9780415074179

Companion Encyclopedia of Geography : The Environment and Humankind

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780415074179

  • ISBN10:

    0415074177

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1996-10-01
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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Summary

The Companion Encyclopedia of Geography provides an authoritative and provocative source of reference for all those concerned with the earth and its people. This Companion examines both physical and human geography, and the relationship between the two. An international team of forty-seven geographers, all recognized figures in their discipline, chart the development of humankind's diverse habitat and the social and economic activities within that habitat up to the present day, and look to the future. The work is divided into six parts: A differentiated world * A world transformed by the growth of a global economy * The global scale of habitat modification * A world of questions * Changing worlds, changing geographies * Geographical futures The forty-five self-contained chapters are bound into a unifying whole by the editors' general and part introductions; each chapter provides details of the most useful sources of further reading and research, and the volume concludes with a comprehensive index. This isan invaluable resource not only for students, teachers and researchers, but also for professionals in commercial and public sector organizations.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
The Contributors xiii
General Introduction 1(10)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
PART I: A DIFFERENTIATED WORLD
Introduction
11(4)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
Planet Earth
15(29)
Cliff D. Ollier
The ever-changing climate
44(23)
Andrew Goudie
The biosphere
67(19)
Alfred G. Fischer
Human evolution
86(21)
Bernard Wood
The geography of language
107(13)
William C. Brice
Religion: nature and origins
120(17)
E. Geoffrey Parrinder
The modification of the earth by humans in pre-industrial times
137(25)
I. G. Simmons
PART II: A WORLD TRANSFORMED BY THE GROWTH OF A GLOBAL ECONOMY
Introduction
159(3)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
European Settlement, 1450--1750
162(20)
Len Guelke
Jeanne Kay
European expansion and land cover transformation
182(24)
Michael Williams
The origins of the capitalist world economy
206(22)
John Langton
Industrialization and world agriculture
228(21)
Brian W. Ilbery
Ian R. Bowler
Changes in global demography
249(25)
John I. Clarke
Origins of modern environmentalism
274(19)
J. M. Powell
The saviour city: beneficial effects of urbanization in England and Wales
293(17)
Brian T. Robson
From a `cultural' world to a `political' one
310(22)
Paul Claval
PART III: THE GLOBAL SCALE OF HABITAT MODIFICATION
Introduction
329(3)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
Unity and division in global political geography
332(21)
Peter Taylor
The geography of conflicts and the prospects for peace
353(17)
John O'Loughlin
A new `geo-economy': patterns, processes, problems
370(21)
Peter Dicken
Third World urbanization
391(17)
Alan Gilbert
From riches to rags: the international debt crisis
408(22)
Stuart Corbridge
Monitoring, modelling and mothering the environment: the impact of science and technology since the Second World War
430(19)
Richard Huggett
Environmentalism on the move
449(33)
Timothy O'Riordan
PART IV: A WORLD OF QUESTIONS
Introduction
479(3)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
Climatic variation and global change
482(26)
F. Kenneth Hare
Ocean uses, environment and management
508(18)
Alastair D. Couper
Water: confronting the critical dilemma
526(27)
Peter Crabb
Surface instability and human modification in geomorphic systems
553(20)
Jonathan D. Phillips
William H. Renwick
The tropical rain forest
573(26)
John R. Flenley
Humanity's resources
599(21)
I. G. Simmons
Environmental hazards
620(31)
John Whittow
The sustainability of sustenance: land and agricultural production in the Third World
651(26)
William C. Clarke
Famines and surplus in world food production
677(25)
David Grigg
The nature of Third World cities
702(28)
David Drakakis-Smith
Western cities and their problems
730(22)
David T. Herbert
Changing countrysides
752(20)
Hugh Clout
The quality of life: human welfare and social justice
772(22)
David M. Smith
PART V: CHANGING WORLDS, CHANGING GEOGRAPHIES
Introduction
793(1)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
The expansion and fragmentation of geography in higher education
794(24)
R. J. Johnston
Achievements of spatial science
818(19)
Arild Holt-Jensen
Geography and humanism in the late twentieth century
837(23)
Anne Buttimer
Structural themes in geographical discourse
860(28)
Richard Peet
Challenging the boundaries: survival and change in a gendered world
888(18)
Janice Monk
Place
906(20)
Edward Relph
PART VI: GEOGRAPHICAL FUTURES
Introduction
925(1)
Richard Huggett
Mike Robinson
Concern for geography: a case for equal emphasis of the geographical traditions
926(13)
Adetoye Faniran
Home and world, cosmopolitanism and ethnicity: key concepts in contemporary human geography
939(13)
Yi-Fu Tuan
Palaeoenvironmental narrative and scenario science
952(13)
Frank Oldfield
Geographical futures: some personal speculations
965(9)
Peter Haggett
Index 974

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