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Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World Plus NEW MyAnthroLab with eText -- Access Card Package

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9780205924769

ISBN10:
020592476X
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Pub. Date:
6/17/2012
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Pearson
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Summary

Successfully integrating attention to globalization, gender, class, race and ethnicity, and the environment, this text engages students with compelling ethnographic examples and by demonstrating the relevance of anthropology. Faculty and students praise the book's proven ability to generate class discussion, increase faculty-student engagement, and enhance student learning. This book, based on Miller's full-length Cultural Anthropology text, will generate class discussion, increase faculty-student engagement, and enhance student learning. Material throughout the book highlights the relevance of anthropology to students and how they can apply in their careers. By entwining attention to key theories for understanding culture with an emphasis on relevance of anthropological knowledge and skills, this text is the perfect choice for introductory cultural anthropology courses. Note: MyAnthroLabdoes not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyAnthroLab, please visitwww.MyAnthroLab.comor you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyAnthroLab(9780205249671)

Author Biography

In This Section:

 

I. Author Bio

II. Author Letter

 

I. Author Bio

 

Barbara Miller is Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs, and Director of the Culture in Global Affairs (CIGA) Research and Policy Program, at The George Washington University. She received her Ph.D. in anthropology from Syracuse University in 1978. Before coming to GW in 1994, she taught at the University of Rochester, SUNY Cortland, Ithaca College, Cornell University, and the University of Pittsburgh.

 

Barbara’s research has focused mainly on gender-based inequalities in India, especially the nutritional and medical neglect of daughters in the northern part of the country. She has also conducted research on culture and rural development in Bangladesh, on low-income household dynamics in Jamaica, and on Hindu adolescents in Pittsburgh.

 

Her current interests include continued research on India along with attention to the role of cultural anthropology in informing policy issues, especially as related to women, children, and other disenfranchised people.

 

She teaches courses on introductory cultural anthropology, medical anthropology, development anthropology, culture and population, health and development in South Asia, migration and mental health, and culture and security.

 

She has published many journal articles and book chapters and several books: The Endangered Sex: Neglect of Female Children in Rural North India, 2nd ed. (Oxford University Press 1997), an edited volume, Sex and Gender Hierarchies (Cambridge University Press 1993), and a co-edited volume with Alf Hiltebeitel, Hair: Its Power and Meaning in Asian Cultures (SUNY Press 1998). In addition to Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World, second edition, she is the author of Cultural Anthropology, fifth edition (Pearson 2008) and the lead author of Anthropology, second edition(Pearson  2008).

 

Barbara launched a blog in 2009 (anthropologyworks.com) which includes her thoughts on important findings and debates in anthropology, a weekly feature covering anthropologists in the mainstream media, and guests posts. You can also follow her via Twitter @anthroworks.

 

 

II. Author Letter

 

Dear Colleague,

 

Most cultural anthropology textbooks are pretty much the same over the years, with a few new photos and minor tweaks. But culture is changing all the time. Climate change means that longstanding livelihoods are endangered. New states are formed. Through new social media, people have more "friends" than ever before, and perhaps more friends than they can manage to maintain as "friends." Some languages die out, while some groups work hard to keep their languages alive. This is just to name a few.

 

This message is to let you know about some of the highlights of the 3rd edition of Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World. I think you will find it to be the most current, exciting, and engaging cultural anthropology textbook for your students.

 

Since the publication of the previous edition of Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World two years ago, several major events demand attention, including the earthquake in Haiti and the Gulf oil spill. Thanks to anthropologists who study such events and convey their findings to fellow academics and the public, we, as faculty, can better teach about culture in an ever-changing world.

 

One aspect of this revision that I very much enjoyed was incorporating new material that I learned about through my blog, anthropologyworks.com. I dedicate some time every day to scanning the media for any mention of anthropology to include in my weekly "anthro in the news" feature. Through this commitment, I learn about both "what's new" and "what's important" in anthropology. That learning enlivens Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World 3e in every chapter.

 

Other distinctive "Miller features" of this edition include:

 

• A thought-provoking box in each chapter called </inst> ‘AnthropologyWorks’ that<emphasis role="strong"> provides</emphasis> an example of how knowledge in cultural anthropology is used to prevent or solve social problems. For example, your students will be fascinated and inspired by the box describing Paul Farmer's work in providing health care in Haiti.

