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Designed for courses that make extensive use of ethnographies and other supplementary readings, this is a concise introduction to the basic ideas and practices of contemporary cultural anthropology. Not a standard textbook, Core Concepts in Cultural Anthropology, Sixth Edition, is more of an annotated bibliography of the terms and concepts that anthropologists use in their work. The book prepares students to read ethnographies more effectively and with greater understanding.
Robert H. Lavenda is Professor of Anthropology and Co-Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at St. Cloud State University.
Emily A. Schultz is Professor of Anthropology at St. Cloud State University.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Anthropology 1.1 An Anthropological Perspective 1.2 The Subfields of Anthropology 1.3 Is Anthropology a Science? Modernism, Postmodernism, and Beyond 1.4 Reflexive Anthropology 1.5 Moral Anthropology
Chapter 2. Culture 2.1 Culture Against Racism: The Early Twentieth Century 2.2 The Evolution of Culture 2.3 Culture and Symbolism 2.4 Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism 2.5 The Boundaries of Culture? 2.6 The Concept of Culture in a Global World: Problems and Practices 2.7 Culture: Contemporary Discussion and Debate 2.8 Culture: A Contemporary Consensus
Chapter 3. Meaning-Making and Language 3.1 Making Meaning 3.2 Studying Language: A Historical Sketch 3.3 The Building Blocks of Language 3.4 Language and Culture 3.5 Language and Society 3.6 Discourse 3.7 Language Contact and Change 3.8 Meaning Making and Art 3.9 The Anthropology of Media and the Arts
Chapter 4. World View and Religion 4.1 Religion 4.2 Myth 4.3 Ritual 4.4 Magic and Witchcraft 4.5 Religious Practitioners 4.6 Change in Religious Systems 4.7 Secularism, Fundamentalism, and New Religious Movements
Chapter 5. The Dimensions of Social Organization 5.1 What Is Social Organization? 5.2 Dimensions of Social Organization 5.3 Caste and Class 5.4 Race 5.5 Ethnicity
Chapter 6. Sex, Gender, and Sexuality 6.1 Sex, Gender and Feminism in the Twentieth Century 6.2 Sex, Gender, Race and Class 6.3 Gender Performativity 6.4 Theoretical Diversity in Studies of Sex and Gender 6.5 Sex, Gender and the Body 6.6 Sex, Gender and Sexuality 6.7 Sex, Gender and Sexuality in Ethnographic Context
Chapter 7. Relatedness: Kinship, Marriage, Family, and Friendship 7.1 Kinship Versus Biology 7.2 Descent 7.3 Bilateral Descent 7.4 Unilineal Descent 7.5 Kinship Terminologies 7.6 What Is Marriage? 7.7 Whom to Marry and Where to Live 7.8 How Many Spouses? 7.9 Marriage as Alliance 7.10 Family 7.11 Divorce 7.12 Friendship
Chapter 8. Political Anthropology 8.1 Power 8.2 Political Ecology and Political Economy 8.3 Disputes and Dispute Resolution 8.4 Forms of Political Organization 8.5 Social Stratification 8.6 Forms of Political Activity 8.7 Social Control and Law 8.8 Nationalism and Hegemony
Chapter 9. Economic Anthropology 9.1 The "Arts of Subsistence" 9.2 Subsistence Strategies 9.3 Explaining the Material Life Processes of Society 9.4 Modes of Exchange 9.5 Production, Distribution, and Consumption 9.6 Mode of Production 9.7 Peasants 9.8 Consumption 9.9 The Anthropology of Food and Nutrition
Chapter 10. Globalization 10.1 The Cultural Legacy of Colonialism 10.2 Analyzing Sociocultural Change in the Postcolonial World 10.3 Globalization 10.4 The Cultural Effects of Contact 10.5 Globalization, Citizenship, and Human Rights 10.6 Global Assemblages
Chapter 11. The Anthropology of Science, Technology, and Medicine 11.1 Science and Anthropology 11.2 Anthropology, Science, and Technology 11.3 The Anthropology of Medicine 11.4 Human Health in Evolutionary Context 11.5 Human Health and Nutrition 11.6 Health and Human Reproduction 11.7 Sickness and Health in the Global Capitalist Economy
Chapter 12. Theory in Cultural Anthropology 12.1 Anthropology as Science 12.2 Nineteenth-Century Approaches 12.3 Early-Twentieth-Century Approaches 12.4 Mid-Twentieth-Century Approaches 12.5 Late-Twentieth-Century Approaches 12.6 New Directions in the Twenty-First Century
Appendix: Reading Ethnography The Parts of an Ethnography The Use of Indigenous and Local Terms The Photographs Why Are You Reading This Ethnography (and How Should You Read It)?