9781457648762

The Concise Bedford Guide for Writers

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781457648762

  • ISBN10:

    1457648768

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/10/2014
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Summary

Built on the tradition of the bestselling textbook The Bedford Guide for College Writers, this new brief edition retains the authors’ process-oriented approach to college writing and focus on active learning. The streamlined guide introduces students to the most commonly-assigned writing strategies and situations and to the essentials of college-level research and documentation. The reader, located online, takes advantage of all the Web has to offer, giving students access not only to essays by well-known authors but to innovative, engaging multimodal texts that contribute to the guide’s emphasis on visual literacy. Hands-on "Learning by Doing" activities, available both in print and online, actively engage students in the writing process with the goal of developing skills transferable to higher-level courses and the workplace.

Author Biography

X. J. Kennedy is an acclaimed poet, children’s author, college teacher, and textbook author. He has taught freshman composition at the University of Michigan; the University of North Carolina, Greensboro; and Tufts University. Since 1966, more than 2 million students have treasured his introductory literature texts and The Bedford Reader, coedited with Dorothy M. Kennedy and Jane E. Aaron, now in its ninth edition.
 
Dorothy M. Kennedy is a writer and editor whose articles and reviews have ppeared in both professional and academic journals. She has taught composition at the University of Michigan and Ohio University and, with X. J. Kennedy, is the recipient of the NCTE Teacher's Choice Award for Knock at a Star: A Child's Introduction to Poetry.
Marcia F. Muth teaches, writes, and edits.  She has taught first-year writing at The Ohio State University and other introductory courses at St. Peter's College (Englewood Cliffs).  Her many writing workshops have been sponsored by Fordham University, the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, and currently the School of Education and Human Development at the University of Colorado Denver.  She is the author or coauthor of many composition textbooks and ancillaries, including The Bedford Guide for College Writers, The Concise Bedford Guide for Writers, Writing and Revising: A Portable Guide, Researching and Writing: A Portable Guide, and The St. Martin's Pocket Guide to Research and Documentation (all from Bedford/St. Martin's).  Her projects as a writer and an editor have included Harold D. Lasswell: An Annotated Bibliography as well as many grant proposals, textbooks, ancillaries, reports, and other publications.  She continues to learn how to write clearly and effectively from her students, editors, reviewers, and writing colleagues.

Table of Contents

A Writer’s Guide

PART ONE: A College Writer’s Processes

Introduction: Meeting College Expectations

 

1. Writing Processes

Writing, Reading, and Critical Thinking

A Process of Writing

Getting Started

Generating Ideas

e-Pages Learning by Doing: Analyzing Audience

Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Ideas

Planning, Drafting, and Developing

Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Drafts

Revising and Editing

Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Finishing

Purpose and Audience

Writing for a Reason

Learning by Doing: Considering Purpose

Writing for Your Audience

Learning by Doing: Considering Audience

Targeting a College Audience

Learning by Doing: Considering a College Audience

Additional Writing Activities

 

2. Reading Processes

A Process of Critical Reading

Learning by Doing: Describing Your Reading Strategies

Getting Started

Preparing to Read

Learning by Doing: Preparing to Read

Responding to Reading

Learning by Doing: Annotating a Passage

Learning by Doing: Responding in a Reading Journal

Learning from Another Writer: Reading Summary and Response

  • Student Summary and Response: Olof Eriksson, The Problems with Masculinity

    Reading on Literal and Analytical Levels

    Learning by Doing: Reading Analytically

    e-Pages Learning By Doing: Reading Online

    Generating Ideas from Reading

    Learning from Another Writer: Critical Reading and Response

    • Student Critical Reading Response: Alley Julseth, Analyzing "The New Literacy"

      Learning by Doing: Reading Critically

      • Michael Shermer, The Science of Righteousness

        Reading Online and Multimodal Texts

        Learning by Doing: Reading a Web Site

        Additional Writing Activities

         

        3. Critical Thinking Processes

        A Process of Critical Thinking

        Getting Started

        Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Solve a Campus Problem

        Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Explore an Issue

        Applying Critical Thinking to Academic Problems

        Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Respond to an Academic Problem

        Supporting Critical Thinking with Evidence

        Types of Evidence

        Learning by Doing: Looking for Evidence

        Testing Evidence

        Using Evidence to Appeal to Your Audience

        Logical Appeal (Logos)

