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Deviant Behavior,9780132403665
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Deviant Behavior

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780132403665

ISBN10:
0132403668
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This interesting, comprehensive book examines deviant behavior from the point of view that humans are rule-making and rule-enforcing creatures.Deviant Behavior, 8th ed.recognizes that humans are also rebellious and irrepressible: hence, deviant. These processes of rule-making, relu-violation, and rule-enforcement are the core of human life; and the sociology of deviance is a field of study that is flourishing. Understanding unconventional or undesirable behavior, beliefs, and traits is necessary to understanding the human condition, and society as we know it today.Comprehensive yet readable, this book covers: methods in social research; criminal violence; legal and illegal drugs; sexual deviance; unconventional beliefs; mental disorder; physical characteristics; and deviant organizational behavior.An excellent reference work for those involved in law enforcement and the legal system, as well as therapists, social workers, teachers, researchers, and medical professionals.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Deviance in Everyday Lifep. 3
So, What Is Deviance?p. 4
Societal and Situational Deviancep. 6
The ABCs of Deviancep. 7
Deviant Behaviorp. 7
Deviant Attitudes and Beliefsp. 9
Physical Characteristicsp. 10
Tribe, Race, Religion, and Nationp. 11
A Fourth Type of Deviancep. 11
What Deviance Is Notp. 12
Relativismp. 14
Summaryp. 16
Personal Account: A Computer Pirate Tells His Storyp. 18
Questionsp. 21
Approaches to Deviancep. 22
Positivism: An Introductionp. 23
Constructionist Approaches to Deviance: An Introductionp. 27
Deviance and Social Control: An Introductionp. 31
Formal and Informal Social Controlp. 33
Summaryp. 34
Personal Account: A Stripper Mom Tells Her Storyp. 36
Questionsp. 41
Explaining Deviant Behavior: Positivist Theoriesp. 42
Free Will, Rational Calculation, and Routine Activities Theoryp. 43
Social Disorganization and the Chicago Schoolp. 45
Anomie or Strain Theoryp. 47
Anomie Theory into the 1990s and Beyondp. 51
Differential Association and Learning Theoryp. 53
Social Control Theoryp. 54
A General Theory of Crime: Self-Control Theoryp. 56
Summaryp. 58
Personal Account: Clinical Depressionp. 60
Questionsp. 64
Constructionist Theories of Deviancep. 65
Functionalismp. 67
Labeling or Interactionist Theoryp. 68
Conflict Theoryp. 74
Feminismp. 77
Controlology or the New Sociology of Social Controlp. 80
How Are Judgments of Deviance Made?p. 83
The Role of Religion in Judgments of Deviancep. 83
Religion and Politicsp. 86
Red State, Blue Statep. 89
Retro versus Metrop. 89
Summaryp. 91
Personal Account: Cody, the Identity-Constructing Homosexualp. 94
Questionsp. 99
Studying Deviance: Methods in Social Researchp. 100
The Use of Official Datap. 101
Survey Researchp. 104
Participant Observationp. 112
Narratives, Autobiographies, Life Histories, and Personal Accountsp. 116
Ethical Issues in the Study of Deviance: Tearoom Sex, a Case Studyp. 118
Summaryp. 120
Personal Account: Field Experiment: Public Reactions to Normative Violationsp. 121
Field Experiment: Two Guys Holding Hands in Public, Steven M. Claytonp. 122
Questionsp. 125
Criminal Behaviorp. 126
Deviance and Crime: A Rough Division of Laborp. 127
Crime and Deviance: A Conceptual Distinctionp. 130
Common Law and Statutory Lawp. 131
What Is Our Mission? Constructionism versus Positivismp. 133
The Severity of Crimep. 134
The Uniform Crime Reportsp. 137
Property Crimep. 138
Shoplifting and Employee Theftp. 141
Summaryp. 143
Personal Account: Omar's Storyp. 145
Questionsp. 148
Criminal Violencep. 149
Violence: An Introductionp. 150
Murderp. 150
Forcible Rapep. 157
Robberyp. 164
Is Robbery a Crime of Passion?p. 168
Summaryp. 169
Personal Account: Having a Deviant Fatherp. 170
Questionsp. 172
Illicit Drug Usep. 174
Drug Use: The Social Construction of a Social Problemp. 176
What Is Drug Use?p. 179
A Classification of Drugs and Their Effectsp. 180
The Extent of Drug Use in the United Statesp. 182
Marijuana Use in the United States, 1960-2004p. 187
Marijuana Use as Deviance and Crimep. 189
The War on Marijuana? The Great Transformation, 1990-2000sp. 192
Hallucinogenic Drugsp. 194
Cocaine and Crackp. 197
Heroin and the Narcoticsp. 201
Methamphetaminep. 202
Summaryp. 205
Personal Account: Barbiturate Abusep. 207
Personal Account: Smoking Marijuanap. 209
Questionsp. 211
Deviant Organizational Behaviorp. 272
White-Collar and Corporate Crimep. 215
Corporate Crime: Correlative Featuresp. 217
Four Recent Examples of Corporate Deviancep. 221
Police Use of Excessive Forcep. 223
The Sexual Abuse of Children by Roman Catholic Priestsp. 228
Summaryp. 234
Personal Account: Employee Pilferagep. 235
Questionsp. 237
Sexual Deviancep. 238
What's Deviant About Sexual Behavior?p. 240
Essentialism versus Constructionismp. 241
Gendering Sexualityp. 244
Homosexualityp. 245
Sex Workp. 253
Extramarital Sexp. 257
Summaryp. 259
Personal Account: Bondage and Discipline Sexp. 261
Questionsp. 265
Personal Account: Being a Homosexual Priestp. 266
Questionsp. 268
Cognitive Deviance: Holding Unconventional Beliefsp. 269
The Social Functions of Belief Systemsp. 274
The Intersection of Religion and Deviancep. 277
Religious Sects and Cultsp. 278
Creationism, Intelligent Design, and Evolutionp. 281
Paranormal Beliefs as Deviantp. 286
Summaryp. 289
Personal Account: The Belief That Extraterrestrials Are on Earthp. 291
Questionsp. 293
Mental Disorderp. 294
What Is Mental Disorder?p. 295
Models of Mental Disorderp. 297
Essentialism Approaches Mental Disorderp. 298
Constructionismp. 301
Labeling Theoryp. 303
The Modified Labeling Approachp. 305
Families of the Mentally Disordered: Labeling by Intimatesp. 307
The Epidemiology of Mental Disorderp. 309
On Being Sane in Insane Placesp. 310
Chemical Treatment of Mental Disorderp. 315
Deinstitutionalizationp. 317
Deviance and Mental Disorder: An Overviewp. 318
Summaryp. 319
Personal Account: Interview with Anna-Maria, a Manic-Depressivep. 321
Questionsp. 325
Physical Characteristics as Deviancep. 326
Abominations of the Body: An Introductionp. 330
Physical Disabilityp. 330
Conformity to and Violations of Esthetic Standardsp. 332
Body Modification as Physical Deviancep. 335
Obesityp. 336
Intersexualityp. 340
Are the Overweight Universally Stigmatized? Black-White Differencesp. 340
Agnesp. 341
The Two Debates: Essentialism-Constructionism/Nature-Nurturep. 342
From Bruce to Brenda to David (The Story of "John" and "Joan")p. 344
Freaksp. 345
Disability and Tertiary Deviancep. 346
Summaryp. 347
Personal Account: Jan, the Transitioning Transsexualp. 349
Questionsp. 353
Referencesp. 354
Photo Creditsp. 369
Name Indexp. 370
Subject Indexp. 374
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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