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Criminal Law Today : An Introduction with Capstone Cases,9780131702875
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Criminal Law Today : An Introduction with Capstone Cases

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780131702875

ISBN10:
0131702874
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 1/1/2006.
What is included with this book?
  • The Used copy of this book is not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included.

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Summary

This book is designed to introduce readers to the fundamental nature of law, to give them an overview of general legal principles, and to help them develop a special understanding of the historical development of criminal law and its contemporary form and function in today's American society. Real stories and photographs of contemporary situations and issues bring the content to life, and Capstone Cases provide insights into the everyday workings of American jurisprudence and illustrate the logic by which appellate decisions are made.This volume provides complete coverage of the nature and history of criminal law, criminal liability and the essence of crime, the concept of crime, justifications as defenses, excuses as defenses, the defense of insanity, legal and social dimensions of homicide, assault, battery, and other personal crimes, property and computer crimes, offenses against public order and the administration of justice, offenses against public morality, victims and the law, and punishment and sentencing.For individuals interested in criminal law and its function in society.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xix
About the Author xxi
The Nature and History of Criminal Law
2(42)
Introduction
3(1)
What Is Criminal Law?
3(6)
Types of Crime
5(2)
Types of Law
7(2)
The Purpose of Law
9(6)
Moral Enterprise
10(1)
The Role of Criminal Law
11(1)
The Rule of Law
12(3)
Historical Sources of Today's Law
15(10)
Natural Law
15(3)
Early Codes
18(2)
Common Law
20(3)
The U.S. Constitution
23(2)
The Federal System
25(1)
The Model Penal Code
26(1)
Summary
27(1)
Questions for Discussion
28(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
28(2)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
30(1)
How to Brief a Case
31(13)
Criminal Liability and the Essence of Crime
44(42)
Introduction
45(1)
The Adversarial System
46(5)
Standards of Proof
47(3)
Criminal Liability
50(1)
The Legal Essence of Criminal Conduct
51(13)
The Criminal Act
52(4)
State of Mind
56(8)
Concurrence
64(1)
Summary
64(1)
Questions for Discussion
65(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
65(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
66(1)
Capstone Cases
67(19)
Expanding the Concept of Crime
86(22)
Introduction
87(1)
Corpus Delicti
88(2)
Additional Elements of Crime
90(8)
Causation
90(2)
Resulting Harm
92(2)
The Principle of Legality
94(2)
Necessary Attendant Circumstances
96(2)
Summary
98(1)
Questions for Discussion
99(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
99(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
100(1)
Capstone Cases
100(8)
Extending Criminal Liability: Inchoate Offenses and Parties to Crime
108(54)
Introduction
109(1)
Criminal Attempt
110(8)
The Act Requirement
112(1)
Preparation
112(3)
Defenses
115(2)
Completed Offense
117(1)
Punishment
117(1)
Criminal Conspiracy
118(6)
Doctrine of Complicity
119(1)
Elements of the Crime
120(1)
Plurality Requirement
120(1)
Required Intent
121(1)
Parties to a Conspiracy
122(1)
Duration of Conspiracy
122(2)
Criminal Solicitation
124(2)
Parties to Crime
126(10)
Relationship of Complicity
127(1)
Accomplice Liability
127(1)
Accessory
128(2)
The Criminal Liability of Corporations
130(5)
Vicarious Liability
135(1)
Summary
136(1)
Questions for Discussion
137(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
138(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
138(1)
Capstone Cases
139(23)
Justifications as Defenses
162(34)
Introduction
163(1)
Types of Defenses
164(1)
The Nature of Defenses
165(1)
Justification as a Defense
166(15)
Necessity
166(2)
Self-Defense
168(4)
Defense of Others
172(3)
Defense of Home and Property
175(3)
Resisting Unlawful Arrest
178(2)
Consent
180(1)
Summary
181(1)
Questions for Discussion
182(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
183(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
183(1)
Capstone Cases
183(13)
Excuses as Defenses
196(54)
Introduction
197(1)
The Nature of Excuses
198(1)
Categories of Excuses
199(23)
Duress
200(1)
Intoxication
201(3)
Mistake
204(6)
Age
210(2)
Entrapment
212(2)
Syndrome-Based Defense Enhancements
214(8)
Summary
222(1)
Questions for Discussion
223(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
223(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
224(1)
Capstone Cases
224(26)
The Defense of Insanity
250(38)
Introduction
251(1)
Competency to Stand Trial
252(8)
Purpose of the Insanity Defense
260(2)
The Insanity Defense---A Common Misunderstanding
262(1)
What Is Insanity?
263(1)
History of the Insanity Defense
264(10)
The M'Naughten Rule---Knowing Right from Wrong
265(3)
Control Rules---The Irresistible Impulse Test
268(3)
The Durham Rule---Crime as a Product of Mental Disease
271(1)
The ALI Test---Substantial Capacity
271(1)
Guilty but Mentally III (GBMI)
272(1)
The Doctrine of Settled Insanity
273(1)
Diminished Capacity
274(2)
How Widely Used is the Insanity Defense?
276(1)
Consequences of an Insanity Finding