        Emotional Appeal (Pathos)

        Ethical Appeal (Ethos)

        Learning by Doing: Identifying Types of Appeals

        Learning from Another Writer: Rhetorical Analysis

        • Student Rhetorical Analysis: Richard Anson, Young Americans and Media News

          Presenting Your Critical Thinking

          Learning by Doing: Testing Logical Patterns

          e-Pages Learning by Doing: Analyzing Logic

          Avoiding Faulty Thinking

          Learning by Doing: Analyzing Reasoning

          • David Rothkopf, A Proposal to Draft America's Elderly

            Additional Writing Activities

             

            PART TWO: A Writer’s Situations

            Introduction: Writing in College

            4. Recalling an Experience

            Learning from Other Writers

          • Russell Baker, The Art of Eating Spaghetti
          • Student Essay: Robert G. Schreiner, What Is a Hunter?

          • e-Pages Howie Chackowicz, The Game Ain't Over 'til The Fatso Man Sings [Radio Story]

            Learning by Writing

            The Assignment: Recalling a Personal Experience

            e-Pages Learning by Doing: Recalling from Photographs

            Generating Ideas

            Learning by Doing: Creating Your Writing Space

            Planning, Drafting, and Developing

            Learning by Doing: Selecting and Arranging Events

            Revising and Editing

            Learning by Doing: Appealing to the Senses

            Additional Writing Assignments

             

            5. Observing a Scene

            Learning from Other Writers

          • Eric Liu, The Chinatown Idea
          • Student Essay: Alea Eyre, Stockholm

          • e-Pages Multiple Photographers, Observing the Titanic: Past and Present [Visual Essay]

            Learning by Writing

            The Assignment: Observing a Scene

            e-Pages Learning by Doing: Scenes from the News

            Generating Ideas

            Learning by Doing: Enriching Sensory Detail

            Planning, Drafting, and Developing

            Learning by Doing: Experimenting with Organization

            Revising and Editing

            Learning by Doing: Strengthening Your Main Impression

            Additional Writing Assignments

             

            6. Comparing and Contrasting

            Learning from Other Writers

          • David Brooks, The Opportunity Gap
          • Student Essay: Jacob Griffin, Karate Kid vs. Kung Fu Panda: A Race to the Olympics

          • e-Pages National Geographic Editors, Hurricane Katrina Pictures: Then & Now, Ruin and Rebirth [Visual Essay]

            Learning by Writing

            The Assignment: Comparing and Contrasting

            e-Pages Learning by Doing: Comparing and Contrasting Experience of a Major Event

            Generating Ideas

            Learning by Doing: Making a Comparison-and-Contrast Table

            Planning, Drafting, and Developing

            Learning by Doing: Pinpointing Your Purpose

            Learning by Doing: Building Cohesion with Transitions

            Revising and Editing

            Additional Writing Assignments

             

            7. Taking a Stand

            Learning from Other Writers

            • Suzan Shown Harjo, Last Rites for Indian Dead
            • Student Essay: Marjorie Lee Garretson, More Pros Than Cons in a Meat-Free Life
            • e-Pages UNICEF Editors, Dirty Water Campaign [Video]

              Learning by Writing

              The Assignment: Taking a Stand

              e-Pages Learning by Doing: Writing Your Representative

              Generating Ideas

              Learning by Doing: Asking Your Question

              Learning by Doing: Supporting a Claim

              Planning, Drafting, and Developing

              Learning by Doing: Refining Your Plans

              Learning by Doing: Making Columns of Appeals

              Revising and Editing

              Take Action Strengthening Support for a Stand

              Recognizing Logical Fallacies

              Additional Writing Assignments

               

              8. Evaluating and Reviewing

              Learning from Other Writers

            • Scott Tobias, The Hunger Games
            • Student Essay: Elizabeth Erion, Internship Program Falls Short

            • e-Pages Consumer Reports Editors, Best Buttermilk Pancakes [Video]

              Learning by Writing

              The Assignment: Writing an Evaluation

              e-Pages Learning by Doing: Evaluating Film

              Generating Ideas

              Learning by Doing: Developing Criteria

              Planning, Drafting, and Developing

              Learning by Doing: Stating Your Overall Judgment

              Learning by Doing: Supporting Your Judgments

              Revising and Editing

              Additional Writing Assignments

               

