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Dialogues : An Argument Rhetoric and Reader

by ; ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780321101464

ISBN10:
0321101464
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Longman

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Table of Contents

Preface.

I. STRATEGIES FOR READING AND WRITING ARGUMENTS.

1. Understanding Persuasion: Thinking Like a Negotiator.
Argument.
What Makes an Argument.
The Uses of Argument.
Debate.
Moving from Debate to Dialogue.
Dialogue.
Deliberation.
"Taking a 'War of Words' Too Literally," by Deborah Tannen.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“The Case Against Tipping,” by Michael Lewis.
“The Consequences of 'Carnage as Entertainment,'” by John Ellis
Exercises.

2. Reading Arguments: Thinking Like a Critic.
Why Read Critically?
Preview the Reading.
Skim the Reading.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Binge Drinking Must Be Stopped,” by Henry Wechsler.
Consider Your Own Experience.
Annotate the Reading.
Summarize the Reading.
Analyze and Evaluate the Reading.
Argue with the Reading.
Create a Debate and Dialogue Between Two or More Readings.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Child Care for College Students,” by Froma Harrop.
Construct a Debate.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“Letter to the Editor” from the Washington Post, by Kathryn Stewart and Corina Sole.
“Letter to the Editor” from the Times-Picayune, James C. Carter, S.J.
Deliberate about the Readings.
Look for Logical Fallacies.
Exercises.

3. Finding Arguments: Thinking Like a Writer.
The Writing Process.
Finding Topics to Argue.
Developing Argumentative Topics.
Refining Topics.
Exercises.

4. Addressing Audiences: Thinking Like a Reader.
The Target Audience.
The General Audience.
Guidelines for Knowing Your Audience.
Adapting to Your Readers'Attitudes.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“Don't Forget the Smokers,” by C. Everett Koop.
“What the Antismoking Zealots Really Crave,” by Jeff Jacoby.
“Media Have Fallen for Misguided Antismoking Campaign,” by Robert J. Samuelson.
Choosing Your Words.
Exercises.

5. Shaping Arguments: Thinking Like an Architect.
Components of an Argument.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Indian Bones,” by Clara Spotted Elk.
Analyzing the Structure.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“I Am the Enemy,” by Ron Karpati.
Analyzing the Structure.
Two Basic Shapes for Arguments.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“Should We Cut This Out? Human Cloning Is Not as Scary as It Sounds,” by Robert Wachbroit.
Analysis of a Position Argument.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Schools Can Help to Prevent Teen Pregnancy,” by Martha Balash (student essay).
Questions for Analysis and Discussion.

6. Using Evidence: Thinking Like an Advocate.
How Much Evidence Is Enough?
Why Arguments Need Supporting Evidence.
Forms of Evidence.
Some Tips about Supporting Evidence.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Violent Culture: The Media, the Internet, and Placing Blame,” by Darren Beals (student essay).

7. Establishing Claims: Thinking Like a Skeptic.
The Toulmin Model.
Toulmin's Terms.
Field Work: Excavating Warrants.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“Why They Kill Their Newborns,” by Steven Pinker.
An Analysis Based on the Toulmin Model.
“Arguing for Infanticide,” by Michael Kelley.
Sample Argument for Analysis.
“Did I Miss Something?” by Lowell Putnam (student essay).

8. Visual Arguments: Thinking Like an Illustrator.
Common Forms of Visual Arguments.
Analyzing Visual Arguments.
Art.
Ancillary Graphics: Tables, Charts, and Graphs.

9. Researching Arguments: Thinking Like an Investigator.
Sources of Information.
A Search Strategy.
Sample Entries for an Annotated Bibliography.
Locating Sources.
Evaluating Sources.
Taking Notes.
Drafting Your Paper.
Revising and Editing Your Paper.
Preparing and Proofreading Your Final Manuscript.
Plagiarism.
Documentation Guide: MLA and APA Styles.
Where Does the Documentation Go?
Documentation Style.
A Brief Guide to MLA and APA Styles.
Sample Arguments for Analysis.
“Censorship: A Threat to Public Education,” by Jenny Benson (MLA - student essay).
“Television Desensitizes Children to Violence,” by Amber Sifritt (APA-student essay).

II. DIALOGUES.

10. Advertising and Consumerism.
Hooking the Consumer.
“Targeting a New World,” by Joseph Turow.
“Buy This 24-Year Old and Get All His Friends Absolutely Free” by Jean Kilburne.
“Friendly Persuasion: The Growing Ubiquity of Advertising,” by John Fraim.
“Hey Kids, Buy This!” by David Leonhardt and Kathleen Kerwin.
The Quest For Stuff.
“Two Cheers For Consumerism,” by James Twitchell.
“Manufacturing Desire,” by Harry Flood.
“The Stuff of Life,” by Scott Russell Sanders.
“The $100 Dollar Christmas,” by Bil Mckibben.
The Language of Advertising.
“With These Words, I Can Sell You Anything,” by William Lutz.
“The Language of Advertising,” by Charles A. O'neill.
“The Selling of Rebellion,” by John Leo.

11. Gender Issues.
Gender and Self-Perception.
“Saplings In the Storm,” by Mary Pipher.
“Will Boys Be Boys?” by John Leo.
“Bump and Grind: Little Girls Strut Their Stuff,” by Susanna Rodell
“The Bully In the Mirror,” by Stephen S. Hall.
Graphic: Men's and Women's Restroom Symbols.
Gender Communications.
“Women Have More To Say On Everything,” by Tony Kornheiser.
“I'm Sorry, I Won't Apologize,” by Deborah Tannen.
“In Each Other's Company,” by Herbert Gold.
“The Comfort of Friends,” by Anna Quindlen.
Graphic: Cartoon: Why Men Won't Stop For Directions.
Feminism In The 21st Century.
“The Independent Woman and Other Lies,” by Kate Roiphe.
“In The Combat Zone,” by Leslie Marmon Silko.
“Revisionist Feminism” by Susan Faludi And Karen Lehrman.

