9780333970348

Eliminating Weapons of Mass Destruction Prospects for Effective International Verification

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780333970348

  • ISBN10:

    0333970349

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-06-18
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Summary

The events of September 11th, 2001 altered the course of arms control intended to eliminate weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and made the role of international disarmament organizations controversial. Whether they can effectively verify compliance with the WMD treaty regime has been questioned by the United States. The study examines this by looking at the management of the three existing verification organizations--the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons--and draws conclusions for a future institution on biological weapons. It presents the IAEA verification system for nuclear weapons as a model for evaluating the systems for chemical and biological weapons. The importance of the IAEA's role has been recognized by the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize.

Author Biography

Berhanykun Andemicael is former representative of the International Atomic Energy Agency to the UN.
John Mathiason is Adjunct Professor of International Relations, Syracuse University.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures vii
Foreword by Hans Blix viii
Preface xii
List of Abbreviations xv
Part I Overview of the WMD Ban Regime
1 The Structure and Logic of the WMD Ban Regime
3(24)
The regime to ban WMD
5(11)
Verification in a broader context
16(1)
Elements of the regime
17(3)
The specific institutions of the regime
20(2)
What does management have to do with all of this?
22(5)
2 Evolution of the WMD Control Regime
27(34)
The UN Charter and disarmament
28(4)
Evolution of the verification issue in disarmament
32(19)
Challenges for effective WMD verification
51(10)
Part II Verification Mechanisms
3 Baseline Information: Declarations and Data Collection
61(15)
OPCW's comprehensive declarations
63(7)
IAEA declarations: towards an integrated system
70(5)
CTBTO's global monitoring data centre
75(1)
4 Technical Monitoring
76(8)
The CTBTO model
76(7)
The IAEA experience
83(1)
5 Controlling Supply: Procurement and Import/Export Monitoring
84(14)
The nuclear material gentlemen's agreement
86(7)
The chemical and biological gentlemen's agreement
93(2)
Existing verification organizations
95(1)
Requisites for successful monitoring
96(2)
6 Verification by On-Site Inspection
98(61)
IAEA inspection as a safeguard
101(28)
CTBTO inspection as a burglar alarm
129(6)
OPCW inspection as a watchguard
135(16)
Conclusion
151(8)
Part III How to Make the Regime Effective
7 Compliance Issues and Recourse
159(12)
Tightening of compliance measures
159(2)
Handling technical non-compliance
161(1)
Handling substantive non-compliance
162(3)
Findings and recourse
165(1)
Recourse to United Nations organs
166(5)
8 Building an Effective WMD Control Regime
171(23)
Current threats
172(3)
Strengthening the treaty regimes
175(7)
Integrative initiatives
182(6)
Nuclear policies: resumption of US leadership
188(1)
Defusing regional crises
189(1)
The way ahead
189(5)
9 Building Effective Management for the Regime
194(22)
Human resources policies: the problem of rotation
197(10)
Finance: the problems of cash flow
207(7)
Information systems: the problem of information flow
214(1)
Leadership: the key to management
214(2)
10 Conclusion
216(7)
Notes 223(10)
Index 233

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