              9. Supporting a Position with Sources

              Learning from Other Writers

              • Jake Halpern, The Popular Crowd
              • Abigail Marchand: Student Essay, The Family Dynamic
              • e-Pages Research Cluster: Celebrity Culture [Text, Audio, and Video]
                • Cary Tennis, Why am I Obsessed with Celebrity Gossip? [Advice Column]
                • Karen Sternheimer, Celebrity Relationships: Why Do We Care? [Video]
                • Tom Ashbrook and Ty Burr, The Strange Power of Celebrity [Audio Interview]
                • Timothy J. Bertoni and Patrick D. Nolan, Dead Men Do Tell Tales [Academic Paper]
                Learning by Writing

                The Assignment: Supporting a Position with Sources

                e-Pages Learning by Doing: Finding Credible Sources

                Generating Ideas

                Learning by Doing: Selecting Reliable Sources

                Planning, Drafting, and Developing

                Learning by Doing: Connecting Evidence and Thesis

                The Academic Exchange

                Revising and Editing

                Learning by Doing: Launching Your Sources

                Learning by Doing: Checking Your Presentation of Sources

                Take Action Integrating Source Information Effectively

                Additional Writing Assignments

                 

                10. Responding to Visual Representations

                Using Strategies for Visual Analysis

                e-Pages Learning by Doing: Analyzing the Web Site for Your College Campus

                Level One: Seeing the Big Picture

                Source, Purpose, and Audience

                Prominent Element

                Focal Point

                Learning by Doing: Seeing the Big Picture

                Level Two: Observing the Characteristics of an Image

                Cast of Characters

                Story of the Image

                Design and Arrangement

                Artistic Choices

                Learning by Doing: Observing Characteristics

                Level Three: Interpreting the Meaning of an Image

                General Feeling or Mood

                Sociological, Political, Economic, or Cultural Attitudes

                Language

                Signs and Symbols

                Themes

                Learning by Doing: Interpreting Meaning

                Learning from Another Writer: Visual Analysis

                • Student Analysis of an Advertisement: Rachel Steinhaus, "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit"

                  Learning by Writing

                  The Assignment: Analyzing a Visual Representation

                  Generating Ideas

                  Planning, Drafting, and Developing

                  Revising and Editing

                  Learning from Another Writer: Visual Essay

                  • e-Pages Student Visual Essay: Shannon Kintner, Charlie Living with Autism

                    Additional Writing Assignments

                     

                    11. Writing Online

                    Getting Started

                    Learning by Doing: Identifying Online Writing Expectations

                    e-Pages Learning by Doing: Tracking Your Time Online

                    Class Courtesy

                    Online Ethics

                    Learning by Doing: Making Personal Rules

                    Common Online Writing Situations

                    Messages to Your Instructor

                    Learning by Doing: Finding a College Voice

                    Learning from Other Writers: Messages to Your Instructor

                    • e-Pages Portland State University Writing Center, Sample E-mail to an Instructor [Video Tutorial]

                      Learning by Doing: Contacting Your Instructor

                      Online Profile

                      Learning by Doing: Posting a Personal Profile

                      Learning by Doing: Introducing a Classmate

                      Online Threaded Discussions or Responses

                      Learning from Other Writers: Threaded Discussion

                      • Student Online Threaded Discussion: Instructor Kathleen Beauchene and Students Cristina Berrios, Joshua Tefft, Leah Threats, Arthur Wasilewski, and Joel Torres, Discussion of Writing Processes

                        Learning by Doing: Joining a Threaded Discussion

                        File Management

                        Learning by Doing: Preparing a Template

                        Learning by Doing: Organizing Your Files

                        Additional Writing Assignments

                         

