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The Earth and Its Peoples A Global History

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Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780618403349

ISBN10:
0618403345
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
10/20/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $301.66

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Summary

This text provides a truly global approach to the world history survey. Its fundamental theme, the interaction of human beings and the environment, serves as a point of comparison for different times, places, and societies. Special emphasis is given to technology and how technological development underlies all human activity. The Third Edition combines strong scholarship and pedagogy to uphold the book's reputation for rigor and accessibility. Several features, such as detailed maps, images, and timelines, help students build their geography and comparative analysis skills.

Table of Contents

Maps
xvii
Environment and Technology xix
Diversity and Dominance xix
Issues in World History xx
Preface xxi
About the Authors xxvii
Note on Spelling and Usage xxix
PART ONE The Emergence of Human Communities, to 500 B.C.E.
1(114)
Nature, Humanity, and History to 3500 B.C.E.
4(23)
African Genesis
5(6)
Interpreting the Evidence
5(1)
Human Evolution
6(4)
Migrations from Africa
10(1)
History and Culture in the Ice Age
11(7)
Food Gathering and Stone Tools
11(2)
Gender Roles and Social Life
13(1)
Hearths and Cultural Expressions
13(5)
The Agricultural Revolutions
18(4)
The Transition to Plant Cultivation
18(2)
Domesticated Animals and Pastoralism
20(1)
Agriculture and Ecological Crisis
21(1)
Life in Neolithic Communities
22(5)
Cultural Expressions
22(2)
Early Towns and Specialists
24(1)
Conclusion
25(1)
Key Terms
25(1)
Suggested Reading
25(1)
Notes
26
Environment and Technology: The Iceman
15(1)
Diversity and Dominance: Cave Art
16(11)
The First River-Valley Civilizations, 3500--1500 B.C.E.
27(28)
Mesopotamia
29(11)
Settled Agriculture in an Unstable Landscape
29(3)
Cities, Kings, and Trade
32(2)
Mesopotamian Society
34(2)
Gods, Priests, and Temples
36(1)
Technology and Science
37(3)
Egypt
40(8)
The Land of Egypt: ``Gift of the Nile''
41(2)
Divine Kingship
43(1)
Administration and Communication
43(2)
The People of Egypt
45(1)
Belief and Knowledge
46(2)
The Indus Valley Civilization
48(7)
Natural Environment
49(1)
Material Culture
49(3)
Transformation of the Indus Valley Civilization
52(1)
Conclusion
52(1)
Key Terms
53(1)
Suggested Reading
53(1)
Notes
54
Environment and Technology: Environmental Stress in the Indus Valley
51
Diversity and Dominance: Violence and Order in the Babylonian New Year's Festival
38(17)
New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200--250 B.C.E.
55(26)
Early China, 2000--221 B.C.E.
58(7)
Geography and Resources
58(1)
The Shang Period, 1750--1027 B.C.E.
59(2)
The Zhou Period, 1027--221 B.C.E.
61(3)
Confucianism, Daoism, and Chinese Society
64(1)
Nubia, 3100 B.C.E.--350 C.E.
65(5)
Early Cultures and Egyptian Domination, 2300--1100 B.C.E.
65(4)
The Kingdom of Meroe, 800 B.C.E.--350 C.E.
69(1)
Celtic Europe, 1000--50 B.C.E.
70(4)
The Spread of the Celts
71(1)
Celtic Society
72(1)
Belief and Knowledge
73(1)
First Civilizations of the Americas: The Olmec and Chavin, 1200--250 B.C.E.
74(7)
The Mesoamerican Olmec, 1200--400 B.C.E.
74(3)
Early South American Civilization: Chavin, 900--250 B.C.E.
77(1)
Conclusion
78(1)
Key Terms
79(1)
Suggested Reading
80(1)
Notes
80
Environment and Technology: Divination in Ancient Societies
62(4)
Diversity and Dominance: Hierarchy and Conduct in the Analects of Confucius
66(15)
The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000--500 B.C.E.
81(34)
The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700--1100 B.C.E.
84(4)
Western Asia
84(1)
New Kingdom Egypt
85(2)
Commerce and Communication
87(1)
The Aegean World, 2000--1100 B.C.E.
88(5)
Minoan Crete
88(2)
Mycenaean Greece
90(2)
The Fall of Late Bronze Age Civilizations
92(1)
The Assyrian Empire, 911--612 B.C.E.
93(4)
God and King
94(1)
Conquest and Control
94(2)
Assyrian Society and Culture
96(1)
Israel, 2000--500 B.C.E.
97(7)
Origins, Exodus, and Settlement
97(2)
Rise of the Monarchy
99(2)
Fragmentation and Dispersal
101(3)
Phoenicia and the Mediterranean, 1200--500 B.C.E.
104(6)
The Phoenician City-States
104(2)
Expansion into the Mediterranean
106(1)
Carthage's Commercial Empire
107(1)
War and Religion
108(2)
Failure and Transformation, 750--550 B.C.E.
