9780125330312

Electronic Excitations in Organic Based Nanostructures

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780125330312

  • ISBN10:

    0125330316

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-12-06
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

The first book devoted to a systematic consideration of electronic excitations and electronic energy transfer in organic crystalline multilayers and organics based nanostructures(quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots, microcavities). The ingenious combination of organic with inorganic materials in one and the same hybrid structure is shown to give qualitatively new opto-electronic phenomena, potentially important for applications in nonlinear optics, light emitting devices, photovoltaic cells, lasers and so on. The book will be useful not only for physicists but also for chemists and biologists.To help the nonspecialist reader, three Chapters which contain a tutorial and updated introduction to the physics of electronic excitations in organic and inorganic solids have been included.

Table of Contents

Contributors ix
Preface xi
Frenkel and Charge-Transfer Excitons in Organic Solids
Jasper Knoester
Vladimir M. Agranovich
Introduction
1(3)
Microscopic Theory of Frenkel Excitons
4(30)
Dielectric Theory of Frenkel Excitons
34(11)
Diffusion of Frenkel Excitons
45(13)
Self-Trapping of Excitons: Spectra and Transport
58(5)
Charge-Transfer Excitons in Organic Solids
63(4)
Molecular Aggregates: Low-Dimensional Exciton Systems
67(20)
Excitons in Biological Systems
87(3)
Concluding Remarks
90(7)
Acknowledgement
90(1)
References
90(7)
Wannier--Mott Excitons in Semiconductors
G.C. La Rocca
Introduction
97(1)
Wannier--Mott Excitons in Bulk Semiconductors
98(8)
Quantum Confined Wannier--Mott Excitons
106(9)
Quantum Well Exciton Optical Nonlinearities
115(14)
References
126(3)
Polaritons
Franco Bassani
Introduction and General Concepts
129(3)
Classical Theory of Polaritons
132(3)
Quantum Theory of Polaritons
135(2)
Real Space Density Matrix Approach
137(3)
Experiments on Polaritons
140(1)
Surface Polaritons
141(6)
Quantum Well Polaritons
147(14)
Quantum Wire Polaritons
161(5)
Exciton-Polaritons in Microcavities
166(19)
Acknowledgements
180(1)
References
180(5)
Optics and Nonlinearities of Excitons in Organic Multilayered Nanostructures and Superlattices
V.M. Agranovich
A.M. Kamchatnov
Introduction
185(1)
Dielectric Constant Tensor of Long Period Organic Superlattices with Isotropic Layers
186(4)
Dielectric Constant Tensor of Long Period Organic Superlattices with Anisotropic Layers
190(4)
Optical Nonlinearities in Organic Multilayers
194(3)
Dielectric Tensor for Short Period Organic Superlattices
197(4)
Gas-Condensed Matter Shift and Possibility to Govern Spectra of Frenkel Excitons
201(6)
Fermi Resonance Interface Modes in Organic Superlattices
207(14)
References
219(2)
Mixing of Frenkel and Charge-Transfer Excitons and Their Quantum Confinement in Thin Films
Michael Hoffmann
Introduction
221(5)
Electronic Frenkel and Charge-Transfer Excitons in Rigid One-Dimensional Crystals
226(19)
Strong Coupling of the Electronic Excitations with Internal Phonon Modes
245(31)
Applications and Consequences for Quantum Confinement
276(12)
Conclusion
288(5)
Acknowledgements
289(1)
References
290(3)
Two-Dimensional Charge-Transfer Excitons at a Donor--Acceptor Interface
V.M. Agranovich
G.C. La Rocca
Phase Transition from Dielectric to Conducting State (Cold Photoconductivity)
293(11)
Cumulative Photovoltage in Asymmetrical Donor--Acceptor Organic Superlattices
304(7)
Nonlinear Optical Response of Charge-Transfer Excitons at Donor-Acceptor Interface
311(6)
References
315(2)
Hybridization of Frenkel and Wannier--Mott Excitons in Organic-Inorganic Heterostructures. Strong Coupling Regime
V.M. Agranovich
V.I. Yudson
P. Reineker
Introduction
317(4)
Hybrid 2D Frenkel Wannier--Mott Excitons at the Interface of Organic and Inorganic Quantum Wells
321(10)
Nonlinear Optics of 2D Hybrid Frenkel--Wannier--Mott Excitons
331(8)
Hybrid Excitons in Parallel Organic and Inorganic Semiconductor Quantum Wires
339(5)
On the Hybridization of ``Zero-Dimensional'' Frenkel and Wannier--Mott Excitons
344(1)
Hybridization of Excitons in Microcavity Configurations
345(10)
References
352(3)
Strong Optical Coupling in Organic Semiconductor Microcavities
David G. Lidzey
Introduction
355(1)
Organic Semiconductor Microcavities
356(11)
Organic Semiconductors for Strong Optical Coupling
367(6)
Optical Measurement Techniques
373(1)
Dispersion of Cavity Polaritons
374(7)
Cavity Emission Following Non-Resonant Laser Excitation
381(8)
Photon Emission Following Resonant Excitation
389(4)
Photon-Mediated Hybridisation between Frenkel Excitons
393(4)
Future Prospects
397(7)
References
400(4)
Electronic Energy Transfer in a Planar Microcavity
D.M. Basko
Energy Transfer: an Introductory Discussion
404(2)
Semiclassical Description of the Transfer
406(7)
Modeling a Specific Structure
413(9)
Weak Absorption Regime
422(4)
Numerical Results
426(13)
Discussion
439(5)
Concluding Remarks
444(3)
Acknowledgements
445(1)
References
445(2)
Energy Transfer from a Semiconductor Nanostructure to an Organic Material and a New Concept for Light-Emitting Devices
D.M. Basko
Introduction
447(2)
The General Calculation Scheme for the Energy Transfer
449(7)
Transfer in the Planar Geometry: Quantum Wells
456(13)
Transfer in the Spherical Geometry: Quantum Dots
469(11)
Application to Light-Emitting Devices
480(3)
Summary
483(4)
References
485(2)
Index 487

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