9780754608813

A Cultural History of Medical Vitalism in Enlightenment Montpellier

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780754608813

  • ISBN10:

    0754608816

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-01-28
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

This study is a cultural history of Montpellier vitalism, regarded by many historians as the leading school of medicine in the French Enlightenment. Offering a holistic understanding of physical-moral relation in place of Descartes' mind-body dualism, Montpellier vitalism supplied essential discursive foundations of the medical enlightenment.

Author Biography

Elizabeth A. Williams is Professor of History in the Department of History at Oklahoma State University.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
A Note on Translation x
Abbreviations xi
Introduction 1(15)
A Medical Town: Montpellier in the Eighteenth Century
16(34)
At the ``elbow'' of the south
18(1)
University and town
19(6)
The gardens
25(1)
Promoting and disseminating knowledge
26(5)
In the hospitals of Montpellier
31(4)
Practice and practitioners
35(2)
The waters
37(13)
A University in the Enlightenment: The University of Medicine of Montpellier
50(30)
Institutional hierarchy
52(4)
Professors and students
56(7)
Student life
63(4)
The teachers of Bordeu
67(13)
Boissier de Sauvages and the Emergence of Vitalism in Montpellier
80(32)
Against Descartes: Sauvages's early career
81(5)
Predictable and unpredictable remedies
86(4)
Sauvages's nosology
90(3)
Pathology and physiology
93(2)
Forces, faculties, and the action of the soul
95(6)
Classifying disease
101(11)
The Ascent to Paris: Montpellier Physicians in the Capital of Enlightenment
112(35)
``This vile country''
113(2)
``Hommes du Midi'' in Paris
115(1)
The lure of surgery
116(2)
Students again
118(2)
The Montpellier Encyclopedists
120(4)
Montpellierains and Paris medical journalism
124(5)
Vitalism in the salon
129(3)
Montpellier and the court
132(15)
Vitalism and the Encyclopedist Movement
147(38)
Celebrating Bearn
148(3)
A family collaboration in Paris
151(3)
Vital force in the body
154(6)
Vitalism in the Encyclopedie
160(3)
Medicine and chemistry
163(5)
Barthez as Encyclopedist
168(4)
Vitalists and materialists
172(13)
Time of Troubles: The University--Court Connection in the late Ancien Regime
185(30)
Untenable practices
186(3)
At war with the town doctors
189(5)
The clinic thwarted
194(3)
Internecine struggle
197(7)
A world away: Bordeu at court
204(11)
Semiotics, Smallpox, Sex: From the Practical to the Philosophical in Vitalist Medicine
215(40)
Semiotics and the search for certainty
217(3)
``A frightful and treacherous malady''
220(5)
``Practical medicine'' in the Encyclopedie
225(5)
Vital variability: the case of women
230(25)
Barthez and the ``Science of Man''
255(32)
Infinity of ills, infinity of cures
257(3)
The vital principle
260(5)
Forces of the animal economy
265(6)
``Modifications'' of the vital principle: temperament and age
271(4)
Barthez and the ``vitalist sect''
275(12)
Vitalism in the Late Enlightenment
287(34)
The reception of Barthez's synthesis
290(3)
Montpellier and the Societe royale de medecine
293(12)
Vitalism and Mesmerism
305(16)
Conclusion: The End of the Enlightenment and the Eclipse of Montpellier 321(14)
Select Bibliography 335(19)
Index 354

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