                        PART THREE: A Writer’s Strategies

                        Introduction: Expanding Your Resources

                        12. Strategies for Generating Ideas

                        Finding Ideas

                        Building from Your Assignment

                        Learning by Doing: Building from Your Assignment

                        Brainstorming

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Brainstorming from a Video

                        Learning by Doing: Brainstorming

                        Freewriting

                        Learning by Doing: Freewriting

                        Doodling or Sketching

                        Learning by Doing: Doodling or Sketching

                        Mapping

                        Learning by Doing: Mapping

                        Imagining

                        Learning by Doing: Imagining

                        Asking a Reporter’s Questions

                        Learning by Doing: Asking a Reporter’s Questions

                        Seeking Motives

                        Learning by Doing: Seeking Motives

                        Keeping a Journal

                        Learning by Doing: Keeping a Journal

                        Getting Ready

                        Setting Up Circumstances

                        Preparing Your Mind

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Generating Ideas

                         

                        13. Strategies for Stating a Thesis and Planning

                        Shaping Your Topic for Your Purpose and Your Audience

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Analyzing a Thesis

                        Learning by Doing: Considering Purpose and Audience

                        Stating and Using a Thesis

                        Learning by Doing: Identifying Theses

                        How to Discover a Working Thesis

                        Learning by Doing: Discovering a Thesis

                        How to State a Thesis

                        Learning by Doing: Examining Thesis Statements

                        How to Improve a Thesis

                        Take Action Building a Stronger Thesis

                        How to Use a Thesis to Organize

                        Learning by Doing: Using a Thesis to Preview

                        Organizing Your Ideas

                        Grouping Your Ideas

                        Learning by Doing: Clustering

                        Outlining

                        Learning by Doing: Moving from Outline to Thesis

                        Learning by Doing: Responding to an Outline

                        Learning by Doing: Outlining

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Planning

                         

                        14. Strategies for Drafting

                        Making a Start Enjoyable

                        Restarting

                        Paragraphing

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Identifying Topic Sentences

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Identifying Transitions

                        Using Topic Sentences

                        Learning by Doing: Shaping Topic Sentences

                        Writing an Opening

                        Writing a Conclusion

                        Learning by Doing: Opening and Concluding

                        Adding Cues and Connections

                        Learning by Doing: Identifying Transitions

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Drafting

                         

                        15. Strategies for Revising and Editing

                        Re-viewing and Revising

                        Revising for Purpose and Thesis

                        Revising for Audience

                        Revising for Structure and Support

                        Learning by Doing: Tackling Macro Revision

                        Working with a Peer Editor

                        Meeting with Your Instructor

                        Decoding Your Instructor’s Comments

                        Revising for Emphasis, Conciseness, and Clarity

                        Stressing What Counts

                        Cutting and Whittling

                        Keeping It Clear

                        Learning by Doing: Tackling Micro Revision

                        Editing and Proofreading

                        Editing

                        Proofreading

                        Learning by Doing: Editing and Proofreading

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Revising and Editing

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Editing Sentences

                         

                        PART FOUR: A Writer's Research Manual

                        Introduction: Investigating Questions

                         

                        16. Planning Your Research Project

                        Beginning Your Inquiry

                        The Assignment: Writing from Sources

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Research

                        Asking a Research Question

                        Exploring Your Territory

                        Turning a Topic into a Question

                        Learning by Doing: Polling Your Peers

                        Surveying Your Resources

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Narrowing Online Research

                        Using Keywords and Links

                        Learning by Doing: Proposing Your Project

                        Managing Your Project

                        Recording Information

                        Starting a Research Archive

                        Learning by Doing: Interviewing a Researcher

                         

                        17. Working with Sources

                        Drawing the Details from Your Sources

                        Starting a Working Bibliography

                        Learning by Doing: Teaming Up for Source "Warm-Ups"

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Practicing with Online Sources

                        Capturing Information in Your Notes

                        Source Navigator: Article in a Print Magazine

                        Source Navigator: Article in a Scholarly Journal from a Database

                        Source Navigator: Book

                        Source Navigator: Page from a Web Site

                        Quoting

                        Sample Quotations, Paraphrase, and Summary (MLA Style)

                        Paraphrasing

                        Summarizing

                        Mixing Methods

                        Learning by Doing: Capturing Information from Sources

                        Developing an Annotated Bibliography

                        Learning by Doing: Writing an Annotation

                         

                        18. Finding Sources

                        Searching the Internet

                        Finding Recommended Internet Resources

                        Selecting Search Engines

                        Learning by Doing: Comparing Web Searches

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Comparing Google and Database Searches

                        Conducting Advanced Electronic Searches

                        Finding Specialized Online Materials

                        Searching the Library

                        Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Your Library Orientation Session

                        Learning by Doing: Brainstorming for Search Terms

                        Searching Library Databases

                        Learning by Doing: Comparing Databases

                        Learning by Doing: Comparing Google and Database Searches

                        Using Specialized Library Resources

                         

                        19. Evaluating Sources

                        Evaluating Library and Internet Sources

                        Learning by Doing: Evaluating Your Sources

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Evaluating Online Sources

                        Who Is the Author?

