9780415379236

An Economic History of Italy: From the Fall of the Empire to the Beginning of the 16th Century

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780415379236

  • ISBN10:

    0415379237

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-04-10
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

This book is the first to provide English readers with a brief and comprehensive survey of economic life in Italy during the period of its greatest splendour: the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The wealth of Renaissance Italy was the product of centuries of growth, and the great Renaissance cities, Venice, Milan and Florence, were first and foremost centres of international trade, which taught the rest of Europe the rudiments of modern business techniques. In a masterly synthesis, based upon a lifetime of study and research, Professor Gino Luzzatto, the greatest of living Italian historians, describes the main changes in Italian economic conditions from the end of the Roman Empire, when Italy ceased to be the centre of a European state, to the end of the Middle Ages when Italy lost the leadership of European trade and banking. The narrative chapters, which deal with barbarian Italy, feudal Italy and Italy in the age of the communes, are followed by a valuable analysis of medieval agriculture, industry,commerce and finance, in her principal Italian states. The range of discussion is wide and offers an excellent introduction to the economic history not only of Italy but of the whole Mediterranean region. This classic text was first published in 1961.

Table of Contents

The Last Two Centuries of the Western Empirep. 1
Structural changes in the Empire during its first 250 years and their economic effectsp. 1
Competition from the provincesp. 3
Depopulation and disaffectionp. 5
Military and monetary anarchyp. 6
The reorganization of the Empire by Diocletian and Constantine. Oriental despotismp. 9
The Germanic invasions and the fall of the western Empirep. 11
From the Fall of the Western Empire to the Partition of Italy Between Greeks and Lombardsp. 14
Italy under the Ostrogothsp. 14
The Italian economy during the Gothic Wars and the first years of Byzantine rulep. 16
The Lombard invasionp. 17
The partition of Italy between Greeks and Lombardsp. 19
The status of the vanquished Romans. The property of the Churchp. 20
From the Partition of Italy to the Carolingian Conquest (Seventh and Eighth Centuries)p. 23
Lombard society in Rothari's Edictp. 23
Signs of revival under the last Lombard kings. Towns and trade in the eighth centuryp. 26
Elements of a money economy: trade and trades in Lombard Italyp. 28
Byzantine Italy in the seventh and eighth centuries. The origins of Venicep. 31
Economic Conditions in Carolingian and Feudal Italyp. 36
Lombard Italy under the Carolingiansp. 36
New threats of invasion: Arabs, Hungarians, Slavs, and Normansp. 38
The feudal systemp. 40
The economic nature of feudalismp. 42
Beginnings of Revival in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuriesp. 47
The cities of Byzantine Italy: Ravenna, Rome, Bari, Amalfip. 47
The rise of Venetian seapower between the ninth and eleventh centuriesp. 51
Pisa and Genoa in the tenth and eleventh centuriesp. 53
The revival of the inland townsp. 55
The beginnings of change in the countrysidep. 61
Italy in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuriesp. 66
Social changes after the tenth century and the rise of the urban communesp. 66
The First Crusade and the maritime towns of Italyp. 71
The Italian colonies in the Levantp. 73
The western offensive in the Byzantine Eastp. 76
Economic progress in the great inland communes and the development of the bourgeoisiep. 79
Origin, character, and purpose of the craft and merchant guildsp. 82
The Urban Economy in Its Prime. The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuriesp. 86
The expansion of the greater maritime cities after the Fourth Crusadep. 86
Economic conditions in the greater communes of inland Italy during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuriesp. 91
Agriculture, industry, and trade in the age of the communesp. 98
Finance, money, and credit in the age of the communesp. 121
The Waning of the Middle Agesp. 137
The changing place of Italy in Europe after 1350p. 137
The great sea powers: Genoa and Venicep. 146
Town and country in Lombardy and Tuscanyp. 155
The predominantly agricultural areas of Italyp. 161
Bibliographical Notep. 168
Indexp. 175
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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