9780072843514

Connections Across Eurasia: Transportation, Communication, and Cultural Exchange on the Silk Roads

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780072843514

  • ISBN10:

    0072843519

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/4/2007
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Summary

This first edition text examines the remarkable histories of the societies and peoples who fostered Eurasian trade and communication in the almost two millennia before 1500 C.E. A study in the early history of "globalization," the commercial and cultural exchanges explored in this volume provide students not only with a greater knowledge of the past, but also a deeper understanding of our world today.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Ecological Context for the Emergence of the Eurasian Silk Roadsp. 1
The Silkp. 3
Three Interrelated Ecological Zonesp. 5
Inside the Urban-Agricultural Zonep. 6
Inside the Pastoral Zonep. 7
Inside the Taiga Forest Zonep. 10
Exchanges Among the Zonesp. 11
The Significance of Horsesp. 12
The Origins of the Silk Roads: Silks and Horses on the Chinese Frontierp. 19
Steppe vs. Sown on the Chinese Frontierp. 21
The Xiongnu, the Yuezhi, and the Chinesep. 21
The Yuezhi-Kushan in Tuhara (Formerly Bactria)p. 31
The Political, Cultural, and Symbolic Significance of Horses, Chariots, and Silkp. 35
For Further Readingp. 39
An Overseas Silk Road: Roman Empire Traders in India, the Yuezhi-Kushan Kingdom, and the Development of Mahayana Buddhismp. 43
The Roman Empire Tradersp. 45
The Arabian Peninsula and the Early Trade in Aromatic Wood Resinsp. 46
Gan Ying and a Chinese Attempt To Find the Sea Marketsp. 52
The Cosmopolitan Kushan Empirep. 56
Mahayana Buddhism and Its Spread to Chinap. 63
For Further Readingp. 71
The Desert Routes: Second Century BCE To Fifth Century CEp. 75
The Hexi Corridor and the Great Wallp. 78
Oases Around the Takla Makan Desertp. 82
Buddhist Establishments on the Desert Routesp. 85
Desert Routes on the Roman Frontierp. 90
Hellenistic Cities under the Seleucidsp. 92
The Silk Trade in Eurasia's Western Desertsp. 93
For Further Readingp. 101
Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Buddhism: Political Turmoil and a New Relationship Between Empire and Religionp. 107
Upheavalsp. 108
Religions, Institutions, and Valuesp. 112
Buddhist Networksp. 112
Zoroastrian Networksp. 119
Christian Networksp. 125
The Byzantine Empire's Government Silk Monopolyp. 129
The Tang Empire and Government Restrictions on Some Varieties of Silkp. 135
For Further Readingp. 143
Trade and Communication Under the Muslim Systemp. 147
The Islamic Attitude Toward Tradep. 152
Islamic Currency and the Tiraz Systemp. 155
The Significance of Textilesp. 157
Sericulture and Trade in the Islamic Domainp. 164
The Spread of Paper-Making and Booksp. 170
Scholarly Pursuitsp. 175
For Further Readingp. 179
Oceans and Seas, 900-1300p. 187
The Origins of the Route Between China and Sri Lankap. 189
The Maritime Trade of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphatesp. 192
The Fatimid Caliphate and the Ayyubid Dynasty in Egyptp. 196
The Mediterranean Tradep. 201
The Indian Subcontinent as the Center of Southern Ocean Trade and the Rise of Colap. 206
An Age of Chinese Seafaringp. 209
For Further Readingp. 218
The Mongol Conquests and a New Order of Tradep. 223
The Mongols and Tradep. 226
Cross-Cultural Communications and Trade Sponsored by Mongol Rulersp. 231
Tent Cultures and Textilesp. 239
Growth and Development of the Seafaring Tradep. 246
For Further Readingp. 252
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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