• Several new photographs arranged in pairs or trios, with linked captions, offer a mini-photo essay for students to ponder.

• Updates based on the latest research about how people seek health advice on the Internet, homelessness in the United States, texting and Textese, and oil-related environmental disasters.

· Several new Key Concepts distinguish my textbook from others and offer students connections with other courses they are taking: asexuality, corporate social responsibility, food security, sectarian conflict, and social justice.

· MyAnthroLibrary, new to this edition, offers selections of current, brief articles on engaging topics listed at the end of each chapter and available at no cost for students through MyAnthroLab.

 

I know that you want to get your students excited about cultural anthropology and help them see the relevance of it to their lives and careers. Therefore, you should choose my book! I appreciate your interest in the 3rd edition of Cultural Anthropology in a Globalizing World, and I would be grateful for any comments you might have about it.

 

Sincerely yours,

 

Barbara Miller

George Washington University

Email: barbar@gwu.edu

Blog: anthropologyworks.com

Twitter: anthroworks.com

Webpage: http://www.gwu.edu/~anth/who/miller.cfm

Table of Contents

BRIEF CONTENTS

PART I INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY  
 1 ANTHROPOLOGY AND THE STUDY OF CULTURE 
 2 RESEARCHING CULTURE 

PART II CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS  
 3 ECONOMIC SYSTEMS 
 4 REPRODUCTION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
 5 DISEASE, ILLNESS, AND HEALING

PART III SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
 6 KINSHIP AND DOMESTIC LIFE
 7 SOCIAL GROUPS AND SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 
 8 POLITICAL AND LEGAL SYSTEMS

PART IV SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS  
 9 COMMUNICATION 
 10 RELIGION 
 11 EXPRESSIVE CULTURE 

PART V CONTEMPORARY CULTURAL CHANGE 
 12 PEOPLE ON THE MOVE 
 13 PEOPLE DEFINING DEVELOPMENT 

 

CONTENTS


PREFACE


ABOUT THE AUTHOR 


PART I


INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

1

ANTHROPOLOGY AND THE STUDY OF CULTURE
THE BIG QUESTIONS
INTRODUCING ANTHROPOLOGY 
    Biological or Physical Anthropology
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Orangutan Research Leads to Orangutan Advocacy
    Archaeology 
    Linguistic Anthropology 
    Cultural Anthropology 
    Applied Anthropology: Separate Field or Cross-Cutting Focus?
INTRODUCING CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 
    A Brief History of Cultural Anthropology 
    The Concept of Culture 
    Definitions of Culture
    Characteristics of Culture
• EVERYDAY ANTHROPOLOGY Latina Power in the Kitchen 
    Multiple Cultural Worlds
    CULTURAMA San Peoples of Southern Africa 
    Distinctive Features of Cultural Anthropology
    Three Theoretical Debates in Cultural Anthropology
CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND CAREERS
    Majoring in Anthropology 
    Graduate Study in Anthropology 
    Living an Anthropological Life
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts 
    Suggested Readings

2
RESEARCHING CULTURE
THE BIG QUESTIONS
CHANGING RESEARCH METHODS IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 
    From the Armchair to the Field 
    Participant Observation 
    AnthropologyWorks: What’s for Breakfast in California?
DOING FIELDWORK IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY 
    Beginning the Fieldwork Process
CULTURAMA The Trobriand Islanders of Papua New Guinea 
    Preparing for the Field
    Working in the Field 
    Fieldwork Techniques
 • EYE ON THE ENVIRONMENT Inuit Place Names and Landscape Knowledge 
    Recording Culture 
    Data Analysis
URGENT ISSUES IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY RESEARCH 
    Ethics and Collaborative Research 
    Safety in the Field
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts  
    Suggested Readings

PART II
CULTURAL FOUNDATIONS

3
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
THE BIG QUESTIONS
MODES OF LIVELIHOOD 
    Foraging
 • EVERYDAY ANTHROPOLOGY: The Importance of Dogs 
    Horticulture 
    Pastoralism
    Agriculture 
    Industrialism and the Information Age