110(5)
Conclusion
110(1)
Key Terms
111(1)
Suggested Reading
111(1)
Notes
112
Environment and Technology: Ancient Textiles and Dyes
105
Diversity and Dominance: An Israelite Prophet Chastizes the Ruling Class
102(11)
Issues in World History: Animal Domestication
113(2)
PART TWO The Formation of New Cultural Communities, 1000 B.C.E.--400 C.E.
115(90)
Greece and Iran, 1000--30 B.C.E.
118(32)
Ancient Iran, 1000--500 B.C.E.
119(9)
Geography and Resources
120(2)
The Rise of the Persian Empire
122(1)
Imperial Organization and Ideology
123(5)
The Rise of the Greeks, 1000--500 B.C.E.
128(10)
Geography and Resources
128(3)
The Emergence of the Polis
131(4)
New Intellectual Currents
135(2)
Athens and Sparta
137(1)
The Struggle of Persia and Greece, 546--323 B.C.E.
138(6)
Early Encounters
138(1)
The Height of Athenian Power
139(2)
Inequality in Classical Greece
141(1)
Failure of the City-State and Triumph of the Macedonians
142(2)
The Hellenistic Synthesis, 323--30 B.C.E.
144(6)
Conclusion
147(1)
Key Terms
148(1)
Suggested Reading
148(1)
Notes
149
Environment and Technology: The Farmer's Year
130
Diversity and Dominance: The Persian Idea of Kingship
126(24)
An Age of Empires: Rome and Han China, 753 B.C.E.--330 C.E.
150(28)
Rome's Creation of a Mediterranean Empire, 753 B.C.E.--330 C.E.
151(15)
A Republic of Farmers, 753--31 B.C.E.
153(2)
Expansion in Italy and the Mediterranean
155(1)
The Failure of the Republic
156(1)
The Roman Principate, 31 B.C.E.--330 C.E.
157(3)
An Urban Empire
160(2)
The Rise of Christianity
162(1)
Technology and Transformation
163(3)
The Origins of Imperial China, 221 B.C.E.--220 C.E.
166(8)
Resources and Population
167(2)
Hierarchy, Obedience, and Belief
169(1)
The First Chinese Empire, 221--207 B.C.E.
169(1)
The Long Reign of the Han, 206 B.C.E.--220 C.E.
170(2)
Technology and Trade
172(1)
Decline of the Han Empire
173(1)
Imperial Parallels
174(4)
Conclusion
175(1)
Key Terms
176(1)
Suggested Reading
176(1)
Notes
177
Environment and Technology: Water Engineering in Rome and China
165
Diversity and Dominance: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China
158(20)
India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E.--1025 C.E.
178(27)
Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E.--300 C.E.
180(8)
The Indian Subcontinent
180(1)
The Vedic Age
180(4)
Challenges to the Old Order: Jainism and Buddhism
184(1)
The Rise of Hinduism
185(3)
Imperial Expansion and Collapse, 324 B.C.E.--650 C.E.
188(8)
The Mauryan Empire, 324--184 B.C.E.
188(1)
Commerce and Culture in an Era of Political Fragmentation
189(1)
The Gupta Empire, 320--550 C.E.
190(6)
Southeast Asia, 50--1025 C.E.
196(9)
Early Civilization
196(2)
The Srivijayan Kingdom
198(2)
Conclusion
200(1)
Key Terms
201(1)
Suggested Reading
202(1)
Notes
202
Environment and Technology: Indian Mathematics
192(2)
Diversity and Dominance: The Situation of Women in the Kama Sutra
194(9)
Issues in World History: Oral Societies and the Consequences of Literacy
203(2)
PART THREE Growth and Interaction of Cultural Communities, 300 B.C.E.--1200 C.E.
205(128)
Networks of Communication and Exchange, 300 B.C.E.--1100 C.E.