12. New September 11, 2001.
A Day Of Infamy.
“This Is What a Day Means,” by Andrew Sullivan.
“A Letter From Ground Zero,” by Jonathan Schell.
“We Chose Honor,” by Elie Wiesel.
Graphic: Editorial Cartoon: Jeff Danziger-Uncle Sam, September 11, 2001.
Patriotism and The Flag.
“The True Test of Patriotism Is Harder Than Just Waving a Flag,” by Eugene Kane.
“The Way We Live Now; Recapturing The Flag,” by George Packer.
“Rally Round The Flag,” by King Kaufman.
Graphic: Photo: Flags For Sale.
Reacting To Terrorism.
“Americans Don't Understand That Their Heritage Is Itself a Threat,” by Caleb Carr.
“The Algebra of Infinite Justice,” by Arundhati Roy.
“Understanding Terrorism: A Harvard Roundtable Discussion,” by Harvard University.

13. Race and Ethnicity.
Stereotypes: How They Hurt.
“Familiar Strangers,” by Ray Suarez.
“The Myth of the Latina Woman,” by Judith Ortiz Coffer.
“One of The Bad Guys?” by Ray Hanania.
“Who Is a Whiz-Kid?” by Ted Gup.
Graphic: Disney's Pocahontas.
Assimilation.
“The Return of The Melting Pot,” By Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
“Forging a New Vision of America's Melting Pot,” by Gregory Rodriguez.
“Diversity and Its Discontents,” by Arturo Madrid.
“Please ask Me Who, Not 'What,' I Am” by Jordan Lite.
Racial Profiling.
“You Can't Judge a Crook By His Color,” by Randall Kennedy.
“In Defense of Racial Profiling,” by John Derbyshire
“The Bill of Rights For Black Men: Walking While Black,” by Bryonn Bain.
Graphic: Cartoon: Racial Profiling.
“Hailing While Black,” by Shelby Steele.

14. What Makes a Family.
Rethinking The Nuclear Family.
“The New Nostalgia,” by Rosalind Barnet & Caryl Rivers.
Graphic: Photo: “Leave It To Beaver” and “Everybody Loves Raymond.”
“What's Happening To Marriage?” by The National Marriage Project.
“Working Dads, Unite!” by Joel Achenbach.
“Single Mothers: A Menace To Society?” by Stephanie Coontz.
“Why I Think I'm Still Right,” by Dan Quayle.
Gay Marriage and Partnering.
“Virtually Normal,” by Andrew Sullivan.
“Who Says Banning Gay Marriage Is Immoral?” by Jeff Jacoby.
Graphic: Cartoon: Wasserman's View-Family Values.
“Same Sex Marriage,” by Laurie Essig.
“What's Love Got To Do With It?” by E.G. Graff.

15. Law and Order.
Juvenile Crime.
“Adult Crime, Adult Time: Outdated Juvenile Laws Thwart Justice,” by Linda J. Collier.
“Young and Arrestless: The Case Against Expunging Juvenile Arrest Records,” by T. Marcus Funk.
“The Maximum Security Adolescent,” by Margaret Talbot.
“Crackdown On Kids,” by Annette Fuentes.
Graphic: Photo: Kids Behind Bars.
Gun Control.
“The Right To Bear Arms,” by Warren Burger.
“Zero Tolerance For Slaughter,” by Sallie Tisdale.
“An Army of Gun Lies,” by David Kopel.
Graphic: Photo: Empty Shoes (Protest).
“Gun Control Needs a Middle Ground,” by Jack Levin.
Capital Punishment and Retribution.
“A Death In Texas,” by Steve Earle.
“A Reckoning on Death Row,” by Jonathan Alter.
“Alter Falters,” by Robert Panbianco.
Graphic: Cartoon: Dna and The Electric Chair.
“The Place For Vengeance,” by Shannon Brownlee, Dan McGraw, and Jason Vest.

16. New Ethical Issues In Medicine.
Stem Cell Research.
“Brave New World,” by James Trefil.
“Remarks By The President on Stem Cell Research,” by George W. Bush.
“A Question of Life or Death,” by Kenneth L. Woodward.
“Reason, Faith, and Stem Cells,” by Michael Kingsley.
Abortion.
“Abortion In American History,” by Katha Pollitt.
“Abortion Is Not The Answer-Ever,” by Fred Minnick.
“The Myth Of The 'Pro-Choice' Woman, by Kathleen Howly.
Graphic: Advertisement: Ru-486.
“Some Thoughts About Abortion,” by Anna Quindlen.
Physician-Assisted Suicide and End of Life Choices.
“The Supreme Court and Physician-Assisted Suicide—The Ultimate Right,” by Marcia Angell.
“Death And Dignity—A Case of Individualized Decision Making,” by Timothy E. Quill.
Graphic: Photo: Aged Hands.
“Suicide, Assisted Suicide, and Medical Illness,” by Herbert Hendin.
“Final Right,” by Carrie Carmichael.

17. New Casebook: The Cloning Debate.
Graphic: Cartoon: Embryos R Us.
“Baby, It's You and You And You . . . ,” by Nancy Ross.
“Cloning and The Human Self,” by Chet Raymo.
“Human Cloning: Don't Just Say No,” by Ruth Macklin.
“Creepy and Inevitable: Cloning Us” by Adam Perlman.
“Should Human Cloning Be Permitted?” by Patricia A. Baird, M.D.
“Yes, Human Cloning Should Be Permitted,” by Chris Macdonald.

Index of Authors and Titles.

Credits.



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