9780335228621

Doing Action Research in Early Childhood Studies a step-by-step guide

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  • ISBN13:

    9780335228621

  • ISBN10:

    0335228623

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-09-01
  • Publisher: Open University Press
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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Written in a lively and accessible style, this is the essential step by step guide to conducting your own action research project. The book introduces and evaluates different approaches to action research and explores how they can be applied in early childhood settings to create positive change and to improve practice.

Author Biography

Glenda Mac Naughton is Professor in Early Childhood Studies and Director of the Centre for Equity and Innovation in Early Childhood in the University of Melbourne's Graduate School of Education, Australia.

..Patrick Hughes is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Equity and Innovation in Early Childhood in the University of Melbourne's Graduate School of Education, Australia..

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introduction: the action research cyclep. 1
Choosing to Change
Choose a social practice to change or improvep. 7
Preparing to take Step 1p. 8
a case from practicep. 16
Taking your first step: your actions and reflectionsp. 18
Further resources: going deeperp. 19
Ask a question about your chosen social practicep. 20
Preparing to take Step 2p. 21
a case from practicep. 32
Taking your second step: your actions and reflectionsp. 33
Further resources: going deeperp. 33
Planning for a Change
Learn more about the action research familyp. 37
Preparing to take Step 3p. 38
a case from practicep. 51
Taking your third step: your actions and reflectionsp. 52
Further resources: going deeperp. 53
Learn more about your topic from the literaturep. 55
What is a literature review?p. 57
A literature review to meet your needp. 58
Starting your literature reviewp. 62
Analysing the results of your literature reviewp. 70
Sharing the results of your literature reviewp. 72
a case from practicep. 73
Taking your fourth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 75
Further resources: going deeperp. 76
Learn more about your ethical responsibilitiesp. 77
Introducing ethicsp. 78
Researchers' general ethical responsibilitiesp. 79
Action researchers' specific ethical responsibilitiesp. 82
Collaborative action researchers' specific ethical responsibilitiesp. 84
Action researchers' specific ethical responsibilities in early childhood settingsp. 89
a case from practicep. 92
Taking your fifth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 94
Further Resources: going deeperp. 95
Learn about reflection, critical reflection and practicep. 96
Reflection and reflective practicep. 97
Critical thinking and critically reflective practicep. 99
Critical reflection in action research for professional changep. 105
Critical reflection in action research for social changep. 106
a case from practicep. 109
Taking (and retaking) your sixth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 110
Further Resources: going deeperp. 110
Map the practicalities of researching in your contextp. 112
Find helpers and anticipate hindrancesp. 113
Inform relevant others about your projectp. 115
Plan your first stepsp. 116
a case from practicep. 118
Taking your seventh step: your actions and reflectionsp. 119
Further resources: going deeperp. 119
Plan to make your research rigorous and validp. 121
Introducing rigour and validityp. 122
'Fit-for-purpose' rigour and validity: considering scope and scalep. 123
Scientific rigourp. 123
Alternative forms of rigourp. 124
Rigour in action researchp. 126
Approaches to validityp. 128
Validity in action researchp. 129
a case from practicep. 133
Taking the eighth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 133
Further resources: going deeperp. 133
Creating Change
Form an action research groupp. 137
Why research collaboratively?p. 138
Forming a collaborative action research groupp. 138
Maintaining participation in a groupp. 139
Planning for diversityp. 142
Maintaining critical reflections, maintaining relationshipsp. 144
a case from practicep. 145
Taking your ninth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 147
Further resources: going deeperp. 148
Gather 'baseline' datap. 149
Defining our termsp. 150
An appropriate data collection strategyp. 155
Sources of datap. 156
Documenting your datap. 162
a case from practicep. 165
Taking your tenth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 166
Further resources: going deeperp. 166
Create a change and collect data about its effectsp. 167
cases from practicep. 168
Taking your eleventh step: your actions and reflectionsp. 170
Further resources: going deeperp. 170
Analyse your datap. 171
What is 'data analysis'?p. 172
Organizing the data for analysisp. 172
Coding the datap. 174
Sifting the data for patternsp. 178
Analysing the data and displaying the resultsp. 182
a case from practicep. 188
Taking your twelfth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 190
Further resources: going deeperp. 190
Deepen and broaden your data and understandingsp. 192
Where next?p. 192
Broadening and deepening your datap. 195
Broadening and deepening your understandingsp. 197
a case from practicep. 202
Taking your thirteenth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 204
Further resources: going deeperp. 204
Choose a further social practice to change or improve, perhaps guided by a new research questionp. 205
Choose another social practice to change or improvep. 206
some cases from practicep. 208
Taking your fourteenth step: your actions and reflectionsp. 209
Further resources: going deeperp. 212
Sharing the Lessons of Your Change
Draw Conclusions from your analysisp. 215
The limits of general advicep. 216
To conclude or not to conclude?p. 216
How to concludep. 216
a case from practicep. 221
Further Resources: going deeperp. 222
Share the lessons of your projectp. 224
A formal, written project reportp. 225
An article in an academic, peer-reviewed journalp. 229
A book chapterp. 231
An Article in a specialist magazinep. 232
A page on a project websitep. 233
A formal presentation to a conferencep. 233
An informal presentation to colleagues, children or parentsp. 235
Deciding how best to share the lessonsp. 236
a case from practicep. 236
Further resources: going deeperp. 238
Referencesp. 240
Author indexp. 247
Subject indexp. 249
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