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Environmental Ethics : An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy,9780534520847
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Environmental Ethics : An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy

by
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534520847

ISBN10:
0534520847
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/23/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $165.33
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Summary

Part I: BASIC CONCEPTS. 1. Science, Ethics and the Environment. Discussion: Technological Solutions to Environmental Problems. 1.1. Introduction: Why Philosophy? 1.2. Science and Ethics. 1.3. What Is Environmental Ethics? 1.4. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 2. Ethical Theory and the Environment. Discussion. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Why Ethical Theory? 2.3. Ethical Relativism. 2.4. The Natural Law Tradition Teleology and Virtues. 2.5. Contemporary Perspectives on Teleology. 2.6. The Utilitarian Tradition. 2.7. Contemporary Perspectives on Utilitarianism. 2.8. Deontology: An Ethics of Duty and Rights. 2.9. Contemporary Perspectives on Deontological Ethics. 2.10. Religious Environmental Ethics. 2.11. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. Part II: ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AS APPLIED ETHICS. 3. Ethics and Economics: Managing Public Lands. Discussion: Development versus Preservation. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Forests: Conservation or Preservation? 3.3. Managing the National Forests. 3.4. Pollution and Economics. 3.5. Ethical Issues in Economic Analysis. 3.6. Cost-Benefit Analysis. 3.7. Ethical Analysis and Environmental Economics. 3.8. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 4. Responsibilities to Future Generations: Sustainable Development. Discussion: Population and Consumption. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2. Population, Consumption, and Environmental Ethics. 4.3. Do We Have Responsibilities to Future Generations? 4.4. What Do We Owe Future Generations? 4.5. Sustainable Development: Economics and Consumption. 4.6. Conclusion: Sustainable Living: Now and in the Future. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 5. Responsibilities to the Natural World: From Anthropocentric to Nonanthropocentric Ethics. Discussion: Animal Research and Factory Farming. 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Moral Standing in the Western Tradition. 5.3. Early Environmental Ethics: Passmore and Blackstone. 5.4. Moral Standing. 5.5. Do Trees Have Standing? 5.6. Peter Singer and the Animal Liberation Movement. 5.7. Tom Regan and Animal Rights. 5.8. Ethical Implications of Animal Welfare. 5.9. Critical Challenges. 5.10. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. Part III: THEORIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS. 6. Biocentric Ethics and the Inherent Value of Life. Discussion: Biodiversity. 6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Instrumental Value and Intrinsic Value. 6.3. Biocentric Ethics and the Reverence for Life. 6.4. Ethics and Character. 6.5. Taylor''s Biocentric Ethics. 6.6. Practical Implications. 6.7. Challenges and Developments. 6.8. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 7. Wilderness, Ecology, and Ethics. Discussion: Wilderness Management: The Cases of Yellowstone and Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. The Wilderness Ideal. 7.3. The Wilderness "Myth": The Contemporary Debate. 7.4. From Ecology to Philosophy. 7.5. From Ecology to Ethics. 7.6. Varieties of Holism. 7.7. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 8. The Land Ethic. Discussion: A Place for Predators. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. The Land Ethic. 8.3. Leopold''s Holism. 8.4. Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Facts and Values. 8.5. Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Holistic Ethics. 8.6. Callicott''s Revisions. 8.7. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 9. Deep Ecology. Discussion: Eco-philosophy as religion. 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. The Deep Ecology Platform. 9.3. Ecology and Ecophilosophy. 9.4. Metaphysical Ecology. 9.5. From Metaphysics to Ethics. 9.6. Self-Realization and Biocentric Equality. 9.7. Criticisms. 9.8. Summary and Conclusions. Notes. Discussion Questions. Further Reading. 10. Environmental Justice and Social Ecology. Discussion: Exporting Toxic Wastes: The World Bank Memo. 10.1. Introduction. 10.2. Theories of Social Justice. 10.3. Property Rights and Justice. 10.4. Environmental Justi

