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Communication Law,9780205504169
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Communication Law

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205504169

ISBN10:
0205504167
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/21/2011
Publisher(s):
Pearson

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This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 7/21/2011.
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Summary

Debuting in its first edition, Communication Lawis an engaging and accessible text that brings a fresh approach to the fundamentals of mass media law. Unique in its approach and its visually attractive design, this text differentiates itself from other current texts on the market while presenting students with key principles and landmark cases that establish and define communication law and regulation, providing a hands-on learning experience.

Table of Contents

PREFACE

 

CHAPTER ONE: SOURCES OF LAW & SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE

Learning Objectives     

Flag burning and the First Amendment             

Sources of Law             

            Up Close:  “Party Politics in Early America”       

            Statutory Acts

            Hierarchy of Law         

The Common Law

            Actions in Equity

            Executive Orders 

            Up Close:  “Ordering Freedom of Access”         

            Administrative Agencies 

Systems of Justice          

Criminal Procedures      

            Pre-trial Phase.              

            Trial Phase.       

            Post-trial phase 

Civil Procedures.         

            Pre-trial phase               

            Trial Phase      

            Post-trial Phase           

Up Close:  Elements in a Criminal Cases and Civil Actions        

Court System   

            The Appeals Process   

            Supreme Courts

            Granting Certiorari

            Oral Arguments and Opinions

Scholarship in Law      

            Research procedures

            Case Law Sources

            Briefing the Case 

                        Citation.

                        Facts

                        Issue

                        Decision         

                        Explanation     

                        Rule of Law      

                        Concurrences & Dissents

Summary

Unsolved Case: Divided Circuits?           

 

CHAPTER TWO: FIRST AMENDMENT IN PRINCIPLE AND PRACTICE

Learning Objectives

Drawing the Line

Up Close:  Free Expression versus Fear

The Value of Free Expression

            Discovery of Truth

            Up Close:  John Milton’s Areopagitica 

            Democracy

            Stability of Society

            Self-Fulfillment

            So then, Which Value is the Important One?

The First Amendment Restricts Government Action

            Words ≠ Speech

            Speaker Rights versus Listener Rights

            Up Close:  Measuring the Climate for Free Expression

            Reviewing the First Amendment

                        Who is Congress

                        The Meaning of No Law

                        Abridging Freedom

                        Compelling Speech

                        Speech and Press

                        Right of Assembly

                        Right of Petition

Summary

Unsolved Case: 21st Century Terrorism

 

CHAPTER THREE: FORUMS OF FREEDOM

Learning Objectives

The Umbrella of Free Expression

The Origin of Forums

Student Expression Lessons

History Matters 

Speaker’s Impact Matters

Symbolic Speech

Disruption Test

Speaker’s Medium Matters

Who controls the channel?

Who owns the content?

Compatible Use of the Form?

Workplace Rules an Expression

Shopping Malls

Freedom of Expression for Employees

Disruptions to the Workplace

Levels of Scrutiny

Intermediate Scrutiny

The Open Forum Test

Up-Close: “Free Speech Zones”

Protesting on Principle

Viewpoint Discrimination

Pro-Life Protests

Up-Close “Nuremberg Files”

Inflicting Harms

Dangerous Speech

Up-Close: “The Heckler’s Veto”

Revisiting the “Fighting Words” Doctrine

Modern Hate-Crime Controls

Flames of Racism

Summary

Unsolved Case:  Student Web sites — How far can they go?

 

CHAPTER FOUR: CENSORSHIP AND SEDITION

      Learning Objectives

      Crackdown on Dissent

      Seeds of Sedition

The American Experience

Up Close: “A Great Noise in the World”

Alien & Sedition Acts

      Sedition During Times of War

      The Espionage & Sedition Cases

The Schenck Case

Abrams v. United States

Up Close:  The American Civil Liberties Union

       Bad Tendency or Clear & Present Danger?

Gitlow v. New York

Up Close:  Doctrine of Incorporation

Whitney v. California

       The Smith Act

Dennis v. United States

Yates v. United States

Brandenburg v. Ohio

       Theories of Prior Restraint

Twentieth Century Landmarks

Up Close:  “Anti-Semitism in Print”

A Taxing Question

        Prior Restraint by Injunction

Pentagon Papers Case

Banning the Bomb

Free Speech for Spies?