MODES OF CONSUMPTION AND EXCHANGE 
    Modes of Consumption and Exchange
    Modes of Consumption 
    Modes of Exchange
    ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Evaluating Indian Gaming in California
GLOBALIZATION AND CHANGING ECONOMIES 
    Sugar, Salt, and Steel Tools in the Amazon 
    Alternative Food Movements in Europe and North America 
    Continuities and Resistance: The Enduring Potlatch
    CULTURAMA The Kwakwaka’wakw of Canada
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts    
    Suggested Readings


4
REPRODUCTION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
THE BIG QUESTIONS
MODES OF REPRODUCTION 
    The Foraging Mode of Reproduction 
    The Agricultural Mode of Reproduction
CULTURAMA The Old Order Amish of the United States and Canada 
    The Industrial/Informatics Mode of Reproduction
CULTURE AND FERTILITY 
    Sexual Intercourse 
    ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Studying Sexual Behavior Among MSM in New York City
    Fertility Decision Making 
    Fertility Control 
    Infanticide
PERSONALITY AND THE LIFE CYCLE 
    Birth, Infancy, and Childhood 
    Socialization during Childhood 
    Adolescence and Identity
 • CRITICAL THINKING Cultural Relativism and Female Genital Cutting 
    Adulthood
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts    
    Suggested Readings

5
DISEASE, ILLNESS, AND HEALING
THE BIG QUESTIONS
ETHNOMEDICINE 
    Defining and Classifying Health Problems 
    Ethno-Etiologies 
    Healing Ways
 • EYE ON THE ENVIRONMENT Local Botanical Knowledge and Child Health in the
THREE THEORETICAL APPROACHES 
    The Ecological/Epidemiological Approach 
    The Interpretivist Approach 
    Critical Medical Anthropology
GLOBALIZATION AND CHANGE 
    New Infectious Diseases
    Diseases of Development 
    Medical Pluralism
CULTURAMA The Sherpa of Nepal 
    Applied Medical Anthropology
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS  Delivering Health Care in Rural Haiti
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts    
    Suggested Readings

PART III
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION 123

6
KINSHIP AND DOMESTIC LIFE
THE BIG QUESTIONS
HOW CULTURES CREATE KINSHIP 
    Studying Kinship: From Formal Analysis to Kinship in Action
    Descent
 • EVERYDAY ANTHROPOLOGY What’s in a Name?
CULTURAMA The Minangkabau of Indonesia

    Sharing 
    Marriage
HOUSEHOLDS AND DOMESTIC LIFE 
    The Household: Variations on a Theme
    Intrahousehold Dynamics
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Ethnography for Preventing Wife Abuse in Rural Kentucky
CHANGING KINSHIP AND HOUSEHOLD DYNAMICS
    Change in Descent 
    Change in Marriage
    Changing Households
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts  
    Suggested Readings

7
SOCIAL GROUPS AND SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
THE BIG QUESTIONS
SOCIAL GROUPS 
    Friendship
 • EVERYDAY ANTHROPOLOGY Making Friends
    Clubs and Fraternities 
    Countercultural Groups 
    Cooperatives
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION 
    Achieved Status: Class 
    Ascribed Status: “Race,” Ethnicity, Gender, and Caste
CULTURAMA: The Roma of Eastern Europe
CIVIL SOCIETY 
    Civil Society for the State: The Chinese Women’s Movement 
    Activist Groups: CO-MADRES 
    New Social Movements and the New Social Media
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts   
    Suggested Readings

8
POLITICAL AND LEGAL SYSTEMS
THE BIG QUESTIONS
POLITICS, POLITICAL ORGANIZATION, AND LEADERSHIP
    Bands
    Tribes 
    Chiefdoms
    States
SOCIAL ORDER AND SOCIAL CONFLICT
    Norms and Laws
    Systems of Social Control 
    Social Conflict and Violence
• CRITICAL THINKING Yanomami: The “Fierce People”?
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Anthropology and Community Activism in Papua New Guinea

CHANGE IN POLITICAL AND LEGAL SYSTEMS 
    Emerging Nations and Transnational Nations
CULTURAMA The Kurds of the Middle East 
    Democratization 
    The United Nations and International Peacekeeping
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED
    Key Concepts
    Suggested Readings

