Community Policing and Problem Solving: Strategies and Practices, now in its third edition, continues to analyze community policing so that the student and recruit can understand what it is and how it works. Fully updated and revised, this new edition features the following:
- A Nation in Flux: Changing People, Crime, and Policing
- Attending to the "Customer": Community Oriented Government
- Planning and Implementation: Translating Ideas into Action
- From Recruit to Chief: Changing the Agency Culture
- Police in a Diverse Society
- New Strategies for Old Problems: COPPS on the Beat
- The "Devil's Advocate": Addressing Concerns with COPPS
- Evaluating COPPS Initiatives
- Selected American Approaches and in Foreign Venues: COPPS Abroad
Community Policing and Problem Solving: Strategies and Practices continues to address the issues of applying community policing concepts to real life, by offering approaches, examples, and best of all-solutions.
Table of Contents
1. The Evolution of Policing: Past Wisdom and Future Directions.
2. A Nation in Flux: Changing People, Crime, and Policing.
3. Attending to the “Customer” : Community Oriented Government.
4. Community Oriented Policing and Problem Solving: “COPPS.”
5. Crime Prevention: For Safe Communities.
6. Planning and Implementation: Translating Ideas Into Action.
7. From Recruit to Chief: Changing the Agency Culture.
8. Training for COPPS: Approaches and Challenges.
9. Police in a Diverse Society.
10. New Strategies for Old Problems: COPPS on the Beat.
11. The “Devil's Advocate” : Addressing Concerns with COPPS.
12. Evaluating COPPS Initiatives.
13. Selected American Approaches.
14. In Foreign Venues: COPPS Abroad.
15. Looking Forward While Looking Back: The Future.
Appendix A. Problem Solving Case Studies.
Appendix B. A Community Survey in Fort Collins, Colorado.
Appendix C. A Strategic Plan Survey in Portland, Oregon.
This book is about policing at its most important and challenging levels-in neighborhoods and in communities across the nation and abroad. It is about a new policing, one that encourages collaboration with the community and other agencies and organizations that are responsible for community safety. It is a style of policing that requires officers to obtain new knowledge and tools such as problem solving, and it is grounded in strategic thinking and planning to enable agencies to keep up with the rapid changes occurring in our society. This policing style also allows agencies to make the necessary organizational and administrative adjustments to maintain a capable and motivated workforce. ASSUMPTIONS AND KEY TERMS This book is grounded on the assumption that the reader is most likely an undergraduate or graduate student studying criminal justice or policing. Or, the reader is a police practitioner, with a fundamental knowledge of police history and operations, or is working in a government agency outside policing and needs to know about community policing and problem solving. Citizens who are involved with the police in solving neighborhood problems and are curious about community oriented policing and problem solving (COPPS), and the innovative and collaborative strategies that can be employed with this initiative, can also be served well by reading this book. This book alone cannot transform the reader into an expert on COPPS. It will, however, impart some of the major underpinnings and prominent names, theories, practices (with myriad examples), and processes that are being implemented to control and prevent crime, disorder, and fear. A considerable number of textbooks have already been written about community policing. Most of them, however, emphasize its philosophy and provide little information about its practical aspects--putting the philosophy into daily practice. This practice of community policing is the primary focus of this book, as indicated in its title. In addition to familiarizing the reader with strategies and practices, this book also challenges the reader to be open minded and to consider traditional policing methods and why innovation should occur. While some fundamental components of COPPS contribute to its success, no one single form of COPPS exists or can be copied onto a compact disk or downloaded via the Internet. COPPS is an individualized, long-term process. that involves fundamental institutional change, going beyond such simple tactics as foot and bicycle patrols or neighborhood police stations. It redefines the role of the officer on the street, from crime fighter to problem solver and neighborhood intermediary. It forces a cultural transformation of the entire police agency, involving changes in recruiting, training, awards systems, evaluations, and promotions. It has been said that problem solving is not new in policing, that police officers have always tried to solve problems in their daily work. As is demonstrated throughout this text, however, problem solving is not the same as solving problems. Problem solving in the context of COPPS is very different and considerably more complex. It requires that officers identify and examine the underlying causes of recurring incidents of crime and disorder. Such policing also seeks to make thinking "street criminologists" of our police officers, empowering them to focus on the settings for crimes, rather than on the persons committing them. Such an approach presents great challenges for those patrol officers who are engaged in analytical, creative work. Given the extent to which COPPS has evolved since the publication of our second edition, the authors understand the challenges involved with writing this text. Like its two predecessors, this third edition might still be viewed as a work in progress; today's "snapshot" of what is occurring nationally with respect to CO