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Ideal for courses in contemporary moral problems, applied ethics, and introduction to ethics, Disputed Moral Issues: A Reader, Fourth Edition, offers a unique pedagogical approach that bridges moral theory and applied ethics. Bringing together seventy engaging articles, it also includes an accessible Moral Theory Primer (Chapter 1). Each selection is enhanced by a host of pedagogical features, including concise summaries, reader cues referring to pertinent moral theories, and reading and discussion questions. A "Quick Guide to Moral Theories" at the front of the book and an extensive glossary of key terms are also included. A "User's Guide," which follows the preface, shows instructors how they can integrate moral theories and applied ethics into their courses.
Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of Moral Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition (2012), and editor of Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory, Sixth Edition (2011), and the annually published Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics. A collection of his essays on Kant's moral theory, Significance and System in Kant's Ethics: Selected Essays (2017), is published by Oxford University Press.
Table of Contents
Chapters 3-15 open with an Introduction and end with Additional Resources. *=New to this Edition Quick Guide to Moral Theories Preface User's Guide 1. A MORAL THEORY PRIMER 1. What Is a Moral Theory? 2. Seven Essential Moral Theories A. Consequentialism B. Natural Law Theory C. Kantian Moral Theory D. Rights-Based Moral Theory E. Virtue Ethics F. Ethics of Prima Facie Duty G. Social Contract Theory 3. Coping with Many Moral Theories 2. MORAL THEORY SELECTIONS * J. S. Mill, Utilitarianism St. Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law Immanuel Kant, The Moral Law John Locke, Natural Rights Aristotle, Virtue and Character W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Actions Right? John Rawls, A Theory of Justice 3. SEXUAL MORALITY Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, Approved by Pope Paul VI, Vatican Declaration on Some Questions of Sexual Ethics * John Corvino, from What's Wrong with Homosexuality? Thomas A. Mappes, A Liberal View of Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person Raja Halwani, Virtue Ethics and Adultery 4. PORNOGRAPHY, HATE SPEECH, AND CENSORSHIP The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, Pornography and Harm Nadine Strossen, Why Censoring Pornography Would Not Reduce Discrimination or Violence against Women * Susan Dwyer, Enter Here--At Your Own Risk: The Moral Dangers of Cyberporn John Arthur, Sticks and Stones * Andrew Altman, Speech Codes and Expressive Harm 5. DRUGS AND ADDICTION David Boaz, Drug-Free America or Free America? Peter de Marneffe, Decriminalize, Don't Legalize Robert E. Goodin, Permissible Paternalism: Saving Smokers from Themselves Daniel Shapiro, Addiction and Drug Policy 6. SEXISM, RACISM, AND REPARATION * Ann E. Cudd and Leslie E. Jones, Sexism J. L. A. Garcia, The Heart of Racism Tommie Shelby, Is Racism in the Heart? Louis P. Pojman, Why Affirmative Action Is Immoral Thomas E. Hill, Jr., The Message of Affirmative Action 7. THE ETHICS OF IMMIGRATION Stephen Macedo, The Moral Dilemma of U. S. Immigration Policy: Open Borders versus Social Justice Joseph H. Carens, Migration and Morality: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective Christopher Heath Wellman, Immigration and Freedom of Association Sarah Fine, Freedom of Association Is Not the Answer 8. EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia Philippa Foot, Killing and Letting Die Daniel Callahan, A Case against Euthanasia Michael B. Gill, A Moral Defense of Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law * David Velleman, Against the Right to Die 9. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS * Peter Singer, All Animals are Equal Carl Cohen, Do Animals Have Rights? * Peter Carruthers, Against the Moral Standing of Animals * Alastair Norcross, Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases 10. ABORTION Mary Ann Warren, On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, The Wrong of Abortion Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion Don Marquis, Why Abortion Is Immoral L. W. Sumner, A Moderate View 11. CLONING AND GENETIC ENHANCEMENT Leon R. Kass, Preventing Brave New World Gregory E. Pence, Will Cloning Harm People? Michael J. Sandel, The Case against Perfection Frances M. Kamm, Is There a Problem With Enhancement? Peter Singer, Parental Choice and Human Improvement 12. THE DEATH PENALTY Stephen Nathanson, An Eye for an Eye? Ernest van den Haag, A Defense of the Death Penalty Jeffrey H. Reiman, Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence James S. Liebman, Jeffrey Fagan, Valerie West, and Jonathan Lloyd, Capital Attrition: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995 13. WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE David Rodin, The Problem with Prevention Walter Sinnott-Armstong, Preventive War--What Is It Good For? Michael Walzer, Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses Andrew Valls, Can Terrorism Be Justified? Alan M. Dershowitz, Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured? Marcia Baron, The Ticking Bomb Hypothetical 14. WORLD HUNGER AND POVERTY Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics Peter Singer, The Life You Can Save John Arthur, World Hunger and Moral Obligation Amartya Sen, Property and Hunger Onora O'Neill, A Kantian Approach to World Hunger 15. THE ENVIRONMENT, CONSUMPTION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE William F. Baxter, People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic Thomas E. Hill, Jr., Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving the Natural Environment * Stephen M. Gardiner, A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics, and the Problem of Moral Corruption Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, It's Not My Fault: Global Warming and Individual Moral Obligations Bjørn Lomborg, Let's Keep Our Cool about Global Warming Glossary