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Elite Deviance

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780205321766

ISBN10:
0205321763
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

The only text in this area that takes a holistic view, Elite Deviance traces the causes of elite deviance to the structure of power and wealth in the United States. Elite Deviance includes both criminal and non-criminal elite acts that cause great harm. Unique in its scope, Elite Deviance covers not only corporate crime and political corruption in historical and contemporary contexts, but also the relationship between the two. Students will enjoy the many interesting and current examples and case studies that reinforce all major theoretical points in the book. Professors will appreciate the holistic, structural approach.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Nature of Elite Deviance
1(46)
Scandal-Plagued America: The Clinton Years as Metaphor
1(12)
Scandals within the Economic Sphere
9(4)
A Theory of Elite Deviance
13(20)
The U.S. Social Structure: The Power Elite
14(6)
Economy-State Linkages and the Functions of Government
20(9)
Benefits That Elites Seek from the State
29(1)
The Higher Immorality and Links between Various Kinds of Crime
30(3)
The Classification of Elite Deviance
33(5)
Acts of Economic Domination
36(1)
Crimes of Government and Governmental Control
37(1)
Elite Deviance as a Denial of Basic Human Rights
37(1)
Conditions Leading to Elite Deviance
38(1)
Consequences of Elite Deviance
39(1)
Conclusion
40(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 1.1
41(1)
Endnotes
41(6)
Elite Deviance and the Higher Immorality
47(44)
The Nature of the Higher Immorality
47(8)
Case Study: The Savings and Loan Scandal
48(7)
The Higher Immorality and the Political Economy
55(16)
Corporate Compensation: Salaries, Taxes, and Perks
55(3)
Welfare for the Well-Off: Tax Breaks
58(1)
The Asset Depletion Range
59(1)
Taxes and Multinational Corporations
60(1)
Misappropriated Charity: Foundations
60(2)
Royalties for the Rich: Subsidies
62(3)
The Creation of Crisis
65(4)
Antitrust Laws
69(2)
The Higher Immorality and Corporate Crime
71(4)
Penalties: The Double Standard
73(1)
Public Awareness
74(1)
Organized Crime and the Business Elite
75(9)
Organized Crime and Repression
75(3)
Organized Crime and Profits
78(4)
Organized Crime and the Political Elite
82(2)
Conclusion
84(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 2.1
85(1)
Endnotes
86(5)
Corporate Deviance: Monopoly, Manipulation, and Fraud
91(30)
Costs of Corporate Crime
91(1)
Penalties for Corporate Crime
92(1)
Monopolies
93(7)
The Corporate Frankenstein
94(3)
Case Study: The Automobile Industry
97(3)
Price-Fixing
100(4)
Case Study: The Electrical Conspiracy
102(2)
Price Gouging
104(5)
Taking Advantage of the Disadvantaged
105(1)
Taking Advantage of Unusual Events
106(1)
Making Extraordinary Profits through Deception
107(2)
Deceptive Advertising
109(4)
Fraud
113(2)
Conclusion
115(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 3.1
116(1)
Endnotes
117(4)
Corporate Deviance: Human Jeopardy
121(37)
Individual Jeopardy
121(21)
Unsafe Products
121(4)
Food Pollution
125(8)
The Tobacco Industry
133(3)
Dangerous Working Conditions
136(6)
Collective Jeopardy
142(10)
Wasting Resources
142(4)
Polluting the Environment
146(6)
Conclusion
152(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 4.1
153(1)
Endnotes
154(4)
National Defense, Multinational Corporations, and Human Rights
158(37)
The Military-Industrial Complex
160(14)
The Defense Establishment and Its Origins
160(4)
Defense Contract Practices
164(6)
Consequences of Defense Policies
170(2)
The New Global Economy
172(2)
Deviance and Multinational Corporations
174(5)
Government Policy
176(1)
Dumping Toxic Waste
177(2)
Human Rights, Multinationals, and U.S. Foreign Policy
179(11)
Iran
183(2)
Latin America
185(2)
Chile
187(1)
Assessing U.S. Support
188(2)
Conclusion
190(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 5.1
191(1)
Endnotes
191(4)
Political Corruption: Continuity and Change
195(37)
Money and Politics
195(21)
Purchasing Goods and Services
196(2)
Public Funds
198(1)
Public Property
199(1)
Tax Assessment and Collection
200(1)
Regulation of Commercial Activities
200(1)
Zoning and Land Use
201(1)
The Legislative Process
202(4)
Law Enforcement
206(5)
The Organization of Power
211(5)
Corruption and Power
216(12)
The Powerful Controlling the Powerless
216(4)
Election Fraud
220(1)
Unfair Campaign Conduct
221(3)
Money in Elections
224(2)
Watergate
226(2)
Conclusion
228(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 6.1
228(1)
Endnotes
229(3)
Political Deviance
232(31)
Domestic Political Deviance
232(20)
Secrecy, Lying, and Deception
232(7)
Abuse of Power by Government Agencies
239(3)
Political Prisoners
242(4)
Official Violence
246(6)
International Crimes
252(4)
U.S. Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of Other Nations
252(2)
War Crimes
254(2)
Conclusion
256(1)
Critical Thinking Exercise 7.1
257(1)
Endnotes
258(5)
Understanding Elite Deviance
263(33)
Why Elite Deviance?
263(1)
Elite Deviance and the Sociological Imagination: A Paradigm for Analysis
264(7)
Elite Deviance and American Values: The American Dream
265(2)
Social Structure: The Dominance of Elite Institutions
267(4)
Characteristics of Bureaucratic Structures
271(4)
Centralization of Authority
271(1)
Specialized Vocabularies and Ideologies
272(3)
Fragmentation and Routinization of Tasks
275(1)
Image Construction and Inauthenticity
275(3)
Front Activities
275(2)
Elite Deviance and ``Individual'' Characteristics
277(1)
Organizational Conditions and the Production of Deviant Personalities
278(3)
Links between Elite Deviance and Nonelite Deviance
281(2)
Tangible Links
281(1)
Symbolic Links
282(1)
Elite Deviance and Victimization
283(3)
Constructionist and Objectivist Positions on Elite Deviance
286(3)
Conclusion
289(2)
Critical Thinking Exercise 8.1
291(1)
Endnotes
292(4)
The Scandalization of America Higher Immorality in an Era of Greed
296(23)
Watergate
300(2)
Iran---Contra
302(6)
Early Involvement with Iran
303(1)
Diverting Funds to the Contras
304(1)
The Scandal: Contragate
305(1)
The Nugan-Hand Bank Affair
305(1)
The Iran-Contra Conspiracy---``Operation Polecat``
306(1)
Connections and Conspiracies
306(2)
Contragate and the Changing Nature of American Power and Corruption
308(1)
Characteristics of Contemporary Scandal
309(5)
The Study of Elite Deviance
314(1)
Conclusion
314(2)
Critical Thinking Exercise 9.1
316(1)
Endnotes
316(3)
Epilogue: Economic Democracy A Proposal to Transform Society 319(26)
Basic Assumptions
320(2)
General Principles
322(2)
The Planks of a Social Democratic Platform
324(7)
Implementing Economic Democracy
331(3)
Elite Deviance and Economic Democracy
334(6)
Sources
340(3)
Publications
340(1)
Books
340(1)
Organizations
341(2)
Endnotes
343(2)
Name Index 345(12)
Subject Index 357


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