208(21)
The Silk Road
209(4)
Origins and Operations
211(2)
The Impact of the Silk Road
213(1)
The Indian Ocean Maritime System
213(2)
Origins of Contact and Trade
214(1)
The Impact of Indian Ocean Trade
214(1)
Routes Across the Sahara
215(7)
Early Saharan Cultures
219(1)
Trade Across the Sahara
220(1)
The Kingdom of Ghana
221(1)
Sub-Saharan Africa
222(2)
A Challenging Geography
222(1)
The Development of Cultural Unity
222(1)
African Cultural Characteristics
223(1)
The Advent of Iron and the Bantu Migrations
224(1)
The Spread of Ideas
224(5)
Ideas and Material Evidence
224(1)
The Spread of Buddhism
225(1)
The Spread of Christianity
226(1)
Conclusion
227(1)
Key Terms
228(1)
Suggested Reading
228(1)
Notes
228
Environment and Technology: Camel Saddles
221
Diversity and Dominance: The Indian Ocean Trading World
216(13)
The Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam, 200--1200
229(24)
The Sasanid Empire, 224--651
230(3)
Politics and Society
231(1)
Religion and Empire
232(1)
The Origins of Islam
233(4)
The Arabian Peninsula Before Muhammad
233(1)
Muhammad in Mecca
234(1)
The Formation of the Umma
235(2)
The Rise and Fall of the Caliphate, 632--1258
237(6)
The Islamic Conquests, 634--711
237(1)
The Umayyad and Early Abbasid Caliphates, 661--850
237(1)
Political Fragmentation, 850--1050
238(3)
Assault from Within and Without, 1050--1258
241(2)
Islamic Civilization
243(10)
Law and Dogma
243(1)
Converts and Cities
244(1)
Islam, Women, and Slaves
245(4)
The Recentering of Islam
249(2)
Conclusion
251(1)
Key Terms
251(1)
Suggested Reading
251(1)
Notes
252
Environment and Technology: Automata
248
Diversity and Dominance: Beggars, Con Men and Singing-girls
246(7)
Christian Europe Emerges, 300--1200
253(27)
The Byzantine Empire, 300--1200
254(6)
Church and State
255(3)
Society and Urban Life
258(1)
Cultural Achievements
259(1)
Early Medieval Europe, 300--1000
260(6)
From Roman Empire to Germanic Kingdoms
260(2)
A Self-Sufficient Economy
262(1)
Early Medieval Society in the West
263(3)
The Western Church
266(3)
Politics and the Church
267(1)
Monasticism
268(1)
Kievan Russia, 900--1200
269(5)
The Rise of the Kievan State
269(3)
Society and Culture
272(2)
Western Europe Revives, 1000--1200
274(1)
The Role of Technology
274(1)
Cities and the Rebirth of Trade
274(1)
The Crusades, 1095--1204
275(5)
The Roots of the Crusades
276(1)
The Impact of the Crusades
277(1)
Conclusion
278(1)
Key Terms
279(1)
Suggested Reading
279(1)
Notes
279
Environment and Technology: Cathedral Organs
270
Diversity and Dominance: Archbishop Adalbert of Hamburg and the Christianization of the Scandinavians and Slavs
264(16)
Inner and East Asia, 400--1200
280(25)
The Sui and Tang Empires, 581--755
282(6)
Reunification Under the Sui and Tang
282(1)
Buddhism and the Tang Empire
283(1)
To Chang'an by Land and Sea
284(4)
Trade and Cultural Exchange
288(1)
Rivals for Power in Inner Asia and China, 600--907
288(4)
The Uighur and Tibetan Empires
289(1)
Upheavals and Repression, 750--879
290(1)
The End of the Tang Empire, 879--907
291(1)
The Emergence of East Asia, to 1200
292(13)
The Liao and Jin Challenge
293(1)
Song Industries
294(2)
Economy and Society in Song China
296(3)
New Kingdoms in East Asia
299(1)
Chinese Influences
299(1)
Korea
300(1)
Japan
301(1)
Vietnam
302(1)
Conclusion
303(1)
Key Terms
303(1)
Suggested Reading
303(1)
Notes
304
Environment and Technology: Writing in East Asia, 400--1200
300
Diversity and Dominance: Law and Society in Tang China
286(19)
Peoples and Civilizations of the Americas, 200--1500
305(28)
Classic-Era Culture and Society in Mesoamerica, 200--900
307(6)
Teotihuacan
308(2)
The Maya
310(3)
The Postclassic Period in Mesoamerica, 900--1500
313(3)
The Toltecs
313(1)
The Aztecs
314(2)
Northern Peoples
316(4)
Southwestern Desert Cultures
316(2)
Mound Builders: The Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian Cultures
318(2)
Andean Civilizations, 200--1500
320(13)
Cultural Response to Environmental Challenge
320(2)
Moche and Chimu
322(1)
Tiwanaku and Wari
323(4)
The Inca
327(2)
Conclusion
329(1)
Key Terms
329(1)
Suggested Reading
329(1)
Notes
330
Environment and Technology: Inca Roads
326
Diversity and Dominance: Burials as Historical Texts
324(7)
Issues in World History: Religious Conversion
331(2)
PART FOUR Interregional Patterns of Culture and Contact, 1200--1550
