Design for Ecological Democracy

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-09-24
  • Publisher: Mit Pr

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Winner, 2007 Davidoff Award presented by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP), Winner, Scholarly Illustrated Category, 2007 AAUP Book Jacket and Journal Show. and Winner of the Architecture & Urban Planning category in the 2006 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. Over the last fifty years, the process of community building has been lost in the process of city building. City and suburban design divides us from others in our communities, destroys natural habitats, and fails to provide a joyful context for our lives. In Design for Ecological Democracy, Randolph Hester proposes a remedy for our urban anomie. He outlines new principles for urban design that will allow us to forge connections with our fellow citizens and our natural environment. He demonstrates these principles with abundantly illustrated examples-drawn from forty years of design and planning practice-showing how we can design cities that are ecologically resilient, that enhance community, and that give us pleasure. Hester argues that it is only by combining the powerful forces of ecology and democracy that the needed revolution in design will take place. Democracy bestows freedom; ecology creates responsible freedom by explaining our interconnectedness with all creatures. Hester's new design principles are founded on three fundamental issues that integrate democracy and ecology: enabling form, resilient form, and impelling form. Urban design must enable us to be communities rather than zoning-segregated enclaves and to function as informed democracies. A simple bench at a centrally located post office, for example, provides an opportunity for connection and shared experience. Cities must be ecologically resilient rather than ecologically imperiled, adaptable to the surrounding ecology rather than dependent on technological fixes. Resilient form turns increased urban density, for example, into an advantage. And cities should impel us by joy rather than compel us by fear; good cities enrich us rather than limit us. Design for Ecological Democracyis essential reading for designers, planners, environmentalists, community activists, and anyone else who wants to improve a local community.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
The State of American Habitationp. 1
Ecological Democracyp. 3
Life, Death, and Rebirth of Ecological Democracyp. 4
The Marriage of Necessity and Happinessp. 5
Design of City and Landscape Togetherp. 7
Enabling, Resilient, and Impelling Formp. 8
Enabling Form: ˘We Got to Know Our Neighbors÷p. 8
Resilient Form: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happinessp. 9
Impelling Form: ˘Make a City to Touch the People's Hearts÷p. 9
The Global Design Processp. 10
The Focus Is Designp. 10
This Book Is for Students of Ecological Democracyp. 12
Enabling Form: ˘We Got to Know Our Neighbors÷p. 15
Centerednessp. 21
Ten Rules for Good Centersp. 23
Sociopetal Places, Forming Open Circlesp. 32
Places for Community Ritualsp. 37
Nourishing Centeredness Every Dayp. 40
Connectednessp. 49
Independent Adjacenciesp. 51
What Goes Together and What Doesn't
Transportation and Community That Unifyp. 52
Chains, Webs, Flows, Networks, Cycles, and Recyclesp. 54
Resource Footprintsp. 57
Wildlife Habitatsp. 58
Ecological Thinkingp. 59
Mutualism and Glocalizationp. 60
Outside the Confines of the Boxp. 62
Things That Don't Go Together but Mightp. 63
Finding Fish Heads and Tailsp. 64
The Lost Mountain, the Power Map, and the Dirt Contractorp. 66
Fairnessp. 77
Accessibilityp. 78
Inclusionp. 80
Equal Distribution of Resources and Amenitiesp. 82
Paying Attention to Designp. 83
Mapping Injusticesp. 85
Fair Landscapes Empowerp. 87
Sensible Status Seekingp. 97
Forming Communities to Be What They Arep. 100
Lessons from Povertyp. 104
Taking Rootp. 105
Small Is Often Beautifulp. 106
Rare and Commonplace Beautyp. 107