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
I BASIC CONCEPTS
1(42)
Science, Ethics, and the Environment
3(14)
Discussion: Technological Solutions to Environmental Problems
3(2)
Introduction: Why Philosophy?
5(3)
Science and Ethics
8(4)
What is Environmental Ethics?
12(2)
Summary and Conclusions
14(3)
Notes
14(1)
Discussion Questions
15(1)
Further Reading
15(2)
Ethical Theory and the Environment
17(26)
Discussion: Why Protect Endangered Species?
17(1)
Introduction
18(3)
Why Ethical Theory?
21(1)
Ethical Relativism
22(1)
The Natural Law Tradition---Teleology and Virtues
23(3)
Contemporary Perspectives on Teleology
26(4)
The Utilitarian Tradition
30(2)
Contemporary Perspectives on Utilitarianism
32(1)
Deontology: An Ethics of Duty and Rights
33(2)
Contemporary Perspectives on Deontological Ethics
35(1)
Religious Environmental Ethics
36(3)
Summary and Conclusions
39(4)
Notes
40(1)
Discussion Questions
40(1)
Further Reading
41(2)
II ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AS APPLIED ETHICS
43(80)
Ethics and Economics: Managing Public Lands
45(25)
Discussion: Development versus Preservation
45(1)
Introduction
46(1)
Forests: Conservation or Preservation?
47(3)
Managing the National Forests
50(5)
Pollution and Economics
55(3)
Ethical Issues in Economic Analysis
58(2)
Cost--Benefit Analysis
60(2)
Ethical Analysis and Environmental Economics
62(4)
Summary and Conclusions
66(4)
Notes
67(1)
Discussion Questions
68(1)
Further Reading
69(1)
Responsibilities to Future Generations: Sustainable Development
70(24)
Discussion: Population and Consumption
70(2)
Introduction
72(1)
Population, Consumption, and Environmental Ethics
73(1)
Do We Have Responsibilities to Future Generations?
74(4)
What do We Owe Future Generations?
78(8)
Consumption and Sustainable Development
86(4)
Summary and Conclusions
90(4)
Notes
91(1)
Discussion Questions
92(1)
Further Reading
93(1)
Responsibilities to the Natural World: From Anthropocentric to Nonanthropocentric Ethics
94(29)
Discussion: Animal Research and Factory Farming
94(1)
Introduction
95(1)
Moral Standing in the Western Tradition
96(3)
Early Environmental Ethics
99(4)
Moral Standing
103(3)
Do Trees Have Standing?
106(3)
Peter Singer and the Animal Liberation Movement
109(2)
Tom Regan and Animal Rights
111(2)
Ethical Implications of Animal Welfare
113(1)
Critical Challenges
114(4)
Summary and Conclusions
118(5)
Notes
119(2)
Discussion Questions
121(1)
Further Reading
122(1)
III THEORIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
123(150)
Biocentric Ethics and the Inherent Value of Life
125(23)
Discussion: Biodiversity
125(1)
Introduction
126(2)
Instrumental Value and Intrinsic Value
128(3)
Biocentric Ethics and the Reverence for Life
131(3)
Ethics and Character
134(2)
Taylor's Biocentric Ethics
136(3)
Practical Implications
139(3)
Challenges and Developments
142(3)
Summary and Conclusions
145(3)
Notes
145(2)
Discussion Questions
147(1)
Further Reading
147(1)
Wilderness, Ecology, and Ethics
148(28)
Discussion: Wilderness Management: The Cases of Yellowstone and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
148(3)
Introduction
151(1)
The Wilderness Ideal
152(4)
The Wilderness ``Myth'': The Contemporary Debate
156(6)
From Ecology to Philosophy
162(6)
From Ecology to Ethics
168(2)
Varieties of Holism
170(2)
Summary and Conclusions
172(4)
Notes
172(2)
Discussion Questions
174(1)
Further Reading
174(2)
The Land Ethic
176(26)
Discussion: A Place for Predators
176(3)
Introduction
179(1)
The Land Ethic
180(4)
Leopold's Holism
184(2)
Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Facts and Values
186(3)
Criticisms of the Land Ethic: Holistic Ethics
189(6)
Callicott's Revisions
195(4)
Summary and Conclusions
199(3)
Notes
199(2)
Discussion Questions
201(1)
Further Reading
201(1)
Deep Ecology
202(22)
Discussion: Eco-philosophy as Religion
202(2)
Introduction
204(2)
The Deep Ecology Platform
206(1)
Ecology and Ecophilosophy
207(2)
Metaphysical Ecology
209(3)
From Metaphysics to Ethics
212(3)
Self-Realization and Biocentric Equality
215(3)
Criticisms
218(3)
Summary and Conclusions
221(3)
Notes
221(1)
Discussion Questions
222(1)
Further Reading
223(1)
Environmental Justice and Social Ecology
224(19)
Discussion: Exporting Toxic Wastes: The World Bank Memo
224(1)
Introduction
225(1)
Theories of Social Justice
226(2)
Property Rights and Justice
228(3)
Environmental Justice and Environmental Racism
231(3)
Murray Bookchin's Social Ecology
234(3)
Critical Reflections
237(3)
Summary and Conclusions
240(3)
Notes
240(2)
Discussion Questions
242(1)
Further Reading
242(1)
Ecofeminism
243(15)
Discussion: The Chipko Movement
243(1)
Introduction
244(3)
Ecofeminism: Making Connections
247(4)
Ecofeminism: Recent Developments
251(3)
Summary and Conclusions
254(4)
Notes
255(1)
Discussion Questions
256(1)
Further Reading
257(1)
Pluralism, Pragmatism, and Sustainability
258(15)
Discussion: Community-Based Conservation
258(3)
Introduction: Agreement and Disagreement in Environmental Ethics
261(1)
Moral Pluralism and Moral Monism
262(3)
Environmental Pragmatism
265(4)
Conclusion: Sustainability Revisited
269(4)
Notes
271(2)
Glossary 273(4)
Index 277


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