
521(2)
The Doppler Effect
523(4)
Sources of Sound
527(2)
Applications of Acoustic Phenomena
529(6)
Coulomb's Law
535(16)
Electric Charge
536(1)
Atomic Structure
536(2)
Electrical Conductors and Insulators
538(1)
Charging by Induction
539(1)
Coulomb's Law
540(3)
Applications of Coulomb's Law
543(8)
The Electric Field
551(24)
Electric Field and Electrical Forces
552(3)
Electric-Field Calculations
555(4)
Field Lines
559(1)
Gauss's Law
560(2)
Applications of Gauss's Law
562(6)
Charges on Conductors
568(7)
Electrical Potential
575(27)
Electrical Potential Energy
576(5)
Potential
581(6)
Equipotential Surfaces
587(2)
Potential Gradient
589(1)
The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment
590(2)
The Electronvolt
592(1)
The Cathode-Ray Tube
593(9)
Capacitance and Dielectrics
602(20)
Capacitors
603(1)
The Parallel-Plate Capacitor
603(3)
Capacitors in Series and Parallel
606(2)
Energy of a Charged Capacitor
608(2)
Effect of a Dielectric
610(5)
Molecular Model of Induced Charge
615(7)
Current, Resistance, and Electromotive Force
622(26)
Current
623(2)
Resistivity
625(2)
Resistance
627(3)
Electromotive Force and Circuits
630(6)
Energy and Power in Electric Circuits
636(3)
Theory of Metallic Conduction
639(2)
Physiological Effects of Currents
641(7)
Direct-Current Circuits
648(23)
Resistors in Series and Parallel
649(2)
Kirchoff's Rules
651(3)
Electrical Instruments
654(4)
Resistance---Capacitance Circuits
658(2)
Power Distribution Systems
660(11)
Magnetic Field and Magnetic Forces
671(30)
Magnetism
672(1)
Magnetic Field
673(3)
Magnetic-Field Lines and Magnetic Flux
676(2)
Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field
678(2)
Thomson's Measurement of e/m
680(2)
Isotopes and Mass Spectroscopy
682(2)
Magnetic Force on a Conductor
684(1)
Force and Torque on a Current Loop
685(4)
The Direct-Current Motor
689(2)
The Hall Effect
691(10)
Sources of Magnetic Field
701(25)
Magnetic Field of a Straight Conductor
702(2)
Force between Parallel Conductors
704(2)
Magnetic Field of a Circular Loop
706(1)
Magnetic Field of a Solenoid
707(1)
Magnetic-Field Calculations
708(6)
Ampere's Law
714(3)
Magnetic Materials
717(9)
Electromagnetic Induction
726(21)
Induction Phenomena
727(1)
Motional Electromotive Force
728(4)
Faraday's Law
732(5)
Induced Electric Fields
737(1)
Lenz's Law
738(2)
Eddy Currents
740(7)
Inductance
747(18)
Mutual Inductance
748(1)
Self Inductance
749(3)
Energy in an Inductor
752(2)
The R-L Circuit
754(2)
The L-C Circuit
756(3)
The L-R-C Circuit
759(6)
Alternating Currents
765(23)
ac Sources and Phasors
766(2)
Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance
768(3)
The L-R-C Series Circuit
771(4)
Series Resonance
775(3)
Parallel Resonance
778(1)
Power in ac Circuits
779(2)
Transformers
781(7)
Electromagnetic Waves
788(23)
Displacement Current and Maxwell's Equations
789(4)
Speed of an Electromagnetic Wave
793(2)
Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
795(3)
Electromagnetic Waves in Matter
798(1)
Sinusoidal Waves
799(3)
Standing Waves
802(2)
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
804(1)
Radiation from an Antenna
805(6)
The Nature and Propagation of Light
811(28)
The Nature of Light
812(2)
Reflection and Refraction
814(4)
Total Internal Reflection
818(3)
Dispersion
821(1)
Polarization
822(7)
Scattering of Light
829(1)
Huygens' Principle
830(9)
Images Formed by a Single Surface
839(22)
Reflection at a Plane Surface
840(2)
Reflection at a Spherical Surface
842(4)
Focus and Focal Length
846(2)
Graphical Methods
848(2)
Refraction at a Plane Surface
850(2)
Refraction at a Spherical Surface
852(9)
Lenses and Optical Instruments
861(28)
The Thin Lens
862(2)
Graphical Methods
864(4)
Images as Objects
868(3)
Lens Aberrations
871(1)
The Eye
872(3)
The Camera
875(1)
The Projector
876(1)
The Magnifier
877(1)
The Microscope
878(1)
Telescopes
879(10)
Interference and Diffraction
889(34)
Interference and Coherent Sources
890(3)
Two-Source Interference
893(2)
Interference in Thin Films
895(3)
The Michelson Interferometer
898(3)
Fresnel Diffraction
901(2)
Fraunhofer Diffraction from a Single Slit
903(3)
The Diffraction Grating
906(4)
X-ray Diffraction
910(2)
Circular Apertures and Resolving Power
912(3)
Holography
915(8)
Relativistic Mechanics
923(23)
Invariance of Physical Laws
924(2)
Relative Nature of Simultaneity
926(1)
Relativity of Time
927(3)
Relativity of Length
930(2)
The Lorentz Transformation
932(3)
Momentum
935(2)
Work and Energy
937(2)
Relativity and Newtonian Mechanics
939(7)
Photons, Electrons, and Atoms
946(30)
Emission and Absorption of Light
947(1)
The Photoelectric Effect
948(3)
Line Spectra and Energy Levels
951(7)
The Nuclear Atom
958(2)
The Bohr Model
960(4)
The Laser
964(2)
X-ray Production and Scattering
966(10)
Quantum Mechanics
976(24)
The Wave Nature of Particles
977(3)
The Electron Microscope
980(3)
Probability and Uncertainty
983(5)
Wave Functions
988(3)
The Zeeman Effect
991(3)
Electron Spin
994(6)
Atoms, Molecules, and Solids
1000(26)
The Exclusion Principle
1001(2)
Atomic Structure
1003(4)
Diatomic Molecules
1007(2)
Molecular Spectra
1009(2)
Structure of Solids
1011(2)
Properties of Solids
1013(1)
Band Theory of Solids
1014(2)
Semiconductors
1016(2)
Semiconductor Devices
1018(2)
Superconductivity
1020(6)
Nuclear and High-Energy Physics
1026
Properties of Nuclei
1027
Nuclear Stability
1031
Radioactive Transformations
1033
Radiation and the Life Sciences
1038
Nuclear Reactions
1041
Nuclear Fission
1043
Nuclear Fusion
1045
Particle Accelerators
1047
Fundamental Particles
1049
High-Energy Physics
1052
Appendixes
A The International System of Units
A-1
B Useful Mathematical Relations
A-4
C The Greek Alphabet
A-5
D Periodic Table of the Elements
A-6
E Unit Conversion Factors
A-7
F Numerical Constants
A-8
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems A-9
Index I-1


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