Conspicuous Nonconsumptionp. 110
Inclusive Heterogeneityp. 111
Dirty Enough to Be Happyp. 112
Healthy Status Seekingp. 114
Sacrednessp. 117
Sacredness Expresses Our Essential Naturep. 117
Uncovering Sacrednessp. 118
Transformative Community Awarenessp. 125
Preservationp. 126
Design Gestaltp. 127
Recurring Centerp. 127
Natural Boundaryp. 130
Connections to Community, Ancestors, and Spiritsp. 130
Particularnessp. 132
Design Inspirationp. 133
A Higher Purpose for Vexing Problemsp. 135
Resilient Form: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happinessp. 137
Particularnessp. 145
Bioregional Distinctionp. 147
Topographic Typologies and Willful Water
Peculiar Forms of Conserving, Recycling, and Repairingp. 152
Meditations, Imaginings, and Similar Someplace Elsep. 160
Time Lapse and Previous Catastrophesp. 164
Particularness Provides Goodness of Fitp. 169
Selective Diversityp. 171
Biological Diversityp. 172
Cultural Diversityp. 184
Global Heterogenization and Glocal Designp. 186
The Landscape Form of a Diversified Economyp. 187
Social Ecotones of Mixed-Use Neighborhoodsp. 188
How Much Diversity Is Enough?p. 190
Intergenerational and Social-Class Diversityp. 196
Seeding Diversityp. 196
Density and Smallnessp. 201
Concentrated Density Creates Resiliencep. 201
The Conspiracy against Densityp. 205
Net, Perceived, and Affective Densityp. 207
Making Density Desirablep. 208
Provide for Piracyp. 218
Hide Densityp. 219
Green the Neighborhoodp. 220
Acquire Big Naturep. 221
Identify the Neighborhood and the Blockp. 222
Create the Centerp. 222
I Beg Your Pardonp. 223
I Never Promised You a Rose Garden
Limited Extentp. 227
Two Excellences Make a Singular Resiliencep. 227
From Settlement to Edge City and Fat Suburbp. 229
Three Questions of Sizep. 230
Appropriate Sizep. 230
The Outer Limits of Regional Carrying Capacity
Appropriate Sizep. 231
Internal Limits on Optimal City Size
Reconfiguring Megacitiesp. 233
Inside and Outsidep. 237
Cities Approaching 250,000 Peoplep. 238
Appropriate Sizep. 240
Small Towns in Regional Form
Creating a Big Wild Greenbelt for Los Angelesp. 244
The Essential Scales for Governing Ecological Democracyp. 251
A Mollusk, a Crustacean, a Flat Worm, and Tocquevillep. 253
Adaptabilityp. 255
Flexibile City Form from Natural Placesp. 256
Landscapes of Adaptabilityp. 256
Emptinessp. 259
Landscape and Buildingp. 260
Priority Framework and Piecemeal Intricacyp. 263
Continuous Experiment, Adaptive Management, and Windows of Opportunityp. 272
Choicep. 275
Impelling Form: ˘Make a City to Touch the People's Hearts÷p. 277
Everyday Futurep. 281
Designing for What People Do All Dayp. 283
Integrating Present Experience with Changep. 284
Marking Timep. 287
Inspiring Visionary Futures with the Everydayp. 289
Everyday Lessons for Designersp. 296
Naturalnessp. 301
Naturopathyp. 302
Naturismp. 305
Naturalizationp. 308
The Form to Arouse Naturalnessp. 310
The Natural Parkp. 315
Naturalness Impelsp. 323
Inhabiting Sciencep. 325
Urban Ecological Illiteracyp. 327
Native Wisdom, Science, and the Language of Ecological Democracyp. 331
How Science Is Inhabitedp. 332
What We Need to Knowp. 334
Learning from the Urban Landscapep. 338
Discovery Landscapesp. 340
Cultivating Landscapesp. 344
Instructive Landscapesp. 345
Scientific Landscapesp. 348
Argumentative Landscapesp. 350
LA96Cp. 353
Reciprocal Stewardshipp. 363
Stewarding and Stewardedp. 364
Native Stewardship Meets Freedom to Withdraw from Civic Lifep. 365
Ecological Necessity and Voluntary Stewardshipp. 367
The Garden Patchp. 375
Active Responsibilityp. 383
Pacingp. 387
Light Speed and Snail's Pacep. 387
Dwelling Pacep. 390
Learning to Walkp. 392
Slouching toward Obesity at Car Speedp. 393
Remedial and Preventive Prescriptionsp. 396
Pathfinders Curb the Carp. 396
Living Syphonic Sequencesp. 399
Metamorphic Walksp. 404
Groundedp. 408
Walk All Overp. 412
Epiloguep. 419
Notesp. 423
References and Suggested Readingp. 459
Image Creditsp. 487
Indexp. 491
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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