333(112)
Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200--1500
336(30)
The Rise of the Mongols, 1200--1260
337(7)
Nomadism in Central and Inner Asia
338(1)
The Mongol Conquests, 1215--1283
338(6)
Overland Trade and the Plague
344(1)
The Mongols and Islam, 1260--1500
344(5)
Mongol Rivalry
345(1)
Islam and the State
345(1)
Culture and Science in Islamic Eurasia
346(3)
Regional Responses in Western Eurasia
349(2)
Russia and Rule from Afar
349(1)
New States in Eastern Europe and Anatolia
350(1)
Mongol Domination in China, 1271--1368
351(3)
The Yuan Empire, 1279--1368
352(1)
Cultural and Scientific Exchange
353(1)
The Fall of the Yuan Empire
354(1)
The Early Ming Empire, 1368--1500
354(5)
Ming China on a Mongol Foundation
354(2)
Technology and Population
356(1)
The Ming Achievement
357(2)
Centralization and Militarism in East Asia, 1200--1500
359(7)
Korea from the Mongols to the Yi, 1231--1500
359(1)
Political Transformation in Japan, 1274--1500
360(3)
The Emergence of Vietnam, 1200--1500
363(1)
Conclusion
363(1)
Key Terms
364(1)
Suggested Reading
364(1)
Notes
365
Environment and Technology: From Gunpowder to Guns
358
Diversity and Dominance: Mongol Politics, Mongol Women
340(26)
Tropical Africa and Asia, 1200--1500
366(25)
Tropical Lands and Peoples
367(5)
The Tropical Environment
367(2)
Human Ecosystems
369(1)
Water Systems and Irrigation
370(1)
Mineral Resources
371(1)
New Islamic Empires
372(8)
Mali in the Western Sudan
372(3)
The Delhi Sultanate in India
375(5)
Indian Ocean Trade
380(5)
Monsoon Mariners
380(1)
Africa: The Swahili and Zimbabwe
381(3)
Arabia: Aden and the Red Sea
384(1)
India: Gujarat and the Malabar Coast
384(1)
Southeast Asia: The Rise of Malacca
385(1)
Social and Cultural Change
385(6)
Architecture, Learning, and Religion
385(2)
Social and Gender Distinctions
387(2)
Conclusion
389(1)
Key Terms
389(1)
Suggested Reading
389(1)
Notes
390
Environment and Technology: The Indian Ocean Dhow
382
Diversity and Dominance: Personal Styles of Rule in India and Mali
376(15)
The Latin West, 1200--1500
391(26)
Rural Growth and Crisis
393(5)
Peasants and Population
394(1)
The Black Death and Social Change
395(2)
Mines and Mills
397(1)
Urban Revival
398(8)
Trading Cities
398(2)
Civic Life
400(4)
Gothic Cathedrals
404(2)
Learning, Literature, and the Renaissance
406(4)
Universities and Learning
406(1)
Humanists and Printers
407(2)
Renaissance Artists
409(1)
Political and Military Transformations
410(7)
Monarchs, Nobles, and Clergy
410(3)
The Hundred Years War, 1337--1453
413(1)
New Monarchies in France and England
413(1)
Iberian Unification
414(1)
Conclusion
415(1)
Key Terms
415(1)
Suggested Reading
415(1)
Notes
416
Environment and Technology: The Clock
405
Diversity and Dominance: Persecution and Protection of Jews, 1272--1349
402(15)
The Maritime Revolution, to 1550
417(28)
Global Maritime Expansion Before 1450
418(6)
The Pacific Ocean
419(2)
The Indian Ocean
421(2)
The Atlantic Ocean
423(1)
European Expansion, 1400--1550
424(7)
Motives for Exploration
425(1)
Portuguese Voyages
425(3)
Spanish Voyages
428(3)
Encounters with Europe, 1450--1550
431(14)
Western Africa
431(2)
Eastern Africa
433(1)
Indian Ocean States
433(2)
The Americas
435(5)
Patterns of Dominance
440(1)
Conclusion
441(1)
Key Terms
441(1)
Suggested Reading
441(1)
Notes
442
Environment and Technology: Vasco da Gama's Fleet
429(9)
Diversity and Dominance: Kongo's Christian King
438(5)
Issues in World History: Climate and Population, to 1500
443(2)
PART FIVE The Globe Encompassed, 1500--1750
445(132)
Transformations in Europe, 1500--1750
448(25)
Culture and Ideas
449(7)
Religious Reformation
450(3)
Traditional Thinking and Witch-Hunts
453(1)
The Scientific Revolution
454(2)
The Early Enlightenment
456(1)
Social and Economic Life
456(6)
The Bourgeoisie
456(4)
Peasants and Laborers
460(1)
Women and the Family
461(1)
Political Innovations
462(11)
State Development
462(1)
Religious Policies
463(3)
Monarchies in England and France
466(1)
Warfare and Diplomacy
467(2)
Paying the Piper
469(2)
Conclusion
471(1)
Key Terms
472(1)
Suggested Reading
472(1)
Notes
472
Environment and Technology: Mapping the World
458(6)
Diversity and Dominance: Political Craft and Craftiness
464(9)
The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530--1770
473(26)
The Columbian Exchange
474(3)
Demographic Changes
475(1)