                        Who Else Is Involved?

                        What Is the Purpose?

                        When Was the Source Published?

                        Where Did You Find the Source?

                        Why Would You Use This Source?

                        How Would This Source Contribute to Your Paper?

                        Learning by Doing: Adding Useful Sources

                        Reconsidering Purpose and Thesis

                         

                        20: Integrating Sources

                        Using Sources Ethically

                        Capturing, Launching, and Citing Evidence

                        Quoting and Paraphrasing Accurately

                        e-Pages Learning by Doing: Quoting and Paraphrasing Accurately

                        Summarizing Concisely

                        Avoiding Plagiarism

                        Launching Source Material

                        Take Action Integrating and Synthesizing Sources

                        Learning by Doing: Connecting Your Sources

                        Citing Each Source Clearly

                        Synthesizing Ideas and Sources

                        Learning by Doing: Launching and Citing Your Sources

                        Learning by Doing: Synthesizing Your Sources

                         

                        Appendices

                         

                        Quick Format Guide

                        A. Following the Format for an Academic Paper

                        B. Integrating and Crediting Visuals

                        C. Preparing a Document Template

                        D. Solving Common Format Problems

                        E. Designing Other Documents for Your Audience Discovery Checklist

                        F. Organizing a Résumé and an Application Letter

                         

                        Quick Research Guide

                        A. Defining Your Quest

                        B. Searching for Recommended Sources

                        C. Evaluating Possible Sources

                        D. Capturing, Launching, and Citing Evidence Added from Sources

                        E. Citing and Listing Sources in MLA or APA Style

                         

                        Quick Editing Guide

                        A. Editing for Common Grammar Problems

                        B. Editing to Ensure Effective Sentences

                        Take Action Improving Sentence Style

                        Take Action Improving Sentence Clarity

                        C. Editing for Common Punctuation Problems

                        D. Editing for Common Mechanics Problems

                        Sample MLA Research Paper

                        Candace Rardon, Meet Me in the Middle: The Student, the State, and the School

                        Sample APA Research Paper

                        Jenny Lidington, Sex Offender Lists: A Never Ending Punishment

                         

                        A Writer’s E-Pages Reader

                        Introduction: Reading to Write

                        Families

                        Amy Tan, Mother Tongue [Text]

                        Richard Rodriguez, Public and Private Language [Text]

                        StrategyOne Editors, Once a Mother, Always a Mother [Infographic]

                        GOOD/Column Five Editors, Paternity Leave Around the World [Infographic]

                        Men and Women

                        Robert Jensen, The High Cost of Manliness [Text]

                        Julie Zeilinger, Guys Suffer from Gender Roles Too [Text]

                        Deborah Tannen, Who Does the Talking Here? [Text]

                        Jed Conklin, Boxing Beauties [Visual Essay]

                        Popular Culture

                        Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies [Text]

                        Gerard Jones, Violent Media Is Good For Kids [Text]

                        Chuck Klosterman, My Zombie, Myself [Text]

                        Brad Shoup, ‘Harlem Shake’ vs. History: Is the YouTube Novelty Hits Era That Novel? [Multimodal Essay]

                        Digital Living

                        Elizabeth Stone, Grief in the Age of Facebook [Text]

                        Libby Copeland, Is Facebook Making Us Sad? [Text]

                        Sherry Turkle, How Computers Change the Way We Think [Text]

                        Off Book Editors, Generative Art: Computers, Data, and Humanity [Video]

                        Explorations on Living Well

                        Juliet Schor, The Creation of Discontent [Text]

                        Llewellyn H. Rockwell Jr., In Defense of Consumerism [Text]

                        Sarah Adams, Be Cool to the Pizza Dude [Audio and Text]

                        Brent Foster, Highway Angel [Video]

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