277(1)
Abolishing the Insanity Defense
278(1)
Summary
279(1)
Questions for Discussion
280(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
280(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
281(1)
Capstone Cases
282(6)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Personal Crime: Homicide
288(42)
Introduction
289(1)
Criminal Homicide
290(7)
Corpus Delicti
291(1)
Taking of a Life
291(2)
Defining ``Death''
293(2)
Time of Death
295(1)
Proximate Cause and Homicide
296(1)
Murder
297(5)
Malice Aforethought
297(2)
Capital Murder
299(2)
Felony Murder
301(1)
Manslaughter
302(4)
Voluntary Manslaughter
302(2)
Involuntary Manslaughter
304(2)
Negligent Homicide
306(1)
Vehicular Homicide
307(1)
Suicide
307(9)
Summary
316(1)
Questions for Discussion
317(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
317(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
317(1)
Capstone Cases
318(12)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Personal Crime: Assault, Battery, and Other Personal Crimes
330(48)
Introduction
331(1)
Assault, Battery, and Mayhem
332(11)
Assault
332(2)
Placing Another in Fear
334(1)
Conditional Assaults
334(1)
Aggravated Assaults
334(1)
Attempted Assault
335(1)
Antistalking Statutes
335(2)
Battery
337(2)
Aggravated Battery
339(1)
Mayhem
340(3)
Sex Offenses
343(8)
Rape
343(3)
Same-Sex Rape
346(1)
Rape Shield Laws
347(1)
Sexual Assault
348(3)
Kidnapping and False Imprisonment
351(3)
Kidnapping
351(2)
False Imprisonment
353(1)
Terrorism
354(5)
Terrorism and the Law
354(3)
The USA Patriot Act
357(2)
Summary
359(1)
Questions for Discussion
359(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
360(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
360(1)
Capstone Cases
361(17)
Legal and Social Dimensions of Property and Computer Crimes
378(64)
Introduction
379(1)
Theft Crimes
380(19)
Larceny
381(6)
Embezzlement
387(1)
False Pretenses
388(1)
Forgery
389(2)
Receiving Stolen Property
391(1)
Robbery
392(2)
Extortion
394(2)
Identity Theft---A New Type of Theft
396(3)
Consolidation of Theft Crimes
399(1)
Burglary
400(5)
Arson
405(2)
Computer and High-Technology Crimes
407(15)
Early Computer Crime Cases
409(1)
Computer Crime Laws
410(7)
Types of Computer Crimes
417(2)
Federal Cybercrime Enforcement Agencies
419(1)
Internet-Based Crime
419(3)
Summary
422(1)
Questions for Discussion
423(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
424(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
424(1)
Capstone Cases
425(17)
Offenses Against Public Order and the Administration of Justice
442(56)
Introduction
443(2)
Crimes Against Public Order
445(23)
Breach of Peace and Disorderly Conduct
445(7)
Fighting and Affray
452(1)
Public Intoxication
453(1)
Alcohol and Drug Laws
454(1)
Riot and Unlawful Assembly
455(2)
Vagrancy and Loitering
457(2)
Teenage Curfew
459(1)
Weapons Carrying
460(7)
Illegal Entry into the United States
467(1)
Crimes Against the Administration of Government
468(7)
Treason
468(2)
Perjury and Contempt
470(1)
Obstruction of Justice
471(2)
Escape
473(1)
Misconduct in Office and Bribery
474(1)
Summary
475(1)
Questions for Discussion
476(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
476(2)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
478(1)
Capstone Cases
478(20)
Offenses Against Public Morality
498(48)
Introduction
499(1)
Crimes Against Public Decency and Morality
500(21)
Prostitution
501(2)
Pornography, Obscenity, and Lewdness
503(3)
Other Consensual Sex Offenses
506(4)
Gambling and Gaming
510(2)
Controlled Substances
512(8)
A Critique of Laws Regulating Public Morality
520(1)
Summary
521(1)
Questions for Discussion
522(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
522(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
523(1)
Capstone Cases
523(23)
Victims and the Law
546(38)
Introduction
547(1)
Who is a Victim?
548(1)
A Short History of the Victim
549(3)
The Philosophy of Victim Compensation
550(1)
Victims' Assistance Programs Today
551(1)
Victims' Rights Legislation
552(10)
The Growth of Victims' Rights
554(4)
``Son of Sam'' Laws
558(2)
Victim Impact Statements
560(2)
Victim Statistics
562(8)
The National Crime Victimization Survey
563(1)
Violence Against Women
564(1)
Young Black Male Victims
565(2)
Elderly Victims
567(1)
The Uniform Crime Reports
568(2)
Restitution
570(2)
The Restoration Movement
571(1)
Summary
572(1)
Questions for Discussion
573(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
573(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
574(1)
Capstone Cases
574(10)
Punishment and Sentencing
584(47)
Introduction
585(2)
Sentencing Rationales
587(11)
Retribution
588(1)
Deterrence
589(1)
Rehabilitation
589(2)
Restoration
591(1)
Incapacitation
592(6)
Imposing Criminal Sanctions
598(6)
Federal Sentencing Practices
600(2)
The Role of the Jury in Sentencing Enhancements
602(1)
Truth in Sentencing
603(1)
Plea Bargaining
604(1)
Traditional Sentencing Options
605(1)
Hate Crimes
606(4)
Capital Punishment
610(6)
The Courts and Capital Punishment
611(2)
Limits on Death Row Appeals
613(1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishments
614(2)
Intermediate Sanctions
616(1)
Summary
617(1)
Questions for Discussion
618(1)
Legal Resources on the World Wide Web
619(1)
Suggested Readings and Classic Works
619(1)
Capstone Cases
620(11)
Appendix A: Constitution of the United States of America 631(15)
Appendix B: Model Penal Code Excerpts 646(53)
Glossary 699(24)
Table of Cases 723(8)
Subject Index 731


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