Transfer of Plants and Animals
476(1)
Spanish America and Brazil
477(11)
State and Church
477(3)
Colonial Economies
480(3)
Society in Colonial Latin America
483(5)
English and French Colonies in North America
488(7)
Early English Experiments
488(1)
The South
488(2)
New England
490(2)
The Middle Atlantic Region
492(1)
French America
493(2)
Colonial Expansion and Conflict
495(4)
Imperial Reform in Spanish America and Brazil
495(2)
Reform and Reorganization in British America
497(1)
Conclusion
497(1)
Key Terms
498(1)
Suggested Reading
498(1)
Notes
498
Environment and Technology: A Silver Refinery at Potosi, Bolivia, 1700
481(3)
Diversity and Dominance: Race and Ethnicity in the Spanish Colonies: Negotiating Hierarchy
484(15)
The Atlantic System and Africa, 1550--1800
499(26)
Plantations in the West Indies
501(2)
Colonization Before 1650
501(1)
Sugar and Slaves
502(1)
Plantation Life in the Eighteenth Century
503(7)
Technology and Environment
504(1)
Slaves' Lives
505(3)
Free Whites and Free Blacks
508(2)
Creating the Atlantic Economy
510(5)
Capitalism and Mercantilism
510(1)
The Atlantic Circuit
511(4)
Africa, the Atlantic, and Islam
515(10)
The Gold Coast and the Slave Coast
515(2)
The Bight of Biafra and Angola
517(1)
Africa's European and Islamic Contacts
518(5)
Conclusion
523(1)
Key Terms
523(1)
Suggested Reading
524(1)
Notes
524
Environment and Technology: Amerindian Foods in Africa
506(14)
Diversity and Dominance: Slavery in West Africa and the Americas
520(5)
Southwest Asia and the Indian Ocean, 1500--1750
525(25)
The Ottoman Empire, to 1750
526(10)
Expansion and Frontiers
528(2)
Central Institutions
530(4)
Crisis of the Military State, 1585--1650
534(1)
Economic Change and Growing Weakness, 1650--1750
534(2)
The Safavid Empire, 1502--1722
536(5)
The Rise of the Safavids
537(1)
Society and Religion
537(1)
A Tale of Two Cities: Isfahan and Istanbul
538(2)
Economic Crisis and Political Collapse
540(1)
The Mughal Empire, 1526--1761
541(3)
Political Foundations
541(1)
Hindus and Muslims
542(2)
Central Decay and Regional Challenges, 1707--1761
544(1)
Trade Empires in the Indian Ocean, 1600--1729
544(6)
Muslims in the East Indies
545(1)
Muslims in East Africa
545(3)
Conclusion
548(1)
Key Terms
548(1)
Suggested Reading
549(1)
Notes
549
Environment and Technology: Metal Currency and Inflation
535
Diversity and Dominance: Islamic Law and Ottoman Rule
532(18)
Northern Eurasia, 1500--1800
550(27)
Japanese Reunification
551(5)
Civil War and the Invasion of Korea, 1500--1603
551(1)
The Tokugawa Shogunate, to 1800
552(1)
Japan and the Europeans
553(2)
Elite Decline and Social Crisis
555(1)
The Later Ming and Early Qing Empires
556(9)
The Ming Empire, 1500--1644
557(1)
Ming Collapse and the Rise of the Qing
558(1)
Trading Companies and Missionaries
558(1)
Emperor Kangxi (r. 1662--1722)
559(4)
Chinese Influences on Europe
563(1)
Tea and Diplomacy
564(1)
Population and Social Stress
564(1)
The Russian Empire
565(6)
The Drive Across Northern Asia
566(1)
Russian Society and Politics to 1725
567(2)
Peter the Great
569(2)
Consolidation of the Empire
571(1)
Comparative Perspectives
571(6)
Political Comparisons
572(1)
Cultural, Social, and Economic Comparisons
572(1)
Conclusion
573(1)
Key Terms
574(1)
Suggested Reading
574(1)
Notes
574
Environment and Technology: East Asian Porcelain
554(6)
Diversity and Dominance: Gendered Violence: The Yangzhou Massacre
560(15)
Issues in World History: The Little Ice Age
575(2)
PART SIX Revolutions Reshape the World, 1750--1870
577(142)
Revolutionary Changes in the Atlantic World, 1750--1850
580(28)
Prelude to Revolution: The Eighteenth-Century Crisis
582(5)
Colonial Wars and Fiscal Crises
582(1)
The Enlightenment and the Old Order
582(4)
Folk Cultures and Popular Protest
586(1)
The American Revolution, 1775--1800
587(5)
Frontiers and Taxes
587(2)
The Course of Revolution, 1775--1783
589(2)
The Construction of Republican Institutions, to 1800
591(1)
The French Revolution, 1789--1815
592(9)
French Society and Fiscal Crisis
592(1)
Protest Turns to Revolution, 1789--1792
593(2)
The Terror, 1793--1794
595(2)
Reaction and Dictatorship, 1795--1815
597(4)
Revolution Spreads, Conservatives Respond, 1789--1850
601(7)
The Haitian Revolution, 1789--1804
601(2)
The Congress of Vienna and Conservative Retrenchment, 1815--1820
603(1)