Panic-peddling Flyers

Up Close:  Judicial Temperament

       Restraint in the Age of Terrorism

Hezbollah Television

Coffin Coverage

       Arguments for Free Expression

     Summary

     Unsolved Case: Treason

 

CHAPTER FIVE: LIBEL

Learning Objectives

Defining Libel

Civil Versus Criminal Libel

Making a Case for Libel

1. Identification

2. Defamatory Language

Up Close: Celebrity Justice

3. Falsity

4. Publication

Up Close: Blogging Perils

5. Fault

Categorizing Plaintiffs

Other Defenses

Privilege

Fair Comment

Up Close: Vaudeville Fair Comment

Neutral Reportage

Retractions

Damages

The Process of Libel

Summary

Unsolved Case: Forum Shopping

 

CHAPTER SIX: THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY

Learning Objectives

Cell Phone Privacy or Piracy?

Defining the Right to Privacy

            Constitutional Privacy

            State Laws Vary

Original Scholarship on Privacy

            Privacy Defined

Intrusion

            Visual Intrusions

            Up Close: Video Voyeurism

Public v. Private Property

Privacy and the Paparazzi

Data Snooping

            Up Close: One Nation Under Surveillance

Digital Privacy

Is Surreptitious Recording an Intrusion?

            Up Close: Food Lion Case   

Commercial Appropriation

            Right to Publicity

            Up Close: Is that You in the Video Game?

Celebrity Publicity Rights

            Celebrity Impersonators

Privacy After Death? .

Public Disclosure of Private Facts

            Defenses to Private Fact Claims

            The Florida Star Case

Sex and Violence Cases.

Up Close Box: HIPAA Rules

False Light Invasion of Privacy

            Journalistic Embellishments

Actual Malice Test

Summary

Unsolved Case: The Hurt Locker

 

CHAPTER SEVEN: OBSCENITY AND INDECENCY

Learning Objectives

Unresolved Questions of Content and Context

Colonial Controls

Comstockery

Early 20th Century Changes

Literary Test Case

Roth-Memoirs Test

Sexual Orientation and Perversion

Pandering Erotic Works

Variable Obscenity

Miller v. California

            Privacy and Pornography

Community Standards

Jenkins v. Georgia

Social Values

Child Pornography

            Congressional Acts

Child Pornography Prevention Act       

Communications Decency Act

Child Online Protection Act

Children’s Internet Protection Act

PROTECT Act

Cinema Censorship

The Miracle Case

Times Film Corp. Case

Freedman Rules

Ratings System

Legion of Decency

Production Code’s Demise

Up Close: “What the Ratings Mean”

Feminist Mystique

Nude Dancing

Up Close: The Show Me Less State

Broadcast and Cable Indecency

Cable Television

Fleeting Exposures and Expletives

Fox v. FCC

Nipplegate

Broadcast Indecency Act

Dial-a-Porn Law

Indecent Violence

Video Game Ratings

Summary

Unsolved Case: “Sexting” Crimes

 

CHAPTER EIGHT:  MEDIA AND COURTS

Learning Objectives

The Trial of the Century…At the Time

Up Close: The Supreme Court’s Sheppard Decision

Pretrial Publicity

Protecting Fair Trial Rights

Change of Venue

Continuance

Sequestration

            Voir Dire

Judicial Admonition

Control of Courtroom

Contempt of Court

Gag Orders

Compelling Reporters to Testify

The Branzburg Test

Up Close: The Grand Jury Process

Shield Laws

Up Close: Privilege

From the Trenches: Federal Shield Law, By Congressman Mike Pence

Newsroom Searches

Cameras in the Courtroom

Must Courtrooms Be Open?

Up Close: Closing Criminal Court

Summary

Unsolved Case: Texting in the Courtroom

 

CHAPTER NINE: FREEDOM OF ACCESS

     Learning Objectives

     Access Denied

     The Origins of Access

     The Constitution and the Common Law

     The Freedom of Information Act

            Electronic - FOIA

            Policy Shifts

     FOIA Steps to Access

            From the Trenches: Chas. N. Davis

Using the FOIA

            FOIA Initiatives

            FOIA Responses

            Accelerating the FOIA

            FOIA Assessment of Fees

Up Close:  The Price of Sunshine

     FOIA Exemptions

            Up Close: Pictures of Shame

            Removing FOIA Barriers

            Up Close: Presidential Records

Sunshine in Government Meetings

            Up Close: Emails and Text Messages

     State Government Access

     Laws that Restrict Access

            State Driver’s License Records

            Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act

            Privacy of Health Records

     Press Freedoms to Gather Information

     Summary

     Unsolved Case: “Discount Window”

