9780691150451

Encountering Development

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780691150451

  • ISBN10:

    0691150451

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/10/2011
  • Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr

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Summary

How did the industrialized nations of North America and Europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-World War II societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called Third World? And what will happen when development ideology collapses? To answer these questions, Arturo Escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. The development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "Development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "Third World" cases. Here Escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era.Escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of Colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. To depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts."

Author Biography

Arturo Escobar is the Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. His most recent book is Territories of Difference.

Table of Contents

Preface to the 2012 Editionp. vii
Prefacep. xlv
Introduction: Development and the Anthropology of Modernityp. 3
The Problematization of Poverty: The Tale of Three Worlds and Developmentp. 21
Economics and the Space of Development: Tales of Growth and Capitalp. 55
The Dispersion of Power: Tales of Food and Hungerp. 102
Power and Visibility: Tales of Peasants, Women, and the Environmentp. 154
Conclusion: Imagining a Postdevelopment Erap. 212
Notesp. 227
Referencesp. 249
Indexp. 275
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