Nationalism, Reform, and Revolution, 1821--1850
604(1)
Conclusion
605(1)
Key Terms
606(1)
Suggested Reading
606(1)
Notes
607
Environment and Technology: The Pencil
584(14)
Diversity and Dominance: Robespierre and Wollstonecraft Defend and Explain the Terror
598(10)
The Early Industrial Revolution, 1760--1851
608(24)
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
609(5)
Population Growth
609(1)
The Agricultural Revolution
610(1)
Trade and Inventiveness
610(1)
Britain and Continental Europe
611(3)
The Technological Revolution
614(8)
Mass Production: Pottery
614(1)
Mechanization: The Cotton Industry
615(1)
The Iron Industry
616(2)
The Steam Engine
618(2)
Railroads
620(1)
Communication over Wires
620(2)
The Impact of the Early Industrial Revolution
622(5)
The New Industrial Cities
622(2)
Rural Environments
624(1)
Working Conditions
624(2)
Changes in Society
626(1)
New Economic and Political Ideas
627(2)
Laissez Faire and Its Critics
627(1)
Positivists and Utopian Socialists
628(1)
Protests and Reforms
628(1)
Industrialization and the Nonindustrial World
629(3)
Conclusion
630(1)
Key Terms
630(1)
Suggested Reading
631(1)
Notes
631
Environment and Technology: The Origin of Graphs
613(3)
Diversity and Dominance: Adam Smith and the Division of Labor
616(16)
Nation Building and Economic Transformation in the Americas, 1800--1890
632(31)
Independence in Latin America, 1800--1830
633(6)
Roots of Revolution, to 1810
634(1)
Spanish South America, 1810--1825
634(3)
Mexico, 1810--1823
637(1)
Brazil, to 1831
638(1)
The Problem of Order, 1825--1890
639(11)
Constitutional Experiments
639(3)
Personalist Leaders
642(2)
The Threat of Regionalism
644(2)
Foreign Interventions and Regional Wars
646(1)
Native Peoples and the Nation-State
647(3)
The Challenge of Social and Economic Change
650(13)
The Abolition of Slavery
650(2)
Immigration
652(2)
American Cultures
654(1)
Women's Rights and the Struggle for Social Justice
655(1)
Development and Underdevelopment
656(3)
Altered Environments
659(1)
Conclusion
660(1)
Key Terms
661(1)
Suggested Reading
661(1)
Notes
662
Environment and Technology: Constructing the Port of Buenos Aires, Argentina
658
Diversity and Dominance: The Afro-Brazilian Experience, 1828
640(23)
Africa, India, and the New British Empire, 1750--1870
663(27)
Changes and Exchanges in Africa
664(9)
New Africa States
665(3)
Modernization in Egypt and Ethiopia
668(1)
European Penetration
669(1)
Abolition and Legitimate Trade
670(2)
Secondary Empires in Eastern Africa
672(1)
India Under British Rule
673(8)
Company Men
673(1)
Raj and Rebellion, 1818--1857
674(2)
Political Reform and Industrial Impact
676(4)
Rising Indian Nationalism
680(1)
Britain's Eastern Empire
681(9)
Colonies and Commerce
681(2)
Imperial Policies and Shipping
683(1)
Colonization of Australia and New Zealand
684(2)
New Labor Migrations
686(1)
Conclusion
687(1)
Key Terms
688(1)
Suggested Reading
688(1)
Notes
689
Environment and Technology: Whaling
685
Diversity and Dominance: Ceremonials of Imperial Domination
678(12)
Land Empires in the Age of Imperialism, 1800--1870
690(29)
The Ottoman Empire
691(12)
Egypt and the Napoleonic Example, 1798--1840
692(1)
Ottoman Reform and the European Model, 1807--1853
693(6)
The Crimean War and Its Aftermath, 1853--1877
699(4)
The Russian Empire
703(4)
Russia and Europe
703(2)
Russia and Asia
705(1)
Cultural Trends
706(1)
The Qing Empire
707(12)
Economic and Social Disorder, 1800--1839
707(1)
The Opium War and Its Aftermath, 1839--1850
708(2)
The Taiping Rebellion, 1850--1864
710(2)
Decentralization at the End of the Qing Empire, 1864--1875
712(3)
Conclusion
715(1)
Key Terms
715(1)
Suggested Reading
715
Environment and Technology: The Web of War
702
Diversity and Dominance: The French Occupation of Egypt
694(23)
Issues in World History: State Power, the Census, and the Question of Identity
717(2)
PART SEVEN Global Diversity and Dominance, 1850--1945
719(138)
The New Power Balance, 1850--1900
722(26)
New Technologies and the World Economy
723(4)
Railroads
723(1)
Steamships and Telegraph Cables
724(1)
The Steel and Chemical Industries
724(2)
Electricity
726(1)
World Trade and Finance
726(1)
Social Changes
727(5)
Population and Migrations
727(2)
Urbanization and Urban Environments
729(1)
Middle-Class Women's ``Separate Sphere''
730(1)
Working-Class Women
731(1)
Socialism and Labor Movements
732(1)