 

CHAPTER TEN: BROADCAST REGULATION

Learning Objectives

Radio’s Regulatory Roots

Wireless Ship Act of 1910

Radio Act of 1912

Washington Radio Conferences

Trial Balloons

            The Federal Radio Commission (1927)

Federal Jurisdiction

Rationale for Regulation

Competing Theories

Precedents of Punishment

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

            The Commissioners

Rule-Making Process

Licensing Stations

Licensing Process

Licensing Requirements

Public Inspection File

Infractions

Licensing Renewal

Deregulation

The Telecommunications Act

FCC Analysis of Competition

Television Ownership Limits

Radio Ownership Limits

Duopoly Rule

Cross-Ownership

Rethinking Cross-Ownership

Spectrum Auctions

Localism & Diversity

Up Close: Enhanced Disclosure Forms

Minority Ownership

Minority Employment

Programming Issues

Children’s Content

Core Programming

Defining Children’s Programs

            Embedded Advertising

Product Placement

TV Violence & Children

Political Content

Fairness Doctrine

Fairness Origins

Equal Opportunities

            Who is a Legally Qualified Candidate?

            Reasonable Access

            Exemptions

                        Newscasts

                        News Interviews

                        News Documentaries

                        Spot News Coverage

                        Debates

            Fine Points of Equal Opportunities

Public Broadcasting

Up Close:  Public Television’s Heroine

Broadcasting’s Other Obligations

Hoaxes and Distortions

Up Close: The Holy Grail

Station and Sponsor Identification

            Summary

Unsolved Case: Performance Tax

 

CHAPTER ELEVEN: TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Learning Outcomes

A Level Playing Field

In the Beginning

Defining the Messenger

FCC Jurisdiction

Early Competitors

Natural Monopoly

Pendulum of Cable Regulation

Copyright Issues

Syndicated Exclusivity

Must Carry Regulation

Turner I & II

Retransmission Consent

Up Close: “Dallas and its Cable Dilemma”

Cable Act of 1984

Cable Consumer Act of 1992

Registration and Requirements

Public Access Obligations

Midwest Video Cases

A la carte channels

The 70/70 Rule

Satellite Television Regulation

Open Sky Policy

Direct to Home Satellite

Alternative Subscription Services

Wireless Cable (MMDS)

Digital Delivery Options

The Telecommunications Act of 1996

Effective Communication

Vertical and Horizontal Integration

Telephone Competition

Triple or Quadruple Play

Voice-Over Internet Protocol

IPTV Regulation

Summary

Unsolved Case: Universal Service

 

CHAPTER TWELVE:  ADVERTISING LAW

     Learning Objectives

     Paternalistic Approaches to Regulating Advertising

     Roots of Advertising Regulation

     The Central Hudson Test

     Deceptive Advertising

        Likely to Mislead

        Reasonable Consumer

        Material to Purchasing Decision

     Factual Claims

     Up Close: Legitimate Evidence

     What About Statements of Opinion?

          Up Close: The Special Case of Testimonials

     Actions

     Other Agencies and Advertising

     Self Regulation

     Summary

     Unsolved Case: Is it Advertising or Isn’t It? 

 

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: MEDIA BUSINESS LAW

Learning Objectives

Contracts

Elements of a Contract

Releases as a Contract

Labor Contracts

Hold-Harmless Clauses

Media and Antitrust

Labor Laws

            Child Actors

            Equal Employment Opportunities

Labor Unions

Up Close: Media Labor Organizations

Corporate Speech

Investing in Media

Insider Trading

Merger Mania

Summary

Unsolved Case: Tiger Woods

 

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Learning Objectives

A Constitutional Right? Really?

            What is Copyright?

            Licensing Performance Rights

            Up Close: The Unusual Case of Happy Birthday

            Up Close: Production Music

            Derivative Works

            An Exception to Distribution Rights

            Copyright-able Works

            Copyright Registration

            The Duration of a Copyright

            Up Close: Works for Hire

The Doctrine of Fair Use

            Purpose and Character of the Use

            Nature of the Copyrighted Work

            The Amount and Substantiality of the Use

            Effect on the Market

            Trying to Do the Right Thing

Devices that Facilitate Infringement

Trademarks

Up Close: Comparing Apples to Apples

The Red Light at 3 a.m.

Summary

Unsolved Case: Fan Fiction



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