PART IV
SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS 187

9
COMMUNICATION
THE BIG QUESTIONS
THE VARIETIES OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION 
    Language and Verbal Communication
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Narrating Troubles
    Nonverbal Language and Embodied Communication
    Communicating with Media and Information Technology
LANGUAGE, DIVERSITY, AND INEQUALITY
    Language and Culture: Two Theories 
    Critical Discourse Analysis: Gender and “Race”
LANGUAGE CHANGE 
    The Origins and History of Language 
    Historical Linguistics 
    Writing Systems 
    Colonialism, Nationalism, and Globalization
CULTURAMA The Saami of Sápmi, or Lapland 
    Endangered Languages and Language Revitalization
 • CRITICAL THINKING Should Dying Languages Be Revived?

THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED
    Key Concepts  
    Suggested Readings

10
RELIGION
THE BIG QUESTIONS
RELIGION IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
    What Is Religion?
    Varieties of Religious Beliefs
 • EYE ON THE ENVIRONMENT Eagle Protection, National Parks, and the Preservation of Hopi Culture
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Aboriginal Women’s Culture and Sacred Site Protection
    Ritual Practices
    Religious Specialists
WORLD RELIGIONS AND LOCAL VARIATIONS 
    Hinduism 
    Buddhism 
    Judaism 
    Christianity 
    Islam
    CULTURAMA Hui Muslims of Xi’an, China 
    African Religions
DIRECTIONS OF RELIGIOUS CHANGE
    Revitalization Movements
    Contested Sacred Sites 
    Religious Freedom as a Human Right
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED
    Key Concepts  
    Suggested Readings

11
EXPRESSIVE CULTURE
THE BIG QUESTIONS
ART AND CULTURE 
    What Is Art?
 • CRITICAL THINKING Probing the Categories of Art
    Studying Art in Society 
    Performance Arts 
    Architecture and Decorative Arts
PLAY, LEISURE, AND CULTURE
    Games and Sports as a Cultural Microcosm
    Leisure Travel 
    CULTURAMA The Gullah of South Carolina 
    CHANGE IN EXPRESSIVE CULTURE
    Colonialism and Syncretism 
    Tourism’s Complex Effects
 • ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS A Strategy on Cultural Heritage for the World Bank
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED
    Key Concepts    
    Suggested Readings

PART V
CONTEMPORARY CULTURAL CHANGE

12
PEOPLE ON THE MOVE
THE BIG QUESTIONS
CATEGORIES OF MIGRATION
    Categories Based on Spatial Boundaries
 • CRITICAL THINKING Haitian Cane Cutters in the Dominican Republic: A Case of Structure or Human Agency? 
    Categories Based on Reason for Moving
    CULTURAMA The Maya of Guatemala
THE NEW IMMIGRANTS TO THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA 
    The New Immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean 
    The New Immigrants from Asia 
    The New Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union
 • LESSONS APPLIED Studying African Pastoralists’ Movements for Risk Assessment and Service Delivery
MIGRATION POLITICS, POLICIES, AND PROGRAMS IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD 
    Protecting Migrants’ Health
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS Mapping African Pastoralists’ Movements for Risk Assessment and Service Delivery
    Inclusion and Exclusion 
    Migration and Human Rights 
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts   
    Suggested Readings

13
PEOPLE DEFINING DEVELOPMENT
THE BIG QUESTIONS
DEFINING DEVELOPMENT AND APPROACHES TO IT
    Two Processes of Cultural Change
ANTHROPOLOGY WORKS The Saami, Snowmobiles, and Social Impact Analysis
    Theories and Models of Development
    Institutional Approaches to Development
CULTURAMA The Peyizan yo of Haiti 
    The Development Project
DEVELOPMENT, INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, AND WOMEN
    Indigenous People and Development
    Women and Development
URGENT ISSUES IN DEVELOPMENT
    Life Projects and Human Rights
 • EYE ON THE ENVIRONMENT Oil, Environmental Degradation, and Human Rights in the Nigerian Delta
    Cultural Heritage and Development: Linking the Past and Present to the Future
    Cultural Anthropology and the Future
THE BIG QUESTIONS REVISITED 
    Key Concepts

    Suggested Readings


PHOTO CREDITS


GLOSSARY


REFERENCES


INDEX



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