Marx and Socialism
732(1)
Labor Movements
733(1)
Nationalism and the Unification of Germany and Italy
733(7)
Language and National Identity Before 1871
733(3)
The Unification of Italy, 1860--1870
736(1)
The Unification of Germany, 1866--1871
736(2)
Nationalism After 1871
738(2)
The Great Powers of Europe, 1871--1900
740(2)
Germany at the Center of Europe
740(1)
The Liberal Powers: France and Great Britain
740(1)
The Conservative Powers: Russia and Austria-Hungary
741(1)
Japan Joins the Great Powers, 1865--1905
742(6)
China, Japan, and the Western Powers, to 1867
742(1)
The Meiji Restoration and the Modernization of Japan, 1868--1894
743(3)
The Birth of Japanese Imperialism, 1894--1905
746(1)
Conclusion
746(1)
Key Terms
747(1)
Suggested Reading
747(1)
Notes
747
Environment and Technology: Railroads and Immigration
728(6)
Diversity and Dominance: Marx and Engels on Global Trade and the Bourgeoisie
734(14)
The New Imperialism, 1869--1914
748(27)
The New Imperialism: Motives and Methods
749(5)
Political Motives
750(1)
Cultural Motives
750(1)
Economic Motives
751(1)
The Tools of the Imperialists
752(2)
Colonial Agents and Administration
754(1)
The Scramble for Africa
754(7)
Egypt
755(1)
Western and Equatorial Africa
755(3)
Southern Africa
758(1)
Political and Social Consequences
759(1)
Cultural Responses
760(1)
Asia and Western Dominance
761(7)
Central Asia
761(1)
Southeast Asia and Indonesia
761(5)
Hawaii and the Philippines, 1878--1902
766(2)
Imperialism in Latin America
768(3)
Railroads and the Imperialism of Free Trade
768(2)
American Expansionism and the Spanish-American War, 1898
770(1)
American Intervention in the Caribbean and Central America, 1901--1914
770(1)
The World Economy and the Global Environment
771(4)
Expansion of the World Economy
771(1)
Transformation of the Global Environment
771(2)
Conclusion
773(1)
Key Terms
773(1)
Suggested Reading
774(1)
Notes
774
Environment and Technology: Imperialism and Tropical Ecology
767
Diversity and Dominance: Two Africans Recall the Arrival of the Europeans
762(13)
The Crisis of the Imperial Order, 1900--1929
775(29)
Origins of the Crisis in Europe and the Middle East
776(2)
The Ottoman Empire and the Balkans
776(1)
Nationalism, Alliances, and Military Strategy
777(1)
The ``Great War'' and the Russian Revolutions, 1914--1918
778(7)
Stalemate, 1914--1917
780(1)
The Home Front and the War Economy
781(2)
The Ottoman Empire at War
783(1)
Double Revolution in Russia, 1917
784(1)
The End of the War in Western Europe, 1917--1918
785(1)
Peace and Dislocation in Europe, 1919--1929
785(5)
The Impact of the War
786(1)
The Peace Treaties
786(2)
Russian Civil War and the New Economic Policy
788(1)
An Ephemeral Peace
789(1)
China and Japan: Contrasting Destinies
790(2)
Social and Economic Change
790(1)
Revolution and War, 1900--1918
791(1)
Chinese Warlords and the Guomindang, 1919--1929
792(1)
The New Middle East
792(5)
The Mandate System
792(1)
The Rise of Modern Turkey
793(4)
Arab Lands and the Question of Palestine
797(1)
Society, Culture, and Technology in the Industrialized World
797(7)
Class and Gender
799(1)
Revolution in the Sciences
799(1)
The New Technologies of Modernity
800(1)
Technology and the Environment
801(1)
Conclusion
802(1)
Key Terms
803(1)
Suggested Reading
803
Environment and Technology: Cities Old and New
798
Diversity and Dominance: The Middle East After World War I
794(10)
The Collapse of the Old Order, 1929--1949
804(27)
The Stalin Revolution
805(3)
Five-Year Plans
805(1)
Collectivization of Agriculture
806(2)
Terror and Opportunities
808(1)
The Depression
808(4)
Economic Crisis
808(1)
Depression in Industrial Nations
809(3)
Depression in Nonindustrial Regions
812(1)
The Rise of Fascism
812(3)
Mussolini's Italy
812(1)
Hitler's Germany
813(1)
The Road to War, 1933--1939
814(1)
East Asia, 1931--1945
815(3)
The Manchurian Incident of 1931
815(1)
The Chinese Communists and the Long March
815(1)
The Sino-Japanese War, 1937--1945
816(2)
The Second World War
818(7)
The War of Movement
818(1)
War in Europe and North Africa
819(2)
War in Asia and the Pacific
821(1)
The End of the War
821(2)
Chinese Civil War and Communist Victory
823(2)
The Character of Warfare
825(6)
The War of Science
825(1)
Bombing Raids
825(2)
The Holocaust
827(1)
The Home Front in Europe and Asia
827(1)
The Home Front in the United States
