This book presents a comprehensive coverage of the role of ecological constraints in limiting the availability of natural resources for economic development. It discusses in detail the notion of sustainable development, the concept of ecological footprints, and population theory. It also analyses how the development of technology, policies, and institutions can relax these constraints in the context of major resources. The analytical discussion is carried out both at the conceptual and theoretical level and also at the applied level in the context of Indian development. Addressing challenges arising from ecological limits, the book engages with the dynamics of and policies for conservation of an entire range of major resources-land and soil, water, forests, biodiversity, energy, non-energy, material, and waste absorption. It identifies the role of knowledge, values, human capital, and institutions in overcoming nature's constraints. This book has a good potential to be used as a supplementary reader in universities offering courses on environment and economics.
Ramprasad Sengupta is Sukhamoy Chakravarty Chair Professor of Planning and Development, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. Introduction 2. Economic Theory and Ecological Limits 3. Concept of Sustainable Development: Macroeconomic Resource and Income Accounting 4. Biosphere and Ecosystems 5. Ecological Footprint 6. Human System: Population, Development, and Environment 7. India's Human Settlement and Micro Living Environment 8. Land Use and Land Degradation 9. Water Resources 10. Forest 11. Biodiversity 12. Energy 13. Non-energy Materials, Recycling, and Wastes 14. Global Warming and Climate Change 15. Overcoming Ecological Limits: Roles of Knowledge and Human Capital, Human Values, and Institutions Bibliography Index