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This reference takes a quantitative approach to environmental chemistry, employing a concise style. The second edition continues the book's original approach, while adding important topics such as climate change, atmospheric chemisty, the reactive fates of organic compounds and organic pollutants associated with oil spills, and the Stockholm "dirty dozen" (DDT, PCBs and dioxins). With new real-world problems added throughout, this updated text provides a short, quantitative resource ideal for an introductory course in environmental chemistry, as well as a quick primer on the subject for professionals.
Ronald A. Hites, PhD, is a Distinguished Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. He is a Fellow of the American Chemical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has been an editor of Environmental Science and Technology since 1990. Jonathan D. Raff, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. He was the recipient of a National Science Foundation American Competitiveness in Chemistry Postdoctoral Fellowship and a United States Environmental Protection Agency STAR Graduate Fellowship.
Table of Contents
|Simple Tool Skills||p. 1|
|Unit Conversions||p. 1|
|Ideal Gas Law||p. 9|
|Problem Set||p. 16|
|Mass Balance and Kinetics||p. 23|
|Steady-State Mass Balance||p. 24|
|Non-Steady-State Mass Balance||p. 41|
|Chemical Kinetics||p. 59|
|Problem Set||p. 69|
|Atmospheric Chemistry||p. 77|
|Atmospheric Structure||p. 77|
|Light and Photochemistry||p. 80|
|Atmospheric Oxidants||p. 86|
|Kinetics of Atmospheric Reactions||p. 88|
|Stratospheric Ozone||p. 91|
|Problem Set||p. 112|
|Climate Change||p. 123|
|Historical Perspective||p. 123|
|Blackbody Radiation and Earth's Temperature||p. 125|
|Absorption of Infrared Radiation||p. 130|
|Greenhouse Effect||p. 132|
|Earth's Radiative Balance||p. 134|
|Aerosols and Clouds||p. 138|
|Radiative Forcing||p. 141|
|Global Warming Potentials||p. 142|
|Concluding Remarks||p. 144|
|Problem Set||p. 146|
|Carbon Dioxide Equilibria||p. 153|
|Pure Rain||p. 155|
|Polluted Rain||p. 160|
|Surface Water||p. 169|
|Ocean Acidification||p. 174|
|Problem Set||p. 181|
|Pesticides, Mercury, and Lead||p. 189|
|Problem Set||p. 217|
|Fates of Organic Compounds||p. 223|
|Vapor Pressure||p. 225|
|Water Solubility||p. 226|
|Henry's Law Constant||p. 227|
|Partition Coefficients||p. 228|
|Water-Air Transfer||p. 235|
|Reactive Fates of Organics||p. 240|
|Partitioning and Persistence||p. 242|
|Problem Set||p. 247|
|PCBs, Dioxins, and Flame Retardants||p. 259|
|Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)||p. 259|
|Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans||p. 277|
|Brominated Flame Retardants||p. 297|
|Lessons Learned||p. 304|
|Primer on Organic Structures and Names||p. 307|
|Answers to the Problem Sets||p. 325|
|Periodic Table of the Elements||p. 328|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|