828(1)
War and the Environment
829(1)
Conclusion
829(1)
Key Terms
829(1)
Suggested Reading
830
Environment and Technology: Biomedical Technologies
826
Diversity and Dominance: Women, Family Values, and the Russian Revolution
810(21)
Striving for Independence: Africa, India, and Latin America, 1900--1949
831(26)
Sub-Saharan Africa, 1900--1945
832(6)
Colonial Africa: Economic and Social Changes
832(4)
Religious and Political Changes
836(2)
The Indian Independence Movement, 1905--1947
838(7)
The Land and the People
838(1)
British Rule and Indian Nationalism
839(2)
Mahatma Gandhi and Militant Nonviolence
841(1)
India Moves Toward Independence
842(2)
Partition and Independence
844(1)
The Mexican Revolution, 1910--1940
845(4)
Mexico in 1910
845(1)
Revolution and Civil War, 1911--1920
846(1)
The Revolution Institutionalized, 1920--1940
847(2)
Argentina and Brazil, 1900--1949
849(8)
The Transformation of Argentina
849(1)
Brazil and Argentina, to 1929
850(1)
The Depression and the Vargas Regime in Brazil
851(1)
Argentina After 1930
851(2)
Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil: A Comparison
853(1)
Conclusion
853(1)
Key Terms
853(1)
Suggested Reading
853(1)
Notes
854
Environment and Technology: Gandhi and Technology
843
Diversity and Dominance: A Vietnamese Nationalist Denounces French Colonialism
834(21)
Issues in World History: Famines and Politics
855(2)
PART EIGHT Perils and Promises of a Global Community, 1945 to the Present
857
The Cold War and Decolonization, 1945--1975
860(27)
The Cold War
861(9)
The United Nations
862(1)
Capitalism and Communism
862(4)
West Versus East in Europe and Korea
866(2)
United States Defeat in Vietnam
868(1)
The Race for Nuclear Supremacy
869(1)
Decolonization and Nation Building
870(9)
New Nations in South and Southeast Asia
870(2)
The Struggle for Independence in Africa
872(3)
The Quest for Economic Freedom in Latin America
875(4)
Challenges of Nation Building
879(1)
Beyond a Bipolar World
879(8)
The Third World
879(1)
Japan and China
880(2)
The Middle East
882(2)
The Emergence of Environmental Concerns
884(1)
Conclusion
885(1)
Key Terms
885(1)
Suggested Reading
885(1)
Notes
886
Environment and Technology: The Green Revolution
864(12)
Diversity and Dominance: Race and the Struggle for Justice in South Africa
876(11)
Crisis, Realignment, and the Dawn of the Post--Cold War World, 1975--1991
887(31)
Postcolonial Crises and Asian Economic Expansion, 1975--1991
888(10)
Revolutions, Repression, and Democratic Reform in Latin America
889(3)
Islamic Revolutions in Iran and Afghanistan
892(4)
Asian Transformation
896(1)
China Rejoins the World Economy
897(1)
The End of the Bipolar World, 1989--1991
898(4)
Crisis in the Soviet Union
898(1)
The Collapse of the Socialist Bloc
899(2)
The Persian Gulf War, 1990--1991
901(1)
The Challenge of Population Growth
902(5)
Demographic Transition
902(1)
The Industrialized Nations
903(2)
The Developing Nations
905(1)
Old and Young Populations
905(2)
Unequal Development and the Movement of Peoples
907(3)
The Problem of Growing Inequality
907(2)
Internal Migration: The Growth of Cities
909(1)
Global Migration
910(1)
Technological and Environmental Change
910(8)
New Technologies and the World Economy
911(1)
Conserving and Sharing Resources
911(4)
Responding to Environmental Threats
915(1)
Conclusion
915(1)
Key Terms
916(1)
Suggested Reading
916(1)
Notes
917
Environment and Technology: The Personal Computer
912
Diversity and Dominance: The Struggle for Women's Rights in an Era of Global Political and Economic Change
894(24)
Globalization at the Turn of the Millennium
918
Global Political Economies
920(9)
The Spread of Democracy
920(1)
Global Politics
921(2)
Arms Control and Terrorism
923(2)
The Global Economy
925(2)
Managing the Global Economy
927(2)
Trends and Visions
929(8)
A New Age?
929(1)
Christian Millenarianism
930(2)
Militant Islam
932(1)
Universal Rights and Values
933(3)
Women's Rights
936(1)
Global Culture
937
The Media and the Message
937(1)
The Spread of Pop Culture
938(1)
Emerging Global Culture
939(2)
Enduring Cultural Diversity
941(3)
Conclusion
944(1)
Key Terms
944(1)
Suggested Reading
944(1)
Notes
945
Environment and Technology: Global Warming
935(7)
Diversity and Dominance: World Literature in English
942
Glossary 1(1)
Index 1


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